# Serene Scene

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## Serene Scene

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Tài liệu tham khảo bằng tiếng Anh về nghệ thiật hội họa - Serene Scene

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## Nội dung Text: Serene Scene

2. 2 SKETCH PROPORTIONS The goal in this section is to very lightly render a proportionately correct map of where the different parts of the scene are in relation to one another. Proportion is the relationship in size of one component of a drawing to another or others. A sketch (noun) is a simple drawing that captures the integral aspects of a subject quickly and efficiently. To sketch (verb) refers to the process of rendering a sketch. ILLUSTRATION 10-01 1) Study the subject. Seeing is by far the most important step toward creating a proportionately correct sketch. Pretend that this sketch is an actual scene. Look at the contours and proportions. Contour lines are formed when the shared edges of spaces and/or objects meet. A contour drawing is comprised of lines that follow the contours of the edges of various components of a drawing subject. Observe how all the components within the scene interact with one another. A scene can be separated into foreground, middle ground, and distant space by overlapping (or layering) objects in front of one another. Identify which objects are closest to you, those that are farther away, and objects or parts of objects that overlap others. Overlapping refers to a technique for creating the illusion of depth in a drawing by drawing a subject so it visually appears to be in front of another (or others). The foreground is the part of the scene that is closest to you. The middle ground is the space or section of the scene beyond the subjects in the foreground. Distant space refers to the components of the scene that are farthest away such as the distant mountain range and the sky. The focal points of this tranquil scene are a palm tree, an island, and the reflection of the island on the surface of calm water. Focal point is a term used to identify the most important elements in a drawing. Primary focal point is the most important center of interest (or focus) in a drawing. Secondary focal point(s) is a center of interest in a drawing composition that is significant, but not as important as the primary focal point. Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web site http://www.finearteducation.com or http://www.drawspace.com
3. 3 ILLUSTRATION 10-02 2) Follow along with the following four illustrations and render a sketch of the scene. With simple sketch lines, indicate the basic shapes and outlines of the objects in your scene in proper proportion to one another. Fine detail isn’t as important as capturing the overall essence of the subject. ILLUSTRATION 10-03 As a beginner to sketching, you may want to draw slowly. Accuracy is more important than speed. Your speed will automatically improve the more you practice. A few simple lines, along with careful observation of your drawing subject, can visually describe anything. For example, sometimes one curved line is all you need to record the curve of a tree or a section of land. Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web site http://www.finearteducation.com or http://www.drawspace.com
4. 4 ILLUSTRATION 10-04 The mountains in the background appear smaller than the section of the island (on the right), which is actually much closer and smaller. Perspective is a visual illusion in which objects appear to become smaller the farther away they are from the viewer. Pay close attention to the shapes created by the positive and negative spaces. Positive space refers to the space occupied by the drawing subject and/or its (or his or her) various parts. Negative space refers to the background around and/or behind a drawing subject such as objects, people, or animals. ILLUSTRATION 10-05 Continue adjusting your drawing until you are happy. Check the relationships of objects to one another, and observe that angles, sizes, and proportions are accurate. At this point, the preliminary sketch is complete and everything is where it should be. Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web site http://www.finearteducation.com or http://www.drawspace.com
5. 5 MAP VALUES In this section you identify where the light and dark values belong, by creating a shading map. A shading map (also called a value map), is a plan (or blueprint) for adding shading to a drawing. The locations and sizes of the shapes of various values are identified and/or lightly outlined. Values are the different shades of gray created in a drawing by various means. The shading in this drawing is based on a value scale of seven different values. Shading (noun) refers to the various values in a drawing that make images appear three-dimensional; (verb) the process of adding values to a drawing so as to create the illusion of texture, form and/or three- dimensional space. A value scale refers to the range of different values from light to dark or from dark to light. The value scale in the next illustration is rendered with hatching. Hatching is a series of lines (called a set) drawn closely together to give the illusion of values. The individual lines in hatching sets can be either far apart or close together. Each different value is numbered from light to dark with numbers 1 to 7. ILLUSTRATION 10-06 Compare the completed drawing (on the left) with the value map. Compare the numbers on the map (on the right) to the corresponding numbers of the values in the value scale (above). The palm tree isn’t illustrated in the map, but is shaded with several different darker values. ILLUSTRATION 10-07 ILLUSTRATION 10-08 Copyright to all articles, images, text, projects, lessons and exercises within this drawing class belong to Brenda Hoddinott and may not be reproduced or used for any commercial purposes whatsoever without the written permission of Brenda Hoddinott. E-mail bhoddinott@hoddinott.com Web site http://www.finearteducation.com or http://www.drawspace.com