intTypePromotion=1
ADSENSE

Tài liệu giảng dạy Tiếng Anh chuyên ngành Công nghệ thông tin (English for Information Technology) - Trường CĐ Kinh tế - Kỹ thuật Vinatex TP. HCM (2019)

Chia sẻ: _ _ | Ngày: | Loại File: PDF | Số trang:41

60
lượt xem
1
download
 
  Download Vui lòng tải xuống để xem tài liệu đầy đủ

Tài liệu giảng dạy Tiếng Anh chuyên ngành Công nghệ thông tin (English for Information Technology) gồm có những nội dung chính sau: Unit 1 computer uses; unit 2 types of computer; unit 3 keyboard and mouse; unit 4 input devices; unit 5 output devices; unit 6 storage devices; unit 7 networks. Mời các bạn cùng tham khảo để biết thêm nội dung chi tiết.

Chủ đề:
Lưu

Nội dung Text: Tài liệu giảng dạy Tiếng Anh chuyên ngành Công nghệ thông tin (English for Information Technology) - Trường CĐ Kinh tế - Kỹ thuật Vinatex TP. HCM (2019)

  1. BỘ CÔNG THƯƠNG TẬP ĐOÀN DỆT MAY VIỆT NAM TRƯỜNG CAO ĐẲNG CÔNG NGHỆ TP.HCM _________________________ KHOA NGOẠI NGỮ - TIN HỌC TÀI LIỆU GIẢNG DẠY TIẾNG ANH CHUYÊN NGÀNH CÔNG NGHỆ THÔNG TIN ENGLISH FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY TP. HCM LƯU HÀNH NỘI BỘ
  2. English for Information Technology UNIT 1: COMPUTER USES Task 1 We use computers in many different places. In groups, make a list of places where we can find computer documents. Try to say what the documents are, and what they are used for. Task 2 Match these words (1 -8 ) to the correct locations ( a- d) 1. games a. a factory 2. machines b. a supermarket 3. tickets c. a travel agent 4. wages d. a home 5. fight 6. letters 7. barcode readers 8. tills READING: COMPUTERS IN EVERYDAY LIFE Computers are parts of our everyday lives. They have an effect on almost everything you do. When you buy groceries at a supermarket, a computer is used with laser and barcode technology to scan the price of each item and present a total. Barcoding items (clothes, food, and books) requires a computer to generate the barcode labels and maintain the inventory. Most television advertisements and many films use graphics produced by a computer. In hospitals, beside terminals connected to the hospital’s main computer allow doctors to type in orders for blood tests and to schedule operations. Banks use computers to look after their customers’money. In libraries and bookshops, computers can help you to find the book you want as quickly as possible. Task 3 Tick ( + ) the computer uses mentioned in the above article. ---- home ----- art ---- hospitals ----- banking ---- engineering ----- libraries ---- shopping ----- film-making ---- television advertising ----- schools Language work: Articles ( with countable and uncountable nouns) Language work: Articles ( with countable and uncountable nouns) Study these nouns a supermarket technology a computer money supermarket and computer are countable nouns. We say a supermarket and supermarkets. Technology and money are uncountable nouns. 2
  3. English for Information Technology They have no plural and you cannot use them with a or an. Study this paragraph. Computers have many uses. In shops a computer scans the price of each item. Then the computer calculates the total cost of all the items. - We use a plural noun with no article, or an uncountable noun when we talk about thing. Ex: Computers have many uses. Information technology is popular. - We use a / an when we mention a countable noun for the first time. - When we mention the same noun again, we use the. - We use the with countable and uncountable nouns to refer to specific things. Ex: The price of each item. The total cost of all the items. The speed of this computer. Task 4 Here are some common nouns in computing. Divide them into countable and uncountable nouns 1. capacity 2. data 3. device 4. disk 5. drive 6. memory 7. monitor 8. mouse 9. software 10. speed Task 5 Fill in the gaps in this paragraph with a/ an or the where necessary. The Walsh family have _________ computer at home. Their son uses _______computer to help with ____________homework and to play ___________computer games. Their student daughter uses __________computer for _______ projects and for ________email. All ________ family use it to get ___________information from ________ Internet. Task 6 Match the places in column A with the computer uses in column B. A B Banks Control machines Factories Calculate Homes Look after, patient records and medicines Hospitals Provide entertainments and information Shops Control our money Task 7 Now fill in the gaps in this paragraph about computer uses. Computers are now part of our everyday life. In shops, they ……………… . In factories, they………………………. .In …………………….. they look after patient records and medicines. When we have a bank account, a computer …………………….. . In our homes computers …………………… . 3
  4. English for Information Technology Reading comprehension USES OF COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY Computer technology is now seen in almost every activity. In addition to its extensive use in research and control systems of all types, it is exploited in education and training, police and intelligence, medical diagnostic, weather forecast… It is changing our world from a natural-based economy to an informative-based economy. In business, computers are programmed to bill customers, take inventory, pay employees, help with managerial decision…They can replace people in dull, routine tasks and enable “office automation” but they have no originality: they work under instructions given to them by programmers. They have no intuition and no creation, i.e. they can only proceed as they have been programmed to. Answer the questions: 1. Is Computer technology now seen every activity? Give examples? 2. Translate the phrases: natural-based economy, informative- based economy 3. Translate the paragraph into Vietnamese. Further reading COMPUTER APPLICATIONS - Computer can help students perform mathematical operations and solve difficult questions. They can be used to teach courses such as computer- aided design (CAD), language learning, programming, mathematics,….etc. PCs (personal computers) are also used for administrative purposes: for example, schools use databases and word processors to keep record of students, teacher and material….. - Bank use computer to look after client’s money. Computer also helps staff to access large database and carry out financial transaction at high speed. They also control the automatic cash dispensers which, by the use of a personal coded card, dispense money to clients. - In business, computers support a lot for management to make report, presentation, plan budget and to have an overview of revenue and expenditure of the entities. Accountants also use computer to record accounting and prepare the salary for staffs as well as related operations. - Airline pilots use computer to help them control the plane. For examples, monitors display data about fuel consumption and weather conditions. In airport control towers, computers are used to manage radar systems and regulate air traffic. On the ground, airlines are connected to travel agencies by computer. Travel agents use computers to find out about the availability of flights, price, and times, stopovers and many other details. Answer the questions: 1. What can computer help students? 2. What can they be used for? 4
  5. English for Information Technology 3. Why does bank use computers? 4. What are computers used in business for? 5. Give examples to show that computers are used in air traffic? THE COMPUTER A computer is a machine with an intricate network of eletronic circuits that operate switches or magnetize tiny metal cores. The switches, like the cores, are capable of being in one of two possible states, that is, on or off; magnectized or demagnetized. The machine is capable of storing and manipulating numbers, letters, and characters. The basic ideas of a computer is that we can make the machine do what we want by inputting signals that turn certain swithches on and turn others off, or that magnetize or do not magnetize the cores. The baisc job of computers is the processing of information. For this reason, computer can be defined as devices which accept information in the form of instructions called a program and charaters called data, perform mathematical and/or logical operation on the information, and then supply results of theses operations. The program, or part of it, which tells the computers what to do and the data, which provide the information needed to solve the problem, are kept inside the computer in a place called memory. Computers are thought to have many remarkable powers. However, most computers, whether large or small have three basic capabilities. First, computers have circuits for performing arithmetic operations, such as: addition, subtraction, division, multiplication and exponentiation. Second, computers have a means of communicating with the user. After all, if we couldn’t feed information in and get results back, these machines wouldn’t be of much use. However, certain computers ( commonly minicomputers and microcomputers) are used to control directly things such as robots, aircraft navigation systems, medical instruments, etc. Some of the most common methods of inputting information are to use punched cards, magnetic tapes, disks, and terminals. The computer’s input device ( which might be a card reader, a tape drive or disk drive, depending on the medium used in inputting information) reads the information into the computer. For outputting information, two common devices used are a printer which prints the new information on paper, or a CRT display screen which shows the results on a TV-like screen. Third, computers have circuits which make decisions. The kinds of decisions which computer circiuts can make are not of the type: “ Who would win a war between countries?” or “ Who is the richest person in the world?” Unfortunately, the computer can only describe three things, named: Is one number less than another? Are two numbers equal? and, Is one number greater than another? A computer can solve a series of problems and make hundreds, even thousands, of logical decisions without becoming tired or bored. It can find the solution to a problem in a fraction of the time it takes a human being to do the job. A computer can replace people in dull, routine tasks, but it has no originality; it works 5
  6. English for Information Technology according to the instructions given to it and cannot exercise any value judgements. There are times when a computer seems to operate like a mechanical” brain”, but its achievements are limited by the minds of human beings. A computer cannot do anything unless a person tells it what to do and gives it the appropriate information: but because electric pulses can move at the speed of light, a computer can carry out vast numbers of arithmeticlogical operations almost instantaneously. A person can do everything a computer can do, but in many cases that person would be dead long before the job was finished. Main ideas Which statement best expresses the main idea of the text? Why did you eliminate the other choices? 1. Computers have changed the way in which many kinds of jobs are done. 2. Instructions and data must be given to the computer. 3. Computers are machines capable of processing and outputting data. 4. Without computers, many tasks would take much longer to do. Understanding the passage Decide whether the following statements are true or false( T/F) by referring to the information in the text. Then make the necessary changes so that the false statements become true. 1. A computer can store or handle any data even if it hasn’t received information to do so. 2. All computers accept and process information in the form of instructions and characters. 3. The information necessary for solving problems is found in the memory of the computer. 4. Not all computers can perform arithmetic operations, make decisions, and communicate in some ways with the users. 5. Computers can still be useful machines even if they can’t communicate with the users. 6. There are many different devices used for feeding information into a computer. 7. There aren’t as many different types of devices used for giving results as there are for accepting information. 8. Computers can make any type of decisions they are asked to do. 9. Computers can work endlessly without having to stop to rest unless there is a breakdown. Read the text again and try to find out what the bold words refer to. 1. that operate switches 2. which accept information 3. or part of it 6
  7. English for Information Technology 4. which tells the computer 5. which prints the new information 6. which shows the results 7. which can make decisions 8. it can be find the solution 9. it has no originality 10. tells it what to do Translate the text into Vietnamese 7
  8. English for Information Technology UNIT 2: TYPES OF COMPUTER Task 1 Match these names to the different types of computer 1. mainframe 3. notebook 5.PC 2. laptop 4. handheld 6. minicomputer Task 2 Study these details of different types of computer. Find the answers to these questions. Which type of computers is: 1. the most common? 2. small enough for a pocket? 3. the most common portable? 4. used by many people at the same time? 5. used like mainframes? 6. also called a handheld computer? 7. the most powerful? 8. not suitable for a lot of typing? Types of computer Notes Mainframes Large, powerful, expensive Multi-user systems- used by many people at the same time Used for processing very large amounts of data The most powerful mainframes are called supercomputers. Minicomputers Used like mainframes Not as big, powerful, or expensive as mainframes Less common now because microcomputers have 8
  9. English for Information Technology improved. Microcomputers or The most common type of computer. Personal computers Smaller, cheaper, and less powerful than mainframes and (PCs) minicomputers. Types of portable Notes Laptop About the size of a small typewrite Less common now because smaller and lighter portable are available. Notebook About size of a piece of writing paper. The most common type of portable. Subnotebook Not quite as big as notebooks. Can fit into a jacket pocket. Handheld and Palmtop Small enough to fit into the palm of one hand. Not easy to type with because of their size. Often used as personal organizers. Task 3 In pairs, decide what sort of computer is best for each of these users. 1. John Wilmott is a salesperson and he spends a lot of time visiting customers. He wants a computer to carry with him so he can access data about his customers and record his sales. 2. Pat Nye is a personnel officer. She needs a computer to keep staff records and to keep a diary of appointments. She also needs a computer for writing letters. 3. The University of the North needs a computer to look after its accounts, its network, the records of all student and staff and to help with scientific research. 4. The James family want a computer for entertainment writing letters, the Internet, and for calculating tax. Language work: Comparisons 1. Equal comparisons 2. Comparatives 3. Superlatives Task 4 Choose the correct adjective. Then fill in the gaps with the correct form of the adjective. a. Laptops are ………………………..than desktop computers but ………………..than notebooks. (light / heavy) b. The mainframe is the …………………….type of computer. A minicomputer is …………………….than a microcomputer. (large / small) 9
  10. English for Information Technology c. Personal computers are ……………………….than mainframes but mainframes are ……………………. than personal computers at processing very large amount of data. ( common / good) d. Minicomputers are ……………………………..than mainframes but they are also………………………. (powerful / expensive) e. New computers are ……………………and sometimes …………………………..than older machines. (fast / cheap) f. Laptops are often ………………………than PCs but they are not as ………………………………………..( powerful / expensive) Task 5 Put the words in brackets into the correct form to make an accurate description of sizes of computers. There are different types of computer. The (large) 1 …………………….and (powerful)2………………………….are mainframe computers. Minicomputers are (small) 3………………………..than mainframes but they are still very powerful. Microcomputers are small enough to sit on a desk. They are the (common) 4 …………………….type of computer. They are usually (powerful) 5………………………….than minicomputers. Portable computers are (small) 6………………………..than desktop. The (large) 7…………………portable is a laptop. (Small) 8…………………….portables, about size of a piece of writing paper, are called notebook computers. Subnotebooks are (small)9………………….than notebooks. You can hold the (small) 10 …………………..computers in one hand. They are called handheld computers or palmtop computers. Reading Comprehension THE COMPUTER INDUSTRY Information processing The computer technology INFORMATICS is a study of the ways of processing information by the use of a computer machine. The processing of information includes the collection of instruction (or programs) and inputs ( or data), and the manipulation, storage, retrieval and communication of data. The processing of data is carried out by: - Hardware industry, or business that designs, manufactures, or repairs the physical, electronical and electromechanical parts of computer sets. - Software industry , or business that provide programs to direct the processing of data by coordinating the activities of the hardware. * Note: Firmware is only the system software that is stored inside the computer ROM. Do not confound this with any computer industry. Answer the questions: 1. What is informatics? 10
  11. English for Information Technology 2. Translate the paragraph into Vietnamese? MAINFRAMES 1. Large computer systems, or mainframes, as they are referred to in the field of computer science, are those computer systems found in computer installations processing immense amounts of data. These powerful computers make use of very high-speed main memories into which data and programs to be dealt with are transferred for rapid access. These powerful machines have a larger repertoire of more complex instructions which can be executed more quickly. Whereas smaller computers may take several steps to perform a particular operation, a larger machine may accomplish the same thing with one instruction. 2. These computers can be of two types: digital or analog. The digital computer or general purpose computer as it is often known, makes up about 90 percent of the large computers now in use. It gets its name because the data that are presented to it are made up of code consisting of digits single character numbers. The digital computer is like a gigantic cash register in that it can do calculations in steps, one after another at tremendous speed and with great accuracy. Digital computer programming is by far the most commonly used in electric data processing for business or statistical purposes. The analog computer works something like a car speedometer, in that it continuously works out calculations. It is used essentially for problems involving measurements. It can simulate, or imitate different measurements by electronic means. Both of these computer types the digital and the analog- are made up of the electronic components that may require a large room to accommodate them. At present, the digital computer is capable of doing anything the analog once did. Moreover, it is easier to program and cheaper to operate. A new type of scientific computer systems called the hybrid computer has now been produced that combines the two types into once. 3. Really powerful computers continue to be bulky and require special provision of their housing, refrigeration systems, air filtration and power suppliers. This is because much more space is taken up by the input output devices the magnetic tape and disk unit and other peripheral equipment than by the electronic components that do not make up the bulk of the machine in powerful installation. The power consumption of these machines is also quite high, not to mention the price that runs into hundreds of thousands of dollars. The future will bring great developments in the 11
  12. English for Information Technology mechanical devices associated with computer systems. For a long time these have been the weak link, from the point of view of both efficiency and reliability. Comprehension Main idea Which statement best expresses the main idea of the text? Why did you eliminate the other choices? 1. Hybrid computers are a combination of digital and analog computers. 2. Digital computers are used more than any other type of computer. 3. There are three types of mainframes. 4. Analog computers can do more varied work than digital or hybrid computers. Understanding passage Decide whether the following statements are true or false (T / F) by referring to the information in the text. Then make the necessary changes so that the false statements become true. 1. A mainframe is the type of computer that can sit on top of a desk. 2. Mainframes are very powerful and can execute jobs very rapidly and easily. 3. Digital computers are used more than analog computers. 4. The analog computer is far smaller than a digital computer and therefore occupies very little space. 5. The hybrid computer is a combination of both the digital and the analog computer. 6. The analog computers does its calculations one step at a time. 7. The digital computer continuously works out calculations. 8. Mainframes are huge powerful machines whose peripheral equipment takes up a lot of space. 9. Mainframes are expensive to buy and operate. 10. Mainframes technology has reached the end of the road. No further development is needed. Read this summary of the text and fill in the gaps using the list of the words below. Distinction fibre-optic protocols synchronous Distributed systems LANs queries workstations Environments parse screen handling 12
  13. English for Information Technology Computer networks link computers locally or by external communication lines and software (1)…………..allowing data to be exchanged rapidly and reliably. The (2)…………..between local and wide area networks is, however, becoming unclear. Networks are being used to perform increasingly diverse tasks, such as carrying e-mail, providing access to public databases, and for (3)……………… . Networks also allow users in one locality to share resources. Distributed systems use networked computers. PCs or (4)…………….provide the user (5)……………. . Mainframes process (6)……………… and turn the results to the users. A user at his PC might make a query against a central database. The PC passes the query, written in a special language, to the mainframes, which then (7)………….. the query, returning to the user only the data requested. This allows both the network and the individual PC to operate efficiently. In the 1980s, at least 100.000 (8)…………….were set up world0wide. As (9)……………orbit satellites have allowed the price of long-distance telephone calls, data can be transmitted more cheaply. In addition, (10)…………..cable has been installed on a large scale, enabling vast amounts of data to be transmitted at a very high speed using light signals. This will considerably reduce the price of network access, making global networks more and more a part of our professional and personal lives. Networks should also improve our work (11)…………… and technical abilities. 13
  14. English for Information Technology UNIT 3 : KEYBOARD AND MOUSE Task 1 Match these key abbreviations with their full names 1. Esc a. Alternate 2. Alt b. Page up 3. Ctrl c. Delete 4. Pgup d. Insert 5. Pgdn e. Page down 6. Ins f. Escape 7. Del g. Control Task 2 1. Read the text. THE MOUSE The computer mouse is a hand-operated device that lets you control more easily the location of the pointer on your screen. You can make selections and choices with the mouse button. The mouse contains a rubber-coated ball that rests on the surface of your working area or a mousemat. When the mouse is moved over that surface, the ball rolls. The ball’s movements up and down, and left and right, turn the two axles inside the mouse. As they turn, detectors register the changing position. A small integrated circuit inside the mouse sends signals to the operating system, which instructs it to move the pointer on your screen. 2. Complete the sentences . a. Move the mouse to the left and the cursor moves to the …………………….. b. The mouse contains a rolling ………………………. c. There are ……………………….axles inside the mouse and two interrupter wheels. d. When you move the mouse, the ball……………………… . e. The mouse moves over a …………………… . Language work: The simple present tense ( We use the present simple to describe things which are always true.) Task 3 : Match each word from column A (1-8 ) with its partner from column B ( a- h ) to make a computing term. A B 1. memory a. code 2. power b. key 14
  15. English for Information Technology 3. function c. drive 4. expansion d. supply 5. bar e. card 6. floppy f. chip 7. disk g. memory 8. cache h. disk Task 4 : Read and translate the following passage into Vietnamese Some definitions Most computers have a Graphical User Interface. The interface is the connection between the user and the computer. The most common type of GUI uses a WIMP system. WIMP stands for Window, Icon, Menu (or Mouse). Pointer ( or Pull- down/ Pop-up menu). Windows A window is an area of the computer screen, where you can see the contents of a folder, a file, or a program. Some systems allow several windows on the screen at the same time and windows can overlap each other. The window on the top is the one which is “active”, the one in use. Icons are small pictures on the screen. They represent programs, folders, or files. For example, the Recycle Bin icon represents a program for deleting and restoring files. Most systems have a special area of the screen on which icons appear. Menus give the users a list of choices. You operate the menu by pressing and releasing one or more buttons on the mouse. The pointer is the arrow you use to select icons or to choose options from a menu. Then you click a button on the mouse to use the object selected by the pointer. Reading Comprehension INFORMATICS in ENINEERING TASKS By late 1970’s, the US auto industry got into CAD/CAM in a big way. Ford has 1200 CAD/ CAM work-stations at its engineering facilities worldwide. The company also has a $14 million Cray supercomputer which is used for research. But it is also used by the engineering staff or aerodynamic studies, NVH ( noise, vibration, harshness) improvements, emission studies, and ride and handling evaluations. Ford has developed its own CAD/ CAM software and Prime hold exclusive marketing rights. It takes about three months for someone to learn to use CAD /CAM as well as paper-and-pen drafting methods. But CAD / CAM can produce a three-to-one productivity gain. Its goal is to eliminate 60 % of the design steps needed to make a car. Ford’s old design methods involved making clay models from stylists’drawings. Then wooden templates were made off the clay model, and detailed drawings were made off the templates. With its CAD / CAM operations, 15
  16. English for Information Technology however, Ford has computerized most of their hand work. A full size drawing of a car is put up on a wall in a design studio which depicts a 2-D front, rear and side views, and the outline of these views are traced with a reflective tape. The tape is optically scanned and a computer transforms this image into a 3-D wire grid display on a CAD / CAM screen. The computer then help with the milling of a full scale clay model. The Cray has been put to use extensively in FEA ( finite element analysis ). It enables engineers to anticipate where annoying noises may crop up. By simulating certain road conditions, they can use FEA to compute which panels will vibrate and cause noise. HISTORY OF COMPUTER Let us take a look at the history of the computer that we know today. The very first calculating device used was the fingers of man’s hands. This, in fact, is why today we first count in tens and multiples of tens. Then the abacus was invented, a bead frame in which the beads are moved from left to right. People went on using some form of abacus well into the 16th century, and it is still being used in some parts of the world because it can be understood without knowing how to read. During the 17th and 18th centuries many people tried to find easy ways of calculating. J.Napier, a Scotsman, devised a mechanical way of multiplying and dividing, which is how the modem slide rule works. Henry Briggs used Napier’s ideas to produce logarithm tables which all mathematicians use today. Calculus, another branch of mathematics, was independently invented by both Sir Isaac Newton, an Englishman, and Leibnitz, a German mathematician. The first real calculating machine appeared in 1820 as the result of several people’s experiments. This type of machine, which saves a great deal of time and reduces the possibility of making mistakes, depends on a series of ten-toothed gear wheels. In 1830 Charles Babbage, an Englishman, designed a machine that was called” The Analytical Engine”. This machine, which Babbage showed at the Paris Exhibition in1855, was an attempt to cut out the human being altogether, except for providing the machine with the necessary facts about the problem to be solved. He never finished this work, but many of his ideas were the basis for building today’s computers. In 1930, the first analog computer was built by an American named Vannevar Bush. This device was used in World War II to help aim guns. Mark I , the name given to the first digital computer ,was completed in 1944. The men responsible for this invention were Professor Howard Aiken and some people from IBM. This was the first machine that could figure out long lists of mathematical problems, all at a very fast rate. In 1946 two engineers at the University of Pennsylvania, J.Eckert and J. Mauchly, built the first digital computer using parts called vacuum tubes. They named their new invention ENIAC. Another important advancement in computers came in 1947, when John 16
  17. English for Information Technology Yon Newman developed the idea of keeping instructions for the computer inside the computer’s memory. The first generation of computers, which used vacuum tubes, came out in 1950. Univac I is an example of these computers which could perform thousands of calculations per second. In 1960s, the second generation of computers was developed and these could perform work ten times faster than their predecessors. The reason for this extra speed was the use of transistors instead of vacuum tubes. Second-generation computers were smaller, faster and more dependable than first-generation computers. The third – generation computers appeared on the market in 1965. These computers could do a million calculations a second, which is 1000 times as many as first generation computers. Unlike second- generation computers, these are controlled by tiny integrated circuits and are consequently smaller and more dependable. Fourth- generation computers have now arrived, and the integrated circuits that are being developed have been generally reduced in size. This is due to microminiaturization, which means that the circuits are much smaller than before; as many as 1000 tiny circuits now fit onto a single chip. A chip is a square or rectangular piece of silicon, usually from 1/10 to 1/ 4 inch, upon which several layers of an integrated circuit are etched or imprinted, after which the circuit is encapsulated in plastic, ceramic or metal. Fourth- generation computers are 50 times faster than third-generation computers and can complete approximately 1,000,000 instructions per second. At the rate computer technology is growing, today’s computers might be obsolete by 1985 and most certainly by 1990. It has been said that if transport technology had developed as rapidly as computer technology, a trip across the Atlantic Ocean today would take a few seconds. Main idea Which statement best express the main idea of the text? Why did you eliminate the other choices? 1. Computers, as we know them today, have gone through many changes. 2. Today’s computer probably won’t be around for long. 3. Computers have had a very short history. Understanding passage Decide whether the following statements are true or not false (T/ F) by referring to the information in the text. Then make necessary changes so that the false statements become true. 1. The abacus and the fingers are two calculating devices still in use today. 2. The slide rule was invented hundreds of years ago. 3. During the early 1880s, many people worked on inventing a mechanical calculating machine. 4. Charles Babbage, an Englishman, could well be called the father of computers. 17
  18. English for Information Technology 5. The first computer was invented and built in the USA. 6. Instructions used by computers have always been kept inside the computer’s memory. 7. Using transistors instead of vacuum tubes did nothing to increase the speed at which calculations were done. 8. As computer evolved, their size decreased and their dependability increased. 9. Today’s computers have more circuits than previous computers. 10. Computer technology has developed to a point from which new developments in the field will take a lone time to come. Translate the text into Vietnamese. 18
  19. English for Information Technology UNIT 4 INPUT DEVICES Task 1 Match these pictures of input devices with their names - joystick - barcode reader - graphics tablet - digital camera - trackerball - scanner - touchscreen - microphone Task 2 Each test describes one of these devices: trackerball, joystick, lightpen, scanner. Identify the device each text describes. Write your answers in this table. Then compare your answers with other students. Text Device 1 ………………………………………….. 2 ………………………………………….. 3 ………………………………………….. 4 ………………………………………….. 1. A ………………………is another input device you can connect to a computer system. The …………….. is able to move in eight directions. …………………….s are mostly used in computer games to control the way a picture on the screen moves. Sometimes two …………………s are connected to a computer so two people can play the game at the same time. 2. A ………………… works in exactly the same way as a mouse except that the ball is on the top. The user rolls the ball around with her hand to operate 19
  20. English for Information Technology it . If you use a …………………… , you don’t need any extra space on your desk to move it around (like you do with a mouse). …………………..s are often used on small portable computers and on some video game machine. 3. A ………………….. can be used to draw pictures directly on a computer screen or to read the pattern on a barcode. A …………………… that can read barcodes detects the difference between the light reflected from a black barcode line and its lighter background. 4. Using a ……………….. , you can input printed drawings, photographs, or text directly into a computer. A ………………… works like a photocopier – a light is shone on the material and the ………………… detects the reflected light. You can use a ……………… with optical character recognition (OCR) software to input the scanned text into a word processing package. Task 3 Match the device ( 1 –7 ) with its use (a – g) A B Device Use 1. Joystick a. draw pictures on to a computer screen 2. lightpen b. copy documents 3. scanner c. input sound 4. digital camera d. input text 5. mouse e. select from a menu 6. keyboard f. move the cursor rapidly 7. microphone g. produce photos without film Language work : Function We can describe the function or use of a device in different ways. Study these examples. Joysticks are used in computer games. Using a scanner, you can input printed drawings directly into a computer. You can use a scanner to input text. A microphone is used for inputting sound. Task 4 Describe the use of each device in a sentence. Use these structures from the language work section ………….is / are used in …………. ………….is / are used for ………….- ing Using …………. you can ………. You can use ……………………. to 20
ADSENSE

CÓ THỂ BẠN MUỐN DOWNLOAD

 

Đồng bộ tài khoản
2=>2