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Teachers book of English B2 for all exams

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Teachers book of English B2 for all exams

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Ebook "Use of English B2 for all exams – Teachers book" for the Revised FCE 2008, Michigan ECCE and other exams with step-by-step guidance and practice. It systematically teaches grammar and vocabulary and helps students develop all the skills necessary to succeed in the examinations; upper-Intermediate B2.

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  1. Use E. MOUTSOU English teacher's book for all exams QQQQ m m publications
  2. Use of English B2 for all exams E. M outsou Published by: MM Publications www.mmpublications.com info@mmpublications.com Offices Great Britain - Greece - Poland - France - Cyprus - U.S.A. - Turkey Associated companies and representatives throughout the world. Copyright © 2009 MM Publications All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without permission in writing from the publishers. Produced in the EU C 1 103001307-5240 C 1103002007-5239 ISBN: 978-960-443-928-7 Teacher’s Edition ISBN: 978-960-443-929-4
  3. Use of English B2 for the FCE Examination and other exams is intended fo r B2 level students. It system atically eaches gram m ar and vocabulary and prepares students th o ro u g h ly fo r all exams. " i e FCE Use of English Paper contains fo u r parts and lasts 45 m inutes. The task types and the num ber of questions in each part are presented in the fo llo w in g table. PART TASK TYPE NUMBER OF QUESTIONS/MARKS 1 Multiple-choice cloze 12 (one mark per question) 2 Open cloze 12 (one mark per question) 3 Word formation 10 (one mark per question) 4 Key word transformation 8 (two marks per question) This book is d iv id e d in to 15 units, fo llo w e d by a Final FCE Test and a Final ECCE Test. ~ne v o c a b u la ry and g ra m m a r ta u g h t has been d is trib u te d in 12 u n its (U nits 1-4, 6-9 and 11-14), each o f w hich is divid e d in to tw o sections. In th e firs t section, in u n its 1,3, 6, 8,11,13 th e re is a se le ctio n o f c o llo c a tio n s and expressions, w h ile in u n its 2 ,4 , 7,9,12,14 th e re is a se le ctio n o f p re p o sitio n a l phrases. Phrasal verbs, w ords ith prepo sition s, g ra m m a tic a l s tru c tu re s and key w o rd tra n s fo rm a tio n s are presented and practised in all 12 -n its . This section ends w ith tw o exercises w h ich are s im ila r in fo rm a t to tasks in th e FCE Use o f English paper and ECCE G ram m ar and V o ca b u la ry sections, b u t w h ich te s t o n ly th e item s ta u g h t in th e co rre s p o n d in g unit. In the second section, a n u m b e r o f g ro u p s o f easily confused w o rd s and d e riv a tiv e s are presented and practised, fo llo w e d by tw o exercises w h ich te s t o n ly th e item s ta u g h t in th e c o rre sp o n d in g unit. Units 5,10 and 15 are c o n s o lid a tio n u n its w h ich revise th e m a terial p re v io u s ly ta u g h t. Each o f th e m is a c tu a lly a co m p le te Use o f English Practice Test fo llo w in g th e exact fo rm a t o f th e FCE/ECCE exam ination s, b u t te s tin g o n ly th e item s ta u g h t in th e fo u r u n its pre ced in g it. The Final FCE Test and Final ECCE Test are m o de lled on th e C a m bridge Use o f English Paper and on the G ram m ar and V o ca b u la ry se ction s o f th e U n iv e rs ity o f M ichigan E xam ination fo r th e ECCE. The reference se ction at th e end o f th e b oo k in cludes an o v e rv ie w o f English Gram m ar, v o c a b u la ry notes w ith d e fin itio n s o f easily con fuse d w ords, exam tip s and th re e appendices. These appen dices a lp h a b e tica lly present p re p o s itio n a l phrases, w ords w ith p re p o sitio n s and d e rivatives. The Teacher’s Book consists o f tw o sections. The firs t se ctio n is th e S tudent's Book w ith th e answers o ve rp rin te d . The second se ctio n inclu de s notes fo r th e te a ch e r and th re e p h o to c o p ia b le Revision Tests w ith Key.
  4. Section 1 Section 2 Collocations with go, come, reach, get Words easily confused (mainly related to the U N IT 1 p. 6 Collocations of the type noun+of+noun topics of work and employment) Phrasal verbs with come, go and be Introduction to Derivatives Words with prepositions (miscellaneous) Grammar Review: Tenses Prepositional phrases of tim e and place Words easily confused (mainly related to the UNIT 2 p. 16 Phrasal verbs with get, pull and throw topics of time and viewing) Words with prepositions (miscellaneous) Adjectives in -ful, -less and nouns in -ship Grammar Review: Relative Clauses-Clauses deriving from noun roots of Time Expressions with day, year and time Words easily confused (mainly related to the UNIT 3 p. 26 Collocations w ith hold, run, catch and keep topics of people and education) Phrasal verbs with look, check, watch and Adjectives in -al, -y, -ous, -ly (+adverbs) and show nouns in -hood deriving from noun roots Words with prepositions (miscellaneous) Grammar Review: Adverbs-Comparisons- Articles-Uncountables Prepositional phrases (miscellaneous) Words easily confused (mainly related to the UNIT 4 p. 36 Phrasal verbs with keep, hold, catch, carry, topics of travel and tourism) wear, work and move Adjectives in -ic, -ical, verbs in -ise and Words with prepositions (miscellaneous) nouns in -ist, -ian, -dom deriving from noun Grammar Review: Determiners-Pronouns roots UNIT 5 p, 4 6 Consolidation I (Units 1-4) Collocations with do and make Words easily confused (mainly related to the UNIT 6 P.so Collocations with break, change, cut, turn topic of money) and draw Common negative prefixes Adverbial expressions Phrasal verbs with make, do, grow, pass, fill and leave Words with prepositions (miscellaneous) Grammar Review: Infinitive /-ing form Prepositional phrases (miscellaneous), Words easily confused (mainly related to the UNIT 7 p. 60 linking phrases topic of thinking) Phrasal verbs with break, burn, cut and turn Verbs in -en and nouns in -ness, -nee, -ncy, Words with prepositions (miscellaneous) -cy deriving from adjective roots Grammar Review: Modal Verbs Collocations with leave, put, set, shake, miss UNIT 8 p. 70 and lose Words easily confused (mainly related to the Collocations/Expressions with way topic of communication) Sentence linkers Verbs in -ise and nouns in -ity, -hood Phrasal verbs with put, lay, set, settle deriving from adjective roots Words with prepositions (miscellaneous) Grammar Review: Passive Voice Prepositional phrases (miscellaneous) Words easily confused (miscellaneous) UNIT 9 P.so Phrasal verbs with mix, run, hang, fall, hurry Inflections of nouns, adjectives, adverbs and and try verbs Words with prepositions (miscellaneous) Grammar Review: Pronouns-Causative Form
  5. Section 1 Section 2 UNIT 10 p. 90 Consolidation II (Units 6-9) UNIT 11 p.94 Collocations with follow, have, take, give, pay, bring and mind Words easily confused (mainly related to the topics of crime and punishment) Phrasal verbs with take, close, knock, clean, Adjectives in -able, -ible, -ent, -ant and nouns clear and drop in -ery, -ence, -ance, -ant deriving from verb Words with prepositions (miscellaneous) roots Grammar Review: Clauses of concession, reason, purpose and result UNIT 12 p.104 Prepositional phrases (miscellaneous) Phrasal verbs with bring, give, hand, burst Words easily confused (mainly related to the topics of health and illness) and blow Nouns in -ion, -ation, adjectives in -ive, -ative Words with prepositions (miscellaneous) and nouns in -al deriving from verb roots Grammar Review: Conditionals UNIT 13 p.114 Adjective + Noun Collocations Collocations with say and tell Words easily confused (miscellaneous) Idiomatic expressions with all Nouns in -ment, -ure, -er, or and -ee deriving Phrasal verbs with lie, stand, sit, save, from verb roots dress, pay, end, point, lock and let Words with prepositions (miscellaneous) Grammar Review: Unreal Past UNIT 14 p.124 Prepositional phrases (miscellaneous) Phrasal verbs with call, speak, tell and count Words easily confused (miscellaneous) Irregular Derivatives Words with prepositions (miscellaneous) Adjectives and nouns deriving from the Grammar Review: Reported Speech name of a country or continent Adverbs and pronouns ending in -body, -one, -thing, -where, -how, -ever and -self UNIT 15 p. 134 Consolidation III (Units 11-14) Final FCE Test ..............................................................................138 Final ECCE Test ..............................................................................142 Grammar R e v ie w ........... ..............................................................................147 Vocabulary N o t e s .......... ...................................................................165 Exam T i p s ........................ .............................................................................. 171 Appendix I: Prepositional P h ra se s................................................ .............................................................................. 173 Appendix II: Words with Prepositions........................................... .............................................................................. 174 Appendix III: Derivatives............................................................... .............................................................................. 176 Teacher’s Notes .................. ...................................................................185 Revision Test 1 .................... .................................................................. 186 Revision Test I I .................... ............................................................................. 190 Revision Test III ................... .................................................................. 194 Key to Tests ........................ .................................................................. 198
  6. Collocations/Expressions A Complete the blanks with the verbs go, come, reach or get. get better go/get to sleep get revenge get on sb’s nerves reach a decision get rid of go red get off sb’s back come to terms with get ready reach an agreement get down to business get into trouble get the sack get lost go over the top get dark come in handy get the job get even with B Complete the sentences with the collocations / expressions in the box below. Use each one only once. in somebody’s shoes on top of in search of on the safe side in charge of in trouble with 1 Mr Johnson is in charge of ____the company’s marketing department. 2 People who system atically cheat the tax system will one day b e ________ in trouble with the Tax Department. 3 The doctor insisted that I should be given a thorough check-up just to be __ on the safe side 4 The children wandered around the neighbourhood __________in search of their lost dog. 5 Nobody would want to b e __________ in his shoes_________ _ pot with all those debts he has to pay off. 6 After weeks of hard work, Kevin was confident he was finally on top of the situation. C Complete the collocations belo w with the w ords in the box. You may use some of the w ords more than once. In some cases more than one w ord may be correct. bar bunch can clap flash flock pair pint set sheet swarm tube pair of pyjamas sheet of paper pair of scissors flash of lightning bar .o f soap flock of sheep a pint/can of beer pair of sunglasses set of rules a set of traffic lights flock of birds claP of thunder a bunch of flowers tube of toothpaste swarm of bees Read the sentences on the left and match the phrasal verbs with their definitions on the right by writing the correct num ber in the box next to each definition. A COME 1 While cleaning the basement, I came across something I thought I had lost 3 stop by, visit years ago. 2 inherit 2 Joe cam e into a lot of money, which changed his life completely. 1 find by chance 3 Why doesn’t Julie come round to our place anymore? 6 regain consciousness 4 The scientists took months to come up with a solution to their problem. 5 betaken ill with 5 Richard came down with a bad cold the day before his exams. 4 think of and suggest 6 It took the woman a few minutes tocom e round/to after she had fainted.
  7. unit 0 1 B GO move / travel around, visit 1 They decided to go ahead w ith th e ir trip despite the bad w eather conditions. match 2 Once you have finished cleaning, you can g o o n w ith your job. explode 3 The d octo r w anted to go over the test results w ith his patient. start sth 4 That tie goeswith yo ur suit nicely. 5 Luckily no one was injured when the bom b went off. continue doing 6 W hile visiting Rome, we went round all the m ajor archaeological sites. turn sour, start to decay 7 The child went through a lot before recovering com pletely. examine / discuss in detail 8 The m ilk went off a fte r o nly an hour in the scorching heat. suffer 9 W hat’s going on in there? Open the door! happen C BE 1 What's on this weekend at the theatre? 2 We were prom ised th a t the hard tim es w ould be over soon. 3 I was about to leave home when some unexpected visitors arrived. 4 I'm for the mayor's plan to relocate the tow n hall. 5 What are the boys up to? Don’t tell me th e y’re ruining the garden again! 6 I m ust be off now. My parents are expecting me fo r dinner. Words with Prepositions A Complete the blanks with prepositions. Adjectives Nouns Verbs associate praise sb fo r sth excellent at an answer w ith experienced in an exDert o n /in /a t concentrate on sth provide sb w ith sth conaratulate sb sth provide sth fo r sb happv for sb (take)D ride in on h a o D V w ith /a b o u t s th a reDlv t0 cooperate w ith sb succeed in a reDort on deal w ith supply sb w ith sth D ro u d °f respected for an o p p o rtu n ity include 'n supply sth to sb responsible fo r G Read the following sentences and complete them with prepositions. 1 C ongratulations Rodney! I'm so happy for you and yo ur wife. 2 I would be m ore than happy to provide you with our com pany's catalogue. 3 We supply all m ajor com panies with our products. 4 She takes great pride in her work. That's w hy she's the best in her field. 5 The governm ent w ill provide housing for the homeless. 6 You shouldn't be proud of yourself. W hat you did was w rong! 7 The governm ent supplied food and m edicine to the victim s of the hurricane. 8 The jo u rn a list was praised for his report on the starving children o f Africa.
  8. unit 0 1 Grammar Revision (Tenses) See Grammar Review page 147 ^ Read the text below and complete each blank with one word. All missing words are auxiliary verbs (is, was, have, has, had, do, does, did etc.). My life (1 ) __________has__________ im proved a lot since last year. You see, before th a t I ( 2 ) __________ _____________ been w orking in the same jo b fo r five years and I ( 3 ) __________was__________ beginning to feel rather bored. I ( 4 ) __________ was g ettin g ready to apply fo r another job when one day my boss called me into her office. "Our com pany ( 5 ) _________ __________ planning to expand overseas," she said. "We ( 6 ) ___________^ __________ th in kin g of starting w ith Spain, therefore we w ill ( 7 ) ___________be needing some of o ur best em ployees to su pp ort o ur new branch there. ( 8 ) ________ ^ you th in k you w ould be interested in a transfer?" N aturally I accepted, although at the tim e I (9) did _ not know that they ( 1 0 ) _________ ______________also going to prom ote me to assistant manager. By the end of this m onth, I w ill have (11) been living in M adrid fo r a year. You can't im agine how exciting my life (1 2 )__________ has become. B Put the verbs in brackets into the Past Simple, Past Progressive, Present Perfect Simple or Present Perfect Progressive and complete the boxes with the time words below. Use each time word only once. fo r w hile yet still when ago already since While Mary was having _ (have) a bath yesterday evening, I was in the kitchen. was cooking (cook) her fa vou rite dish because I ________ wanted________ (want) to surprise her. When s h e ________ came__________ (com e) into the kitchen, she couldn 't believe her eyes! 2 Jim: Mum. I ° iafen lo oking (look) for m y black belt for the past hour and I stj|| haven’t found Have (not fin d) i t . . ________ you seen (see) it anywhere? Mother: No, but I th in k you Ie ri__________ (lend) it to your bro the r about a week ago Jim: Oh, you’re rig ht. He hasn't ciyen/didrrc give (n ot g (ve) jt back to me. I bet he nas been wearing (wear) it all week. Where is he now, Mum? Mother: I'm afraid M a rk ___ has already left .(leave). H e __________ 90 t .(ge t) up about an hour before you . did . (do). 3 | have been w orking (work) on this project this m orning but haven’t finished I (not finish) it yet . What am I going to tell m y boss?
  9. & M y sister loves cats. / She has gone to Italy. (She is still there.) She loves cats. / She has been to Italy. (She has returned.) M y s is t e r s h e lo v e s c a t s . I bought this bike tw o years ago. / (Only one subject in each sentence.) (Past Simple + ago) $> There is a b o o k o n the table. I-h a v e & o u g h tth is bike -two y ears ago. It is Susan’s. I b o u g h tth is b tk e tw o y e a r s b e fo r e . (Use there when m entioning sth fo r the firs t time. I have had this bike for tw o years. / Use it fo r sth already mentioned.) (Present P erfect+for) Ib a v eth i-sb ik e-lo rtw o y ear-s.— - €> T h ey don't have a car. / (have = own) I have had this bike since 1998. / T h ey haven't got a car. / (have got = own) (Present Perfect + since + time) I have had this bike since I w as sixteen. / They haven't a car. (Present Perfect + since + Past Simple) I have-had this-bike since two years ago. » ® H e has a bath e v e ry morning. / (have = take) (Only one tim e word in each sentence.) H e doesn’t have a bath e v e ry m orning. J H e has- got a bath e v e ry moTning. I haven't studied for a w eek , (refers to the past: The last time I studied w as a week ago.) ® Jam es didn't use to sm oke so m uch. / I have to study for a week, (refers to the future: I Jam es didn't used to s m o k e s o m u e h . must study fo ra week before I do sth else.) (did/didn’t + bare infinitive) I haven't eaten spaghetti for six months. / & I do speak French. / (emphasis) Ihavetoeatspaghettiforsixm onths-. He does eat snails. / T h e y did bu y a house. / W e did saw the thief. (do/does/did + bare infinitive) Key Transformations I h ave n ever b e e n to M alta before. & The last tim e I sa w h er w a s a y e a r ago. It is the first tim e I h ave ever b e e n to Malta. I last sa w h er a y e a r ago. I h aven ’t seen h er for a year. I h a d n ever b e e n to M alta before. It has b e e n a y e a r since I last sa w her. It w a s the first tim e I h a d e v e r b e e n to Malta. It is a y ear since I last sa w her. W h e n did he start working? H o w long has h e b e e n working? H o w long is it since he started working?
  10. unit 0 1 Examination Practice A Read the text belo w and think of the w ord which best fits each space. Use only one w ord in each space. MONGY There is no d ou bt th a t money, in the form th a t we know it today, (1). w hat keeps m odern econom ic life fu nctio nin g. Yet, th ro u g h o u t history, money, in w hatever form , has provided people (2 )_________ with__________ the a b ility to buy (3 )_________ and/or_________sell goods. Thousands o f years (4 ) __________ ago__________ , civilisations (5 )__________ used_________ to rely on the barter system as a way of exchanging goods. W ithin this system a person had to exchange one thing fo r another. This m eant th a t the tw o parties involved had to ( 6 ) ______ make/reach_______ an agreem ent as to w hat th ey th o u g h t th e ir products were w orth. Items such (7 )__________ as___________wheat, tobacco and livestock have all been used as m oney at one tim e or another. It was not until much later th at humans came up ( 8 ) _________ with__________ the idea o f m oney in the form of m etal coins. So w hy (9 ) __________did___________the barter system come to an end? The answer is simple. Coins were much easier to handle and carry around. Since then, the use of coins has become widespread. It has made com m erce sim pler and has given countries an o p p o rtu n ity (1 0 )__________ _____________developm ent by doing business w ith other countries fu rth e r afield, which they (11)__________ h^d__________ never done business w ith before. In recent years, paper m oney has become m ore com m on all over the w orld, as it is easier to use. It (12)__________ ^ __________ not be long, however, before plastic cards take over com pletely, replacing coins and paper money. 6 Complete the second sentence so that it has a sim ilar m eaning to the first sentence, using the w ord given unchanged. You must use between two and five words, including the w ord given. 1 We last w ent abroad a long tim e ago. not yye have not been abroad for a long tim e. When did they sta rt living in the suburbs? have How long have they been living in the suburbs? It's the firs t tim e she has ever had problem s w ith the authorities. trouble She has never had trouble w ith the a uth orities before. 4 When Carl was young, he w ent to a holiday camp every summer, used When Carl was young, h e __________________used to go to . a holiday camp every summer. 5 A fter the earthquake, the governm ent supplied food and m edicine to the homeless, provided A fter the earthquake, the g o v e rn m e n t_______provided the homeless with_____ .fo o d and m edicine. 6 Lucy hasn't visited me since February. was The la s t_______________ tim e Lucy visited me was__________________ in February. How long has he had this car? bought How lo n g _________ is it since he bought this car? 8 I haven't caught a cold fo r ages, down I la s t___________ came down with a cold ages ago.
  11. unit 0 1 Words easily confused Use the correct form of the words in the boxes to complete the sentences in each group A-H below. You may use some of the words more than once. In some cases, more than one word may be correct. job occupation w ork e m ploym ent profession 1 People in the m e d ic a l______ profession w ork long hours. 2 In order to get a ( n ) _________ 12^______ as a com puter analyst, you need a degree in com puter science. 3 Betty has been o ut o f ____ work __since January. - Employment______ agencies help people find w ork in th e ir field. 5 I was asked to w rite m y present occupation________ on the a pplication form . B task course d uty 1 They were set the task o f cleaning the room after the m eeting. 2 It is a n u rs e 's ___ duty ______ to make the patients feel com fortable. 3 Her marks are quite high, so she can choose between a medical or a la w ________ course at university. em ployer em ployee colleague assistant clerk o ffice r attendant 1 The shop assistant ___ helped me choose a ju m p e r th a t suited me. 2 The car park attendant_______ js responsible fo r parking custom ers’ cars. 3 All employees_______ are expected to be at w ork by 8.30. O u r ________ employer insists on it. 4 Jill w orked as a ( n ) _________clerk_______ fo r a law firm before entering politics. 5 All m y ______ colleagues_______ at the office are friendly. 6 Bob is a senior officer in the arm ed forces. D p arty crew staff 1 A m em ber o f a p o litic a l______ party gave a speech in the tow n centre last night. 2 The teaching staff at our school have form ed a basketball team. 3 The search _ party _ had no luck in fin ding the m issing child, 4 The s h ip 's __ crew served drinks as the ship set sail. aim goal intention challenge success a m b ition 1 The Maths problem was a ( n ) ___ challenge and to ok me over an hour to solve. 2 T h e _______ aim/goal________ 0f environm ental organisations is to stop environm ental destruction.
  12. unit 0 1 3 People w ith am bition w ill always try to achieve th eir goals 4 Their firs t album was a great success and sold tw o m illion copies w orldw ide. 5 I have no intention of changing my plans fo r to nig ht. achieve fu lfil cope deal face succeed 1 J o h n _______ succeeded________ jn convincing his boss to give him the day off. 2 He doesn’t ________deal/cope________ w ith crisis situations very well. 3 Despite his health problem s, J o e ________fulfilled___________his am bition to play in the local fo otball team. 4 The Johnstons are facing financial d iffic u ltie s after Mrs Johnston lost her job. 5 Kim put a lot of w ork into her project and achieved excellent results. 6 During his career as a teacher, he h a s ___ dealt w ith students from d iffe re n t backgrounds. manage run operate undertake 1 You have to read the instructions carefully before y o u ______ operate __________ the photocopying machine. 2 Brett co uldn 't find experienced staff so h e _________ ________________ his business on his own fo r a few months. 3 Kate was supposed t o _______undertake_________ train in g of the new staff. 4 The com pany is managed/run_______ by tw o people w ho share the responsibilities. H skills qualities qualifica tion s experience 1 To get the job you m ust have three years’ experience in telecom m unications and the necessary qualifications ., one o f w hich is a university degree. qualities __ are required by a Prime Minister, as well as c o m m u n ic a tio n . skills 2 Leadership 3 Learning to w ind surf was a fa n ta s tic ______experience_________ | A Look at the sentences below. What part of speech (verb, noun, adjective or adverb) is each of the words in bold type?
  13. unit 0 1 Each part of speech has a d ifferen t fu n ctio n in the sentence. n u m describe actions, events, feelings or situations. (e.g. The tw o patterns differ from each other.) refer to people, animals, things, actions, situations or ideas. (e.g. There is a difference between the tw o patterns.) JECTIVES2 describe the qualities o f nouns. (e.g. This pattern is different from th a t one.) VERBS describe verbs, adjectives, other adverbs, phrases or w hole sentences, (e.g. The tw o patterns have been differently designed.) A lot of English words can be used as roots fo r the fo rm a tion of other words, w hich are called derivatives. Most adverbs, fo r instance, are form ed by adding the ending -ly to the root adjective. careful 4 ca re fully te rrib le 4 te rrib ly d iffe re n t 4 d iffe re n tly B Choose the correct word A, B or C to complete the following sentences. • The zoo's main _________ attraction________ are the pandas. A a ttra ctive ly B a ttractive (c )a ttra c tio n 2 The teacher w a s ___________angry__________w ith the student because he d id n ’t do his hom ew ork. A anger (BJangry C a ngrily 3 Before I set o ff on my journey, my fa th er to ld me to d r iv e ___________safely__________. A safe B safety (c )s a fe ly 4 What's t h e _________difference________ between increase and decrease? A difference B d iffe re n tly C d iffe re n t 5 I hired a _______ photographer______ to take pictures at my wedding. A) photographer B p ho tography C photographic 6 Despite his age, he leads an __________ active__________ life. A a c tiv ity B acting ( ^ a c t iv e 7 She com pleted the p r o je c t________ successfully_______ and was prom oted. A success (B )succe ssfully C successful C Read the sentences below and decide what part of speech is missing. Then, complete the sentences with the correct form of the words in capitals. 1 I love sitting on my new sofa. It’s so (Part of speech: adjective_______ ) _____ com fortable COMFORT 2 She chose light-coloured fu rn itu re to (Part o f speech: ve|-b ) _brighten_____ ___ BRIGHT up her dull flat. 3 It’s ce rta inly (Part of speech: adjective ) ______ dangerous tQ drjve gt hjgh speed DANGER 4 August is a (Part of speech: __ adjective ) peaceful m onth in our city, as PEACE everyone is away on holiday.
  14. unit O f noun robber 5 The (Part o f speech: _ held up the bank and ROB stole £ 20 0 0 0 0 . noun solution 6 N obody could find the (Part o f speech:. to the SOLVE d iffic u lt Maths problem . adverb 7 Even th ough they had financial d ifficulties, they were (Part o f speech:. HAPPY happily ___ m arried. sleepy 8 I feel very (Part o f speech:_________adjective ) today. I th in k I’ll have SLEEP some coffee. Examination Practice A Read the text below and decide which answer A , B, C or D best fits each space. F IN D IN G EMPLOYMENT My firs t (1)^ job was as a sales (2)_ assistant at a large d epartm ent store. I w anted to w ork part-tim e, because I was still studying (3). at ___u niversity and I was only ( 4 ) _________ able__________ to w ork a few nights a week. I came (5). across the advertisem ent in the local newspaper. I rem em ber the intervie w as though (6 ) I!___________ were yesterday. The personnel m anager sat behind a large desk. He asked me various questions w hich surprised me because all I w anted was to w ork in sales. An hour later, I was told th a t I had g ot the jo b and was given a co ntract to go (7 ) over_________ . I was to be trained fo r ten days before i to ok m y post. Also, as a m em ber of (8). s ta ff I was e ntitled to some benefits, including discounts. When I eventually started, I was responsible (9)_ for the to y section. I really enjoyed it there colleagues and I loved dem onstrating the d iffe re n t toys. I was surprised at how frie n d ly m y (10) _ were, too. They made w orking there fun even when we had to (11)________deal with custom ers who ( 12) . got on our nerves. On the whole, w orking there was a great experience which I w ill never forget.
  15. 1 A occupation B job C w ork D em ploym ent 2 A employee B attendant C o ffice r ( d) assistant 3 A in B on (» a t D fo r 4 A excellent B able C proud D experienced 5 A across B into C on D round 6 ( A ) it B 1 C th a t D there 7 A on B over C ahead D w ith 8 (f i) staff B crew C team D party 9 A of B at C w ith D fo r 10 A assistants B staff ( C) colleagues D em ployees 11 A control (JB) deal w ith C manage D cooperate 12 A came B w ent © got D were Complete the text below with the correct form of the words in capitals. AN UNUSUAL OUTING Last week I made a (1)_______ suggestion______ tQ m y C0USjn A |ex 0f f e rjng to SUGGEST take him to an (2 )______ amusement______ park. He was very excited because it AMUSE was his (3 )_______ favourite________place. However, from the m om ent I picked FAVOUR him up, he was very ( 4 ) _________ noisy__________ w hich surprised me since NOISE his behaviour was (5 )_______ normally________ very d jfferent, At one point, NORMAL w hile w aiting to get on a ride, he disappeared. ( 6 ) ________ Luckily_________ LUCK the manager, w ho was very (7 )_________ helpful_________ found him an hour HELP later am ongst a crowd. Apparently, Alex had seen a fam ous basketball player and wanted his autograph. He (8 ) ______ apologised_______ to me immecjiate ly but I APOLOGY was so (9 )_________ angry_________at him that we left. It was then th a t I made ANGER the (10)________ decision________never to take Alex o ut again. DECIDE
  16. Prepositional Phrases A Com plete the blanks with the prepositions in, on or at. on a farm on the right/left in prison in a queue at work in the North at/°n the back of at school in town at 17 W alkley Road at the door in the suburbs at university on the outskirts in the m ountains in rows/a row in the country on an island at the crossroads in/on Park Avenue B Read the sentences and com plete them with the prepositions in, on or at. 1 My brother is working part-time at the hospital. 2 There is a TV set in the corner of the room. 3 Jam es sits at the front of the class. 4 They went on a boat ride on the river. 5 Hom eless people sleep in/ ° n the streets of most m ajor cities. 6 He had to stay in hospital for a w eek after his operation. 7 My girlfriend is waiting for me at/on the corner. 8 The robbers parked their car in front of the bank. C Read the sentences and com plete them with the prepositions in, on, at, by, for, from or out. 1 You can hand in your assignm ents on Tuesday at the very latest. 2 A tattoo is for life. So, think carefully before deciding on having one done. 3 Kick-off is in tw enty m inutes, so in the meantime, do your warm-up exercises. 4 ln the beginning, I didn’t want to have a party on/for my birthday, but now I’ve changed my mind. 5 Typew riters are already out of date. 6 You should read the introduction at the beginning of the book. 7 From now on, no one is allowed to enter the school building during the lunch break. 8 I haven’t seen Michael for aaes. so I’m going to visit him at the weekend. 9 It’s a pity I have to remain indoors on such a nice day. 10 I can ’t talk to you at the moment. Ring me back in______ a while. 11 It’s difficult to see the moon in the sky by day. 12 I’m really worried about Sam. He should have been here by now. MB&
  17. unit 0 2 Read the sentences on the left and match the phrasal verbs with their definitions on the right by w riting the correct number in the box next to each definition. A GET 1 Joe was a fussy person and difficult to get on / along with. 2 escape 2 The police surrounded the building, making it difficult for the criminals 5 overcome to get away. 4 manage to live 3 He always gets away with his bad behaviour. 1 have a good relationship 4 A large percentage of the population get by on very little money. 3 avoid being punished 5 It took Betty months to get over her father’s death. B PULL, THROW 1 The authorities declared the building unsafe and had it pulled down 3 get rid of sth unwanted immediately. 1 demolish 2 A strange rattling noise forced the driver to pull over onto the hard 2 move closer to the side shoulder. of the road and stop (for vehicles) 3 It was time I threw out / away my old trainers. They were torn. Words with Prepositions A Complete the blanks with prepositions. Adjectives Nouns Verbs a m a zed at/by a d e scrip tio n of d istin a u ish betw een rem in d sb of/about sth carefu l with/of/about a fa ilu re in e x p e rim e n t with s th (=tell sb again to do sth) cro w d ed with a s e a rc h for q la n c e at rem in d sb of sb/sth fed up with a so lu tio n to hear about/of sb /sth (= see m sim ilar to sb/sth) ready for (=have inform ation about) smile at/t0 sa tisfied with hear from sb SD ecia lise in (=have n ew s from ) sta re at ioin in vo te for/against reaard sb/sth as B Read the follo w in g sentences and com plete them with prepositions. 1 Must I always remind you a b o u t/o f neecj t0 follow the proper procedure? 2 I haven’t heard from Lisa for over two weeks now. 3 The police released a description of the wanted man. 4 The park was crowded w ith enthusiastic teenagers celebrating the end of the school year. 5 There must be a solution_______ t0 your problem. 6 “I’m a failure in_____ life,” declared the famous actor to his adoring fans. 7 In some cultures staring at_____ people is considered offensive.
  18. unit0 2 8 Have you heard about the latest medical discovery? 9 A final search for evidence at the scene of the crim e proved fruitless. 10 You remind me of m yself when I was yo ur age. Grammar Revision (Relative Clauses - Clauses of Time) See G r a m m a r R e v ie w p a g e 148 A R ea d th e t e x t b e lo w a n d c o m p le te e a c h b la n k w it h o n e w o rd . A l l th e m is s in g w o r d s a re r e la tiv e p ro n o u n : o r a d v e rb s . M arilyn Monroe, (1) ___________who___________ was one of the w o rld ’s m ost fam ous film stars, was born in 1926. M arilyn, ( 2 ) __________whose__________ real name was Norma Jean Baker, had a m iserable childhood. She grew up in Los Angeles, ( 3 ) __________ where__________ she spent m ost of her early years in foster homes. T hat’s ( 4 ) ____________why__________ she still fe lt lonely even when she became famous. She w orked as a m odel and also played m inor roles in various film s before m aking "Niagara”, the film ( 5 ) ________ w hich/that________ made her very popular. In 1954 she m arried Joe di Maggio, w ith (6) __________ whom__________ She entertained Am erican troops fig h tin g in Korea. She w ent on to make m any film s, some o f ( 7 ) __________ which__________ were very successful sue as “Some Like it H ot”, “Gentlemen Prefer Blondes” and “ Bus Stop”. Her film career ended tra g ica lly in 1962, ( 8 ) __________ when__________ she died at the age of th irty six. B C h o o se A, B, C o r D to c o m p le te th e f o llo w in g s e n te n c e s . 1 As____________ Celia was d riving to the a irpo rt, she realised th a t she had left her passport at home. A As soon as C§)As C During D Until 2 I w ill have finished s tu d y in g ________ by the tim e________the film starts. A u ntil B w hile © b y the tim e D once 3 The audience started c la p p in g _______ the moment________the singer came on stage. A by the tim e (JB)the m om ent C w hile D just 4 Peter w on’t le a ve __________ until___________ he has finished all his work. (^A) until B by C ju s t as D when 5 I haven’t heard fro m h im __________ since__________ we finished school. A before B as soon as C after © s in c e 6 Jane was w orking as a jo u rn a lis t__________ while___________she was w ritin g her firs t book. A during © w h il e C ju s t as D once 7 My m other used to c r y ________ whenever________ she heard this song. A by the tim e B the m om ent th a t © w henever D until 8 The police o ffice r returned my d rivin g lic e n c e ___________ after__________ he had checked it. A ju st as B until C w hile (D )a fte r 9 She burst o u t la u g h in g ________ as soon as________ she saw the clown. © assoonas B since C u ntil D w hile 10 ________By the tim e________ we g ot back to the hotel, it was already dark. A The m om ent th a t B As soon as © B y the tim e D Once
  19. & My brother, who j^fis a chemical engineer, works The room (which/that) he works in is small./ for a multinational company, (subject: who) The-foem-in w here he-works is-smaB.-- Jennifer’s brother, who you met at her party last T-he-foem where he-works-in is-smalt. - week, is an engineer, (ob je ct: who) Tke-i©©in-in-that- fre-works-fe small.— » (Have o n ly one w ord fo r the subject o r the object o f the relative clause.) P I have 3,000 stamps, some of which are valuable. / I-haw-3^€>©sta¥»psrS©me-©Hhat:'are'va±uabie.' €> Ann’s father, who/whom we met last week, is ill. / (expressions o f q u a ntity+ w h o m /w h ich /w h ose ) Ann-’s father, that w e -meHastweekris-rtl-. -.. (That is n o t used in non -d efin ing relative clauses.) >When I grow up, I want to become a dentist. / Wherrf-will grow -u-pi-f-warrt-iaberomeadenttst:^ & The man with whom she is talking is her He said he would call as soon as he returned. / husband. / Iie-said-ii*.would^ail»aS'-se©H-a-ske-wouklretuFH, (preposition + w ho m /w h ich) (Never use will a nd would afte r tim e words) Theraan w ith who/tha»-3hetstaftcingTSiter-^ husbandr- >I visited two museums while I was on holiday. / The man (who(m)/that) she is talking with is her I visited two museums during my holiday. / husband. / Ivisite^frwe-m-Hsettms-dwingl-wasonh-olid-ay:- — (w h o /w h o m /w h ich /th a t + pre po sition s) (during + noun) & The room where he works is small. / The room in which he works is small. / Key Transformations & Students who wish to go on the day-trip should She always watched TV after she did /had done her write their names on this list. homework. Students wishing to go on the day-trip should write their names on this list. & I will sign the document when I read /have read it. I will sign the document after I read /have read it. @ She always did her homework first and then she I won’t sign the document before I read /have read watched TV. it. She never watched TV until she did /had done her I won’t sign the document until I read /have read it. homework. She never watched TV before doing / having done < q Andrew left after/before breakfast. her homework. Andrew left after/before having (had) breakfast. She would never watch TV before she did /had Andrew left after/before he (had) had breakfast. done her homework. She always watched TV after doing /having done her homework.
  20. unit 0 2 Examination Practice A Choose the correct answer. 1 The Smiths b u ilt a huge house on the o utskirts 6 The e le c tric ity w ill be reconnected when you pay o f the town. the bill. a. in Vb; on a. when you w ill pay b. when you pay c. at d. to c. when you are paying d. during you pay 2 Once th ey come w e’ll ta lk to them about it. 7 There are people w ho manage to get by a. came b. w ill come on very little money. ( c jc o m e d. are com ing a. w ith b. over 3 The man who is sitting jn the fro n t row is c. round (d )b y Mrs Davidson's nephew. 8 The hotel in which we stayed was perfect, (a.) w ho is sittin g b. w here is sitting a. in w here ( b ) in which c. w ho sittin g d. th a t sitting c. which d. that 4 ■■ From now 0 n, yOU w on't be allowed to use 9 The students left as soon as they finished the test, your m obile phones at school!" the headm aster warned (a ) as soon as b. as the students. c. w hile d. until a. By b. For 10 "What did you do on Saturday?" c. At ( d. From "We visited the tow n where our grandfather the sleeves 5 My gra nd m o th er knitted me a jum per of which grew up. are to o long, a. w hich b. that a. w hich the sleeves b. th a t the sleeves ( c ) w here d. when c. the sleeves of th a t d )th e sleeves o f which B Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given unchanged. You must use between two and five words, including the word given. 1 Here’s the house w here I lived as a child. in Here’s the h o u se _____________________ in which I lived_____________________ as a child. 2 I don’t know w hat made her q u it her job. reason I don’t __________________ know the reason why__________________ she q u it her job. 3 Passengers w ishing to get up can do so a fte r the seat belt lig h t has gone off. who Passengers_________________who wish to get up__________________can do so after the seat belt light has gone i 4 He d id n ’t study enough fo r his exams, so he failed tw o of them. caused He didn’t study enough fo r his exams________________ which caused him to fail_______________ t wo o f them . 5 He always checked his car tyres before setting o ff on a journey. until He never set o ff on a jo u rn e y ____________ until he (had) checked___________ his car tyres. 6 I’ve read all o f Jane Austen’s novels and there were o nly a couple th a t I did n ’t enjoy. most I’ve read all of Jane Austen’s nove ls,______________________most of which_____________________ I enjoyed. 7 Dr W illiam s is a ca rd io log ist and has his surgery on the second floor. whose Dr W illiam s,____________________ whose surgery is____________________ on t he second floor, is a cardiologist. 8 Last week Phil to o k part in a spelling co m p etitio n and won firs t prize, in Phil won first prize in a spelling com petition (that/which) he took part in/in which he took part |ast week.
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