The Adobe Photoshop Cs4 Dictionary: The a to Z Desktop Reference of Photoshop- P3

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The Adobe Photoshop Cs4 Dictionary: The a to Z Desktop Reference of Photoshop- P3

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Nội dung Text: The Adobe Photoshop Cs4 Dictionary: The a to Z Desktop Reference of Photoshop- P3

  1. eE Before EFFECTS, HIDE ALL After 1 1 Effects, Hide All Effects, Scale 8-bit Menu: Layer > Layer Style > Hide All Effects Menu: Layer > Layer Style > Hide All Effects Menu: – Shortcut: – See also: Scale, Shortcut: – See also: Effects Hide All, Shortcut: – See also: 16-bit, Color depth Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, Layer Styles Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, Layer Styles Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, CS3, CS4 CS3, CS4 CS3, CS4 Layer styles (effects) that have been applied The Scale Effects command (Layer > Layer Standard digital photos contain three to a layer can be temporarily hidden from Style > Scale Effects) allows you to alter color channels – Red, Green and Blue view by selecting the Hide All Effects the look of the styles and effects applied (RGB). The vast number of colors we see command (2). to layers and text by altering their size in most pictures are created by mixing A small ‘f’ icon is displayed on the left end and strength. The Scale slider adjusts various tones of these three primary colors of any layers that currently have style the setting characteristics such as drop together. E applied (1). shadow, bevel edges and outline strokes The number of different tones possible in from 1% of the original size up to 1000%. each channel is called the color depth of The styles can be redisplayed using the You can also scale effects with the Scale Layer > Layer Style > Show All Effects the file. Most photos have an 8-bit color Styles option in the Image Size dialog box depth, which means that each channel is command (3). (1). These commands are particularly capable of supporting 256 levels of tone. Hiding the effects of a picture differs from useful for adjusting the scale of styles and When you mix this number of tones of clearing them (Layer > Layer Style > effects after reducing or increasing the all three channels, it is possible to create Clear Layer Style), as this option deletes original image size. over 16 million different colors in an 8- any effects or styles currently applied to bit system. the layer, rather than just removing them Scale – 50% from view. Some digital cameras can capture pictures with higher bit modes, providing the possibility of even more tones per channel and therefore a greater number of colors 1 overall. By default Photoshop creates, enhances and edits 8-bit files, but the program also Scale – 200% has the ability to edit and enhance 16-bit files and, with the release of CS2, make limited changes to 32-bit files as well. 2 Moving the tool tip over the picture surface whilst the Info palette is displayed shows the Scale – 400% RGB values for each of the color channels (1). 3 Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on to remove this watermark. CS4 A–Z 92 Photoshop
  2. ELLIPTICAL MARQUEE eE 1 1 2 2 Elliptical Marquee Embed color profile Embedded profile Menu: – Menu: File > Save for Web, File > Save As Shortcut: M See also: Rectangular Marquee Shortcut: Alt Shft Ctrl/Cmd S, See also: Color Settings, mismatch Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, Shft Ctrl/Cmd S ICC profiles Menu: – CS3, CS4 Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, Shortcut: – See also: ICC profiles CS3, CS4 Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, By clicking and dragging the Elliptical CS3, CS4 Marquee tool on the picture surface, it is A core part of a color managed editing possible to draw oval-shaped selections. system is the ability to save pictures so This dialog box (1) appears when you open that they are tagged or have a color or ICC a picture that has an embedded profile that Holding down the Shift key whilst using is different to the one you use for your profile attached. The profile describes the this tool restricts the selection to circle working color space. You then have three color space that the picture was created in shapes, whilst using the Alt (Windows) or options: and allows the accurate representation of E Options (Mac) keys will draw the selections the colors and tones in the photo on screen Use the embedded profile – This option from their centers. and when printed. maintains the original color profile that is Photoshop allows the saving or embedding associated with the image. of color profiles (in file formats that support Convert document’s colors to the the option) in both the Save for Web (2) working space – Selecting this option and Save As (1) dialogs. An embedding makes a conversion between the existing or profile checkbox is contained in each color space and the one that you have of these dialogs. currently selected as your working To maintain the completeness of the color space. management system and the accurate Discard the embedded profile – This representation of photos on your and choice deletes the profile that other systems, ensure that this checkbox is currently attached to the is always ticked. picture you are opening. The actions that Photoshop follows when it encounters a profile mismatch situation is governed by the options in the Edit > Color Settings dialog (2). As a general rule always select the Ask When Opening item as this gives you the opportunity to decide which of the three ‘mismatch’ options is best to use for the scenario. Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on to remove this watermark. Photoshop CS4 A–Z 93
  3. eE EMBOSS FILTER Before 1 2 3 After full picture Equalize 1 2 1 Emboss filter After selection Equalize Eraser tool Menu: Filter > Stylize > Emboss Menu: – Shortcut: – See also: Filters Shortcut: E See also: Magic Eraser tool, Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, Background Eraser tool CS3, CS4 CS2, CS3, CS4 The Emboss filter, as one of the group of The Eraser tool changes image pixels as it Stylize filters, uses the photo to recreate the is dragged over them. If you are working look of embossed or beaten metal. on a background layer then the pixels are The edges in the picture are used as the 2 erased or changed to the background color. basis for the effect with the three controls In contrast, erasing a normal layer will in the dialog providing adjustment over the convert the pixels to transparent, which Equalize E strength and quality of the effect. will let the image show through from Menu: Image > Adjustments > Equalize beneath. As with the other painting tools, The Angle dial (1) alters the direction of the Shortcut: – See also: Auto Levels, the size and style of the eraser is based on light used to provide highlight and shadow Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, Auto Contrast the selected brush tip – (1) Erasure with a lines for the embossing. The Height slider CS3, CS4 hard-edged brush tip and (2) erasure with a (2) alters apparent depth of the embossing A quick fix that can help brighten up a soft-edged brush tip. But unlike the others by increasing the size of the shadow and dark scanned or underexposed picture the eraser can take the form of a paint- highlight detail, and the Amount control that cannot be improved using features brush, pencil or block (Mode in the options (3) varies the contrast and prominence of like Auto Levels. bar). Setting the opacity will govern the the effect. strength of the Erasing action. When you apply the Equalize command Photoshop redistributes the brightness Apart from the straight Eraser tool, two values of the image’s pixels so that they other versions of this tool are available more evenly represent the entire range of – the Background Eraser and the Magic brightness levels. It does this by finding Eraser. These extra options are found hidden the brightest and darkest values in the under the Eraser icon in the toolbox. The image and then adjusts the levels so Background Eraser is used to delete pixels that the brightest value is white and the around the edge of an object. darkest value is black. It then equalizes the The tool pointer is made of two parts – a brightness by distributing the intermediate circle and a cross hair. The Magic Eraser pixels evenly throughout the grayscale. uses the selection features of the Magic You can also equalize just a selected area of Wand to select similarly colored pixels to an image by using one of the selection tools erase. before you go to the Equalize menu. In this mode you also have the option of applying the values within that selected area to the whole photo. Equalizing the whole picture can sometimes overcompensate and darken the image (1), but making a selection of the important area and then choosing ‘Equalize entire image based on selected area’ can produce a better result (2). Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on to remove this watermark. CS4 A–Z 94 Photoshop
  4. EXCLUSION BLEND MODE eE 1 Before Background Eraser After 2 3 To use the Background Eraser tool, the cross hair is positioned and dragged across the Exclusion blend mode area to be erased, whilst at the same time Menu: – the circle’s edge overlaps the edge of the Shortcut: – See also: Blend modes object to be kept. The success of this tool Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, is largely based on the contrast between CS3, CS4 the edge of the object and the background. The Exclusion blending mode is one of the EXIF data The greater the contrast, the more effective Menu: File > File Info, Bridge: View > Metadata Panel the tool. Again, a Tolerance slider is used group of modes that base their effects on Shortcut: Ctrl/Cmd Alt/Opt Shift I See also: Metadata panel, to control how different pixels need to be the differences between two pictures. Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, Filter panel CS3, CS4 in order to be erased. This option is similar to the Difference mode but produces less dramatic and less EXIF, or the Exchangeable Information contrasty results. When the upper layer is Format, is a data format that is used for Magic Eraser E changed to the Exclusion mode the result recording camera capture details and then displays the tonal difference between the displaying them inside software applications two layers. such as Photoshop. The information recorded by the camera and saved in this The difference is calculated by locating format can include shutter speed, aperture, the lighter and darker pixels and then camera model, date and time the photo was subtracting these from either of the two taken, exposure mode that the camera was layers producing the resultant color. set to and much more. Blending with a black top layer produces There are two places where you can view no change. Blending with a white top layer the available EXIF data for a picture: The Magic Eraser selects and erases pixels inverses the value of the bottom layer. of a similar color from a picture. The In Bridge EXIF details are displayed as part selection part of the tool works in a similar of the greater metadata available for the way to the Paint Bucket or Lasso tools in picture. To display the metadata panel select that pixels are selected based on their color the option from the View menu (1). and tone. When working in the Photoshop workspace The Contiguous setting forces the feature selecting the File > File Info option will to select similar pixels that are adjacent to display all the metadata associated with each other and the Tolerance value the picture including the camera-related determines how alike the colors need to be EXIF data (2). before they are erased. In addition, metadata entries can also be used as a means to sort images in the content area of Bridge using the options in the new Filter panel (3). EXIF data is one part of a set of metadata information that can be viewed and, to some extent, edited and even created in Photoshop. Other metadata options include File Properties, IPTC or copyright information, edit history and any GPS details. Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on to remove this watermark. Photoshop CS4 A–Z 95
  5. eE EXIT COMMAND Before After 1 Exit command Expand selection Export Menu: File > Exit Menu: Select > Modify > Expand Menu: File > Export Shortcut: Ctrl/Cmd Q See also: Blend modes Shortcut: – See also: Contract selection, Shortcut: – See also: Export – Render Video, Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, Refine Edge Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, Export – Zoomify CS3, CS4 CS3, CS4 CS3, CS4 To exit or close the Photoshop program An active selection can be altered and The File > Export menu contains several select File > Exit or File > Quit for Macintosh adjusted using the options listed under different options for transporting users. the Select > Modify menu. information created or edited in If any files are open at the time of selecting One option is the Expand command which Photoshop into formats that can be used the Exit command, a confirmation dialog increases the size of the selection by the by other programs or displayed on different will be shown asking the user if they want number of pixels entered into the feature’s hardware. The options are: E to save the file before quitting or cancel dialog (1). Data Sets as Files – Exports the data sets the action (1). If the selection incorporates part of the used in Photoshop files that contain data document edge this part of the marquee driven graphics options as files suitable for will not be changed by the command. importing into a database or spreadsheet program. In Photoshop CS3 you can also access the Expand option via the Contract/Expand Paths to Illustrator – Saves Photoshop slider in the Refine Edge (2) feature. The paths as Illustrator documents. preview options available in the Refine Edge Render Video (CS3) – Allows for the export dialog enable more accurate control over of QuickTime video or image sequences. In the Expand settings than using the tool Photoshop Extended you can also export with just the Expand selection dialog. timeline animations with video layers. Send Video Preview to Device – Outputs the current image to a Firewire 1 connected video device using the settings that were previously set in the Video Preview dialog. Video Preview – Allows you to set the preview options that will be used to display the current image on a connected (via 2 Firewire) video device. Zoomify (CS3) or ZoomView (CS2) – This option converts the current image into the components necessary to display a Zoomify/ZoomView image in a web browser. The format is designed to deliver high resolution pictures via the web and this export option creates the Zoomify/ ZoomView components. Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on to remove this watermark. CS4 A–Z 96 Photoshop
  6. EXPORT FROM CLIPBOARD 1 Zoomed out web preview eE 2 1 Zoomed in web preview 2 Export from Clipboard Menu: Enhance > Adjust Lighting > Levels Shortcut: Ctrl/Cmd Alt/Opt Shft L See also: Curves, Shadow/ Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, CS4 Highlight 3 As with most programs that handle pictures and text, when you copy an item it is saved in the program’s clipboard. Photoshop is just the same, so pictures can be copied, stored temporarily on the computer’s clipboard and then pasted into Export – Render Video other programs. Menu: File > Export > Render Video E Shortcut: – See also: Export To use this option in Photoshop make Version: CS3/CS4 Extended sure that the Export Clipboard item is selected in the Edit > Preferences > General The Render Video option is available in the dialog (1). File > Export menu of the Extended version As the storing of data on the Clipboard of Photoshop CS3. This feature is designed takes up RAM there is also an option to to work hand in hand with the video and remove copied pictures using the Edit > animation options in the program. Purge > Clipboard command (2). After importing a sequence of video file Unlike other applications Photoshop footage (File > Import > Video Frames to Export – Zoomify manages its own clipboard and doesn’t use Layers) and editing/enhancing the frames Menu: File > Export > Zoomify Shortcut: – See also: Export the one that is maintained by the operating in Photoshop CS3 Extended the final Version: CS3, CS4 system. sequence can be written back to a video format with this option. Zoomify is an export to web utility used The Render Video dialog (1) has four to create high quality zoomable pictures distinct sections: that are a fraction of their original size. Designed for photographers who don’t Location – determines the place on your want to sacrifice the ability to show off computer where the rendered footage will the sharpness and quality of their high be saved. resolution captures for the convenience File Options – contains controls for the of web display, this feature creates all the selecting QuickTime Presets (2), adjusting necessary web components and saves them QuickTime settings (3), image sequence to a single folder and HTML page. variables and document size. Users can preview the results of the Range – options for selecting all or part of Zoomify conversion by selecting the Open the image sequence for rendering. in Browser option at the bottom of the Render Options – specifies how the Alpha dialog before clicking the OK button. channel in the sequence is rendered and Both the folder and display page need to the frames rate of the resultant video. be uploaded to a web server before being viewable on the internet. Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on to remove this watermark. Photoshop CS4 A–Z 97
  7. eE EXPOSURE After 1 2 3 4 Exposure Extract filter Menu: Image > Adjustments > Exposure Menu: Filter > Extract Extraction tips Shortcut: – See also: HDR, 32-bit files Shortcut: Ctrl/Cmd Alt/Opt X See also: Filters Version: CS2, CS3, CS4 Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, 1. When previewing the CS3, CS4 results you can refine Designed to be used exclusively with the the edges left by the new 32-bits per channel files the Exposure The Extract filter was first included in extraction process using feature provides a mechanism for adjusting Photoshop back in version 5.5 of the the Cleanup and Edge the contrast and brightness of the new program; where it was hidden away Touch up tools. HDR files. under the Image menu. Now the feature has pride of place in the first section of 2. Make sure that the highlight slightly The dialog contains three slider controls the Filter menu and provides users with overlaps the object edges and its plus three eyedropper buttons. The background. E a specialist Selection tool that removes Exposure (1) slider essentially controls the background from the surrounds of an 3. For items such as hair, use a larger brush the highlight and midtone areas of the object. to encompass all strands. picture and the Gamma (3) option adjusts the overall contrast. The Offset control The concept is simple: draw around the 4. Make sure that the highlight forms a (2) alters the shadow and midtone areas outside of the object you want to extract, complete and closed line around the object without affecting the highlights. making sure that the highlighter overlaps before filling. the edge between background and 5. Use the Smart Highlighting option to The Eyedropper tools are used to set or ‘peg’ foreground and then fill in the middle. The black, white and middle tone values and automatically locate the edge between program then analyzes the edge section of foreground and background objects and can be used in the same way that they are the object using some clever fuzzy logic to in the Curves and Levels features (4). to adjust the size of the highlighter to suit determine what should be kept and what the clarity of the edge. should be discarded, and ‘Hey Presto’ the background disappears. The tool provides extracted objects faster than using the lasso or pen tools as you don’t need to be as accurate with your edge drawing, and it definitely handles wispy hair with greater finesse than most manual methods. Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on to remove this watermark. CS4 A–Z 98 Photoshop
  8. FACET FILTER fF 1 2 3 4 Extrude filter Menu: Filter > Stylize > Extrude Shortcut: – Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, See also: Filters fF ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTU- VWXYZABCDEFGHIJKLM- NOPQRSTUVWXYZABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWX- Facet filter CS3, CS4 YZABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUV Menu: Filter > Pixelate > Facet The Extrude filter, as one of the group WXYZABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZA- Shortcut: – Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, See also: Filters of Stylize filters, projects the photo onto a series of extruded shapes that BCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWX- CS3, CS4 seem to explode from the middle of the YZABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTU- The Facet filter, as one of the group of document. Pixelate filters, simulates the look of a VWXYZABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQR hand-worked painting by recreating the By altering the settings in the filter’s dialog STUVWXYZABCDEFGHIJKLM- photo with blocks of color. you can choose the shape of the extrusions – blocks or pyramids (1). The size (2) and The filter contains no controls to alter NOPQRSTUVWXYZABCDEFGHI- the strength or appearance of the effect. depth (3) of the extruded shapes can be set in pixels. Partly completed blocks can JKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZABCDEF- Some changes in end results are possible be masked or shown as part of the final by altering the image size before applying GHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZABCDEFGHIJKLMN F image (4). the filter. The filtering process produces OPQRSTUVWXYZABCDEFGHI- more dramatic results when applied to low resolution files than when used with JKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZABCDEF- pictures with large pixel dimensions. GHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZABC- As the filter doesn’t have an image preview DEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZABCDEFGHIJ option it may be necessary to filter the picture several times with different KLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTU- resolution settings before deciding on VWXYZABCDEFGHIJKLM- the best values to use. Use Edit > Undo to reverse the last filter change. NOPQRSTUVWXYZABCDEFGHI- JKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZABCDEF- GHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZABC- Eyedropper tool DEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZABCDEFGH- Menu: – Shortcut: I See also: Info palette IJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZABCDE- Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, CS3, CS4 FGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZAB- The Eyedropper tool is used to sample CDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWX- colors in a picture. After selecting the tool click on the color in the picture to set a new YZABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTU- foreground color and Alt-click (Option- VWXYZABCDEFGHIJKLM- click for Macintosh) for a background color. The size of the area sampled can be adjusted using the options in the Sample Size menu in the options bar. Large pixel samples average the color and tone of the areas they select. Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on to remove this watermark. Photoshop CS4 A–Z 99
  9. fF FADE COMMAND NEW for CS2 Before 1 After 2 1 After Faux fonts Favorites panel, Bridge Menu: – Menu: Bridge: View > Favorites Panel Shortcut: – See also: Fonts selecting Shortcut: – See also: Bridge Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, CS4 Version: CS2, CS3, CS4 Some font families include several different The Favorites panel, like all Bridge panels, versions of the typeface that you can use in is located on the left-hand side of the 2 conjunction with the Type tool. Typically the typeface options or styles include Bold, window. Along with the standard My Computer, Italic and Bold Italic as well as the standard Adobe Stock Photos, Version Cue, Regular faces (1). Each of the font faces Collections and Bridge Center (Creative shares the same basic letter design but a Suite only) options you can optimize the different alphabet is installed for each face list of entries included in the panel to store option (i.e. a different set of letters for Bold, your own selections. This is a handy place F Italic and Bold Italic options). to position entries for regularly used folders For fonts that don’t have these face or style of images or project directories. Rather options Photoshop has several ‘faux’ font than repeatedly searching for often used choices (2) (available from the Character locations through the Folder panel add Fade command palette) that can be used as a substitute. these folders to your Favorites list for Menu: Edit > Fade Faux fonts simulate the look of different quicker file access. Shortcut: Ctrl/Cmd Shft F See also: Undo Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, font faces and include Bold (3), Italic (4), Two quick ways to add locations to the CS3, CS4 Underline (5) and Strikethrough (6). Favorites panel are: The Fade command allows any filter or 1. Locate the directory in the Folders color change to be reduced in strength panel and then click-drag the folder to the using this Fade control. Favorites panel. Once the folder is dropped In its standard mode the slider in the feature on the panel Bridge will automatically gradually applies (or takes away) the filter’s 3 create a new entry (1). effect. Another approach is to use the Fade 2. Again locate the directory in the Folders option in conjunction with a blend mode 4 Panel and then right-click the folder name selection (also included in the dialog) and select Add to Favorites from the options making the filter appear as though it’s on a 5 in the pop-up menu (2). separate layer to give a completely different feel. Definitely one to experiment with. 6 The Fade command moved to the Edit menu 1 in version 6.0. Users of earlier versions will find it in the Filter menu. In the example shown here the Fresco filter from the Artistic menu has created a moody oil painting (1). The Fade command, set to Luminosity blend mode, gives added sparkle in the greens which is further enhanced by 2 increasing brightness and contrast (2). Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on to remove this watermark. CS4 A–Z 100 Photoshop
  10. FEATHER COMMAND After fF Before Without feather With feather 1 2 1 2 3 Feather command Fibers filter Menu: Select > Modify > Feather Menu: Filter > Render > Fibers Shortcut: Alt/Opt Ctrl/Cmd D See also: Selections, Shortcut: – See also: Filters Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, Refine Edge Version: CS, CS2, CS3, CS4 CS3, CS4 A useful background creating filter, By default most selections are created introduced with Photoshop CS, that with a sharp edge that marks the parts of produces a fiber style effect from the the picture that are included within the foreground and background colors. Once selection and those areas that are outside. created you can adjust the pattern using When changes are made to a photograph blur and transform tools, as seen here. The via these sharp-edged selections the distinction between edited and non-edited 3 filter was been upgraded to work in 16 bits per channel mode in CS2. sections of the image is very obvious. It may come in useful for producing F The Feather command softens the scratched metal effects, worn wood and transition between selected and non- various cloth styles, making it suitable as selected areas. another background creator. The example shows a vignetting or edge The filter contains two slider controls darkening effect created with a sharp – Variance (1) that controls the contrast selection (1) and then the same effect of the final results and Strength (2) that repeated with a feathered selection (2). alters the extent of fibers in the picture. The You can feather a selection in two ways: Randomize produces a variety of variations Before making a selection – Add a of fiber designs (3). feather amount in the options bar of The filter does not use any of the picture the Selection tool before drawing the information in open documents to create selection. its effect, instead the results are based solely After a selection is created – To feather 4 on the current foreground and background an existing selection, draw the selection and hues and the settings in the filter dialog. then choose the Select > Modify > Feather Once you have created your (3) command and add a feather amount in Fibers picture go to Filter > the dialog that appears. Alternatively CS3 Blur > Motion Blur and add a users can use the Feather slider control Horizontal Blur. Then soften in the new Refine Edge (4) feature (Select the whole composition with a > Refine Edge). This feature provides a slight Gaussian Blur and add preview of the feather effects on the image some texture with the Add Noise filter to or mask and so is preferable to use than the create a weather look. straight Feather command located in the Select > Modify menu. The greater the value used for the Feather Radius the smoother the transition will be. Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on to remove this watermark. Photoshop CS4 A–Z 101
  11. fF FILE BROWSER File Browser – Windows File format Menu: – File compression Shortcut: – Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, See also: File extension, File Type Associations, Menu: – CS3, CS4 Save As Shortcut: – See also: Compression Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, Photoshop can open and save files in a CS3, CS4 multitude of different file formats. Compression is a file format option that The format you use will be determined reduces the size of images so that they can by the end use of the photo. If the picture be more easily transmitted on the web or is destined for the internet then the JPEG take up less space when stored. format is the best option. In contrast, Two types of general compression are photos used in publishing are often saved available when saving picture files – Lossy in the TIFF format. File Browser – Macintosh and Lossless. For most editing and enhancement work The Lossy option reduces file sizes the Photoshop, or PSD, format should be dramatically but removes image detail used. It provides the best combination of in the process. The JPEG format uses this features and image quality. Pictures in type of compression to optimize the size of the PSD format can be duplicated in other files for internet use. The TIFF format in formats for specific uses by resaving the file contrast makes use of lossless compression via the File > Save As option. which makes the file smaller but without the loss of any of the original picture detail. JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) – This format is the industry standard for compressing photos destined for the World Wide Web (www) or for storage when space File Browser 1 is limited. JPEG compression uses a ‘lossy Menu: File > Browse Folders compression’ (image data and quality are F Shortcut: Shft Ctrl/Cmd O See also: Bridge, Info palette sacrificed for smaller file sizes when the Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS image files are closed). The user is able to control the amount of compression. A high The File Browser was first introduced in level of compression leads to a lower quality Photoshop 7.0 and with the release of CS2 image and a smaller file size. A low level of was replaced with the Bridge application. compression results in a higher quality image The File Browser in its original form looked but a larger file size. much like a Windows Explorer interface, It is recommended that you only save to the with folders on the left that open up on JPEG file format for web work and only after the right when you double-click on them you have completed all your image editing. to view the contents. Selecting a folder displayed the contents as easy-to-view thumbnails that could be changed in size and layout. TIFF (Tagged Image File Format) – This file type The layout options included viewing File conversion is the industry standard for images destined small, medium or large thumbnails and Menu: File > Save As for publishing (magazines and books). TIFF Shortcut: Ctrl/Cmd Shft S See also: Save As uses a ‘lossless’ compression (no loss of text alongside the pictures. Clicking a Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, image data or quality) called LZW thumbnail created a larger preview and CS3, CS4 compression. Although preserving the information about the photograph was quality of the image, LZW compression is shown on the left. Photoshop files, or any other files that only capable of compressing images a small can be opened in the program, can be amount. It was possible to rename thumbnails converted into other formats suitable for in the browser; this altered the name different uses. of the original in its folder. In addition the orientation could be changed from When you save an image, select File > Save As and pull down the Format menu EPS (Encapsulated PostScript) – Originally horizontal to vertical or vice versa and designed for complex desktop publishing when you next opened the image in (1) in the dialog to see a list of file formats to choose from. Then select the one you work, it is still the format of choice for page Photoshop it would automatically rotate layout professionals. Not generally used for to the correct format. want to save in that format and choose storing of photographic images but worth any other format options from the section knowing about. at the bottom of the dialog. Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on to remove this watermark. CS4 A–Z 102 Photoshop
  12. File Type Compression Layers Metadata Uses FILE FORMAT fF Photoshop Desktop publishing (DTP), internet, publishing, photos (.PSD) GIF (.GIF) Internet JPEG (.JPG) DTP, internet, publishing, photographic work TIFF (.TIF) DTP, internet, publishing, photographic work PNG (.PNG) Internet Digital negative Archival storage of Raw files (.DNG) Acrobat (.PDF) DTP, internet, publishing, photographic work Raw (various) Primary camera capture format Photoshop large Photoshop format for documents larger than 2 Gb in size document (.PSB) A file type that can contain up to 32 bits per channel of tone High Dynamic and color data. Can be saved in PSB, PSD, HDR and TIFF Range formats. PSD/PSB (Photoshop Document) – PSD is the default PDF (Portable Document Format) – The Adobe DNG (Digital Negative) – Adobe’s new archival format used by both Photoshop and Photoshop Acrobat format created so that pictures and format used to store the Raw data captured Elements. An image that is composed of desktop published documents could be by a wide range of mid- to high-end digital ‘layers’ may be saved as a Photoshop viewed and displayed accurately on a wide cameras. Raw files can be converted to the document. It is good practice to keep a PSD variety of computer systems with the DNG format via the free converter published document as the master file from which all associated Acrobat Reader. by Adobe or saved in this format from the F other files are produced depending on the Now the format is the industry default for Camera Raw editor in Photoshop. requirements of the output device. PSB is the publishing, web document delivery and is same as PSD but is used for storing files larger also used by photographers to secure their than 2 Gb. photo files. Raw The Raw format is used to store the primary GIF (Graphics Interchange Format) – This format PDP A version of the PDF format that opens with data that is captured by mid to high range digital cameras. Raw files need to be converted to other formats before they can is used for logos and images with a small Photoshop instead of Adobe Acrobat. be edited and enhanced in programs like number of colors and is very popular with web Photoshop. The Camera Raw editor in both professionals. It is capable of storing up to 256 Photoshop and Bridge handles this colors, animation and areas of transparency. Not generally used for photographic images. JPEG2000 Dubbed JPEG2000, this format is designed conversion and can save the processed files as TIFF, PSD, JPEG and DNG files. as an upgrade to the aging JPEG format. It PNG provides 20% better compression, less image degradation than JPEG, full color management profile and 16-bit support, can DICOM The Digital Imaging and Communications (Portable Network Graphics) – A comparatively store saved selections and has the ability to in Medicine format is used in medical new web graphics format that has a lot of save the file with no compression at all. photography for the storage of scan or great features. ultrasound images. As well as the picture Like TIFF and GIF the format uses a lossless detail these files contain patient compression algorithm that ensures what you put in is what you get out. It also supports SVG (Scalable Vector Graphics) – Unlike the two information as well. DICOM files can be opened, edited and saved in Photoshop partial transparency (unlike GIF's transparency Extended. most popular web formats today, JPEG and off/on system) and color depths up to 64- GIF, SVG is a vector-based file format. In bit. addition to faster download speeds, SVG also contains many other benefits such as high resolution printing, high performance zooming and panning inside of graphics and animation. File Formats Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on to remove this watermark. Photoshop CS4 A–Z 103
  13. fF FILE EXTENSION 2 NEW for CS2 1 1 1 2 File extension File Groups, Bridge File Info command Menu: – Menu: – Menu: File > File Info Shortcut: – See also: File format Shortcut: – See also: Bridge, Shortcut: Ctrl/Cmd Alt/Opt Shft I See also: Metadata panel Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, Version: CS2 Bridge Center Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, Bridge CS3, CS4 CS3, CS4 A feature available in Bridge 1.0 (ships A file extension is the three letter with Photoshop CS2) is the ability to collate The File Info command displays the meta- abbreviation (2) of the file format that is open files in Photoshop into a single easily data associated with the currently open added after the file’s name (1). Windows accessible file group (1). The files can then picture. programs use the extension as a way of be located and opened quickly by selecting This includes data recorded from the recognizing the content of the file as well the group heading in Bridge. camera (EXIF) at the time the picture as the way that it is structured. was created as well as any copyright To group pictures that are currently open For example, if you save a file named in Photoshop, switch to Bridge and then information, description and authorship ‘Image1’ in the TIFF format then the full select the Bridge Center option from the details (1). F filename would be ‘Image1.tif’ and a JPEG Favorites panel. Now choose the ‘Save open The dialog also lets you add customized version of the same file would be ‘Image1. files into a file group’ text heading and information to the picture such as adding jpg’. enter a name for the group in the dialog a document title, description and copyright Most programs automatically add an that pops up. To reopen the pictures saved notice but no changes can be made to the extension to the file as it is being saved. This in the group into the Photoshop program Camera Data 1 or Camera Data 2 sections. occurs even if the extensions are hidden simply select the group title from the Saved Repetitive file information can be added, from view when viewing filenames in the File Groups area of the Bridge Center saved after the first time of entry and then browser. workspace and then press the Folder loaded and applied to new files via the In Windows the extension is hidden by icon. All the photos will then be opened options in the side-arrow menu located default. To view the extension in any folder, and displayed in Photoshop (2). in the top right of the dialog (2). choose Tools > Folder Options > View, and The Bridge Center feature and therefore The File Info dialog is displayed by selecting deselect ‘Hide extensions for known file the File Group option are only available File > File Info or by right-clicking a types’. for users of the Creative Suite group of thumbnail in Bridge and then choosing programs. The version of Bridge that File Info from the Context menu. The shipped with Photoshop only did not details displayed in the File Info dialog contain this feature. can also be seen in the Metadata panel of the Bridge (3). 3 2 Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on to remove this watermark. CS4 A–Z 104 Photoshop
  14. FILE OPTIMIZING fF 1 2 3 File optimizing File Type Associations Fill command Menu: File > Save for Web & Devices Menu: Bridge: Edit > Preferences > File Type Associations Menu: Edit > Fill Shortcut: Ctrl/Cmd Alt/Opt Shft S See also: Save for Web & Shortcut: – See also: File extension Shortcut: F5 See also: Paint Bucket tool Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, Devices Version: CS2, CS3, CS4 Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, CS3, CS4 CS3, CS4 When first installing Photoshop you get a You should always optimize pictures when choice of the file types that are associated When there is no active selection in the saving them for web use. with both Photoshop and ImageReady open picture the Fill command overpaints The idea is to remove any color that can’t programs. After installation is complete, the contents of the whole layer with a be seen by a web browser as well as resizing double-clicking the associated file types selected color or pattern. When a selection to suit the viewing conditions (usually Mac will automatically open the document in is active the Fill command paints the color or PC monitor) and saving it all in the most Photoshop (or ImageReady). in the area of the selection only. suitable, web-friendly, format (usually To change the file type associations for The content of the fill is selected from the JPEG or GIF). the Adobe suite of products, alter the drop-down Use menu (1) where the choices F Ensuring that you balance all these programs that are attached to different file include Foreground, Background Colors, concerns and still maintain image quality types in the Edit > Preferences > File Type Black, White, 50% Gray or a Pattern. You is a job made easier when you use the Save Associations dialog. Click on the down- can also select a specific color by choosing for Web option in Photoshop. arrow on the right of the Program entry to the Color option and then selecting the select from a list of suitable applications or hue from the Color Picker dialog that is to browse for software not listed. displayed. Other options in the dialog include the ability to apply the color via a range of blend modes (2) and an adjustment for the opacity (3) of the fill paint that is applied to the layer. The Solid Color adjustment layer works in a similar way to the Fill command but applies the color in a separate editable layer (4). This option has the advantage of not destroying the contents of the original layer when the fill is applied. 4 Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on to remove this watermark. Photoshop CS4 A–Z 105
  15. fF FILL LAYERS Solid Color 3 2 1 2 3 2 1 1 Fill layers Film Grain filter Menu: Layer > New Fill Layer Menu: Filter > Artistic > Film Grain Shortcut: – See also: Fill command, Gradient Filter > Filter Gallery > Artisltic Film Grain Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, Editor, Pattern Fill Layers Shortcut: – See also: Filters CS3, CS4 Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, CS3, CS4 Photoshop contains the options to create three different types of fill layers (1, 2): The Film Grain filter, as one of the group of Artistic filters, simulates the texture that Solid Color – Creates a new layer filled was typical of ‘grainy’, high-speed films with a color selected from the pop-up Color of old. Picker (3). Gradient – Creates a new layer filled with Filling a selection The three settings in the dialog provide Menu: Edit > Fill control over the grain strength and how a gradient that gradually changes from Shortcut: Shft F5 See also: – it is applied. one color to another or to transparency. Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, CS3, CS4 F Pick from preset gradient types or create The Grain slider (1) alters the strength When the Edit > Fill option is applied whilst and size of the grain that is added to the your own (4). a selection is active the feature works like picture. A higher value produces a more Pattern – Creates a layer filled with a pattern the Paint Bucket tool and drops color into pronounced result with less of the detail that you choose from the palette (5). the selection area only (1). in the photo being retained. A fill layer is created by selecting the Choose to fill using the foreground or The Highlight Area control (2) alters the specific fill type from the list available background color in the palette. amount of highlight tones, with higher under the Layer > New Fill Layer menu, You can also adjust opacity and select a values producing a lighter and more or by clicking the New Fill or Adjustment blend mode to vary the result. The same posterized result. Layer button in the Layers palette. The approach can be used with the Solid Color new fill layer is always created above the The Intensity slider (3) works like a contrast Adjustment layer. Make a selection of the slider, creating more defined results as the current active layer in the layer stack. area to be filled first and then add a Solid control is moved to the right. Color adjustment layer to the picture. The Gradient 4 selection will be used as the basis for a layer mask that is linked to the Adjustment layer. The mask can be edited (painted on or erased from) to adjust the area that the color is applied to. When filling a selection, use the Feather control first to get a softer fill effect (2). Pattern 5 Press the Ctrl/Cmd Delete keys to fill the canvas or selection with the foreground color. Press the Alt/Opt Delete keys to fill the selection or canvas with the background color. Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on to remove this watermark. CS4 A–Z 106 Photoshop
  16. 1 FILTER GALLERY fF 3 1 2 4 Filtering – Non- 2 destructive Filter Gallery Menu: Filter > Convert for Smart Filters Shortcut: – See also: Smart Filter, Smart Objects, Convert Menu: Filter > Filter Gallery Version: CS3 for Smart Filters Shortcut: – See also: Filters, Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, Smart Filters 4 The concept of non-destructive editing is CS3, CS4 ever growing in popularity and acceptance. The Filter Gallery is an extended filter Now, many dedicated amateurs are dialog that is designed to allow the user working like professionals by embracing to apply several different filters to a single ways of enhancing and editing that don’t image or the same filter multiple times to destroy or change the original pixels in the same photo. order to produce an end result. 3 Masking techniques, adjustment layers The dialog consists of a preview area (1), a collection of filters that can be used with and the use of Smart Objects are the the feature (2), a settings area with sliders foundation technologies of many of these F to control the filter effect (3) and a list of techniques. But try as we may, some filters that are currently being applied to 6 5 changes have just not been possible to the picture (4). apply non-destructively. Multiple filters are applied to a picture by Filtering is one area in particular where selecting the filter, adjusting the settings to Filter panel this is the case. For example, applying a suit the image and then clicking the New Menu: Bridge: Window > Filter Panel sharpening filter to a picture irreversibly Shortcut: – See also: Metadata panel, Bridge, changes the pixels in the photo forever. Effect Layer button at the bottom of the Version: CS3, CS4 Sort dialog. Filters are arranged in the sequence For this reason many photographers have they are applied. The Filter panel in Bridge (1) contains a been applying such filters to copies of the selection of file attributes that can be used original document rather than altering Applied filters can be moved to a different as ready-made search criteria in order to the original photo. spot in the sequence by click-dragging quickly display a subset of photos in the them up or down the stack. Click the Eye With the introduction of the Smart Filters content area. technology from Photoshop CS3, these icon to hide the effect of the selected filter from preview. Filters can be deleted from Clicking on any of the entries in the filtering tasks can now be applied non- the list by selecting them first and then palette automatically filters the pictures destructively, removing the need to filter clicking the Dustbin icon at the bottom in the content area to display only those copied versions of our photos. Smart Filters of the dialog. images that contain this attribute. A tick are based on the Smart Object technology is placed to the left of the selected filtering that became available in CS2. Most of the filters that can’t be used with attribute (2). the Filter Gallery feature are either applied Smart Filtering is a two-step process. to the picture with no user settings, or To change the sequence in which First the picture is converted to a Smart make use of a dedicated filter dialog that thumbnails in the content area are Object (Filter > Convert for Smart Filters) contains a preview area and several slider displayed, select a Sort option (3) from and then the filter is applied to the Smart controls. the pop-up menu on the top right of the Object layer. panel. To view all items in the selected As the filter operation is applied to the Filters can also be accessed via the Filter folder and subfolders click the Folder icon menu. photo via a layer mask it is also possible to in the top left of the panel (4). To clear all localize the effects of the filter by editing filters, click the Stop icon at the bottom the mask. right of the panel (5) and to maintain filter settings while browsing click the Map pin icon (6). Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on to remove this watermark. Photoshop CS4 A–Z 107
  17. fF FILTERS 1 4 2 3 Filters Filters, applying multiple Filters, shortcut keys Menu: Filter Menu: Filter > Filter Gallerys Menu: – Shortcut: – See also: Smart Filters, Filter Shortcut: – See also: Smart Filters, Filter Shortcut: – See also: Filters, Filter Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, CS3 Gallery Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, Gallery Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, CS3, CS4 Gallery CS3, CS4 Digital filters are based on the traditional Ctrl/Cmd F – To apply the last filter with photographic versions, which are placed The Filter Gallery as well as the new Smart the settings used. in front of the lens of the camera to change Filter option is designed to allow multiple filters to be applied to a single picture. Each Ctrl/Cmd Alt/Opt F – To open the dialog the way the image is captured. Now, with for the last filter used. the click of a button it is possible to make filter is layered in a stack similar to that extremely complex changes to our images found in the Layers palette (1). almost instantaneously – changes that a With the Filter Gallery multiple filters are few years ago we couldn’t even imagine. applied to a picture by selecting the filter Most filters in Photoshop can be found in the Filter Gallery dialog, adjusting the F grouped under a series of subheadings settings to suit the image and then clicking based on their main effect or feature in the New Effect Layer button (2) at the the Filter menu. There are four specialized bottom of the dialog. Filters are arranged filters that sit apart from these groups in the sequence they are applied. Applied which, because of their complexity, filters can be moved to a different spot in warrant a single entry for themselves. the sequence by click-dragging them up They are Extract, Liquify, Pattern Maker or down the stack. Click the eye icon (4) and Vanishing point. to hide the effect of the selected filter from preview. Filters can be deleted from the list Selecting a filter will apply the effect to by selecting them first and then clicking the current layer or selection. Some filters the dustbin icon (3) at the bottom of the display a dialog that allows the user to dialog. change specific settings and preview the filtered image before applying the effect Applying additional filters when using to the whole of the picture. This can be a Smart Filters is as simple as selecting a new great time saver, as filtering a large file can filter option from the Filter menu. Each take several minutes. filter is added in a stack below the Smart Filter layer entry and all filters use the same Other filters are incorporated into a Filter mask settings. As the position of a filter in Gallery (Filter > Filter Gallery) feature that the stack dictates how it interacts with the provides both preview and controls in a other filters try click-dragging filter entries single dialog. to a new position for different effects. Photoshop CS3 and CS4 introduce the option of applying many filters and their blend modes non- destructively via the Smart Filter technology. Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on to remove this watermark. CS4 A–Z 108 Photoshop
  18. FIND fF 1 NEW for CS2 4 1 2 6 Find and Replace Text Menu: Edit > Find and Replace Text Shortcut: – See also: Check spelling Version: 7.0, CS, CS2, CS3, CS4 3 A word-based feature that was introduced 2 with version 7.0. This is used to search 5 through text and replace one word, punctuation or sentence with another. Just key in what you want to replace in the ‘Find What’ box and what you want to Find change it to in the ‘Change To’ box. Then Fisheye lenses Menu: Bridge: Edit > Find click ‘Find Next’. The program searches for Menu: File > Automate > Photomerge Shortcut: Ctrl/Cmd F See also: Sort files Bridge Bridge: Tools > Photoshop > Photomerge Version: CS2, CS3, CS4 the words and highlights the first example Shortcut: – See also: Photomerge, Vignette it comes to. You then can change just the Version: CS4 Removal, Geometric One of the great benefits of organizing found words or change all occurrences, Distortion Correction your pictures in the Bridge workspace is or change the found one and then let it One of the standout changes for CS3 was the huge range of search options that then find the next. the much improved Photomerge feature. become available to you. In that release we saw vastly improved Selecting Find from the Edit menu displays stitching abilities and a new form of the Find dialog (1). Here you will be able sophisticated blending that provided truly to nominate what you want to search for stunning results. (2), the criteria for the search (3), which In CS4 the wide vista photography folder (4) you want to search in, what type F revolution continues. With vignetting of metadata (5) to search for and, finally, and geometric distortion correcting (1) what to do with the pictures that match now included, Photomerge has again been the search criteria (6). updated. The feature can now create 360 degree panoramas, automatically detect, and account for, source images taken with fisheye lenses (2) and has a new Collage option which allows for rotation and scaling of source files as they are being Find Edges filter montaged. Menu: Filter > Stylize > Find Edges Shortcut: – See also: Filters Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, CS3, CS4 The Find Edges filter, as one of the group of Stylize filters, searches for and highlights the edges in a picture. The feature classifies edges as being picture parts where there is a major change in tone, color and/or contrast. The feature outlines the edges it locates with dark lines against a lighter colored background. There are no extra controls of slider adjustments available for this filter. Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on to remove this watermark. Photoshop CS4 A–Z 109
  19. fF FIT IMAGE 2 1 Fit Image Fixed Aspect Ratio Fixed Size option Menu: File > Automate > Fit Image Menu: – Menu: – Shortcut: – See also: Automate Shortcut: – See also: – Shortcut: – See also: Marquee tools, Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, Crop tool CS3, CS4 CS3, CS4 CS3, CS4 An automated feature that resizes the The aspect ratio or Constrain Proportions The Fixed Size option is available in the image so that it will fit within a certain option is usually found in dialog boxes options bar of both the Marquee (1) and predetermined canvas space. concerned with changes of image size and Crop tools (2). This feature allows you to If, for example, you have the dialog refers to the relationship between width and set the size of the selection or cropping area measurements set to 680 × 480 pixels and height of a picture. before drawing the shape on the picture’s apply the Fit Image command to a 600 × Fixing an image’s aspect ratio means that surface. 600 pixel picture, it would reduced it to this relationship will remain the same even The size can be nominated in pixels (px), 480 × 480 pixels. when the image is enlarged or reduced. inches (in) or millimeters (mm). F This feature helps when you need to resize For example, selecting the Constrain pictures to suit a newsletter or catalog Proportions option in the Image > Image format with predetermined picture boxes Size dialog will result in pictures where the and works well when incorporated into aspect ratio is maintained when resized. actions. Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on to remove this watermark. CS4 A–Z 110 Photoshop
  20. FLAG fF 2 1 2 1 Flag Flash file export Flatten Image Menu: – Menu: ImageReady: File > Export > Macromedia Flash SWF Menu: Layer > Flatten Image Shortcut: – See also: Label files – Bridge Shortcut: – See also: Animation Shortcut: – See also: Merge Layers Version: 7.0, CS Version: CS3, CS4 Version: 6.0, 7.0, CS, CS2, CS3, CS4 The Flag option in the File Browser that was ImageReady is no longer included as a available in Photoshop versions 7.0 and CS partner application with Photoshop. To The Flatten Image command combines was used to distinguish selected images output an animation as a flash file in the detail of all visible layers into a single from within the browser workspace. CS3/CS4 choose File > Export > Render layer. In the process transparent areas Video and then select Flash Video as the are filled with white and hidden layers Flags are attached by either clicking on the are discarded. Flag icon (1) in the File Browser options QuickTime export file format. This option bar or by selecting the Flag option from is only available when an FLV QuickTime After flattening, text, shape and adjustment the right-click menu (2). encoder is installed on your computer. layers are no longer present nor are their For CS2 users ImageReady contained contents editable. F Typically, photographers would attach flags as part of the editing process. an export option to save the file in the The file size of the flattened picture will be Successful images would be flagged and Macromedia Flash format. After creating much smaller than the layered version. rejected photos would be left without a flag. the animation select the Macromedia To flatten your image select the option from Flag pictures could then be displayed in Flash SWF option from the File > Export the Layer menu (1) or from the menu that isolation from other pictures in the folder menu (1). Adjust the options in the Export pops out from the side-button at the top by selecting the Show > Flagged option dialog that displays (2) and then press the right of the Layers palette (2). from the drop-down menu in the top right OK button. Although Photoshop CS2 contained an Animation palette the Export As a general rule you of the File Browser window. should not flatten the layers to Flash format option is only available Flags are replaced by Labels in the Bridge from inside the ImageReady application. in Photoshop documents workspace for CS2/CS3/CS4. To transport images from Photoshop unless you are absolutely CS2 to ImageReady in order to export as sure that you do not want a Flash file click on the Edit in ImageReady to edit the picture further. button at the bottom of the Photoshop If you are unsure, make a toolbar (3). copy of the layered file and flatten the copy, keeping the original safe for editing later. 2 1 3 Please purchase PDF Split-Merge on to remove this watermark. Photoshop CS4 A–Z 111
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