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Vật liệu cơ khí part 10

Chia sẻ: Shfjjka Jdfksajdkad | Ngày: | Loại File: PDF | Số trang:11

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Vật liệu cơ khí part 10

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Tham khảo tài liệu 'vật liệu cơ khí part 10', kỹ thuật - công nghệ, cơ khí - chế tạo máy phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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Nội dung Text: Vật liệu cơ khí part 10

  1. * ? @A " KK 5= ," ˆUU ~ / / / / / / / ≥ == ?` ˆU ˆUU/ U 5=/ BUU~ / U u 5UU ~ UUU BFU/ BU „UU 5U / „U/ r =UU „=U/ BF= U/ 5UU~ 5U/ / 5= r UU ~ =U FU 5U BUU 5= U = ≥ =U r 5UU FU UU~ 5=/ / UU ~ „/ UU =U ≥ =UU/ UU UU/ 5ˆ/ LUU UU / UU = BU B= 0 ?` LˆU ~ / / / / / / / 3 #b 1 ˆU — UUU ˆUU „ = / 5=/ / u UU ~ / / / / / = / r 5UU =U/ ˆU ~ =ˆ UU 5UΓ ," ˆ U~ / / / / / / / ?` ˆBU ˆUU / = / / / / u ==U ~ / / / / / = / r BUU =U/ ˆU ~ =5 UU B=Γ , " L„U ~ / / / / / / / #b ˆU =U ˆ 5F= U / 5U/ U u ˆU ~ / U / / / 5= / r 5U / =L/ UU ~ B U ˆN ," ˆ5U ~ / / / / / / / ?` ˆBU „=U ˆUU =U „UU U/ = u =UU ~ UU / U / / L / r ==U =UU U L = / 5U/ / r UU ~ U 5= 5UU 5=/ ˆU ~ =U UU
  2. * ? @A " KK 5UN , " ˆ U~ / / / / / / / #b ˆ=U UUU ˆUU „ 5= / ˆ/ = u 5UU ~ / / / / / 5= / r ==U =UU U L U/ / 5=/ / r UU ~ U U =U 5UU =U/ ˆU ~ =5 UU 5UN , " ˆ U~ / / / / / / / 4 #b ˆ5U „UU/ — / 5= LUU 5/ = u =UU UU ˆUU = / / ˆ / r ˆU ~ =UU — ˆ =U/ UU U =5 U U „UU / / / / / / / W „U / / / / / / ," LˆU ~ ==U U ˆ 5= / =B/ #b ˆUU B u ˆU ~ UU N „UU/ / / / / / / 4 W „U / / / / / / ," L„U ~ ˆUU BUU = LUU =B/ #b ˆU B u ˆU ~ UU \* 9 E$E LJ = !" 89 " ^" < " *R U G *R DR DR ! " 4u I 8 J • !" 2 l *R U : I8 ,?@ " UU UU 5UU =UU BUU "R 4u U „UU ~ 5 ~ 5U / ˆ~ ~ 5~ U~ „U B B ˆ = 2?` U ˆLU ~ 5 ~ 5ˆ 5U ~ 5~ ˆ~ U~ 5~ ˆ„U 55 ˆ 5 ˆ
  3. * ? @A " KK 5U ˆ5U ~ 5ˆ ~ = 5= ~ 5U ~ ~ 5~ U~ ˆBU =U 55 B ˆ 5 =U ˆ U~ =5 ~ BU == ~ 5B ~ ˆ~ U~ 5~ ˆBU =B =U 5 5 ˆ BU ˆUU ~ BU ~ B =ˆ ~ =~ 55 ~ B~ U~ ˆU BU =5 5ˆ 5U ˆ ˜L L„U ~ B ~ B5 BU ~ =~ 5ˆ ~ / / ˆU B =B = 2?` ˜ˆ LˆU ~ B ~ B= BU ~ =~ 5ˆ ~ / / 3O ˆUU B =B = I" ˜„ LLU ~ B ~ B= B~ =~ 5ˆ ~ / / #b L„U B =B = ˜U LLU ~ B ~ B5 B~ =5 ~ 5ˆ ~ / / L„U B =ˆ = ˜ LLU ~ B ~ B5 B~ =5 ~ 5ˆ ~ / / L„U B =ˆ = ˜ LLU ~ B ~ B5 B~ =5 ~ 5ˆ ~ / / L„U B =ˆ = ˜ LLU ~ B ~ B5 B~ =5 ~ 5ˆ ~ / / L„U B =ˆ = \* 9 E $ 7 \* E M @ , R ^M J = ?, R x ,9 9 ,9 < , " DR ! " DR ! " ,. u. h u . ,. u. h u . t† U [ Wd " W h t† U [ Wd " W h 6 † UUU ( 8 ?< " [ 6 † UUU ( 8 ?< " [ Wd " W Wd " W : : D?@ ,] "* D?@ ,] "* " I% *R " I% *R ‡ ‡ 8 ! " 6†BU 8 ! " 6†BU 6† = 6† UU 6† = 6† UU G 4 G 4 ( U( ( ( U( ( [F [F F= L5= ˆ LU / FU L ˆ Bˆ / F= Bˆ ˆ BB / FB Bˆˆ ˆ5F= B=FU / FL BLU ˆ F= B5FU / F„ B=„ ˆ FU B FU /
  4. * ? @A " KK F5 B5 ˆ F= B FU / F55 B ˆ F= B FU / F5B B ˆ FU B FU / F5ˆ B ˆ F= BUFU / F=U BU ˆ FU =„FU / F= =U ˆUF= =„FU / F=5 =ˆ ˆUFU =ˆFU / F=B =L ˆUFU =LFU / F=ˆ =B5 L„F= =BF= / FBU === L„FU =BFU / FB =5L L„FU ==FU / FB5 =ˆ LˆF= ==FU / FBB =U LˆFU =5FU / FBˆ = LˆFU = FU / FLU =5 LLF= = F= / FL =UL LLFU = FU / FL5 5„„ LBFU = FU / FLB 5„ LBFU =UFU / FLˆ 5ˆ= LBFU =UFU / FˆU 5Lˆ LBFU 5„F= / Fˆ 5LU LBFU 5„FU / Fˆ5 5B5 L=FU 5ˆFU / FˆB 5=L L=FU 5ˆFU / Fˆˆ 5= L5F= 5LF= / F„U 555 L5FU 5LFU / F„ 5ˆ L F= 5BFU / F„5 5 L FU 5=F= / F„B 5B L FU 5=FU / F„ˆ 5U L FU 55FU / FUU 5= L FU 55FU / FU 5U„ L FU 5 FU / FU5 5U5 L FU 5 FU / FUB „ˆ L FU 5 FU / FUˆ „ L FU 5 FU / FU ˆˆ L FU 5 FU / F ˆ L FU 5 FU / F5 Lˆ L FU 5UFU / FB L LUF= 5UFU / Fˆ Bˆ LUFU „F= / FU B LUFU „FU / F =„ LUFU „FU / F5 =5 B„ ˆFU / FB =U B„FU ˆFU / Fˆ 5= B„FU LF= / FU 5 B„FU LFU / F L BˆF= BF= / F5 BˆFU BFU / FB „ BˆFU BFU / Fˆ = BˆFU =FU / F5U BˆFU =FU / F5 L BLF= 5F= / F55 BLFU 5FU / F5B U„ BLFU F= / F5ˆ UB BLFU FU / F=U U BLFU FU / F= „ˆ BLFU FU / F=5 „= BBFU F= / F=B „ BˆFU BFU / F=ˆ ˆˆ BBFU FU / FBU ˆ= BBFU UFU / FB ˆ BBFU UF= / FB5 Lˆ BBFU „FU / FBB L= B=FU „F= / FBˆ L B=FU ˆFU / FLU B„ B=FU ˆFU / FL BB B=FU ˆFU / DR ! " DR ! "
  5. * ? @A " KK ,. u . h u . ,. u . h u . t† U [ Wd " W h t† U [ Wd " W h 6 † UUU ( 8 ?< " [ 6 † UUU ( 8 ?< " [ Wd " W Wd " W : : D?@ ,] "* D?@ ,] "* " I% *R " I% *R ‡ ‡ 8 ! " 6†BU 8 ! " 6†BU 6† = 6† UU 6† = 6† UU G 4 G 4 ( U( ( ( U( ( [F [F FL5 B B5FU LFU / FLB BU B5FU LFU / FLˆ =L B5FU BFU / FˆU == B5FU BFU / Fˆ = B F= =F= / Fˆ5 5„ B FU =FU / FˆB 5B B FU =FU / Fˆˆ 55 B FU 5F= / F„U 5 B FU FU / F„ „ B FU FU / F„5 B B FU F= / F„B B B FU BFU / F„ˆ B FU FU / 5FUU B FU UFU / 5FU B B F= F= / 5FU5 5 B F= F= / 5FUB B FU FU / 5FUˆ „ B FU UFU / 5F U L B FU UFU / 5F = B F= „F= / 5F 5 B FU „FU / 5F B BUFU „FU / 5F ˆ U„ BUFU ˆF= / 5F U UL BUFU ˆFU / 5F U5 BUFU / „5FU 5F 5 U =„FU / „ FU 5F B UU =„FU / „ FU 5F ˆ „ˆ =ˆF= / „ FU 5F U „L =ˆFU / „ FU 5F „= =ˆFU / „ FU 5F 5 „ =ˆFU / „ FU 5F B „ =ˆFU / „ FU 5F ˆ ˆ„ =LFU / „ FU 5F5U ˆL =LFU / „ FU 5F5 ˆ= =BF= / „UF= 5F55 ˆ5 =BFU / „UF= 5F5B ˆ =BFU / ˆ„FU 5F5ˆ ˆU =BFU / ˆ„FU 5F=U L„ =UFU / ˆˆFU 5F= LL =BFU / ˆˆFU 5F=5 L5 ==FU / ˆLFU 5F=B L ==FU / ˆLFU 5F=ˆ L ==FU / ˆLFU 5FBU LU ==FU / ˆBFU 5FB B„ ==FU / ˆBFU 5FB5 BL ==FU / ˆ=FU 5FBB BB =5FU / ˆ=FU 5FBˆ B5 = F= / ˆ=FU 5FLU B = FU / ˆ5FU 5FL B = FU / ˆ5FU 5FL5 =„ = FU / ˆ FU 5FLB =ˆ = FU / ˆ FU 5FLˆ =L = FU / ˆ FU 5FˆU =B = FU / ˆ FU 5Fˆ =5 = FU / ˆ FU 5Fˆ5 = / / ˆ FU
  6. * ? @A " KK 5FˆB = = FU / ˆ FU 5Fˆˆ =U = FU / ˆUFU 5F„U 5„ = FU / ˆUFU 5F„ 5ˆ = FU / L„FU 5F„5 5B =UFU / LˆFU 5F„B 5= =UFU / LˆFU 5F„ˆ 55 =UFU / LˆFU =FUU 5=UFU / LLFU =FU 5 / / LLFU =FU5 5U / / LLFU =FUB „ / / LB =FUˆ ˆ/ / LB =F U L / / = =F =/ / L5 =F 5 5 / / L5 =F B / / L =F ˆ / / L =F U / / L =F „ / / L =F 5 ˆ / / L =F B L / / L =F ˆ B / / L =F U B / / LU =F = / / LU =F 5 5 / / B„ =F B / / B„ DR ! " DR ! " ,. u. h u . ,. u. h u . t† U [ Wd " W h t† U [ Wd " W h 6 † UUU ( 8 ?< " [ 6 † UUU ( 8 ?< " [ Wd " W Wd " W : : D?@ ,] "* D?@ ,] "* " I% *R " I% *R ‡ ‡ 8 ! " 6†BU 8 ! " 6†BU 6† = 6† UU 6† = 6† UU G 4 G 4 ( U( ( ( U( ( [F [F =F ˆ / / Bˆ =F5U / / Bˆ =F5 „ / / Bˆ =F55 „ / / BL =F5B ˆ / / BL =F5ˆ L / / BB =F=U B / / B= =F= = / / B= =F=5 5 / / B5 =F=B / / B5 =F=ˆ / / B =FBU / / B =FB U / / B =FB5 U„ / / B =FBB U„ / / B =FBˆ Uˆ / / BU =FLU UL / / =„ =FL UL / / =„ =FL5 UB / / =„ =FLB U= / / =ˆ =FLˆ U5 / / =ˆ =FˆU U / / =L =Fˆ U / / =B =Fˆ5 U / / =B =FˆB U / / =B =Fˆˆ U / / == =F„U „„ / / =5 =F„ „ˆ / / =5
  7. * ? @A " KK =F„5 „ˆ / / =5 =F„B „L / / = BFUU „B / / = BFU= „5 / / = BF U „ / / 5„ BF = „U / / 5ˆ BF U ˆL / / 5B BF = ˆ= / / 55 BF U ˆ / / 5 BF5U ˆ / / 5 BF=U L„ / / „ BFBU LL / / L
  8. * ? @A " KK O, # ; ^" % $ 4% 89 LV A @J % $ 4% \G y < V S≤ σ σ σ σ :k :\ > 1O D "2 1O D "2 1O D "2 1O D "2 † ˆ U ÷ ˆ UU =U / ˆUU =ˆU ˆUU U/ 5 U =5 =U 15 2 W k † ˆBU ÷ ˆˆUU U /u l ,?@ " " R ?` W k /u , † =5U ÷ =BU ˆU ÷ U U K !Y *?C U UU k l, ‚ γ# † ˆ U ÷ ˆ UU =5 / ˆLU ˆUU LUU 5U / 5> 3 U •‹ Y N,w =B ˆU 15>a : 2 W k † ˆ U ÷ ˆ5UU U l ,?@ " " R #b , † =5U ÷ =BU U U ˆU ÷ UUU † ˆBU ÷ ˆˆUU =U / BUU 5U B =UU LU / 5 15 2 U W k /u =5 L U W k " R ?` K !Y , † ˆU ÷ UU U U
  9. * ? @A " KK =5 / B=U =U ˆ 5=U ˆU / k l, ‚ γ# k † ˆ U ÷ ˆ5UU 5> 3 U W =B U 15>a : 2 •‹ Y 6 ‚ α l ,?@ " " R #b , † ˆU ÷ UU U U † „UU ÷ „ UU W / ~u =ˆ / ˆUU =ˆU ˆUU =U / '>1'>2 U BU LU † LBU ÷ ˆUU 2" R U K!Y ?` k l’, ‚ γ# ‚ W , † ˆU ÷ UU U U •‹ Y l, ‚ w † „ U ÷ „ UU =ˆ / UU „UU U ˆUU LU / 6 O U ≈ l’ K ! X … B UU † LLU ÷ L„UU 2" R U ÷ F… 1 6a Γ #b , † ˆU ÷ UU 2 U U
  10. * ? @A " KK \* 9 E$ 0 E @J % $ 4% , m P P !" O K RW # 9 (- 2q 3 BC > 2; j 3 *C 5 & (- #T 89 \ 4 5T W bD P k€ 5 =- v5 N 5ˆ U UF ˆ / UF= ~ UFLU F = ~ FL= 0UFˆ= ~ UF„=… 1F UFB ~ F / ≥ =ˆ 0g & 8 F UUUF UF 2 "R " 8 "8 p &E UF ~ UF l u ˆB U UF ˆ ~ UFL ~ UF„U UF5 ~ UFB , F FU ~ F L v5 N 8 F # 5U/=UUF uF ˆU ~ „UU UF ˆ/= ≥ =ˆ & B' *' &E _ F #F B=U _uF U/ UF L / F5= ~ / 28F UF ˆ ~ UF = / BU ˆ ~ 5B v5 N U=U 4 UF FU= UF ~ UF l — =ˆ ~ 5U _ F #F ˆ=U _uF 5U ˆ UF = / UFL ~ UF„ UFL ~ UF„ , 28F UF= ~ UFL= =„ / B 5U ~ 5= 0g U=U =U UF U UFL ~ UF„ / =ˆ / BU =/U *' BM _ F #F =U / LUU _ U5 UF L / F =~ 28F UF5 ~ UF= Sn 4 u BUU UF FB= _ F #F ==U _uF UF „ / 8F UFB ~ UFL= ˆUU UF =
  11. * ? @A " KK _ F #F 5=U _ uF 5B U UF L / UF5= / UFB= FB= ~ FU 2 F 5 / F5 8F U UF UF U ~ UF l „U / v5 N 14 uF „UU ˆB L ~ UF = ~ UFB= / & * _ F #F 5=U _uF 4 UF = / UF UFBU ~ , 8F FU ~ F 5 + BUU UF„= UF = ~ UFL= M *' : 2 ≥ =ˆ B' 4 N. b ,H ˆB U UF = ~UF = / U l F FU ~ F U _ F #F 5 _ uF 8F N. b ,H U 0W]*R "1 _uF =UU 5U ˆ U / 8FF FU ~ F U 0 F 5 ~ F5 / N. b ,H *R "1F F #F =5 ~ BUU F uF ˆUU U5 _ F #F =5 / BUU _uF 8FF UFB ~ FU ˆUU
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