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Poster miêu tả chi tiết các dịch vụ tiêu biểu của MS Window 2008, cách chúng liên kết và vận hành trong hệ thống window server 2008.

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Nội dung Text: Windows_Server_2008_Feature_Components

  1. Acronyms Legend Terminal Services Network Access Protection Internet Information Services 7.0 API Product Scenario: Centralized Application Access Product Scenario: Security and Policy Enforcement Product Scenario: Web & Applications Platform Application Programming Terminal Services provides access to Windows-based programs from a variety of devices. Terminal Services is Network Access Protection (NAP) is a client health policy creation, enforcement, and remediation technology. A secure, easy-to-manage server platform for developing and reliably hosting Web applications. Interface enhanced with Terminal Services RemoteApp, Terminal Services Web Access, and Terminal Services Gateway. NAP defines the required configuration and update conditions for a client computer’s operating system and Information Important CAPs critical software. Connection Authorization Policies DHCP Information Dynamic Host Configuration Bullet User Protocol Terminal Services Gateway Monitoring Terminal Services Gateway Service DNS Terminal Services Gateway Policies Inspect NAP Capable Client Administration and Diagnostics Domain Name Service Use Terminal Services Gateway Management to Computer Failed Request Tracing Security view information about active connections from Connection Authorization Policies (CAPs) Detailed Custom Errors FVEK clients to remote computers on the network CAPs specify user groups that can access TS on NAP Integration Remediate Enforce Visiting System Health SHA - Declares health (patch state, Each NAP EC is defined for What went wrong & why Define rules to capture runtime Reduced surface area - Minimum install by default the network through TS Gateway server. laptops Agents (SHA) system configuration, etc.) How to fix it data only on failures Specify tracing by: User Service H) a different type of network Full Volume Encryption Key through TS Gateway. NAP can be run on the same machine as TS Gateway, or TS Delegated Web site configuration Groups Account ( So NAP agent - Collects and manages access or communication. Status Code Resource Access Policies (RAPs) Gateway can be configured to use an existing NAP NAP Agent HTTP Time Taken for site owners and developers IIS_IUSRS lt h Home PCs health information For example, there is a NAP Resource groups grant users access to multiple infrastructure running elsewhere. NAP ea o) SSL certificates required for TS Gateway and each TS EC for DHCP configuration. Event Verbosity Built-in Group s/N Hypertext Transfer Protocol fH terminal servers. NAP can control access to a TS Gateway based on a client’s NAP Enforcement NAP EC - Passes the health status to a server to ensure RDP protocol will be encapsulated in Capable Built-in user and group accounts to security update, antivirus, and firewall status. ( Ye Client (NAP EC) NAP server that is providing the network IIS Clients en IIS Manager and Delegation HTTPS packets access dedicated to the Web server IUSR se tem Control feature delegation on Internet Information Services Terminal Services Runtime State and Control Built-in User Client(s) User Token Sta e sp Manage IIS manager users Gateway Internal Roaming 1 Client requests access to network and Manage site & application View real-time server state across: Enhanced Application Pool Isolation HR LOB Applications Home Firewall SoH Response laptops presents current health state administrators Sites & Application Pools So 1 2 Validate user access YES – Issue Health Certificate, Application Domains Line of Business Applications Enable Network Access NAP Servers Remote Administration Worker Processes Built-in IIS7 request filtering MMC Mobile RDP over RPC/HTTPS AD / NAP NO – Remediation Instructions, Limit Network Access over HTTP Executing Requests Extensibility Filter requests on the fly based on Network Microsoft Management Console Business Policy Server IPSEC VPN DHCP SHVs and policy servers can Management Tools Extensible Powerful User Interface Extensibility verb, file extension, size, namespace, Active Directory Firewall External RD P NAP ES NAP ES NAP ES sequences, and many more be matched. For example, an Graphical – IIS Manager UI Forest NAP T e r m p as s e Extensible, modular architecture – add, 11 12 1 Firewall 10 2 antivirus SHV can be matched 9 3 3 Command Line – appcmd 8 4 i nal d t o remove or replace any built-in module 7 6 5 Network Access Protection RPC/HTTPS removed S e rv A NAP Enforcement Server (NAP ES): HRA – Health Registration VPN 802.1X to an antivirus signature policy server. Script - WMI Branch er DHCP Managed Code - Microsoft.Web.Administration Schema-based extensibility for configuration NAT 4 Allows some level of network access Authority Server Server and dynamic data Network Address Translation Office Internet DMZ Passes NAP client health status to NPS Modular Provides enforcement of network access limitation 2 NAP Servers relay health status to Network Architecture IIS7 configuration system based on distributed XML files that Internet Management IIS 7.0 and ASP.NET components work seamlessly together as Extensible NPS DC NAP ECs and NAP ESs are typically matched. Policy Server (RADIUS) part of the brand new IIS 7.0 Integrated Pipeline Schema hold the configuration settings for the entire Web server Console Internet users can access TS RemoteApp NPS Server platform (e.g. IIS, ASP.NET) Network Policy Server and TS Web Access via TS Gateway Enable RemoteApp on Terminal Services: Shared Configuration Web Server System Health RAPs Create Allow List (make (with TS Web Access) A Client SHA is matched to a System Health Validator (SHV) Certify declarations made by health agents Configuration files can be stored on a back-end file server and applications available to users) Terminal Server Requires IIS 7.0 Validator (SHV) on the server side of the NAP HttpCacheModule referenced from multiple front-end Web servers Resource Access Policies Specify if application available Role service platform architecture NPS TS Easy Print redirects all printing-related NAP Administration Restore RDP work to the user’s local machine – no via TS Web Access Intranet The corresponding SHV can return a Statement of Health Response to the client, informing it of 3 IsapiFilterModule HttpLoggingModule IIS 7 ApplicationHost.config server print drivers required. Policy Servers Backup Backup Remote Desktop Protocol Server sends XPS file to client for printing. what to do if the SHA is not in the required state Policies that define client computer health Network Policy Server (NPS) validates Provide current system health ProfileModule StaticFileModule IpRestrictionModule IIS 7 UN C Web.config Wizards Server SHA PnP redirection of health against IT-defined health policy using Policy state for NPS ProtocolSupport CustomErrorModule RequestFiltering OutputCacheModule Application Files 7 Servers if required Module Module IIS System Health Agent 5 Same TS Session, multiple NAP client with full SHV Terminal Services RemoteApp X Resizable RemoteApp programs possible network access 4 If not policy compliant, network access is restricted and client SessionStateModule Windows If policy compliant, client CgiModule IIS7 enables configuration to be stored in a web.config file in the same directory System Health Validator RemoteApp programs are accessed remotely through Terminal Services and appear as if they are running on a user’s local computer. Y allowed to update with patches, configurations, signatures, etc. Then as the site or application content, which can easily be copied from machine to Terminal Services Web Access is granted full access to repeat steps 1 – 4 machine Domain Web Server SoH Supports redirection of local drives and Plug and Play (PnP) devices Remote Desktop IE Browser corporate network Client SHAs and remediation servers can be matched. For Extensible, modular architecture (40+ Components) Connection (RDC TS Web Access is a role service in the Terminal Services Xcopy Xcopy Controller Statement of Health Single sign-on (SSO) can be configured for domain users 6.0) client installed role that allows users to launch remote desktops and Remediation Servers example, an antivirus SHA on the Enhanced ASP.NET integration TPM Link to RemoteApp program: RDP 6.0 applications through a Web browser. Secure Corporate Install necessary patches, configurations, and client is matched to an antivirus Minimized surface area and patching Site/Application signature remediation server. A shortcut on the user’s desktop (includes new Network applications to ensure clients are healthy Improved performance and reliability with new FastCGI module Owner Test Server Production Server Trusted Platform Module An application on the user’s Start menu ActiveX) Less administrative overhead to deploy and 10 9 11 12 1 2 3 IIS 7.0 Architecture – Modular Web Server 8 4 Configuration and Deployment 7 6 5 Windows Vista maintain applications Network Access Limitation Enforcement Methods TS RemoteApp programs use RDP files: Windows XP SP2 TS Web Access Web page includes a customizable NAP Client with limited access IPsec - No health certificate issued to NAP client DHCP Server File Server Web Part Terminal Services Install RDP file manually or with MSI List of programs in Web Part can be customized 802.1X - Limited access policy at the 802.1X access point MSI installation package can be VPN - IP packet filters applied to the VPN connection Grab Samples from the Get Answers in the VHD distributed via a Group Policy Restricted Network DHCP - Configuration of the IP routing table of the DHCP client via Visit IIS Team Blogs DownloadCENTER TechCENTER & Forums DHCP Options Virtual Hard Disk VM BitLocker Federation Virtual Machine Server VMK Volume Master Key VMM Virtual Machine Manager Virtualization Server Manager and Server Backup Server Core & BitLocker Monitoring Server Product Scenario: Server Virtualization Product Scenario: Server Management Product Scenario: Branch Office Core VSC Windows Server 2008 includes Windows Server Virtualization. Windows Server Virtualization is a 64-bit Server Manager provides server configuration and commands for managing roles and features. Server Backup Server Core installation option provides a minimal environment for running specific server roles, reducing Virtualization Service Consumer feature provides backup and recovery solutions. servicing, management requirements, and the attack surface for those server roles. Windows BitLocker Drive hypervisor-based virtualization technology that facilitates agility and integrated management of both physical VSP and virtual components. Encryption protects data by encrypting the entire Windows volume. Virtualization Service Provider Server Terminal VSS Manager Services Volume Shadow Copy Service Server Backup Server Core WAS Microsoft Managing Server Core Windows Activation Service System Center Backup/Restore CMD for local command execution Server Core Roles: WinPE Virtual Machine Manager Microsoft Full Server Perform Manual or Each backup is a full backup, Terminal Server using CMD DHCP, File, Print, AD, AD LDS, Media Terminal TS Selected Volumes 3 Windows Pre-execution Built on Windows Powershell System Center Application Databases Automatic Backups but takes only the time and space Windows Remote Shell Services, DNS, and Windows Virtualization Services Web Access of an incremental backup Manages Virtual Server 2005 R2 and Operations Manager Select application or WMI Gateway Environment (Windows SharePoint Services) Services Windows Server 2008 Files/Folders to restore SNMP Manage to target Server can run a dedicated role or multiple roles WinRE Monitor Physical Enables Bare Metal Recovery Production Copy-on-write Task Scheduler for scheduling jobs/tasks Physical to Virtual Server Event Logging and Event Forwarding Windows Recovery Environment Manage Virtualized Server Conversion and Virtual Machines “snapshots” of the disk Optional Features: Datacenter 4 Restored to target RPC and DCOM for remote MMC support WINS & Failover Clustering WMI destination Group Policy to centralize configuration Backup & Removable Storage Windows Management Bare Metal Recovery VSS Snapshot 1 2 Configuring and Deploying Server Core Management & MultiPath IO 1 Instrumentation Parent VM Child VM Boot to WinRE VHD is automatically Netdom.exe - join the machine to a domain BitLocker Drive Encryption Child VM Child VM (WinPE) mounted for restore Netsh – configure TCP/IP settings SNMP & Telnet Client WWW WINPE Backup uses Volume Shadow Copy Service (VSS) technology 1 SCRegEdit.wsf script – configure Windows Update Windows Subsystems Quality Windows Audio/Video World Wide Web Each VM Supports: External hard and enable Remote Desktop Security, TCP/IP, File Experience (qWave) Framework User Mode VM Worker drive, DVDs, or Use Files/Folders and XML Processes More than 32GB 2 network share 2 Backup data to Backup Storage Application Restore Slmgr.vbs – Product Activation Systems, RPC CMD memory target disk eXtensible Markup Language Applications Applications Applications Locate volumes Wizards to locate data to Dcpromo – use unattend installation file (x86 and x64) Server Core Functionality Includes: WMI Target Backup Disk restore Ocsetup – add roles/features IPSec VM Service to restore Block Level Copy File/Folder GUI, CLR, Command Line interface, no GUI Shell, Provider Oclist – list server roles/features Shell, IE, Media, OE, Etc. no Windows Powershell Windows File Protection Partitions Support: Application Restore Windows Firewall Windows Server 2008 x64 Windows Server 2003, Xen-Enabled Non-Hypervisor- VLANs VHD Server Core installation installs only the subset of the binaries required by server roles. Full Server Recovery VHD Event Log Kernel Mode Server (Can be Server Core) Windows Server 2008 x86, Linux Kernel Aware Operating Quarantine 3 Changes Volume Restore Server Core installation requires a clean install. Windows Server 2008 x64 System NAT Reformat and (Block Level Copy) Performance Monitor counters Linux Windows Recovery VSC repartition disks Environment VSP VSC Hypercall Windows BitLocker Drive Encryption Hardware Adapter Scheduled (automatic) backups are not Backup can be saved to single or multiple Drivers 4 supported for network shares DVDs, local disk, or network shares Reboot server to Cleartext BitLocker Disk Configuration Data VMBUS Two partitions are required for BitLocker because pre-startup VMBUS Emulation Server Backup does not support tape VMBUS complete restore Accessing a BitLocker-enabled BitLocker Operational Overview authentication and system integrity verification must happen Windows BitLocker Drive Encryption is a data protection feature outside of the encrypted operating system volume. Bare Metal Recovery is not supported volume with TPM protection that provides enhanced protection against data theft or exposure for restoring to different hardware System Partition (green, unencrypted, small, active) 1-Factor TPM-Only Protection Scenario on computers that are lost or stolen. Data Windows Operating System Volume (encrypted, blue) Windows Hypervisor Server Manager Full Volume Available Authenticators Encrypted Drive BIOS must support reading USB devices in pre-OS environment AMD-V or Encryption Key Intel VT Decrypt data FVEK (FVEK) USB BitLocker Recovery Password Storage Virtual Hard Disks TPM Appropriate recovery password storage is vital since the recovery Ethernet “Designed for Windows” Server Hardware (VHD) Server Manager Functionality using FVEK TPM + Pin password is needed if BitLocker locks the drive to prevent Disk Configuring Roles & Features AMD-V or Intel VT Processor with Data Execution Prevention enabled Install and configure roles and features using TPM + USB tampering. Encrypted disk sectors Trusted Protection Domain-Joined Machines UI or command line TPM + USB + PIN Server Roles Module (TPM) Use an existing AD DS infrastructure to remotely VMK USB (without TPM) used for recovery purposes (or non-TPM Server role describes primary function View status and events for installed roles store BitLocker recovery passwords Windows Hypervisor of server – e.g. File Services computers) Non-Domain-Joined Machines Thin layer of software running on the hardware Identify missing/broken configuration for BitLocker assists in mitigating unauthorized data access Partitions Server Features TPM unseals Store recovery password on physically secured USB drive Supports creation/deletion of partitions Add/Remove installed roles VMK on lost or stolen computers by: Store recovery password printout in secured location Each partition is a virtual machine Features provide supporting functions Uses Enforces memory access rules to servers – e.g. Failover Clustering Roles/Features Manage and configure roles installed on the Encrypting the entire operating system volume on the Burn recovery password to CD and store in secured location Each partition has one or more virtual processors Wizards TPM hard disk Enforces policy for CPU usage server Key Partitions share hardware resources Servers can support single or multiple roles Checking the integrity of early startup components and startup Migrating Encrypted Drives Virtual processors are scheduled on real processors Perform Initial Configuration Tasks Sealed VMK configuration data Software running in partition is called a guest Enforces ownership of other devices Computer name, Domain membership Windows Server 2008 also supports BitLocker encryption of Moving a protected OS volume to another TPM-enabled machine requires using a recovery password from the keyboard or a USB Roles and features installed by using Server Manager are secure by default. No need Administrator password data volumes. BitLocker encrypts data volumes the same way flash drive. VMK must be resealed to the new TPM. to run Security Configuration Wizard following role installation or removal. TPM that it encrypts the operating system volume. Network connections, Windows Firewall Encrypted Volume Windows Server 2008 Feature Components This poster is based on a prerelease version of Windows Server 2008. All information herein is subject to change. Authors: Martin McClean & Astrid McClean (Microsoft Australia) © 2007 Microsoft Corporation. Microsoft, Active Directory, ActiveX, BitLocker, IntelliMirror, Internet Explorer, RemoteApp, SharePoint, Windows, Windows PowerShell, Windows Vista, and Windows Server are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries. All rights reserved. Other trademarks or trade names mentioned herein are the property of their respective owners.



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