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Agriculture and risk

Xem 1-20 trên 61 kết quả Agriculture and risk
  • The purpose of this paper is twofold. The first aim is to present briefly game theory and to illustrate the relationship between game theory and linear programming. The other aim is to apply game theory to field crops. The game theory model was used for main field crops, namely wheat, barley, maize, chickpea, sesame, cotton and groundnut, in Antalya province in Turkey.

    pdf7p aquaman27 15-01-2019 6 0   Download

  • Agricultural biotechnology offers great promise for Africa and tissue culture and marker-assisted selection are already in widespread use across the continent. However, the safe application of these technologies requires functioning biosafety systems. The report focuses on the special issues related to biosafety in Africa.Crops can be improved by conventional breeding, by tissue culture and by marker-aided selection. But for many improvements - such as drought and salinity tolerance - GM technology is going to be essential.

    pdf150p whitedaisy1010 07-05-2012 96 31   Download

  • With growth and development rapidly in Vietnam, there is a risk of abuse and mismanagement of natural resources, thus affecting sustainable development. Level of understanding, knowledge and use of economic principles of natural resources (NRE) and management is limited in Vietnamese agriculture Nam.

    pdf32p xau_la 10-02-2012 51 5   Download

  • Basic concepts of production function. Historical background and characteristics of different forms of production functions- linear, quadratic, square-root, Spillman, cubic, semi-log, Cobb-Douglas, trascedental, CES, VES and Leontief. Static and dynamic production functions and their applications. Frontier production functions. Dualities between production, cost and profit functions. Derivation of output supply and factor demand functions from production and profit functions. Optimisation and resource allocation. Multiple product relationships. Production possibility curves.

    pdf110p hoangphiyeah1tv 18-04-2013 48 4   Download

  • As seen above, the leasing sector is new but growing and leases are written for three-to-five year terms. The banking sector is consolidating, assets are growing, deposits are on the increase, and the sector is liquid. However, the banks perceive the rewards of short-term lending utilizing highly liquid assets and long-term loans utilizing real estate as collateral are greater than the risks of long-term lending to the agriculture or industrial sectors secured by equipment.

    pdf16p loginnhanh 22-04-2013 32 3   Download

  • The Brexit vote in the UK raised doubts and uncertainties across all of the European Union and especially the Irish agri-food sector, which exports over 41% of its products to the UK. In this study we will explain that the Brexit brings an uncertainty that affects decision making. Agri-food business owners are not completely aware of how this event can affect their business and what they can do to be prepared to face it. Through interviews we will be able to demonstrate that the Irish farmers need to be more proactive and could use some guidance.

    pdf78p nguyenyenyn117 18-06-2019 16 1   Download

  • To meet the growing demand for safe vegetables, the assessment of understanding and awareness of risk producers of plant protection drugs increasingly are concerned, so that, with appropriate measures of hazards and reduce harmful levels of chemicals in the product. Therefore, this study was to assess the awareness of local people about the risks of plant protection drugs

    pdf13p thulanh2 07-09-2011 87 16   Download

  • In the area of agriculture we have eight chapters with different concerns such as conceptual problems related with risk analysis, the interaction between agriculture and the environment, water resources planning, agroforestry sys- tems management, simulation of effects on agriculture of changes in the common agriculture policy, and so on. OR/MS techniques used are basically the following: linear programming, multi-objective fractional programming, goal programming, multi-attribute utility theory and control dynamic optimi- zation. ...

    pdf608p huetay_1 28-02-2013 44 9   Download

  • This book is a compilation of 29 chapters focused on: pesticides and food production, environmental effects of pesticides, and pesticides mobility, transport and fate. The first book section addresses the benefits of the pest control for crop protection and food supply increasing, and the associated risks of food contamination.

    pdf0p camchuong_1 04-12-2012 54 8   Download

  • Poultry in 2006 our country has about 215 million children. Song epidemic of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) caused by H5N1 virus broke out in almost all provinces in the country from early 2004 to far as millions of birds have been destroyed. H5N1 epidemic has caused great impact both in terms economic and social area. The question arises: how to limit this dangerous disease and war translated by vaccine inoculation has to be a useful tool? This study aims to classify poultry production system with the obstacles encountered in each system, especially the risk of disease...

    pdf8p thulanh2 07-09-2011 48 6   Download

  • HHouseholds coastal aquaculture, ranging in area from 0.5 ha to 3 ha, producing 90% of farmed shrimp production in Vietnam, worth $ 1 billion in 2004. the viability and environmental sustainability of farm economy in this area is threatened poor agricultural practices led to outbreaks of diseases, environmental degradation, plant contaminated with chemicals and antibiotics and reduced output.

    pdf39p xau_la 10-02-2012 49 6   Download

  • Another major role of marketing relates to change in ownership. Agricultural goods, like most other goods, have value only in terms of their usefulness -- utility -- to consumers. The pricing and exchange functions associated with possession are the heart of marketing. Pricing is the determination of market values in terms of money. Buyers and sellers at a given time agree on a common evaluation. Prices may vary from day to day or hour to hour, depending on demand and supply. But, in time, prices of different commodities seek different levels in accordance with...

    pdf7p nhacchovina 22-03-2013 50 6   Download

  • In recent years Vietnam’s forest coverage has undergone rapid expansion, with a marked increase in plantings of exotic species of Eucalyptus, Acacia and Pinus. This expansion provides excellent opportunities for new international export markets for timber products. However it also represents new and increased risks from forestry pests and diseases, which in outbreak circumstances can have catastrophic consequences on plantation establishment and productivity. These risks come from pest and disease species already established in Vietnam, and exotic species not yet present in the country....

    pdf8p tam_xuan 02-03-2012 42 4   Download

  • Over the past 15 years, evidence has accumulated that the nation's ground water resource, which supplies more than 50 percent of the population's drinking water, is threatened not only by excessive overdrafts but also by contamination caused by past and present industrial, agricultural, and commercial activities. In the United States, it is estimated that more than 300,000 sites may have contaminated soil or ground water requiring some form of remediation (see Table 1-2 in Chapter 1).

    pdf334p cronus75 18-01-2013 36 4   Download

  • The collection of seed from planted trees in a Seed Orchard (SO) Seed Production Area (SPA) generally requires access to seed-bearing branches at heights. High lift machinery or climbing methods can be used to obtain required working heights. High lift machinery is the more efficient option, reducing the risks associated with climbing and chainsaw operation. In cases where high lift machinery is not available or too expensive, climbing is a viable option.

    pdf13p tam_xuan 02-03-2012 35 3   Download

  • The House Agriculture Committee held hearings in spring 2010 to review agricultural policy ahead of the next farm bill debate. Comments on crops insurance surfaced as farmers, academics, other panelists, and members discussed the farm safety net and the role of crop insurance. Previously, in spring 2009, the Subcommittee on General Farm Commodities and Risk Management of the House Agriculture Committee held a hearing to receive input on the crop insurance program from farmers.

    pdf8p quaivatxanh 29-11-2012 31 3   Download

  • However, more recent papers have found that industry effects are becoming more important. Baca et al. (2000) report that the importance of global industry factors in explaining international return variation increased towards the late-1990s. Cavaglia et al. (2000) show that industry factors surpassed country effects in importance in the late-1990s, concluding that diversification across industries may now provide greater risk reduction than diversification across countries.

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  • There is also considerable scope for a South-South exchange of good prac- tice. Again, when done right, larger-scale farming can provide opportunities for poor countries with large agricultural sectors and ample endowments of land. To make the most of these opportunities, however, countries will need to bet- ter secure local land rights and improve land governance. Adopting an open and proactive approach to dealing with investors is also needed to ensure that investment contributes to broader development objectives.

    pdf53p enterroi 02-02-2013 32 3   Download

  • The World Bank recognizes that large-scale agricultural investment poses significant challenges that can be addressed successfully only if stakeholders collaborate effectively. Together with the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, International Fund for Agricultural Development, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, and other partners, it has formulated seven principles that all involved should adhere to for invest- ments to do no harm, be sustainable, and contribute to development. These principles are summarized in box 1.

    pdf53p enterroi 02-02-2013 39 3   Download

  • Strong increase in the production of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) observed over the years has led to a consolidation of transgenic seed industries worldwide. The dichotomy between the evaluated risk and the perceived risk of transgenic use has defined their level of acceptability among different global societies. GMOs have been widely applied to agricultural commodities, among them the Roundup Ready™ (RR™) soybean line GTS 40-3-2 has become the most prevalent transgenic crop in the world.

    pdf9p zingzing09 24-04-2013 36 3   Download

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