Asian Development Bank

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  • Document "Guidelines on The Use of Consultants by Asian Development Bank and Its Borrowers" present on Introduction and Policies, Contracting Methods, Important Contract Provisions for Loans, Monitoring and Evaluating Performance,... Invite you to refer to the document content more learning materials and research.

    pdf45p vannvarth 07-03-2016 22 3   Download

  • This project report is an analysis of the current situation, needs, and potential medium-and long-term strategies to develop agricultural research and extension in Viet Nam. The report provides a long-term road map for agriculture research and extension assistanceand it will be used as a basis for the development of a forthcoming ADB technical assistance, which will in turn be used as a basis for a proposed investment loan in Agricultural Science and Technology.

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  • Assessing the Impact of Transport and Energy Infrastructure on Poverty Reduction Cynthia C. Cook Tyrrell Duncan Somchai Jitsuchon Anil Sharma Wu Guobao iii .© 2005 Asian Development Bank All rights reserved. Published 2005. Printed in the Philippines. Library of Congress Cataloguing-in-Publication Data Asian Development Bank Study of the effects of transport and energy infrastructure investments on poverty reduction ISBN: 971-561-580-5 Publication Stock No.

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  • The Asian Development Review is the professional journal of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) that aims to disseminate the results of economic and development research carried out by ADB staff and external scholars. The Review seeks high-quality papers with relevance to policy issues and operational matters done in an empirically-rigorous way. Articles are intended for readership among economists and social scientists in government, private sector, academia, and international organizations.

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  • Although the growing literature on the importance of finance in economic growth contrasts bank-based financial systems with market-based financial systems, little attention has been paid to the role of the bond market. Correspondingly the role of the bond market has been very small relative to that of the banking system or equity markets in most Asian emerging economies. We argue that the underdevelopment of Asian bond markets has undermined the efficiency of these economies and made them significantly more vulnerable to financial crises....

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  • The main findings of our initial research with regard to the structure of the European microfinance market are still valid. We are not going to repeat the analysis here but refer the interested reader to the details of the original paper (see Kraemer-Eis and Conforti, 2009). We can summarise our findings at the time in the following way:  SMEs constitute the backbone of entrepreneurship in the EU, irrespective of national boundaries. The majority of these companies are micro-enterprises; in the EU-27, 92% of the companies have fewer than 10 employees.

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  • The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) or its Board of Governors or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this publication and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of their use. Use of the term “country” does not imply any judgment by the authors or ADB as to the legal or

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  • The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) or its Board of Governors or the governments they represent. ADB does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this publication and accepts no responsibility for

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  • The current study developed a model of the influence of independent auditing on credit accessibility by employing a qualitative method to identify the impact of independent auditing on credit accessibility in Vietnamese SMEs. The results of this study reveal that the use of external auditing is one of the key criteria to accessing credit in Vietnamese SMEs.

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  • toolkit community mural A fAcilitAtor’s guide to mobilising community environmentAl Action .Prepared for the Ministry of Environment, Energy & Water with assistance from the Asian Development Bank – Male', Maldives, November 2006 Live & Learn Environmental Education PO Box 3007, Male’ 20-05 Maldives M: (+960) 778 8848 E: Live & Learn Environmental Education 87 Gordon Street Suva, Fiji Islands Tel: +679 331 5868 Fax: +679 330 5868

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  • The Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2012 (Key Indicators), the 43rd edition of this series, includes the latest available economic, financial, social, and environmental indicators for the 48 regional members of the Asian Development Bank (ADB). This publication aims to present the latest key statistics on development issues concerning the economies of Asia and the Pacific to a wide audience, including policy makers, development practitioners, government officials, researchers, students, and the general public.

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  • § 2 PATHOLOGIES AND BARRIERS Between 1978 and 1984 the Asian Development Bank spent $24 million to improve agriculture on the island of Bali. The target for improvement was an ancient agricultural system organized around 173 village cooperatives linked by a network of temples operated.

    pdf50p thegun16 29-11-2010 62 7   Download

  • The financial sectors in South Asia Region (SAR) are dominated by commercial banks, which account for the vast majority of the financial system s assets. The domestic debt markets including the government bond and corporate bond markets are at an early stage of development and there are few institutional investors. In recent years, countries in SAR have attempted to develop local debt markets, although the pace of development remains uneven and slow due to many regulatory and institutional impediments....

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  • Activities of the group so far include 5 Summits (held in Europe and the USA), as well as organising a P80 Asia Summit in Korea in 2010 (in partnership with the Asian Development Bank and the UNEP FI), for funds across Asia to share knowledge and experience and engage in the „green growth‟ agenda.

    pdf0p quaivatdo 19-11-2012 23 1   Download

  • The internationalization of financial services¾ eliminating discrimination in the treatment between foreign and domestic financial services providers and removing barriers to the cross-border provision of financial services¾ is of global interest, but of special interest to Asia. Most of Asia limits entry of foreign financial firms much more than otherwise comparable countries. Empirical evidence for Asia¾ and other countries¾ suggests that this leads to slower institutional development and more costly financial services provision.

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  • Various kinds of actors are involved in the processing and transfer of remittances to Asian countries, including financial institutions, banks, exchange houses, and money transfer organizations. Exchange houses are a principal means of sending money from the oil -producing countries in Western Asia. Some Indian states and private banks have established agreements with these exchange houses to facilitate the transfers of remittances. These transfers typically occur in an account-to-account manner, and are concentrated in the United Kingdom and the United States.

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  • Since the 1997 Asian financial crisis, bond market development has become a high priority for Asian policymakers. The development of local currency bond markets has often been seen as a way to avoid crisis, with these markets helping reduce potential currency and maturity mismatches in the economy. Indeed, several Asian economies have succeeded in developing fairly active primary and secondary markets in domestic government bonds.

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  • As discussed above in the context of the Asian financial crisis, capital controls and bank regulation in a particular country can dampen international credit flows or, depending on the type of regulation, they can favour one form of international credit over another. That is, international credit can flow both directly and indirectly, with the particular mix affected by policy and the organisation of globally active banks.

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  • As is common in the region, India is a bank-dominated market (Figure 3), and the relative importance of bank assets as a percentage of GDP has continued to grow—partly as banking penetration has deepened with financial liberalization, and partly as a result of the ongoing need for deficit financing. However, the ratio of bank assets to GDP is still low by comparison with other emerging East Asian economies, indicating that India still has some way to go before its banking sector is fully developed.

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  • China is now connected with Europe through an overland route as well as through the boosting of economic, trade and investment ties between Asia and Europe. Furthermore, while Europe has been concerned about China‟s unfair competition and the dependence on Chinese investment, ASEAN has increasingly deepened the mutual economic dependence between itself and Beijing. A negative out come of this is the rising economic dependence on China of quite a few ASEAN member states. including Vietnam.

    pdf20p thanos1 16-05-2018 1 0   Download


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