Bone sarcoma

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  • Classification Approximately 20 different groups of sarcomas are recognized on the basis of the pattern of differentiation toward normal tissue. For example, rhabdomyosarcoma shows evidence of skeletal muscle fibers with cross-striations; leiomyosarcomas contain interlacing fascicles of spindle cells resembling smooth muscle; and liposarcomas contain adipocytes. When precise characterization of the group is not possible, the tumors are called unclassified sarcomas. All of the primary bone sarcomas can also arise from soft tissues (e.g., extraskeletal osteosarcoma).

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  • Bone Sarcomas Incidence and Epidemiology Bone sarcomas are rarer than soft tissue sarcomas; they accounted for only 0.2% of all new malignancies and 2370 new cases in the United States in 2007. Several benign bone lesions have the potential for malignant transformation. Enchondromas and osteochondromas can transform into chondrosarcoma; fibrous dysplasia, bone infarcts, and Paget's disease of bone can transform into either malignant fibrous histiocytoma or osteosarcoma.

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  • Stage Grouping Stage IA T1 N0 M0 G1,2 low grade Stage IB T2 N0 M0 G1,2 low grade Stage IIA T1 N0 M0 grade G3,4 high Stage IIB T2 N0 M0 G3,4 high grade Stage III T3 N0 M0 Any G Stage IVA T Any N0 M1a Any G Stage IVB T Any N1 M Any Any G Any T N Any M1b Any G Osteosarcoma Osteosarcoma, accounting for almost 45% of all bone sarcomas, is a spindle cell neoplasm that produces osteoid (unmineralized bone) or bone.

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  • Chondrosarcoma Chondrosarcoma, which constitutes ~20–25% of all bone sarcomas, is a tumor of adulthood and old age with a peak incidence in the fourth to sixth decades of life. It has a predilection for the flat bones, especially the shoulder and pelvic girdles, but can also affect the diaphyseal portions of long bones. Chondrosarcomas can arise de novo or as a malignant transformation of an enchondroma or, rarely, of the cartilaginous cap of an osteochondroma. Chondrosarcomas have an indolent natural history and typically present as pain and swelling.

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  • Tham khảo tài liệu 'chapter 094. soft tissue and bone sarcomas and bone metastases (part 2)', y tế - sức khoẻ, y học thường thức phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • Cancer in the bone may produce osteolysis, osteogenesis, or both. Osteolytic lesions result when the tumor produces substances that can directly elicit bone resorption (vitamin D–like steroids, prostaglandins, or parathyroid hormone–related peptide) or cytokines that can induce the formation of osteoclasts (interleukin 1 and tumor necrosis factor). Osteoblastic lesions result when the tumor produces cytokines that activate osteoblasts. In general, purely osteolytic lesions are best detected by plain radiography, but they may not be apparent until they are 1 cm.

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  • Disease Stage 5-Year Survival, % Stage I 98.8 A: G1,2; T1a,b; N0; M0 B: G1,2; T2a; N0; M0 Stage II 81.8 A: G1,2; T2b; N0; M0 B: G3,4; T1; N0; M0 C: G3,4; T2a; N0; M0 Stage III G3,4; T2b; N0; M0 51.7 Stage IV

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  • Sarcomas are rare (

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: The boy who refused an IV: a case report of subcutaneous clodronate for bone pain in a child with Ewing Sarcoma...

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  • (bq) part 1 book "pediatric malignancies pathology and imaging" presentation of content: laboratory techniques used in the diagnosis of pediatric tumors, imaging techniques used in the diagnosis of pediatric tumors, soft tissue sarcomas, malignant bone tumors, tumors of lymphoid and hematopoietic tissues, tumors of the central nervous system.

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Four year experience of sarcoma of soft tissues and bones in a tertiary care hospital and review of literature

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  • (bq) part 2 book “cancer epidemiology and prevention” has contents: stomach cancer, small intestine cancer, biliary tract cancer, liver cancer, hodgkin lymphoma, multiple myeloma, bone cancers, soft tissue sarcoma, endometrial cancer, ovarian cancer, bladder cancer,… and other contents.

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