Catchment hydrology

Xem 1-12 trên 12 kết quả Catchment hydrology
  • Topographical and other constraints further limit the utilizable quantity of water which rapid growth in the demand for water due to rise in population, increased pace of urbanization and industrialization is posing serious challenges in providing food and water security. King Dalpatdev Kaktiya was a king from the Kakatiya dynasty who made reservoir in north-west part of Jagdalpur and named Dalpatsagar is now being affected badly by city expansion and draining sewage into the reservoir.

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  • The approach requires data on the land cover and related-vegetation parameters based on AVHRR and LDAS information, which are available in recent years. The Nong Son basin, a sub-catchment of the Vu Gia-Thu Bon basin in the Central Vietnam, is selected for this study.

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  • Surface runoff estimation from a watershed is a prerequisite for surface water assessment. Hydrological models are the only tool to assess the flow from a watershed under different scenarios. The Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT), a physically based hydrological model, is used modelling monthly streamflow in Altuma catchment. The model was calibrated from 1985 to 1996. Initial 3 years from 1985 to 1987 were taken as warm up periods. Then the model was validated for 7 years from 1997 to 2003.

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  • The study presents the hydrological simulations for t he Nong Son catchment, a drainage area of the Vu Gia-Thu Bon basin in the Central Vietnam, by using t he NAM and XINANJIANG models.

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  • Land use cropping pattern are altering the hydrologic system and have potentially large impacts on water resources. The present study aims at analyzing the impact of various cropping patterns on water quality parameters of rivers located at Pantnagar, for a duration of three months from August, 2017 to October, 2017. Three sites Barour (S1), Beni (S2) and Chakpheri (S3) were selected which exhibits different cropping pattern in their catchment area i. e. Paddy (Oryza sativa), Dhaincha (Sesbania bispinosa) and Maize (Zea mays) respectively.

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  • The study is carried out with a purpose to apply various techniques and models for the delineation of catchment and developing methods in order to calculate the Curve Numbers for the Manendragarh watershed (1023.96 Km2 ) of upper Hasdeosubbasin, by implementing three software’s i.e. Arc View GIS 10.4 with Arc Info, Arc Hydro Tool and Geospatial Hydrologic Modeling Extension (HEC-Geo HMS version 10.3) model for Arc View GIS 10.3. Multi layers like soil layer, DEM and Land Use Land Cover layer was combined and CN grid map was prepared.

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  • In water resource management the main basic requirement is the estimation of runoff resulted from precipitation. In present study, runoff from Chaskaman catchment estimated using different empirical methods such as Inglis and DeSouza formula, Khosla’s formula, Coutagine relationship, Department of irrigation India, and Strange’s table method. Hydrological data such as observed daily runoff of 15 years (2000-2014) was collected from Superintending Engineer, Department of Irrigation, Government of Maharashtra, Pune.

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  • An evaluation was conducted to develop a stochastic time series model, capable of prediction of rainfall and runoff in Karso watershed. The Karso Watershed selected for hydrological studies is one of the sub watershed of the Damoder dam catchment of upper Damodar Valley, comprising a cover the area of 27.41 km2 . The hydrologic sequences data of watershed collected from Soil Conservation Deptt., Damodar Valley Corporation, Hazaribagh, Jharkhand State were analysed. The watershed be capable of be divided into three main landscapes.

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  • The potential evapotranspiration can be directly calculated by the Penman-Monteith equation, known as the one-step method. The approach requires data on the land cover and relatedvegetation parameters based on AVHRR and LDAS information, which are available in recent years. The Nong Son Basin, a sub-catchment of the Vu Gia - Thu Bon Basin in the Central Vietnam, is selected for this study. To this end, NAM model was used; the obtained results show that the NAM model has a potential to reproduce the effects of potential...

    pdf11p dem_thanh 22-12-2012 43 4   Download

  • In recent years, activities related to socio-economic development have led to land cover (LC) changes in the upper part of the Dong Nai river basin. The use of remote sensing applications to analyse the impacts of these changes plays an important role in the managing the sustainability of the river basin. This paper introduces a solution for analysing the impacts of LC changes on the water balance in the upstream catchment of the Dong Nai river in Lam Dong province. Landsat images were used for mapping and monitoring major changes over the last 20 years.

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  • Research over the past decade has demonstrated the feasibility of extracting topographic information of hydrological interest directly from digital elevation models (DEM). Techniques are available for extracting slope properties, catchment areas, drainage divides, channel networks and other data (Jenson and Domingue, 1988; Mark, 1988; Moore et al., 1991; Martz and Garbrecht, 1992). These techniques are faster and provide more precise and reproducible measurements than traditional manual techniques applied to topographic maps (Tribe, 1991)....

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  • A realistic new sediment–laden water prediction computer model was developed. In this model unsteady non-uniform flow computations were incorporated. Using this model, flooding flow–sediments were simulated and compared to earlier research including hydrologic engineering centre (HEC-series) computer models. Uncertain value of parameters and errors in flow–sediment transport equation in existing coupled flow–sediment models were studied.

    pdf7p kethamoi1 17-11-2019 10 0   Download



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