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Clinical therapeutics

Xem 1-20 trên 149 kết quả Clinical therapeutics
  • Objectives of thesis: Determine the chemical composition and safety of TG extract; evaluate the effects of TG extract on CSUs in vitro rabbits; evaluate the clinical therapeutic efficacy of TG extract on CSUs stage II and III.

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  • (bq) part 1 book “davidson's self-assessment in medicine” has contents: clinical decision-making, clinical therapeutics and good prescribing, clinical genetics, clinical immunology, population health and epidemiology, principles of infectious disease,… and other contents.

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  • PRESCRIBING, CONSUMPTION AND ECONOMICS Prescribing, consumption and economics The reasons for taking a drug history from patients are: • Drugs are a cause of disease. Withdrawal of drugs, if abrupt, can cause disease, e.g. benzodiazepines, antiepilepsy drugs. • Drugs can conceal disease, e.g. adrenal steroid. • Drugs can interact causing positive adverse effect, or negative adverse effect, i.e. therapeutic failure. • Drugs can give diagnostic clues, e.g. ampicillin and amoxicillin causing rash in infectious mononucleosis — a diagnostic adverse effect, not a diagnostic test.

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  • Preclinical drug development. Discovery of new drugs in the laboratory is an exercise in prediction • Techniques of discovery. Sophisticated molecular modelling allows precise design of potential new therapeutic substances and new technologies have increased the rate of development of potential medicines. Studies in animals and in humans Prediction. Failures of prediction occur and a drug may be abandoned at any stage, including after marketing. New drug development is a colossally expensive and commercially driven activity. ...

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  • Clinical pharmacology comprises all aspects of the scientific study of drugs in man. Its objective is to optimise drug therapy and it is justified in so far as it is of practical use. Over recent years pharmacology has undergone great expansion resulting from technology that allows the understanding of molecular action and the capacity to exploit this. The potential consequences for therapeutics are enormous. All cellular mechanisms (normal and pathological), in their immense complexity are, in principle, identifiable.

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  • We must be daring and search after Truth; even if we do not succeed in finding her, we shall at least come closer than we are at present (Galen AD 130-200) SYNOPSIS (CONTINUED) Surveillance studies and the reporting of spontaneous adverse reactions respectively determine the clinical profile of the drug and detect rare adverse events. Further trials to compare new medicines with existing medicines are also required.These form the basis of cost-effectiveness comparisons.

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  • The sixth edition of Modern Pharmacology With Clinical Applications continues our commitment to enlisting experts in pharmacology to provide a textbook that is up-to-date and comprehensive. Designed to be used during a single semester, the book focuses on the clinical application of drugs within a context of the major principles of pharmacology. It is meant to serve students in medicine, osteopathy, dentistry, pharmacy, and advanced nursing, as well as undergraduate students.

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  • Background Definitions Causation: degrees of certainty Pharmacovigilance and pharmacoepidemiology Classification Causes Allergy in response to drugs Effects of prolonged administration: chronic organ toxicity Adverse effects on reproduction Background Cur'd yesterday of my disease I died last night of my physician.1 Nature is neutral, i.e. it has no 'intentions' towards humans, though it is often unfavourable to them.

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  • Anyone who administers drugs acting on cardiovascular adrenergic mechanisms requires an understanding of how they act in order to use them to the best advantage and with safety. Adrenergic mechanisms Classification of sympathomimetics: by mode of action and selectivity for adrenoceptors Individual sympathomimetics Mucosal decongestants Shock Chronic orthostatic hypotension Adrenaline, noradrenaline and dopamine are formed in the body and are used in therapeutics. The natural synthetic path is: tyrosine — dopa — dopamine — noradrenaline — adrenaline.

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  • Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 5. Principles of Clinical Pharmacology Principles of Clinical Pharmacology: Introduction Drugs are the cornerstone of modern therapeutics. Nevertheless, it is well recognized among physicians and among the lay community that the outcome of drug therapy varies widely among individuals. While this variability has been perceived as an unpredictable, and therefore inevitable, accompaniment of drug therapy, this is not the case.

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  • Therapeutic Interventions Based on Genetic Risk for Disease Specific treatments are now available for an increasing number of genetic disorders, whether identified through population-based screening or directed testing (Table 64-2). Although the strategies for therapeutic interventions are best developed for childhood hereditary metabolic diseases, these principles are making their way into the diagnosis and management of adult-onset disorders. Hereditary hemochromatosis illustrates many of the issues raised by the availability of genetic screening in the adult population.

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  • Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 65. Gene Therapy in Clinical Medicine Gene Therapy in Clinical Medicine: Introduction Gene transfer is a novel area of therapeutics in which the active agent is a nucleic acid sequence rather than a protein or small molecule. Because delivery of naked DNA or RNA to a cell is an inefficient process, most gene transfer is carried out using a vector, or gene delivery vehicle.

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  • Several hematopoietic growth factors (HGFs) have achieved widespread clinical application. In the United States alone, more than US $5 billion per year of the health care budget is spent on these factors. The first patients were treated with recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO, epoetin alfa, Epogen®) in 1985 and the first patients received recombinant methionyl human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (r-metHuG-CSF, filgrastim, Neupogen®) or recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colonystimulating factor (rHuGM-CSF, sargramostim, Leukine® or Prokine®) in 1986.

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  • Ovarian cancer can no longer be considered one disease entity, but a heterogeneous group of diseases. Our understanding of its clinical and molecular complexity is improving nota‐ bly over the last decade. This is of utmost importance when it comes to determine the most adequate treatment strategy for each individual patient. Despite not being the most frequent tumor, ovarian cancer has the highest mortality rate amongst gynecological cancers.

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  • Preventive measures and therapeutic interventions are not restricted to metabolic disorders. Identification of familial forms of long QT syndrome, associated with ventricular arrhythmias, allows early electrocardiographic testing and the use of prophylactic antiarrhythmic therapy, overdrive pacemakers, or defibrillators (Chap. 226). Individuals with familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy can be screened by ultrasound, treated with beta blockers or other drugs, and counseled about the importance of avoiding strenuous exercise and dehydration (Chap. 231).

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  • Tham khảo sách 'ovarian cancer – clinical and therapeutic perspectives edited by samir a. farghaly', y tế - sức khoẻ, y học thường thức phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • And in fact, that neuroprotection is indeed possible is demonstrated beyond doubt by the neglected survivor of that host of neuroprotectant agents: hypothermia. Hypothermia was demonstrated to be effective in a score of animal experiments, and it has now become recommended intervention in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Hypothermia is not a drug, but it demonstrates that neuroprotection is a reality, not a myth. Besides, it obviously shows that animal experiments were right, humans treated with hypothermia fare better than untreated ones, just like animal studies had predicted.

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  • (BQ) Part 1 of the document Clinical management of overweight and obesity presents the following contents: Overview of the management of obese patients, diet recommendations, physical activity, therapeutic education, pharmacological management, bariatric surgery.

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  • (BQ) Part 1 of the document Blood pressure monitoring in cardiovascular medicine and therapeutics presents the following contents: Self-Monitoring of blood pressure; evaluation of journals, diaries, and indexes of worksite and environmental stress; electronic activity recording in cardiovascular disease; ambulatory monitoring of blood pressure - devices, analysis and clinical utility,...

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  • Chapter 22 - X-rays and diagnostic radiology. After completing this chapter, students will be able to: Explain how x-rays are used for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes, compare invasive and noninvasive diagnostic procedures, carry out the medical assistant’s role in x-ray and diagnostic radiology testing,…

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