Combat diseases

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  • Food safety and foodborne diseases are topics of global concern. Food safety encompasses many areas, including pesticide and antibiotic residues, the presence of mycotoxins and foodborne pathogens, and all aspects of food production and preparation. Many issues associated with these topics are common to all countries. Decisions must be made by each nation to determine priority areas that should be addressed to ensure the health of its citizens.

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  • In a Global scenario, economically progressive nations have developed medical sciences. But still it lacks precise information during the enhancement of potent drugs to combat ailment, which is the legacy of the organisms that generate diseases. Rising countries had long been perceived the threat, which at times, down the lane has been the major factor for magnanimous economic disaster and human poverty. Lot of resources was put into force by the world community to abscond the microbial fauna and genetically inherited diseases to contain them within the safe limits.

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  • Host Defenses Given the enormous number of microorganisms ingested with every meal, the normal host must combat a constant influx of potential enteric pathogens. Studies of infections in patients with alterations in defense mechanisms have led to a greater understanding of the variety of ways in which the normal host can protect itself against disease. Normal Flora The large numbers of bacteria that normally inhabit the intestine act as an important host defense by preventing colonization by potential enteric pathogens.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'the management of sickle cell disease', giáo dục - đào tạo, cao đẳng - đại học phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • enzymes are powerful biological catalysts that are essential for the proper maintenance and propagation of any organism. these properties make them excellent candidates as therapeutic targets to combat diseases of either genetic or pathogenic origin. in this regard, one goal of molecular medicine is to develop and implement effective agents that can modulate the activity of various enzymes involved in essential biological pathways. the process of developing and characterizing these small molecules, i.e., rational drug design, often requires a priori knowledge of the enzyme in question....

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  • When retrograde dissociative amnesia is accompanied by suddenly leaving the customary environment and compromised knowledge about personal identity – the condition is named dissociative fugue. Fugues have been reported for over a century, though they were frequently erroneously associated with epilepsy (e.g., Burgl, 1900; Donath, 1899). A century ago, these conditions were named Wanderlust in Germany (cf e.g. Burgl, 1900). Fugue states were described to be preponderant in children and young adults (Dana, 1894; Donath, 1908).

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  • Many mycobacterial species, including M. tuberculosis, grow extremely slowly in the laboratory and require 3–8 weeks of incubation on solid medium or at least 2 weeks in a radiometric liquid culture system (BACTEC). This slow growth often leads to delay in TB diagnosis. Nucleic acid amplification (NAA) methods allow for detection of mycobacterial DNA or RNA directly from the specimens before the culture results are available. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved two NAA tests for direct detection of M. tuberculosis from clinical specimens.

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  • A real example of this principle is the use of the “commander’s intent” in the U.S. Army. The Army knows that its leaders cannot be everywhere in the field of combat controlling all the decisions. Therefore, Army leaders clearly establish the “commander’s intent” to serve as a guide on which soldiers can base their own initiatives, actions and decisions. Thus, even if the mission falls on the shoulders of the lowest ranking person, she must be able to understand and carry out the mission.

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Systems medicine and integrated care to combat chronic noncommunicable diseases

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  • The United States is pursuing a comprehensive, whole-of-government approach to global health through the Global Health Initiative (GHI). GHI seeks to achieve significant health improvements and foster sustainable effective, efficient and country-led public health programs that deliver essential health care. Through GHI the Obama Administration is committed to improving and saving lives by strengthening health systems.

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  • 2004Tuberculosis is a major health problem throughout the world causing large number of deaths,more than that from any other single infectious disease. The review attempts to summarize theinformation available on host immune response to Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Since the mainroute of entry of the causative agent is the respiratory route, alveolar macrophages are theimportant cell types, which combat the pathogen. Various aspects of macrophage-mycobacteriuminteractions and the role of macrophage in host response such as binding of M.

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  • Wise men study the sciences which deal with the origins and development of animal life, with the structure of the cells, with the effect of various diseases upon the tissues and fluids of the body; they study the causes of the reactions of the body cells to disease germs, and search for the origin and means of extermination of these enemies to health. They study the laws of physical well-being. They seek for the chemical principles governing the reactions of digestive fluids to the foods they must transform into heat and energy.

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  • Developing our service model will be a staged process, taking into account current opportunities to embed mental health promotion activities within a broader strategic agenda for chronic disease prevention. Common risk and protective factors (eg. participation in physical activity) and common target groups and settings (healthy children, workplaces, and communities) create strong links between these two outcome areas. Strategies to be implemented under Strategic Directions for Chronic Disease Prevention 2009–2012 will support the promotion of positive mental health....

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  • Health care and hygiene programmes can help in control. Watering at night or at midday reduces the risk of being bitten by flies. Preventive measures before the onset of the disease (Chemoprophylaxis) and curative measures after the disease is clinically evident (Chemotherapy) have shown varying success in controlling and combating the disease (Table 32). As for all trypanosome diseases, drug resistance due to misuse and especially by using too small doses or diluting the drug with water or some other liquid is an increasing problem.

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  • During the implementation, VNRC carried out only about half of its planned monitoring activities, due to the intensive scheduling of activities and availability of time among project teams at different levels. In order to address at least part of this challenge, VNRC has mobilized two staff from the Ho Chi Minh City representative office to support monitoring the training for volunteers in the three targeted provinces of Ho Chi Minh, Dong Nai and Binh Duong.

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  • This publication is the fifith in a UNICEF series that monitors progress for children towards achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). It assesses current performance in relation to MDG no.7 which aims to halve by 2015 the number of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation. As well as being vital in themselves, safe water and sanitation are also key prerequisites for achieving other MDGs such as reducing child and materal mortality, combating diseases, reducing child undernutrition and achieving universal primary education.

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  • Advocacy in India Inspires Government Action Advocacy efforts around pneumonia are vital in India, which has more child pneumonia deaths each year than any other country in the world. In 2008, approximately 370,000 Indian children under the age of five died of pneumonia. For the past five years, the small grant awardee Swaasthya has been implementing a maternal and newborn health initiative in the slums of Malegaon, a small city in the state of Maharashtra, India. Swaasthya noticed delays in community members reporting to a health care provider when babies came down with pneumonia.

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  • Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) is an incurable, degenerative, and terminal disease with few therapeutic options [22][23]. It is a complex disease influenced by a range of genetic, environmental, and other factors [23]. Recently, Jack et al.[24] demonstrated the value of shared data in AD biomarker research. A New York Times article on the role of data sharing, in the advancement of AD research, quotes John Trojanowski at the Uni- versity of Pennsylvania Medical School: “It’s not science the way most of us have prac- ticed it in our careers.

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  • Diagnostic nuclear medicine began more than 50 years ago and has evolved into a major medical specialty. Its practitioners use low activity levels of radioactive materials in a safe way to gain information about health and disease. Small amounts of radioactive materials, known as radiopharmaceuticals, are intro- duced into the body by injection, swallowing, or inhalation. Different radiopharmaceuticals are used to study different parts of the body. These agents emit photons that can be detected externally by special cameras.

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  • Over the years since the adoption and subsequent ratification of the Convention on the Rights of the Child by 193 countries, significant efforts and great strides have been made to ensure that children (defined as people under the age of 18), regardless of gender, origin, religion or disability status, need special care and protection because they are often the most vulnerable. Accordingly, today, more than ever before, young people are recognized as rights-bearing citizens and are playing an active role in asserting their rights.

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