Community child health

Xem 1-20 trên 122 kết quả Community child health
  • (bq) part 1 book “practical paediatric problems” has contents: community child health, child development and learning difficulties, behavioural and emotional problems, clinical genetics, acute illness, injuries, and ingestions, fetal and neonatal medicine, problems of infection, immunity and allergy,… and other contents.

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  • Community leaders in the Pittsburgh region have long recognized the critical importance of the health and well-being of mothers, infants, and young children and have made intensive efforts to develop effective community-based early childhood interventions and support services. Despite these efforts, in several key

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  • Many measures can indeed be taken almost immediately to reduce this environmental disease burden. Just a few examples include the promotion of safe household water storage and better hygiene measures, the use of cleaner fuels and safer, more judicious use and management of toxic substances in the home and workplace. At the same time, actions by sectors such as energy, transport, agriculture, and industry are urgently required, in cooperation with the health sector, to address the root environmental causes of ill health. There is good news in this report, however.

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  • Horizontal integration. The concept of horizontal integration recognizes the inter- dependence of physical, mental, developmental, and oral health services; the inef- ficiencies that result when programs with common outcomes goals are operated independently in different sectors; and the importance of cross-sector service de- livery pathways and innovative delivery platforms to create more-functional con- tinuums of care.

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  • Now is the time to align CHWs with broader health system strengthening efforts at the primary care level, improve CHW financing, and broadly disseminate recent advances in technology, diagnostics and treatment to support community-based health workers. The MDGs have provided the impetus for a new generation of investments accompanied by international progress monitoring of progress through the Countdown to 2015 initiative and the UN Commission on Information and Accountability for Women’s and Children’s Health.

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  • Health and Quality of Life Outcomes BioMed Central Research Open Access Health related quality of life in 3 and 4 year old children and their parents: preliminary findings about a new questionnaire Anne F Klassen*1, Jeanne M Landgraf2, Shoo K Lee3, Morris Barer4, Parminder Raina5, Herbert WP Chan1, Derek Matthew6 and David Brabyn7 Address: 1Centre for Community Child Health Research, L408, 4480 Oak Street, Vancouver, BC, V6H 3V4, Canada, 2HealthAct 205 Newbury Street, Boston, MA USA, 3Centre for Healthcare Innovation and Improvement, Dept of Pediatrics, University of British Columbia, Va...

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  • We recognize that the creative, effective solutions that positively transform societies and their health ultimately grow from processes that take place within those societies. In both child health and maternal health there are powerful stories of true success, which tell us that change is possible, that the MDGs need not be pie-in-the-sky, and that leaders of change speak many languages. At the same time, we are keenly aware that global forces both constrain and facilitate the ability of local and national actors to think and act boldly.

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  • The population health approach achieves its goal of improving the health status of the entire population by considering health determinants and strategies to reduce inequalities in health status between groups. (110) As a result, the Child Health program requires public health practitioners to work with others to address the broader determinants of health and reduce resulting health inequities. (1) Practical guidance for this work is addressed in Steps to Equity: Ideas and Strategies for Health Equity in Ontario, 2008–2010.

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  • Local child health status reports help boards of health monitor local-level data and indicators over time. Recent examples include The Health of Toronto’s Young Children series (118), A Community Fit for Children: A Focus on Young Children in Waterloo Region, 2nd Edition (119) cms/SearchableDatabase/SearchableDatabase.aspx, and A Vision for Children in Halton Report Card (87)

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  • Investing in child health is an investment upstream. Quite simply, health in infancy and the early years contributes to healthy children and youth, and healthy children and youth contribute to health throughout the lifespan. Indeed, “the early development of cognitive skills, emotional well-being, social competence and sound physical and mental health builds a strong foundation for success well into the adult years…these abilities are critical prerequisites for economic productivity and responsible citizenship throughout life.

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  • (BQ) Continued part 1, part 2 of the document Recent advances of community medicine has contents: Epidemiology of noncommunicable diseases, family planning, maternal and child health services, social science, preventive geriatrics, human genetics, mental health, adolescent health,… and other contents. Invite you to refer.

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  • Desai et al. (2004) provide a meta-analysis of health effects from household solid fuel air pollution. Health effects were categorized by level of evidence from the research literature. Relative risk ratios associated with solid fuel use, relative to clean fuels such as LPG, were derived for each health outcome (table 3.1). 11 The national and global mortality and DALY estimates presented by WHO (2007) reflect the relative risk ratios in Desai et al, limiting the health effects to ALRI in children u5, and COPD and lung cancer in adult women and men. ALRI...

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  • Men play two types of roles in reproductive health. Men are health care decision-makers within the family, providers and promoters of health care, and play leadership roles in the community and at the national level. Men also are individual beneficiaries of reproductive health care. Men’s roles as beneficiaries extends to the protection and care of their families, including family planning and maternal and child health.

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  • Social inclusion and social support are recognised as key social determinants of health17. The Heart Foundation has found strong and consistent evidence that people who are socially isolated or lacking quality social support are more likely to develop coronary heart disease, and that social support and social isolation can affect the recovery and future health of people who already have heart disease21. Evidence also shows a strong link between social capital, sense of community belonging, community participation, a culture of cooperation and tolerance, and positive mental health2.

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  • 1Faculty of Nursing, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada, 2Centre for Health Promotion Studies, School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada, 3Faculty of Physical Education & Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada, 4Alberta Centre for Active Living, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada and 5Department of Ambulatory Care and Community Medicine, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland Email: Shannon D Scott* -; Ronald C Plotnikoff -; Nandini Karunamuni - nandinik@chps.ualberta.

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  • Household and individual variables were collected using an extensive household survey that includes information on household structure, household consumption, expenditure, income, health indicators and educational attendance. The survey was conducted between June and October of 2002. In this subsection, we will comment on the main variables used in the analysis. Table 1 gives the descriptive statistics and definitions of the variables. Though the survey was administered to 122 municipalities, we can only have 102 in our estimating sample.

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  • The magnitude of this relationship has important policy implications. If there is a positive effect of mother’s education as knowledge on children’s health, certain type of policies concerning the diffusion of specific information at community levels can be called for. For example, one important channel through which mother’s education as knowledge can affect child’s health at a community level is through the usage of health facilities which can serve as a complement or even as a substitute for the mother’s education.

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  • Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) have enabled millions of people in the world to have biological children who otherwise would not have been able to do so. According to the European Society for Human Reproduction and Embryology, more than three million babies have been born using ART worldwide in the last 30 years, enabling infertile women and men; single women and men; and lesbian, gay, and transgender couples to form genetically-related families. These new technologies have transformed the way we view reproduction.

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  • The main emphasis of this policy is not to propose new technical interventions, but to promote extension of preventive and curative infant and child health services and behaviors of known effectiveness into communities where people live. This involves increasing the numbers and effectiveness (e.g. gender balance) of Community Health Workers (CHWs) and the effectiveness of the supporting primary care and referral facilities that together make up the community-based health care system. Thus, this policy applies to the entire range of health provision in the country.

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  • The leader of this two-year project – funded by the Spain’s Ministry of Industry – is Joaquin Fuentes MD, one of the Vice-presidents of IACAPAP. The project involved clinical teams from the Fundacion Dr Carlos Elósegui (Policlínica Gipuzkoa) and GAUTENA (Autism Society of Gipuzkoa) as well as experts in adapted communication from the Fundacion Orange (Madrid) and technical staff from Nesplora, an information technology firm from San Sebastian’s Technology Park.

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