Xem 1-20 trên 287 kết quả Discounts
  • The observed market rate of interest is the sum of the utility discount factor (reflecting impatience) and the utility growth factor (reflecting diminishing marginal utility of consumption).

    ppt29p muaxuan102 21-02-2013 29 5   Download

  • We investigate the empirical behavior of ngram discounts within and across domains. When a language model is trained and evaluated on two corpora from exactly the same domain, discounts are roughly constant, matching the assumptions of modified Kneser-Ney LMs. However, when training and test corpora diverge, the empirical discount grows essentially as a linear function of the n-gram count. We adapt a Kneser-Ney language model to incorporate such growing discounts, resulting in perplexity improvements over modified Kneser-Ney and Jelinek-Mercer baselines. ...

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  • In this chapter, we assume that the appropriate measure of future equity cash flows is dividends. We will use dividend discount models (DDMs) and the discount rates discussed in Chapter 2 to determine the common stock value. The topics discussed in this chapter are: An overview of present value models, the general form of the DDM, the Gordon growth model, multistage dividend discount models, and the determinants of dividend growth rates.

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  • Comparison of discount rates disclosure analysis in goodwill impairment testing among singapore listed firms. This study presents some evidence of discount rate selection on goodwill imp air- ment testing under the new requirements of FRS 36. The selection of discount rates is believed to be an important key factor that affects the outcome of impairment assessment, esp ecially when using the method of value in use.

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  • In this paper, we discussed the effects of discount price on demand and profit in a diminishing market. A production plan has been suggested for an imperfect production system. Here, demand is considered to be price sensitive and negative power function of the selling price. This problem is solved by optimization, using the Hessian matrix of order three. The main objective is to find the optimal excepted average profit, optimal selling price, discount rate, backorder level, and lot-size. The recommendations are provided to offer a price discount for limited sale season on different occasions.

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  • Due to uncertainty in economy, business players examine different ways to ensure the survival and growth in the competitive atmosphere. In this scenario, the use of effective promotional tool and co-ordination among players enhance supply chain profit. The proposed model deals with the effect of quantity discount on an integrated inventory system for constantly deteriorating items with fix life time.

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  • The effect of both types of discounts in optimising the profit is examined through numerical illustrations. Sensitivity analysis is also appended to find out the effect of various system parameters. From this study it is observed that it will be more advantageous for management to offer pre deterioration discount in enticing the profit.

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  • In this article, we study inventory models to determine the optimal special order and maximum saving cost of imperfective items when the supplier offers a temporary discount. The received items are not all perfect and the defectives can be screened out by the end of 100% screening process. Three models are considered according to the special order that occurs at regular replenishment time, non-regular replenishment time, and screening time of economic order quantity cycle.

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  • In this paper we study a periodic review inventory model with stock dependent demand. When stock on hand is zero, the inventory manager offers a price discount to customers who are willing to backorder their demand. Permissible delay in payments allowed to the inventory manager is also taken into account. Numerical examples are cited to illustrate the model.

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  • This paper presents an extended production inventory model in which the production rate at any instant depends on the demand and the inventory level. The effects of the time value of money are incorporated into the model. The demand rate is a linear function of time for the scheduling period. The proposed model can assist managers in economically controlling production systems under the condition of considering a discounted cash flow.

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  • In the financial appraisal of a project, the cashflow statements are constructed from two points of view: the Total Investment (TI) Point of View and the Equity Point of View. One of the most important issues is the estimation of the correct financial discount rates for the two points of view. In the presence of taxes, the benefit of the tax shield from the interest deduction may be excluded or included in the free cashflow (FCF) of the project. Depending on whether the tax shield is included or excluded, the formulas for the weighted average cost of capital (WACC) will be different.

    pdf29p ziwan 10-03-2009 400 98   Download

  • Bài giảng Chapter 10: The Basics of Capital Budgeting: Evaluating Cash Flows provides about Overview and “vocabulary”, Methods (Payback, discounted payback; NPV; IRR, MIRR; Profitability Index), Unequal lives, Economic life.

    ppt56p philongdongnai 11-10-2014 46 12   Download

  • (BQ) Part 1 book "Fundamentals of corporate finance" has contents: Introduction to corporate finance; financial statements, taxes, and cash flow; working with financial statements; long term financial planning and growth; introduction to valuation - the time value of money, discounted cash flow valuation,...and other contents.

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  • (BQ) Part 1 book "The mathematics of money" has contents: Core mathematical tools, simple interest, simple discount, simple discount, compound interest, annuities, annuities.

    pdf267p bautroibinhyen22 22-03-2017 15 4   Download

  • (BQ) Part 1 ebook "Practical business math procedures" has contents: Whole numbers; how to dissect and solve word problems; whole numbers; how to dissect and solve word problems; decimals; decimals; solving for the unknown - a how to approach for solving quations; percents and their applications; simple interest; promissory notes, simple discount notes, and the discount process,...and other contents.

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  • The Oxford Monographs on Criminal Law and Justice series covers all aspects of criminal law and procedure including criminal evidence. The scope of the series is wide, encompassing both practical and theoretical works. This volume is a thematic collection of essays on sentencing theory by leading writers.

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  • When you fi nish this chapter, you should have some very practical skills. For example, you will know how to calculate your own car payments or student loan payments. You will also be able to determine how long it will take to pay off a credit card if you make the minimum payment each month (a practice we do not recommend).

    ppt31p tangtuy02 08-03-2016 17 3   Download

  • (BQ) Part 1 book "Quantitative investment analysis workbook" has contents: The time value of money, discounted cash flow applications, statistical concepts and market returns, probability concepts, common probability distributions, sampling and estimation, correlation and regression,...and other contents.

    pdf118p bautroibinhyen21 14-03-2017 15 3   Download

  • (BQ) Part 2 book "Business finance - Theory and practice" has contents: The secondary capital market (the stock exchange) and its efficiency; cost of capital estimations and the discount rate, the dividend decision, management of working capital, international aspects of business finance,...and other contents.

    pdf267p bautroibinhyen27 11-05-2017 13 3   Download

  • The two approaches to valuing common stocks using fundamental security analysis are: Discounted Cash flow techniques. Attempts to estimate the value of a stock today using a present value analysis. Relative valuation techniques. A stock is valued relative to other stocks based on the basis of ratios.

    ppt101p team4mvc02 12-06-2013 30 2   Download


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