Economics of crime

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  • (bq) part 2 book "issues in economics today" has contents: minimum wage, farm policy, the economics of crime, the economics of race and sex discrimination, the economics of crime, the economics of crime; natural resources, the environment, and climate change, international finance and exchange rates,...and other contents.

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  • (bq) part 2 book "law & economics" has contents: an economic theory of contract law, topics in the economics of contract law, an economic theory of the legal process, topics in the economics of the legal process, topics in the economics of the legal process, topics in the economics of crime and punishment.

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  • Although there is no economic freedom index for metropolitan areas, there are data available on taxes and spending. One of the most important components of the various economic freedom indices is the tax burden. Taxes remove resources from private decision- makers and put them in the hands of elected officials and bureau- crats. The latter face much weaker incentives to use those resources efficiently and lack the information to be able to do so. As a result, jurisdictions with higher tax burdens will tend to have less prosper- ous economies.

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  • In the 1950s and 1960s intellectual discussions of crime were dominated by the opinion that criminal behavior was caused by mental illness and social oppression, and that criminals were helpless “victims.” A book by a well- known psychiatrist was entitled The Crime of Punishment (see Menninger [1966]). Such attitudes began to exert a major influence on social policy, as laws changed to expand criminals’ rights. These changes reduced the appre- hension and conviction of criminals, and provided less protection to the law-abiding population....

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  • Which is more dangerous, a gun or a swimming pool? What do schoolteachers and sumo wrestlers have in common? Why do drug dealers still live with their moms? How much do parents really matter? What kind of impact did Roe v. Wade have on violent crime? These may not sound like typical questions for an economist to ask. But Steven D. Levitt is not a typical economist. He is a much heralded scholar who studies the stuff and riddles of everyday life-;from cheating and crime to sports and child rearing-;and whose conclusions regularly turn the conventional wisdom on its head....

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  • C H A P T E R T H I R T Y Urban Crime, Race, and the Criminal Justice System in the United States 30.1 INTRODUCTION The impact of crime on general welfare is profound. Those most directly impacted are the victims of crime. By one estimate, the combination of direct monetary losses and the costs of pain and suffering among crime victims in the United States

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  • Digital piracy. It's a global war -- and it's just begun. Pirates of the Digital Millennium chronicles that war. All of it: media conglomerates vs. teenagers, tech companies vs. content providers, artists battling artists, nations vs. nations, law enforcement vs. organized crime. John Gantz and Jack Rochester cover every side and all the implications. Economics. Law. Ethics. Culture. The players. And above all, the realities -- including the exclusive new findings of a 57-country digital piracy research project. The media universe is shaking to its very foundations.

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  • The mission of the National White Collar Crime Center (NW3C) is to provide training, investigative support and research to agencies and entities involved in the prevention, investigation and prosecution of economic and high-tech crime. While NW3C has no investigative authority itself, its job is to help law enforcement agencies better understand and utilize tools to combat economic and high-tech crime. NW3C has other sections within its organization, including Training (in Computer Crime, Financial Crime and Intelligence Analysis), Research and Investigative Support Services.

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  • Preface and Introduction Page 3 The Definition of Money 5 Issuance of New Money 7 Attributes of Money 8 Banking 9 Electronic Money 12 Reducing Taxation by Monetary Reform 14 Money Markets 15 Economics Simplified 16 A Desire for Change 21 Implementing Change 22 The Benefits of Monetary Reform 25 No More Inflation 25 Railways 28 Freedom for Real 30 Crime 32 Pensions 34 Taxation 35 Global Warming and Climate Change 36 Why We Must Keep Out of the Euro 37 The Principle of Exchange 39 Gambling 40 Council Tax 41 Gridlocked Roads 41 Psycho-Political Warfare 43 Education 45 Religion...

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  • The problem of ‘Grand’ Corruption (I prefer the term ‘indigenous spoliation’ or ‘patrimonicide’ because both capture the exceptional gravity and magnitude of the plunder of national resources that takes place), the misuse of public power by high- ranking state officials for private gain, has finally been ‘outed.’ The veil that once shrouded this subject from public view, particularly the probing view of multilateral institutions and national legislatures, is now lifted. It has taken over ten years to get here.

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  • For while the growing abundance of goods may reduce the value of addi- tional goods, time becomes more valuable as goods become more abundant. Utility maximization is of no relevance in a Utopia where everyone’s needs are fully satisfied, but the constant flow of time makes such a Utopia impossible. These are some of the issues analyzed in Becker [1965], and Linder [1970]. The following sections illustrate the economic approach with four very different subjects.

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  • P A R T V I I Quality of Life Urban areas both attract and repel people. Cities offer high-paying jobs, parks, museums, nightlife, and a seemingly infinite variety of consumer goods. They also offer crime, pollution, noise, difficult commutes, crowds, a reduced sense of community

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  • Bill Phillips is president of the International Association of Home Safety and Security Professionals. He has worked throughout the United States as an alarm systems installer, safe technician, and locksmith. He is a graduate of the National School of Locksmithing and Alarms (New York City branch), and he currently works as a security consultant and freelance writer whose articles have appeared in Consumers Digest, Crime Beat, Home Mechanix, Keynotes, The Los Angeles Times, and many other periodicals.

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  • As Levitt sees it, economics is a science with excellent tools for gain-ing answers but a serious shortage of interesting questions. His par-ticular gift is the ability to ask such questions.

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  • Since President Lyndon Johnson’s declaration of War on Poverty and the passage of the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964, optimism that had surrounded those measures has faded. The economic, fiscal, and social conditions of the old central cities have declined, while their inner-ghetto areas have become zones of calamity. Their residents are not only living in poverty, but they must also contend with levels of drug use and violence that, although currently in decline, would have seemed inconceivable in the early 1960s.

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  • In a 2007 research paper for the SBA, Erin Kepler and Scott Shane found that 14 percent of the women entrepreneurs in their sample had employer firms, versus nearly 22 percent of the men. The Kauffman Firm Survey (KFS) found higher rates for both genders, perhaps because it is drawn from the Dun & Bradstreet database, which includes only young firms that are ―serious‖ enough to merit a credit report. But here again, a gap was found: Of the firms owned solely or primarily by women, 36 percent were employer firms, versus 44 percent for those owned solely or primarily...

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  • The available evidence suggests that they are not. Every five years, the Census Bureau conducts its nationwide Survey of Business Owners. The SBO samples privately held, nonfarm businesses of all ages, from recently founded to many years in existence. Using SBO data, the American Express OPEN report for 2011 found that just 1.8 percent of women-owned firms had revenues more than $1 million. The figure for men-owned firms was 6.3 percent In public perception, the $1 million threshold has become a sort of magic number.

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  • The social and economic environment is the fourth domain. A key factor in this domain is crime (Lawton, Nahemow and Yeh, 1980). Fear of crime is an important factor in reducing physical activity outside the home for elderly persons (Dowd, Sisson and Kern, 1981). It is also a stressor that can influence health through pathways related to chronic stress. Fear of crime is related both to actual crime levels and to deteriorated aspects of the physical environment such as vacant buildings, litter and homeless persons (Rohe and Burby, 1988; Krause, 1996).

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  • I began to think about crime in the 1960s after driving to Columbia University for an oral examination of a student in economic theory. I was late and had to decide quickly whether to put the car in a parking lot or risk getting a ticket for parking illegally on the street. I calculated the likelihood of getting a ticket, the size of the penalty, and the cost of putting the car in a lot. I decided it paid to take the risk and park on the street. (I did not get a ticket.)

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  • In order to do so, there needs be an increased ability to address the global factors that boost conflict and maintain fragility at different levels of society. These issues include migration between fragile states, organized crime, licit and illicit networks, conditions for post-conflict sustained economic development, international markets on military goods and many more.5 1

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