Formulating policy

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  • Essentials of Investments: Chapter 21 - Investors and the Investment Process The Four Stages of the Investment Proce (Specifying objectives, Specifying constraints, Formulating policy, Monitoring and updating portfolio).

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  • The topic of policy formulation among interdependent economies has received much attention in the literature. China and Hong Kong are economically closely linked. Policy initiatives in one economy may influence the evolution of economics variables in the other. In the first essay a two-country model is used to illustrate the interdependence of these two economies. Not surprisingly, we found that the policy effects are asymmetric, due to differences in size. China’s economic policies have a big effect on Hong Kong, but the reverse is not true.

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  • Key issues for FDI policy re-formulation in Vietnam. This paper offers an overview of policy issues that should be considered in re-formulating Vietnam’s FDI policy orientation and structure. At first, three basic issues of definition, positive and negative impacts, and the dynamic nature of FDI policy are reviewed.

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  • This edition continues the theme that runs throughout all 12 chapters: global environmental sustainability. This strategic issue will become even more important in the years ahead, as all of us struggle to deal with the consequences of climate change, global warming, and energy availability. We continue to be the most comprehensive strategy book on the market, with chapters ranging from corporate governance and social responsibility to competitive strategy, functional strategy, and strategic alliances.

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  • The problem of reconciling environmental protection with economic and social viability was a key concern of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, held in Rio de Janiero, Brazil, in 1992. The Conference, known as the Earth Summit, led to the establishment of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development. The Commission is responsible for monitoring the implementation of the Conference programme of action, Agenda 21, at the local, national, regional and international levels.

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  • On average, a disaster occurs somewhere in the world each day. These events are almost always of high local interest. Occasionally they are also of national interest, and every now and then they capture the attention of the entire world. In this new century, we already have witnessed disasters so great that they were virtually incomprehensible.

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  • On August 23rd , the Italian Treasury announced it is preparing a plan to temporarily reduce taxes on gasoline and other petroleum-based fuels by about one-third, sparking protests from environmental organizations saying the lower taxes will negate carbon taxes designed to discourage use of high-polluting fuels. In a prepared statement, the Italian Treasury said it would cut gasoline taxes but that details about the plan are still being worked out. The treasury plans to lower taxes temporarily as a way to ease the blow of rising oil prices.

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  • And this gap only widens over the course of women’s careers, in part because women are more likely to take time away from work to care for their families. As men gain experience in the labor force, their wage gains typically exceed those experienced by women. In 2011, for example, a typical 25 year-old woman working full-time, year-round will have already earned $5,000 less than a typical 25 year-old man. If that woman faces the same wage gaps at each age that existed in 2011, then by age 35, she will have earned $33,600 less than a typical...

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  • Chapter 15 - Tourism policy: structure, content, and process. After completing this unit, you should be able to: Demonstrate critical importance of tourism policy to competitiveness and sustainability of a tourism destination; outline the structure and content of a typical policy framework for a tourism destination; identify some methods, techniques, and approaches used to assist in tourism policy formulation.

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  • Management of acute pain, especially post-operative pain, in patients on high dose opioids is a challenge that requires in-depth knowledge of pharmacokinetics and the formulation of a careful management plan to avoid withdrawal symptoms and inadequate pain management. • Chronic pain after cancer surgery may occur in up to 50% of patients. Risk factors for the development of chronic pain after breast cancer surgery include: young age, chemo and radiotherapy, poor post-operative pain control and certain surgical factors.

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  • The philosopher Wilhelm Dilthey believed that historians who judge past events by the standards of later eras are acting ahistorically and arbitrarily. It was more valid and illuminating, he suggested, to ask whether earlier statesmen’s actions were internally consistent and well-aligned with existing circumstances, an approach that he called “immanent critique.”1 In judging contemporary climate policies, some scientists and environmental activists resemble the historians of whom Dilthey complained.

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  • This Code, consisting of 24 imperatives formulated as statements of personal responsibility, identifies the elements of such a commitment. It contains many, but not all, issues professionals are likely to face. Section 1 outlines fundamental ethical considerations Section 2 addresses additional, more specific considerations of professional conduct. Section 3 pertain more specifically to individuals who have a leadership role, whether in the workplace or in a volunteer capacity such as with organizations like ACM. Section 4 addresses principles involving compliance with this Code ...

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  • This report presents preliminary findings from the 2010 Rwanda Demographic and Health Survey (2010 RDHS). Survey findings will be used by policy makers to evaluate the demographic and health status of the Rwandan population in order to formulate appropriate population and health policies and programs in Rwanda. The forthcoming final report and summary report of the RDHS will contain more detailed findings.

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  • These damaging effects of poverty on child health can be reduced by well designed policies. Various options have been reviewed by some of us. 22 Table 1 summarises approaches used in different countries to improve health inputs and services in poor populations, with emphasis on those related to child health. Several different—and generally complementary—approaches are possible. Improvement of knowledge and changing of behaviour among poor mothers has been achieved in many settings, in areas as diverse as handwashing for diarrhoea prevention and nutrition counselling.

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  • This paper presents a real case study dealing with the comparison of transport scenarios. The study is conducted within a larger project concerning the establishment of the maritime traffic policy in Greece. The paper presents the problem situation and an appropriate problem formulation. Moreover a detailed version of the evaluation model is presented in the paper.

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  • seventy-five percent of the world’s poor live in rural areas and most are involved in farming. in the 21st century, agriculture remains fundamental to economic growth, poverty alleviation, and environmental sustainability. the world bank’s agriculture and rural development publication series presents recent analyses of issues that affect agriculture’s role as a source of economic development, rural livelihoods, and environmental services.

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  • Since 1993, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam has pursued a policy of restructuring its external debt in order to reduce its debt burden. In 2002, the Bretton Woods institutions prepared a debt sustainability analysis that concluded that the country was not eligible for the Enhanced Highly Indebted Poor Country (HIPC) Initiative. Furthermore, in 2003, the Vietnamese authorities approved a debt strategy for the period of 2001-2010 formulated by the Ministry of Planning and Investment (MPI).

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  • Seventy-five percent of the world’s poor live in rural areas and most are involved in agriculture. In the 21st century, agriculture remains fundamental to economic growth, poverty alleviation, and environmental sustainability. The World Bank’s Agriculture and Rural Development publication series presents recent analyses of issues that affect the role of agriculture, including livestock, fisheries, and forestry, as a source of economic development, rural livelihoods, and environmental services.

    pdf130p lulanphuong 19-03-2012 101 16   Download

  • The first experimental activities to support innovation in relation to regional and social policy, effectively pi oneering the development of the knowledge-based economy at regional level, were launched by the Commis sion in 1993-94. Today, nearly one in three regional authorities across the EU-15 have formulated a Regional Innovation Strategy or a Regional Innovation Society Initiative, aimed at developing effective innovation sys tems and spreading Information & Communication Technologies related know-how at regional level.

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