Xem 1-20 trên 719 kết quả Fuels
  • Petroleum products are everywhere around us. They appear in visible forms, such as gasoline, diesel, kerosene, and aircraft fuels, and in less visible forms over the entire spectrum of industry, such as automobile lubricants, greases, carbon black for truck tires, bitumen for road building, the waterproofing in house roofs, feedstock for petrochemicals, synthetic fibers, and plastics. Petroleum feedstock is used in the manufacture of white mineral oils in eye ointment, hair oils, cosmetics, petroleum solvents, and pest control sprays....

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  • Fuel cells are an important technology for a potentially wide variety of applications including micropower, auxiliary power, transportation power, stationary power for buildings and other distributed generation applications, and central power. These applications will be in a large number of industries worldwide.

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  • Research, development and industrialisation of renewable energy are currently moving at a rapid pace worldwide. Biofuels play significant roles in decarbonisation of our future energy needs and act to mitigate deleterious impacts of greenhouse gas emissions. Liquid transportation biofuels (bioethanol and biodiesel) now represent key contributors to the bioenergy portfolios in many countries.

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  • When fuel cells were first suggested and discussed back in the nineteenth century, it was firmly hoped that distinctly higher efficiencies could be attained with them when converting the chemical energy of natural fuels to electric power. Now that the world supply of fossil fuels is seen to be finite, this hope turns into a need, into a question of maintaining advanced standards of life.

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  • The two most important environmental hazards faced by humankind today are air pollution and global warming. Both have a direct link with our current overdependence on fossil fuels. Pollutants produced from combustion of hydrocarbons now cause even more health problems due to the urbanization of world population

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  • Hydrogen and fuel cells are seen by many as key solutions for the 21st century, enabling clean efficient production of power and heat from a range of primary energy sources. The High Level Group for Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Technologies was initiated in October 2002 by the Vice President of the European Commission, Loyola de Palacio, Commissioner for Energy and Transport, and Mr Philippe Busquin, Commissioner for Research.

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  • As in a past decades, the world today continues to be at crossroads in terms of energy. Shortages and rising prices of fuel, accompanied by environmental damage are leading to a poor quality of life. Fossil fuel consumption is increasing, and our search for oil has led to ever deeper reserves, with its higher production costs. Rapid depletion of oil and gas are real issues affecting both current and future generations.

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  • Record-high world oil prices have prompted renewed interest in producing liquid fuels from coal. The United States leads the world in recoverable coal reserves. Moreover, the technology for converting coal to liquid fuels already exists, and production costs appear competitive at world oil prices well below current levels. Yet, despite

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  • Both high import payments for petroleum motor fuels and concerns regarding emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) are motivating interest in possible fuel substitutes. Petroleum products derived from conventional crude oil constitute more than 50 percent of end-use energy deliveries in the United States and more than 95 percent

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  • An active neutron method for measuring the inherent neutron emission of spent fuel assembly is proposed. The count rate of the inherent neutron emission can be determined by changing intensity of neutron irradiating source. The practical meaning of the method is presented. Some attractive features of the method are shown.

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  • This document describes a study done for the U.S. Army Combined Arms Support Command (CASCOM) to assess future needs for temporary petroleum pipeline structure. At the time this work was begun, the Army was weighing further development of a new pipeline capability, the Rapidly Installed Fuel Transfer System (RIFTS),

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  • The most popular energy sources being used today (fossil fuels) are finite and will need to be replaced in the future. The possible sources of energy which can be used in place of fossil fuels each have their own advantages and disadvantages. In chapter 12, we will learn the energy from fossil fuels. This chapter also provide a description of the various types of fossil fuels including their sources and methods used for their extraction.

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  • Mục đích của đề tài là thực hiện nghiên cứu cơ bản về quá trình cháy và cung cấp nhiên liệu cho động cơ dual fuel biogas-diesel ngoài mục đích giảm thiểu ô nhiễm môi trường, làm phong phú nguồn nhiên liệu dùng cho động cơ đốt trong, luận án còn hướng tới mục đích sử dụng rộng rãi hơn nguồn nhiên liệu sinh học thay thế này cho động cơ đốt trong một cách hiệu quả.

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  • The Gamma Ray Transmission Factor ofPassive non-destructive methodswere developed for determining total U, 235U and total Pu content of damaged spent fuel. The methods based on correlations between 137Cs and U, Pu content and using referent spent fuel assemblies. It means that the nuclear material content can be derived from measurable137Cs content, which depends on gamma ray transmission factor. In this work, this factor was determinedby aninfinite energy method and the same for both damaged and referentspent fuel with error less than 12%. Spent Fuel with error less than 12%.

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  • First-principles calculations based on the density functional theory are used to study the electronic structure of LaNiO3 perovskite for application of cathode material in solid oxide fuel cell. Our results show that bulk LaNiO3 exhibits metallic behavior. For 1x1x1 LaNiO3 unit cell, increasing in-plane strain leads to the increase in the density of states (DOS) at the Fermi level.

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  • This could be fortuitous at modest scales because oxygen is relatively costly (Consonni and Larson 1994a). However, for the production of methanol from biomass, the use of air increases the volume of inert (N 2 ) gas that would have to be carried through all the downstream reactors. Therefore, the use of oxygen thus improves the economics of synthesis gas processing. Air-fired, directly heated gasifiers are considered not to be suitable before methanol production. This gasifier produces a CO 2 rich gas.

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  • When will the oil run out? Various estimates put this anywhere from 20 years from now to more than a century in the future. The shortfall in energy might eventually be made up by developments in nuclear fusion, fuel cells, and solar technologies, but what can substitute for gasoline and diesel in all the internal combustion enginepowered vehicles that will continue to be built worldwide until then? And what will stand in for petrochemicals as sources of building blocks for the extensive range of “synthetics” that became indispensable during the twentieth century?...

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  • Các tế bào nhiên liệu (tiếng Anh: fuel cell) biến đổi năng lượng hóa học của nhiên liệu thí dụ như là hiđrô trực tiếp thành năng lượngđiện. Không giống như pin hoặc ắc quy, tế bào nhiên liệu không bị mất điện và cũng không có khả năng tích điện. Tế bào nhiên liệu hoạt động liên tục khi nhiên liệu (hiđrô) và chất ôxi hóa (ôxy) được đưa từ ngoài vào.

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  • Phần 2 cuốn sách trình bày các nội dung: Keeping your fuel system in tune, changing your oil, slubrication extends the life of your vehicle, what to do if your transmission stops running smoothly, being a buddy to your brakes and bearings,... Mời các bạn cùng tham khảo.

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  • Tham khảo tài liệu 'thiết kế hệ thống sấy dầu fo dùng cho lò hơi bằng thiết bị trao đổi nhiệt ống lồng ống sử dụng năng lượng mặt trời designing a system for drying boiler fuel oil with a double tube heat exchanger device using solar engergy', kỹ thuật - công nghệ, hoá học - dầu khí phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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