Functional equilibrium

Xem 1-20 trên 132 kết quả Functional equilibrium
  • More recently, Granger (1986) and Johansen and Juselius (1990) proposed to determine the existence of long-term equilibrium among selected variables through cointegration analysis, paving the way for a (by now) preferred approach to examining the economic variables-stock markets relationship. A set of time-series variables are cointegrated if they are integrated of the same order and a linear combination of them is stationary. Such linear combinations would then point to the existence of a long-term relationship between the variables.

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  • The Mangalore coast which is situated at the western part of the Indian peninsula stretching to about 22 Kms of Coastal district of Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka. The healthy condition of the aquatic system depends upon its physical, chemical and biological characteristics which actually fluctuate with season and degree of pollution. Marine ecosystem is one of the richest ecosystems (Cairns & Dickson, 1971). Industrialisation, development activities in coastal zones have placed enormous stress on habitats.

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  • To be able to use the functionality of PRISM in full, users have to register in the system by entering their user identifi cation and password (which are not case sensitive) and clicking the REGISTER NOW menu. The registration is needed to enable the users to receive a confi rmation e-mail message when their simulations are done so that they can view the results.

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  • Horizontal integration. The concept of horizontal integration recognizes the inter- dependence of physical, mental, developmental, and oral health services; the inef- ficiencies that result when programs with common outcomes goals are operated independently in different sectors; and the importance of cross-sector service de- livery pathways and innovative delivery platforms to create more-functional con- tinuums of care.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'understanding non-equilibrium thermo dynamics g. lebon', kỹ thuật - công nghệ, cơ khí - chế tạo máy phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • This paper investigates buckling of thick functionally graded plates with initial geometrical imperfection under thermal loadings. The equilibrium, stability, and compatibility equations of an imperfect functionally graded plate are derived using the third order shear deformation theory.

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  • This paper presents an analytical approach to analyze the nonlinear stability of thin closed circular cylindrical shells under axial compression with material properties varying smoothly along the thickness in the power and exponential distribution laws. Equilibrium and compatibility equations are obtained by using Donnel shell theory taking into account the geometrical nonlinearity in von Karman and initial geometrical imperfection.

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  • This paper presents a numerical procedure for lower bound limit analysis of plane problems governed by von Mises yield criterion. The stress fields are calculated based on the Airy function which is approximated using the moving least squares technique.

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  • We study the existence of equilibrium price vector in a supply-demand model taking into account the transaction costs associated with the sale of products. In this model, the demand function is the solution to the problem of maximizing the utility function under budget constraints. The supply function is the solution to the problem of maximizing the profit (with given transaction losses) on the technology set. We establish sufficient conditions for the existence of the equilibrium price vector, which are consequences of some theorems in the theory of covering mappings.

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  • In this paper, the general two-players game on the square with quadratic payoff functions is considered. We have studied the problem of determination of the set of Nash equilibrium points, and here we present a constructive graphical method for determination of the required set, which we have developed.

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  • In this paper, we consider a mathematical programming with equilibrium constraints (MPEC) where the objective and constraint functions are continuously differentiable. We establish the sufficient optimality condition for strict local minima of order m under the assumptions of generalized strong convexity of order m.

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  • In this paper, we introduce the concept of generalized relaxed α-pseudomonotonicity for vector valued bi-functions. By using the KKM technique, we obtain some substantial results of the vector equilibrium problems with generalized relaxed α-pseudomonotonicity assumptions in reflexive Banach spaces. Several examples are provided to illustrate our investigations.

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  • This book was written to complete the curriculum requirement of the Master’s of Macroeconomics degree. Macroeconomics is a very practical subject and can be very useful for policy making. Domestic and international economies are subjected to variations in savings, income, exchange rates, as well as interest rates and the balance of payments. This book attempts to explain the domestic and international factors responsible for creating the equilibrium of the balance of payments, interest rates and inflation....

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  • The purpose of this book is to offer a unifying conceptual framework for the normative study of taxation and related subjects in public eco- nomics. Such a framework necessarily begins with a statement of the social objective, taken here to be the maximization of a conventional social welfare function, and then asks how various government instru- ments are best orchestrated to achieve it. The structure is built on the foundation provided by the fundamental theorems of welfare econom- ics.

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  • The Mexican legal system is a mixture of U.S. constitutional theory within a civil law system. Mexico’s legal framework concerning real property includes the Federal Constitution, Federal Civil Code, state civil codes, municipal laws and ordinances. Additionally, the Foreign Investment Law and Foreign Investment Law Regulations regulate foreign investment. In Mexico, real property is classified as either public, private or communal, the nature of which will affect the property’s use and potential alienation.

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  • As the financial system in most emerging economies is centred on banks, an important aspect of the development of bond markets is the impact on the banking system. One frequently heard worry is that bond markets could take business away from the banks. This raises some potential concerns for bank supervisors. On the other hand, if it means firms are less vulnerable to weaknesses in the banking system, corporate bond issuance can help central banks achieve steady economic growth.

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  • Empirical evidence regarding international relative prices at the consumer level suggests that arbitrage in international markets is not rapid and that these markets are highly segmented. In fact, even markets for traded goods appear to be highly segmented internationally: In the data, both real exchange rate movements and deviations from the law of one price for traded goods are large and persistent.

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  • Consider a system with a single degree of freedom and assume that the equation expressing its dynamic equilibrium is a second order ordinary differential equation (ODE) in the generalized coordinate x.

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  • The dehesa is an ancient agrosilvopastoral system created by farmers to raise livestock, mainly on private lands. This system is highly appreciated by society and enjoys legal protection of the authorities because it is rich in biodiversity, a home to critically endangered species (Iberian lynx, imperial eagle and black vulture); a significant carbon sink; ethnologically and anthropologically valuable (culture and traditions); and is known for its scenic value.

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  • An important part of evaluating the auditor’s objectivity and professional skepticism is for the audit committee to gauge the frankness and informative nature of responses to open-ended questions put to the lead audit engagement partner (and members of the audit engagement team as appropriate).

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