Grain sorghum

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  • A study was established for determining the effect of nitrogen (urea) fertilizer method and time of application on the growth and yield of grain sorghum varieties. The experiment was conducted as a Factorial Randomized Block Design replicated thrice comprising five Nitrogen split doses with two varieties during 2014-15 growing season at sorghum research station VNMKV, Parbhani. The main plots were allocated to two genotype G1: CSH 16 & G2: CSV 20 and the subplots were assigned to fertilizer application time viz.

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  • A trial was carried out to evaluate the grain sorghum varieties for their reaction to major pests in advanced varietal experiment during kharif 2015 at All India Coordinated Sorghum Improvement Project, Sorghum Research Unit, Dr. PDKV, Akola. Nine sorghum varieties along with ten checks were screened for their reaction against shootfly, stem bore and aphids in randomized block design. The sorghum entry SPV 2296 expressed lowest shoot fly dead heart but not on par to resistant checks. The lines having low seedling glossiness score had positive highly significant (0.

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  • A field experiment was conducted during the Kharif seasons of 2017 to 2019 in heavy black soils of Main Sorghum Research Station, Navsari Agricultural University, Surat (Gujarat), to evaluate the effect of different weed management practices in rainfed kharif grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) with pre and post emergence herbicides (Atrazine, Halosulphuron methyl and 2, 4-D) alone or combination of these herbicide followed by hand weeding and interculturing.

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  • In recent years, the use of plants for clean-up and recovery (phytoremediation) has been studied and used in many countries of the world. In this study, E-Tian sweet sorghum (ET) and BT x 623 (BT) sorghum were treated with heavy metal cadmium at 5 concentrations (0, 5, 10, 25, 50 mg/kg).

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  • Waxy-grain sorghum is used in most of the commercial cereal products in Korea. Worldwide, three waxy mutant alleles have been identified in the sorghum germplasm, and DNA markers for these alleles have been developed to identify the waxy genotype.

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  • Sorghum shoot fly [Atherigona soccata (Rondani)] is one of the most important pests of grain sorghum. It is important to understand the nature of gene action to breed for resistance to the target insect pest. In the present study, a population of 259 sorghum recombinant inbred lines (RILs) derived from cross 296B (shoot fly susceptible) x IS 18551 (shoot fly resistant) were evaluated in shoot fly screening nursery to study the inheritance of shoot fly resistance. Variances due to RIL genotypes (G), screening environment (E) and G x E interactions were significant for the traits studied.

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  • Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) cultivars store non-structural carbohydrates predominantly as either starch in seeds (grain sorghums) or sugars in stems (sweet sorghums). Previous research determined that sucrose accumulation in sweet sorghum stems was not correlated with the activities of enzymes functioning in sucrose metabolism, and that an apoplasmic transport step may be involved in stem sucrose accumulation.

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  • When comparing the heavy metals accumulation in the two cultivars, the results showed that the BT cultivar had higher Cd uptake and accumulation potential than ET. Therefore, BT can be used for phytoremediation of heavy metals in soil but not for providing food and feed.

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  • This guide has over 190 pages of weed control information updated annually and tailored for Ohio and Indiana. In the guide you will find: Weed control response tables Herbicide information labeled in corn, soybean, sweet corn, popcorn, small grains, grass or legume pastures, and grain sorghum Rotation restriction tables

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  • A field experiment was conducted during rabi 2012-13 at research farm of Directorate of Sorghum Research, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad. The experiment was laid out in a split plot design, replicated thrice, with 10 Sorghum genotypes as main treatment (well watered and water stress conditions) and with 10 genotypes are sub treatments CRS 4, CRS 19, CRS 20, PEC 17, CSV 18, M 35-1, Phule chitra, Phule moulee, EP 57 and CRS 1).

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  • The climate determines selection of right crop and its sequence for a particular location, while the prevailing weather conditions dictate the potentiality of that crop and nitrogen use. On an average every 1oC rise in temperature could lead to a 20 per cent reduction in crop yields. Therefore, the two big challenges viz., finite cultivable land and rise in temperature have to be overcome by agricultural sector to sustain crop yields. In this direction, one of the ways is to use weather and climate as non-monetary input in crop production. Among the crops, rice is a weather sensitive crop.

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  • The different mode of application like seed biopriming, soil application and integration of seed biopriming+soil application enriched FYM + foliar spaying with T3,T4,T15 and T19 isolates of Trichoderma asperellum and T6 isolate of Trichoderma harzianum were evaluated for management of anthracnose of sorghum.

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  • A field experiment was carried out on ‘Effect of integrated nutrient management on yield and quality of parching sorghum for identifying an ideal combination of Zinc, organic and inorganic nutrient sources for getting better quality, more net return and uptake of nutrients of kharif parching sorghum. The experiment was carried out at the farm of CRS, Sorghum Research Unit, Dr. PDKV, Akola, during Kharif season of 2016-17 on clayey loam soil.

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  • The study was carried out to assess the general combining ability of the parents and specific combining ability of the hybrids, using line x tester mating design. Fifty hybrids (derived from mating two testers with twenty-five lines in L x T design) along with their parents and checks (M35-1, BJV 44 and PKV Kranti) were evaluated during the rabi 2018-19. The ratio of σ2 GCA/σ2 SCA was less than unity for all the characters except for panicle indicating preponderance of non-additive gene action.

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  • An investigation was carried out to assess nature and magnitude of genetic diversity for grain quality traits and productivity traits in mini core collection of sorghum. Mini core accessions were grouped into 15 clusters, where in cluster III had largest with 21 accessions whereas cluster XIII had minimum with 5 accessions. Plant height contributed maximum divergence with 46.2%. The inter cluster distance D2 value ranged widely with minimum values of (D2 =197.61) and maximum value (D2 =5541.

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  • Stability analysis were carried out for grain yield and component traits using one hundred fifty accessions of sorghum during Kharif, 2013, 2014 and 2015 under rainfed condition at ICAR-CAZRI, Regional Research Station, Pali. Mean squares for genotype, environments and genotype x environment interaction were significant for almost all the studied characters.

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  • The experiment was conducted under rainfed condition at Agricultural Research Station, Madhira during early rabi 2016 using 40 ICRISAT sorghum genotypes. Estimation of variation, phenotypic and genotypic correlations along with path analysis was calculated for the material under study. High amount of variability was recorded in the material for various traits under study. Plant height showed positive significant association with number of leaves per plant, leaf length, leaf width, ear length, straw weight, 100 seed weight and grain yield per plant.

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  • A field experiment entitled “Performance of Sorghum hybrids under different nitrogen levels in rice-fallow conditions of North Coastal A.P.” was conducted at Agricultural College Farm, Naira in sandy loam soil during rabi 2016-17. The treatments comprised of combination of four sorghum hybrids and four nitrogen levels laid out in Split plot design with three replications. Sorghum hybrid CSH 25 and application of 120 kg ha-1 recorded the highest growth parameters as well as leaf area index.

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  • Genetic variability, heritability, genetic advance and correlation were estimated for charcoal rot component traits, yield and its component traits. High values of PCV and GCV were observed for majority of traits, indicating a greater scope for improvement of these traits. High heritability coupled with high genetic advance over mean was observed for majority of traits, indicating these characters would be more effective for further improvement through simple selection.

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  • Heat treatment and irradiation are the two advanced and innovative processing technologies for the inactivation of microorganisms to ensure the safety by extending the shelf life of foods. Irradiation along with the heat treatment proved that synergistic effect in the reduction of bacterial spores.Fungal count during storage gradually decreased up to 60 days and increased again almost to a level of 0th day to 90th day. Irrespective of treatments and storage the least fungal count was observed in pearl millet followed by sorghum and foxtail millet.

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