Health inequalities

Xem 1-20 trên 88 kết quả Health inequalities
  • Public health is emerging as one of the most important drivers in midwifery, and yet there are few textbooks that address the midwife’s role in public health. This book summarises the important developments in public health over recent years and will relate the recommendations to midwifery practice in a clear and easily understood manner. It highlights issues around health inequalities pertinent to maternity services and promotes individualised, non-judgmental approaches to care.

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về hóa học được đăng trên tạp chí sinh học đề tài : Decomposition of sources of income-related health inequality applied on SF-36 summary scores: a Danish health survey

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  • Being a man should not seriously damage your health, conclude White and Banks (2004) in their chapter in a men’s health text. The maxim is used at the beginning of this text to remind the practice nurse of the fact that being a man in some instances can and does seriously damage their health. Men are much less likely to visit their general practice than women. Those men who are aged under 45 years visit their general practice only half as often as women; it is only when they become older that the gap narrows signifi cantly....

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  • Adolescents exposed to the interventions in Site B were more likely to support use of contraceptives by unmarried adolescents than those in Site A, and a similar pattern was seen for contraceptive use by married adolescents. Adolescents who were exposed to the intervention showed more favorable attitudes regarding use of condoms by unmarried adolescents than the non-exposed in both Site A and B. The analysis also revealed a more positive attitude towards health facilities for contraceptive and STI services compared with pharmacies as a source of supplies and services.

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  • As I developed the ideas for, brought together expertise from around the world for, and edited Global Inequalities at Work, I was fortunate to have a number of people at my side. The book is far better for their contribution. I decided from the start of this project that I didn’t want to just bring together “the usual suspects.” To ensure that individuals with new and fresh ideas had an opportu- nity to become part of this project, I cast the net wide.

    pdf354p lyly_5 22-03-2013 28 6   Download

  • We all know it’s not always easy as women to live up to what’s expected of us in the 21st century.We’re supposed to run the family, the home and a job and stillwe struggle with inequalities in thewaywomen are treated, particularly around those everyday issues such as balancing home and family life, or women’s lack of equal pay. It’s hardly surprising that the incidence of stress and depression is rising. But we rarely encounter women who are experiencing the severe and enduring conditions of mental illness and distress that are described here....

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  • Health is largely determined by our social, economic, physical and cultural environment. Although, as we move further into the 21st century, we can see improvements for many people, inequalities in health and health outcomes still persist. The differences in life chances are dramatic and there is a direct correlation between low socio- economic status and poor health outcomes4. Health inequalities affect both women and babies.

    pdf91p le_minh_nha 18-12-2012 25 4   Download

  • Conventional approaches to health in poor countries focus on disease–specific interventions and their cost effectiveness, implemented via the path of least resistance with a strong emphasis on short term results. The upshot is that sys- temic problems which underlie poor health, failing health systems, and health inequity are circumvented. Long–term, sustainable strategies are rarely devel- oped or deployed. The crisis may change its spots, expressing itself in different diseases, populations or geographic areas, but it essentially continues unabated.

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  • Not every physician chooses to focus on caring for disabled elders. Physicians who work with this population must value chronic medical and disability care and be able to work closely with the patient, family, caregivers and other professionals to provide the best care. There are also physiological differences in the elderly population that must be taken into account in treating and prescribing medications. Some health centers may be lucky to have on staff some of the scarce group of physicians who are sub-boarded in geriatric medicine.

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  • Because this is the first exploratory study of this important question, we do not pretend to have the final answers. The monetary estimates presented in this report represent only part of the full economic costs of health inequalities, and the potential benefits of reducing these inequalities. It is likely that a strong economic case for reducing health inequalities can be made.

    pdf166p trinhcaidat 22-04-2013 21 3   Download

  • Racial and ethnic minorities tend to receive a lower quality of healthcare than non-minorities, even when access-related factors, such as patients’ insurance status and income, are controlled. The sources of these disparities are complex, are rooted in historic and contemporary inequities, and involve many participants at several levels, including health systems, their administrative and bureaucratic processes, utilization managers, healthcare professionals, and patients.

    pdf781p crius75 07-01-2013 15 2   Download

  • This volume has a simple aim: to provide researchers and analysts with a step-bystep practical guide to the measurement of a variety of aspects of health equity. Each chapter includes worked examples and computer code. We hope that these guides, and the easy-to-implement computer routines contained in them, will stimulate yet more analysis in the fi eld of health equity, especially in developing countries.

    pdf234p oobye123456 10-05-2013 27 2   Download

  • Mental health is a fundamental element of the resilience, health assets, capabilities and positive adaptation that enable people both to cope with adversity and to reach their full potential and humanity. Mental health is also the key to understanding the impact of inequalities on health and other outcomes. It is abundantly clear that the chronic stress of struggling with material disadvantage is intensified to a very considerable degree by doing so in more unequal societies.

    pdf27p quygia123 06-11-2012 32 1   Download

  • The number of HIV infections among children has fallen significantly as a result of expanded programmes to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV, from 500 000 in 2001 to 370 000 in 2009. As a result UNAIDS has called for the virtual elimination of new HIV infections in children by 2015, a feasible goal if comprehensive programmes to prevent such transmission are expanded and integrated with maternal, newborn and child health, sexual and reproductive health, and other health services, such as HIV treatment and care programmes. Eliminate new hiv infections in children.

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  • The population health approach achieves its goal of improving the health status of the entire population by considering health determinants and strategies to reduce inequalities in health status between groups. (110) As a result, the Child Health program requires public health practitioners to work with others to address the broader determinants of health and reduce resulting health inequities. (1) Practical guidance for this work is addressed in Steps to Equity: Ideas and Strategies for Health Equity in Ontario, 2008–2010.

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  • The focus on priority populations (1) within a population health approach challenges public health practitioners to make the intervention more accessible, engage in outreach activities and/or to develop specifi c strategies for priority populations. Priority populations exist where evidence points to health inequities or inequalities in the social determinants of health. For example, HBHC program interactions and referral activities include both universal and targeted high-risk family interventions.

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  • The adult literacy rate in 2004 was 49.6% with 55.5% for males and 43.4% for females (BBS 2004). Although the female/male ratio in primary school was 100:115, in secondary schools and universities this gap increased to 100:131 and 100:322 respectively (Ministry of Education 2002). In addition to gender inequalities, inequalities also exist by geographical areas. Only 36% of the rural women are literate, compared to 60% of urban women. However, this situation is rapidly changing in recent years.

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  • Many employers are looking at health care reform and the opening of the insurance Exchanges in 2014 as a viable alternative to their current retiree medical programs. For two decades, companies have been reassessing their i nancial commitment to these programs and, as a result, employer subsidies have been steadily eroding. The ongoing health care cost challenges have reached a point where employees considering retirement, especially those under 65 and still ineligible for Medicare, i nd retiree health care coverage unaffordable even when subsidized by their employer.

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  • Green spaces can play a vital role in the health of the nation. Access to a park or green space can have wide-ranging benefits for our health and wellbeing. A safe, natural environment can be a break from our busy lives – a place to get some fresh air, to exercise or play – a place to go and relax. This paper argues that green space can play an important part in tackling a range of health and social problems – obesity, cardiovascular disease, mental ill-health, antisocial behaviour, and health inequalities.

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  • Assessments and audits (e.g., health impact assessments) can be used to help decision makers evaluate project or policy choices to increase positive health outcomes and minimize adverse health outcomes and health inequities. Understanding all risks and impacts of municipal planning or investment decisions, including those that can affect health, will help ensure that land use and transportation investments are aligned with positive and equitable health outcomes.

    pdf282p quynho77 10-11-2012 14 0   Download


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