Individual cells

Xem 1-20 trên 145 kết quả Individual cells
  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học quốc tế cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Binary gene induction and protein expression in individual cells

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: mRNA detection of individual cells with the single cell nanoprobe method compared with in situ hybridization

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  • Cell culture is practiced extensively throughout the world today. The techniques required to allow cells to grow and be maintained outside the body have been developed throughout the 20th century. In the 50 years since the publication of the first human cancer cell line, HeLa (1), thousands of cell lines representing most of the spectrum of human cancer have been derived. These have provided tools to study in depth the biochemistry and molecular biology associated with individual cancer types and have helped enormously in our understanding of normal as well as cancer cell physiology.

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  • This volume is the first book-length survey of caveolae and lipid rafts. Interest has developed rapidly in the role of these surface microdomains in such diverse fields as transmembrane signaling, cell locomotion, vascular relaxation, senescence, and the uptake and exit from cells of viruses and bacteria. Individual chapters in this volume cover areas as diverse as the forces that induce and maintain membrane invaginations, and the clinical relevance of multiprotein complexes at the cell surface, defects in which are associated with cancer, and Alzheimer’s and prion-dependent diseases....

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  • Heavy Chain Diseases The heavy chain diseases are rare lymphoplasmacytic malignancies. Their clinical manifestations vary with the heavy chain isotype. Patients secrete a defective heavy chain that usually has an intact Fc fragment and a deletion in the Fd region. Gamma, alpha, and mu heavy chain diseases have been described, but no reports of delta or epsilon heavy chain diseases have appeared. Molecular biologic analysis of these tumors has revealed structural genetic defects that may account for the aberrant chain secreted.

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  • THE TERM CELL IS DERIVED from the Latin cella, meaning storeroom or chamber. It was first used in biology in 1665 by the English botanist Robert Hooke to describe the individual units of the honeycomb-like structure he observed in cork under a compound microscope. The “cells” Hooke observed were actually the empty lumens of dead cells surrounded by cell walls, but the term is an apt one because cells are the basic building blocks that define plant structure.

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  • Epithelial cells cover the body (e.g. skin), cavities (e.g. stomach, uterus, bladder) and ducts (e.g. renal tubules, intestine) of multicellular organisms, and thus constitute the frontier between the individual and the external milieu. In areas that withstand strong mechanical or chemical stress (e.g. skin, esophagus, cornea, vagina) epithelia are stratified, whereas in the rest of the body, the epithelia independently of their morphology (e.g. columnar of the intestine, tubular of renal tubules, squamous of the lung), are organized in monolayers (Fig 1A).

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  • Some 88% of U.S. adults own a cell phone of some kind as of April 2012, and more than half of these cell owners (55%) use their phone to go online. We call these individuals “cell internet users” throughout this report, and this represents a notable increase from the 31% of cell owners who said that they used their phone to go online as recently as April 2009. Moreover, 31% of these current cell internet users say that they mostly go online using their cell phone, and not using some other device such as a desktop or laptop computer. That works...

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  • Cell-free expression has become a highly promising tool for the fast and efficient production of integral membrane proteins. The proteins can be produced as precipitates that solubilize in mild detergents usually without any prior denaturation steps. Alternatively, membrane proteins can be syn-thesized in a soluble form by adding detergents to the cell-free system.

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  • The red cell intercellular adhesion molecule-4 (ICAM-4) binds to different members of the integrin receptor families. Tobetterdefine the ICAM-4 integrinreceptor specificity, cell transfectants individually expressing various integrins were used to demonstrate thataLb2,aMb2,andaIIbb3(activated) bind specifically and dose dependently to the recombinant ICAM-4-Fcprotein.We also showthat cell surface ICAM-4 interacts with the cell surface aVb3 integrin.

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  • After this work has been published by InTech, authors have the right to republish it, in whole or part, in any publication of which they are the author, and to make other personal use of the work. Any republication, referencing or personal use of the work must explicitly identify the original source. Notice Statements and opinions expressed in the chapters are these of the individual

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  • In humans, thromboxane (TX) A2 signals through two receptor isoforms, thromboxane receptor (TP)aand TPb, which are transcriptionally regula-ted by distinct promoters, Prm1 and Prm3, respectively, within the single TP gene. The aim of the current study was to investigate the ability of the endogenous peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)c ligand 15-deoxy-D 12,14 -prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2) to regulate expression of the human TP gene and to ascertain its potential effects on the individual TPa and TPbisoforms....

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  • Fuel Cell Today is the leading source of information and analysis covering the global market for fuel cells. The Fuel Cell Industry Review 2012 is the second edition of our annual publication which presents a global summary of developments in the fuel cell industry during the past four years, a forecast for the current year and an outlook for the future. The Current State of the Industry chapter covers developments during 2011 and the fi rst half of 2012, discussing each sub-application in turn, followed by regional developments and the latest update for each main fuel cell type.

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  • To establish stable cell lines that produce recombinant multisubunit proteins, it is usually necessary to cotransfect cells with several independent gene constructs. Here, we show that a stepwise fusion of individually transfected cells, results in a fused cell-line that secretes a complete multisubunit protein. Functional expression of recombinant multisubunit proteins may require a defined expression ratio between each protein subunit. The cell-fusion technology described allows a predefined expression level of each subunit.

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  • The Springer Handbook of Auditory Research presents a series of comprehensive and synthetic reviews of the fundamental topics in modern auditory research. The volumes are aimed at all individuals with interests in hearing research, including advanced graduate students, postdoctoral researchers, and clinical investigators. The volumes are intended to introduce new investigators to important aspects of hearing science and to help established investigators to better understand the fundamental theories and data in fields of hearing that they may not normally follow closely....

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  • Statements and opinions expressed in the chapters are these of the individual contributors and not necessarily those of the editors or publisher. No responsibility is accepted for the accuracy of information contained in the published chapters.

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  • The structural changes produced by the minor-groove binding ligand DAPI (4¢,6-diamidine-2-phenylindole) on individual strands of trinucleotide repeat sequences were detectedby electrophoreticband-shift analysis andrelated to their effects on DNA replication in vitro. Among the 20 possible single-stranded trinucleotide repeats, only theT-rich strand of the AATÆATT triplet exhibits an observable fluorescence band and a change in electrophoretic mobility due to the drug binding.

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  • We report experiments to investigate the role of the physio-logically relevant protein tyrosine kinase Lck in the ordered phosphorylation of the T-cell receptorfchain. Six synthetic peptides were designed based on the sequences of the immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motifs (ITAMs) of thefchain. Preliminary 1 H-NMRstudies of recombinant f chain suggested that it is essentially unstructured and therefore that peptide mimics would serve as useful models for investigating individual ITAM tyrosines....

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  • Food can be defined as the nutritive material taken into an organism for growth, work, or repair and for maintaining the vital processes. Food sustains life, and, as such, many individuals view food as an uncomplicated, pure source of nutrition. Therefore, such individuals are often bewildered to learn that food is comprised of an array of natural chemicals, and not all the chemicals are nutrients or enhance nutritive value, but in fact may decrease nutritional value or, worse still, are toxic (e.g., naturally occurring toxicants).

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  • The present edition has been updated in a number of renewable energy technology areas (Chapter 4 and 5), where progress have been made over the recent years. New solar simulation studies have been added to Chapter 6, and market considerations have been included in the overview in Chapter 1, and in discussing industry liberalisation in Chapter 7. The remarks on advanced subjects made in the preface to the 2nd edition are still valid. A new growth area is fuel cells for stationary and mobile uses of hydrogen and other fuels.

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