Large numbers

Xem 1-20 trên 739 kết quả Large numbers
  • Hindawi Publishing Corporation Journal of Inequalities and Applications Volume 2011, Article ID 279754, 13 pages doi:10.1155/2011/279754 Research Article On Strong Law of Large Numbers for Dependent Random Variables Zhongzhi Wang Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Anhui University of Technology, Ma’anshan 243002, China Correspondence should be addressed to Zhongzhi Wang, Received 16 December 2010; Accepted 3 March 2011 Academic Editor: Vijay Gupta Copyright q 2011 Zhongzhi Wang.

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Application of Evolution Strategies to the Design of Tracking Filters with a Large Number of Specifications

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: In silico identification of conserved microRNAs in large number of diverse plant species

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Indoor localization based on cellular telephony RSSI fingerprints containing very large numbers of carriers

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Research Article A Hajek-Renyi-Type Maximal Inequality and ´ ´ Strong Laws of Large Numbers for

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  • This paper shows the results of an experiment in dialogue segmentation. In this experiment, segmentation was done on a level of analysis similar to adjacency pairs. The method of annotation was somewhat novel: volunteers were invited to participate over the Web, and their responses were aggregated using a simple voting method. Though volunteers received a minimum of training, the aggregated responses of the group showed very high agreement with expert opinion.

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  • Chapter 3 Objective testing: Subjective & Objective term the scoring methods All tests subjectively constructed by the test writer Objective tests: only one correct answer, scored mechanically by computer, responsible for testing a large number of candidates.

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Minireview cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Identification of 491 proteins in the tear fluid proteome reveals a large number of proteases and protease inhibitors...

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  • In this report we present some noncommutative weak and strong laws of large numbers. Two case are considered: a von Neumann algebra with a normal faithful state on it and the algebra of measurable operators with normal faithful trace. 1. Introduction and notations One of the problems occurring in noncommutative probability theory concerns the extension of various results centered around limit theorems to the noncommutative context.

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  • We present U BY, a large-scale lexicalsemantic resource combining a wide range of information from expert-constructed and collaboratively constructed resources for English and German. It currently contains nine resources in two languages: English WordNet, Wiktionary, Wikipedia, FrameNet and VerbNet, German Wikipedia, Wiktionary and GermaNet, and multilingual OmegaWiki modeled according to the LMF standard. For FrameNet, VerbNet and all collaboratively constructed resources, this is done for the first time.

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  • We address the problem of learning the mapping between words and their possible pronunciations in terms of sub-word units. Most previous approaches have involved generative modeling of the distribution of pronunciations, usually trained to maximize likelihood. We propose a discriminative, feature-rich approach using large-margin learning. This approach allows us to optimize an objective closely related to a discriminative task, to incorporate a large number of complex features, and still do inference efficiently. ...

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  • Methods that measure compatibility between mention pairs are currently the dominant approach to coreference. However, they suffer from a number of drawbacks including difficulties scaling to large numbers of mentions and limited representational power. As these drawbacks become increasingly restrictive, the need to replace the pairwise approaches with a more expressive, highly scalable alternative is becoming urgent.

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  • The impact of an earthquake, flood or war on reproductive health can be devastating. Communities in crisis are suddenly deprived of reproductive health information and services. Access is cut off, yet needs persist, even escalate. A large number of refugees and internally displaced women will be pregnant, facing delivery under dangerous conditions; others may be victims of violence including rape. The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) is committed to assisting and protecting women, men and youth made vulnerable by natural disaster, armed conflict, persecution and other causes.

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  • This paper presents a MapReduce algorithm for computing pairwise document similarity in large document collections. MapReduce is an attractive framework because it allows us to decompose the inner products involved in computing document similarity into separate multiplication and summation stages in a way that is well matched to efficient disk access patterns across several machines. On a collection consisting of approximately 900,000 newswire articles, our algorithm exhibits linear growth in running time and space in terms of the number of documents. ...

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  • This paper describes an unsupervised knowledge–lean methodology for automatically determining the number of senses in which an ambiguous word is used in a large corpus. It is based on the use of global criterion functions that assess the quality of a clustering solution.

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  • The structure of the Italian banking system at the beginning of the 1990s can be traced back to the regulations introduced after the Great Depression, most importantly the forma- tion of the IRI (Instituto per la Ricostruzione industriale), which was a public holding company containing the three largest private banks (Banca Commerciale Italiana, Credito Italiano, and Banca di Roma) and a large number of public banks (Körnert and Nolte 2005: footnote 3). Many of the banks that were nationalized at that time were still publicly owned almost 60 years later.

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  • Resolving coordination ambiguity is a classic hard problem. This paper looks at coordination disambiguation in complex noun phrases (NPs). Parsers trained on the Penn Treebank are reporting impressive numbers these days, but they don’t do very well on this problem (79%). We explore systems trained using three types of corpora: (1) annotated (e.g. the Penn Treebank), (2) bitexts (e.g. Europarl), and (3) unannotated monolingual (e.g. Google N-grams). Size matters: (1) is a million words, (2) is potentially billions of words and (3) is potentially trillions of words. ...

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  • The prime number theorem, first results on multiplicative functions, integers without large prime factors, proof of Delange’s Theorem, deducing the prime number theorem from Hal´asz’s theorem,... as the main contents of the document "Multiplicative number theory". Invite you to refer to the document content more learning materials and research.

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  • Conditional Random Fields (CRFs) are a widely-used approach for supervised sequence labelling, notably due to their ability to handle large description spaces and to integrate structural dependency between labels. Even for the simple linearchain model, taking structure into account implies a number of parameters and a computational effort that grows quadratically with the cardinality of the label set. In this paper, we address the issue of training very large CRFs, containing up to hundreds output labels and several billion features.

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  • The ode was original a ceremonial poem written to celebrate public occasions or exalted subjects.  Knowledge of the rate at which a ship is traveling through the water is important if the  navigator  need to estimate the time of arrival. The earth is the only planet with a large number of oxygen in its atmosphere.  Robert Frost was not well known as a poet until he reached the forties. 

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