# Liquid surface

Xem 1-20 trên 47 kết quả Liquid surface
• ### Foam Engineering: Fundamentals and Applications

High specific surface area. The amount of gas–liquid surface area per unit volume of material that is attainable in a foam is greater than that in comparable two-phase systems. This property makes gas–liquid foam particularly attractive for interphase mass transfer operations. Examples of such processes are froth flotation, in which valuable hydrophobic particles are recovered from a slurry, the recovery of oil sands, and the stripping of gases from effluent by absorption into the liquid phase....

• ### Liquid-Gas Relative Permeabilities in Fractures: Effectsof Flow Structures, Phase Transformation and Surface Roughness

Tham khảo sách 'liquid-gas relative permeabilities in fractures: effectsof flow structures, phase transformation and surface roughness', kỹ thuật - công nghệ, hoá học - dầu khí phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

• ### DIRECT NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS OF GAS–LIQUID MULTIPHASE FLOWS

Gas–liquid multiphase flows play an essential role in the workings of Nature and the enterprises of mankind. Our everyday encounter with liquids is nearly always at a free surface, such as when drinking, washing, rinsing, and cooking. Similarly, such flows are in abundance in industrial applications: heat transfer by boiling is the preferred mode in both conventional and nuclear power plants, and bubbledriven circulation systems are used in metal processing operations such as steel making, ladle metallurgy, and the secondary refining of aluminum and copper.

• ### Đề tài " Well-posedness for the motion of an incompressible liquid with free surface boundary "

Annals of Mathematics We study the motion of an incompressible perfect liquid body in vacuum. This can be thought of as a model for the motion of the ocean or a star. The free surface moves with the velocity of the liquid and the pressure vanishes on the free surface. This leads to a free boundary problem for Euler’s equations, where the regularity of the boundary enters to highest order. We prove local existence in Sobolev spaces assuming a “physical condition”, related to the fact that the pressure of a ﬂuid has to be positive. ...

• ### shallow liquid simulation using matlab 2001 neumann

AMATH 581 Homework 2 Shallow Liquid Simulation Erik Neumann 610 N. 65th St., Seattle, WA 98103 erikn@MyPhysicsLab.com November 19, 2001 Abstract A model of shallow ﬂuid behavior is evaluated using a variety of numerical solving techniques. The model is deﬁned by a pair of partial differential equations which have two dimensions in space and one dimension of time. The equations concern the vorticity ω and the stream function ψ which are related to the velocity ﬁeld of the ﬂuid. The equations are ﬁrst discretized in time and space.

• ### The propagation of the electromagnetic wave in multilayers structures composed from cholesteric liquid crystals under the influence of the external electric field

The propagation of the electromagnetic wave in multilayers structures composed from cholesteric liquid crystals under the influence of the external electric field. The tensor solution for the electromagnetic wave being in quadrature with the surface of the cholesteric liquid crystal under the inﬂuence of the external electric ﬁeld along axis of swing of crystal, has been found.

• ### Multi-residue analysis of polar pesticides in surface water and sediment by high performance liquid chromatography

We have successfully studied the analytical method of polar pesticides like carbofuran, pirimicarb, thiodicarb, atrazine, simazine, carbaryl, diuron, isoprocarb in surface water and sediment by HPLC-UV. The method could be applied to HPLC- MS. The stable recoveries ranged from 79 – 110 % with surface water and sediment samples. Especially, a cleanup procedure combined QuEChERS method and solid phase extraction has been developed to analyse these compounds in sediment, a very complex matrix.

• ### Surface - enhanced raman scattering from a layer of silver nanoparticles

We studied to prepare silver nanoparticle substrate for Surface-Enhance Raman Scattering (SERS). Silver nanoparticles were produced by laser ablation of silver plate in ethanol. The average size of silver nanoparticles is 15nm. The silver nanoparticle colloid was allowed to dry on a silicon wafer to prepare SERS substrate. Using the silver nanoparticle substrates we could obtain SERS spectrum of Rhodamine 6G molecules adsorbed on silver nanoparticles. The Raman signal was enhanced strongly by our SERS substrate.

• ### Pharmaceutical Coating Technology (Part 5)

Surface effects in film coating Michael E.Aulton SUMMARY This chapter will explain the significance of the stages of impingement, wetting, spreading and penetration of atomized droplets at the surface of tablet or multiparticulate cores. It will explain some of the fundamental aspects of solid-liquid interfaces which are important to the process of film coating. This chapter will emphasize the importance of controlling the ‘wetting power’ of the spray and the ‘wettability’ of the substrate, and will explain how this can be achieved by changes in formulation and process parameters.

• ### SURFACES Of NANOPARTICLES AND POROUS MATERIALS

Due to the widespread use of ceramic coatings, several synthesis techniques have been developed in recent decades. The majority of these techniques, such as chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and physical vapor deposition (PVD) and their variants, are focused on the synthesis of flat coatings. Recently, the preceramic polymeric synthesis route has offered the possibility to impregnate preceramic materials into porous matrices prior to pyrolysis in order to create coated or composite materials This technique, however, leads to pore filling and alterations of the original substrate texture....

• ### Electrochemical Capacitors: Ionic Liquid Electrolytes

Double-layer carbon supercapacitors (electrochemical double-layer capacitor (EDLCs)) based on two carbon electrodes of high surface area separated by an electrolyte are the most popular electrochemical supercapacitors. The charge process is electrostatic with charge separation at the two electrode–electrolyte interfaces. The EDLCs can thus be modeled with two capacitances in series with what is called equivalent series resistance (ESR).

• ### Liquid Chromatography 1

● Adsorption chromatography • The stationary phase is an adsorbent (like silica gel or any other silica-based packing) • The separation is based on repeated adsorption-desorption steps. ● Normal-phase chromatography • The stationary bed is strongly polar in nature (e.g., silica gel), and the mobile phase is nonpolar (such as n-hexane or tetrahydrofuran). • Polar samples are retained on the polar surface of the column packing longer than less polar materials.

• ### Catalysis and Electrocatalysis at Nanoparticle Surfaces

Catalysis and Electrocatalysis at Nanoparticle Surfaces reflects many of the new developments of catalysis, surface science, and electrochemistry. The first three chapters indicate the sophistication of the theory in simulating catalytic processes that occur at the solid–liquid and solid–gas interface in the presence of external potential. The first chapter, by Koper and colleagues, discusses the theory of modeling of catalytic and electrocatalytic reactions.

• ### RepoRt CaRd on Food-MaRketing poliCies - A- an analysis oF Food and enteRtainMent CoMpany poliCies RegaRding Food and BeveRage MaRketing to ChildRen

Diamond crystals form deep within the mantle of the earth when carbon is exposed to extreme pressure and very high temperatures. Volcanic rock formations such as kimberlite or lamproite pipes serve as pathways that convey the fragments of rocks and crystals from the mantle to the surface (see.Figure.1). The diamonds, along with vast quantities of magma, are blasted upward in the course of violent eruptions. Kimberlite pipes, the richest source of mined diamonds, are usually shaped like a carrot and can extend as deep as 1 to 2 kilometers underground.

• ### MASS TRANSFER ADVANCED ASPECTS_2

Our knowledge of mass transfer processes has been extended and applied to various fields of science and engineering including industrial and manufacturing processes in recent years. Since mass transfer is a primordial phenomenon, it plays a key role in the scientific researches and fields of mechanical, energy, environmental, materials, bio, and chemical engineering. In this book, energetic authors provide present advances in scientific findings and technologies, and develop new theoretical models concerning mass transfer....

• ### Relative risk of surface water pollution by E. coli derived from faeces of grazing animals compared to slurry application

In 1972, the Clean Water Act (CWA) delineated the basic structure for regulating discharges of pollutants into waters and for establishing quality standards for surface waters under the authority of EPA [10]. Under the CWA’s National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System program, stormwater permits were required for sediment runoff from construction sites and discharges of pollutants into surface waters [11]. The permitting system requires adoption of technology-based and water quality-based effluent limits [11,12].

• ### MASS TRANSFER ADVANCED ASPECTS

Tham khảo sách 'mass transfer advanced aspects', kỹ thuật - công nghệ, cơ khí - chế tạo máy phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

• ### Surface Chemistry

Carbon-based nanoparticles and nanostructures, such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs), have drawn great attention in both academia and industry due to their wide potential applica‐ tions. Owing to their well-defined one-dimensional (1D) interior, CNTs serve as desirable materials for encapsulating molecules, such as water [1-4], ionic liquid [5], drug molecules [6], and biomolecules [7].

• ### Báo cáo khoa học: Surface density of cellobiohydrolase on crystalline celluloses A critical parameter to evaluate enzymatic kinetics at a solid–liquid interface

The enzymatic kinetics of glycoside hydrolase family 7 cellobiohydrolase (Cel7A) towards highly crystalline celluloses at the solid–liquid interface was evaluated by applying the novel concept of surface density (q) of the enzyme, which is defined as the amount of adsorbed enzyme divided by the maximum amount of adsorbed enzyme.