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Micronutrient malnutrition

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  • Micronutrient malnutrition resulting from the dietary deficiency of important minerals such as Iron (Fe), Zinc (Zn), Copper (Cu) and Manganese (Mn) in the staple food crops like pearl millet leads to ubiquitous food-related health problems. In context to this present investigation was undertaken to study the phenotypic diversity among 48 maintainer (B) and restorer lines (R) of pearl millet genotypes for grain micronutrients concentration, yield and agro-morphological traits using multivariate approach.

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  • Globally, micronutrient malnutrition alone affecting more than two billion people, mostly among resource-poor families in developing countries, with Zn, Fe, I and vitamin A deficiencies most prevalent. Approximately, five million children dies micronutrient malnutrition every year. Currently, micronutrient malnutrition is considered to be the most serious threat and global challenge to human kind and it is avoidable. Among different micronutrients, zinc and iron deficiency is a well-documented problem in food crops due to which crop yields and nutritional quality decreases.

    pdf12p trinhthamhodang5 16-05-2020 5 0   Download

  • Macronutrient specially K and micronutrient malnutrition, and particularly deficiency in zinc (Zn), iron (Fe) and manganese (Mn), afflicts over three billion people worldwide. A pot culture experiment was conducted to study the effect of water stress on potassium and some micronutrient accumulation in straw and grains of wheat genotypes. Eight wheat genotypes were grown, 4 tolerant and 4 susceptible against water stress for the experiment. Moisture stress treatment to plants was given at anthesis through withdrawal of water.

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  • Biofortification is a promising, economical, and sustainable technique of providing micronutrients. It primarily targets population that has mainly dependent upon major food crops which are unfortunately poor sources of micronutrients. In developing countries, more than 20 million farm families are now growing and consuming biofortified crops. Here we described history of Biofortification, it‘s three different methods namely transgenic, breeding and agronomic and efforts to review different Biofortification research.

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  • Stunting and micronutrient deficiencies are significant health problems among infants and young children in rural Tanzania. Objective of the study was to assess feeding practices, nutrient content of complementary meals, and their implications for dietary adequacy and nutritional status.

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  • Fortification of food with micronutrients is considered a valid technology and strategy to provide adequate levels of the respective nutrients in the diet, and where the fortified food is highly accessible to the target population. Carrot is a commonly use as vegetable for table purpose and industrial utilization of carrot for the preparation of products is very limited. Dehydrated carrot, carrot powder are some of the commercial carrot products , but not lucarative. Carrot has the most wanted nutrient b carotene which is a potential ingredient to alleviate vitamin A deficiency in children.

    pdf8p nguathienthan3 27-02-2020 17 0   Download

  • Inadequate energy and micronutrient intake during childhood is a major public health problem in developing countries. Ready-to-use supplementary food (RUSF) made of locally available food ingredients can improve micronutrient status and growth of children.

    pdf8p vichengshin2711 29-02-2020 6 0   Download

  • Micronutrient malnutrition is a serious health concern resulting due to deficiency of minerals such as iron and zinc in dietary intake. Genetic enhancement of crops with higher mineral content i.e. bio-fortification is one of the most cost effective method to solve the global mineral malnutrition problem.

    pdf11p kequaidan4 05-05-2020 1 0   Download

  • Development of micronutrient enriched staple foods is an important breeding goal in view of the extensive problem of ‘hidden hunger’ caused by micronutrient malnutrition. Iron and zinc are micronutrients essential to the human diet but are in deficient supply to many to many in the Tropics. In an effort to this problem through genetic improvement, field trials of Rice (60 Genotypes) were conducted at Jagtial during kharif 2014 to study the Association and path analysis.

    pdf4p nguaconbaynhay5 16-05-2020 8 0   Download

  • Micronutrient malnutrition has reached to alarming situation with billions of people suffering from Iron, Zinc and Vitamin-A deficiencies. Micronutrient supplementation, food fortification, and biofortification are the three basic approaches used to alleviate micronutrient deficiencies. In the present study ten genotypes rich in iron were used.

    pdf4p cothumenhmong5 17-05-2020 3 0   Download

  • This review has focused on how biofortification can rescue the global micronutrient malnutrition. Various methods have been adopted and perhaps still in use to provide the body with nutrients that are not readily available in diet.

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  • A Front Line Demonstration (FLD) on Demonstration of Nutri Farms for year round nutrition security among farm families was implemented by ICAR-Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Bagalkot for the year 2018-19 in ten women farmers fields at Sunaga village of Bilagi taluak of Bagalkot district with an objective to improve the nutritional status of people vulnerable to micronutrient malnutrition by increasing the year round supply of a diverse range of fruit and vegetables from a household-managed garden.

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  • This review highlights current food insecurity and nutritional insecurity which are interlinked with each other. This review paper deals with important strategies to improve the nutritional security in India like the promotion of household kitchen gardening, dietary diversification, empowerment of rural women, providing nutrition education, climate change mitigation, use of ICT.

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  • The pulses are prima facia to alleviate malnutrition from the un-developed and developing countries. The study was conducted during 2015-16 in India to know the effect of plant growth regulators and micronutrients on growth and seed yield of black gram cv. LBG-625 (Rashmi).

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  • The rapid growth and changes that occur in adolescents increase the demand for macro and micronutrients and addressing their needs particularly in females would be an important step to break the vicious cycle of intergenerational malnutrition.

    pdf7p vitokyo2711 31-08-2020 9 0   Download

  • Micronutrient enrichment in the major staple food crops is an important breeding goal in view of the extensive problem of ‘hidden hunger’ caused by micronutrient malnutrition. Grain iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) concentrations were evaluated in a set of 37diverse rice genotypes during rainy (kharif) season of 2013.

    pdf12p chauchaungayxua8 03-10-2020 2 0   Download

  • At the start of the 21st century, the learning potential of significant numbers of children and young people in every country in the world is compromised. Hunger, malnutrition, micronutrient deficiencies, parasite infections, drug and alcohol abuse, violence and injury, early and unintended pregnancy, and infection with HIV and other sexually transmitted infections threaten the health and lives of children and youth (UNESCO, 2001). Yet these conditions and behaviours can be improved.

    pdf94p chiecxedien 02-01-2013 54 5   Download

  • Malnutrition and poor health status especially in rural areas is a common problem. It retards children growth, increases the risk and duration of illness, reduces work output, and slows social and mental development. Malnutrition among women of reproductive age increases the risk of mortality during labor and delivery and puts their newly born children at risk of long-term deficiencies. Improving nutritional status, including micronutrient status, can lead to increased productivity, increased child survival and growth, and reduced maternal morbidity and mortality.

    pdf7p cothumenhmong4 25-03-2020 3 0   Download

  • Biofortification is a probable and cost-effective means of providing micronutrients to populations that may have limited access to diverse diets and other micronutrient intercession. Micronutrient deficiency, also known as „hidden hunger‟ is one of the most important provocations facing humanity today. According to world health organization (WHO) report about 3 billion people worldwide suffer from micronutrients deficiency. In India, malnutrition problems like anaemia about more than 52% of women suffer, 44% of children below 5 years are underweight and 38% are stunted.

    pdf18p trinhthamhodang9 16-12-2020 5 0   Download

  • This research was designed to produce a nourishing peanut energy bar and jaggery balls with commercial value especially for malnourished children to meet their body development requirements. Among the Various possible approaches to tackle the problem of malnutrition, food based approach is considered the most sustainable one, despite being a long term strategy. Hence, exploring the possibility of value addition to traditional products like energy bars, laddo, mathari and biscuits could be a better option to enhance the intake of micronutrients.

    pdf8p chauchaungayxua10 18-03-2021 0 0   Download

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