Money and inflation

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  • (bq) part 1 book "macroeconomics - policy and practice" has contents: the policy and practice of macroeconomics, measuring macroeconomic data, aggregate production and productivity, saving and investment in closed and open economies, money and inflation, the sources of growth and the solow model,...and other contents.

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  • Lecture Money and banking - Lecture 15: Shifts in equilibrium in the bond market and risk presents the following content: Shifts in equilibrium in bond market, bond and risk, default risk, inflation risk, interest rate risk.

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  • Lecture Money and banking - Lecture 16 include all of the following: Bonds and risk, default risk, inflation risk, interest rate risk, bond ratings, bond ratings and risk, tax effect.

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  • The central bank started out as the government’s bank, originally created by rulers to finance wars. However, the early examples are really the exceptions, as central banking is largely a 20th century phenomenon. The central bank creates money and thereby controls the availability of money and credit in a country’s economy. In today’s world, central banks use monetary policy to stabilize economic growth and inflation.

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  • The main contents of this chapter include all of the following: Targeting money growth in a low-inflation environment; output and inflation in the long run; money growth, inflation, and aggregate demand.

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  • This chapter presents the following content: Short-run equilibrium, adjustment to long-run equilibrium, the impact of shifts in aggregate demand on output and inflation, short-run equilibrium inflation and output following an increase in aggregate demand, adjustment of short-run equilibrium inflation and output following an increase in aggregate demand, the impact of inflation shocks on output and inflation.

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  • Many central banks take as their primary job the maintenance of price stability; they strive to eliminate inflation. The rationale for keeping the economy inflation-free is that money’s usefulness as a unit of account and as a store of value is enhanced when its purchasing power is maintained.

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  • Every country with high inflation has high money growth; thus to avoid sustained episodes of high inflation, a central bank must be concerned with money growth. In this lesson, we discuss the reason why do we care about monetary aggregates, inviting you refer.

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  • Fisher’s logic led Milton Friedman to conclude that central banks should simply set money growth at a constant rate. Policymakers should strive to ensure that the monetary aggregates grow at a rate equal to the rate of real growth plus the desired level of inflation,...

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  • To shift the focus to inflation, we need to look at changes in the price level. Suppose that inflation exceeds money growth (with velocity held constant). Real money balances will fall and so will aggregate demand.Because real money balances fall at higher levels of inflation, resulting in a lower level of aggregate demand, the aggregate demand curve is downward sloping. Changes in the interest rate also provide a mechanism for aggregate demand to slope down.

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  • To ensure that deviations of inflation from the target are only temporary, monetary policymakers respond to change in inflation by changing the real interest rate in the same direction. The monetary policy reaction curve is set so that when current inflation equals target inflation, the real interest rate equals the long-run real interest rate.

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  • The slope of the aggregate demand curve tells us how sensitive current output is to a given change in current inflation. The aggregate demand curve will be relatively. Flat if current output is very sensitive to inflation (a change in current inflation causes a large movement in current output).

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  • This chapter presents the following content: Inflation is persistent for two reasons, shifts in the short-run aggregate supply curve, inflation shocks, the long-run aggregate supply curve.

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  • The main contents of this chapter include all of the following: Real business cycle theory, stabilization policy, figure: stabilizing a shift in aggregate demand, inflation shocks and the policy tradeoff, opportunities created by increased productivity, fiscal policy.

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  • After completing this chapter, students will be able to: See why inflation results from rapid growth in the money supply, learn the meaning of the classical dichotomy and monetary neutrality, see why some countries print so much money that they experience hyperinflation.

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  • After completing this chapter, students will be able to: See why some countries print so much money that they experience hyperinflation, examine how the nominal interest rate responds to the inflation rate, consider the various costs that inflation imposes on society.

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  • Chapter 4 The future of the financial system and the money and capital markets. After studying this chapter you will be able to understand: The value of a payment depends on when it is made, present value can be used to value any stream of future payments, the real interest rate is the nominal interest rate minus expected inflation. It expresses the interest rate in terms of purchasing power rather than current dollars.

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  • The goal of this chapter is twofold: To examine the link between money growth and inflation in order to clarify the role of money in monetary policy, and to explain the logic underlying central bankers’ focus on interest rates.

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  • High money supply (M2) and high budget deficits (BD) both are equally responsible for higher rate of inflation. Moreover, inflationary pressure gets more momentum when money supply and budget deficits both increase together. The empirical evidence of Nepal also supports this hypothesis. Present paper re-examines this issue in the context of Nepal by using econometric analysis. The empirical results reveal that long run inflation is not only related with higher money supply but also to budget deficit.

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  • Nhằm giúp các bạn chuyên ngành Tài chính ngân hàng có thêm tài liệu tham khảo trong quá trình học tập và ôn thi, mời các bạn cùng tham khảo nội dung tài liệu "Chapter 30: Money growth and inflation" dưới đây. Tài liệu gồm các câu hỏi bài tập về tiền tăng trưởng và lạm phát. Hy vọng đây là tài liệu tham khảo hữu ích cho các bạn.

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