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Negative growth rates

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  • Lecture Introduction to civil and environmental engineering (CE 107): Chapter 5 after studying this section will help you understand the demographic divide: feveloped and developing nations.

    pdf26p huangminghao_1902 27-02-2022 10 1   Download

  • Open-cast mining in tropical forests causes negative impacts on biodiversity and carbon storage. Postmining reclamation is therefore imposed to recover the vegetation despite the lack of understanding which indicators can be used to monitor the progress ofsuccession. This study proposes an integrated framework to assess the trajectory of vegetation succession in coal mining site in East Kalimantan, Borneo.

    pdf25p tudichquannguyet 29-11-2021 2 0   Download

  • This study delved into the impact of debt to equity ratio on return on assets (ROA) and return on equity (ROE). The research data was collected from the financial statements of 73 construction companies listed on the Vietnam’s stock market during the period from 2008 to 2015. The research results showed that in listed construction companies, the debt to equity ratio negatively affects return on assets and return on equity. In addition, firm size, revenue growth rate and asset turnover ratio have negative impacts on ROA and ROE, while firm age has positive impact on both ROA and ROE.

    pdf12p huyetthienthan 23-11-2021 6 0   Download

  • The purpose of this paper was to economically analyze and examine the causal relationship between food import bill and certain economic indicators in Oman during the period 1980-2019. The vector error correction model was used to assess the dynamics of food import bill. The finding indicates that food import bill in Oman is positively influenced by the population growth rate, and the GDP per capita, while oil prices showed a negative impact on food import bill.

    pdf8p mynguyenha 21-07-2021 8 0   Download

  • Adequate supply of energy is important for sustainable growth in an economy. The rate of the growth of the Nigeria’s electricity development is very slow and not effective compare to other emerging economies; this on the other hands has discouraged production, most especially in the manufacturing sector. In light of this, the study investigates the long-run impact of electricity consumption on manufacturing sector performance proxy by output, employment and capital using Canonical Cointegrating Regression for the period of 1981-2019.

    pdf7p mynguyenha 21-07-2021 5 0   Download

  • Intensive selection for growth rate (GR) in broiler chickens carries negative after-effects, such as aberrations in skeletal development and the immune system, heart failure, and deterioration of meat quality.

    pdf12p vijeeni2711 24-07-2021 5 0   Download

  • The main findings of the study were that: (1) Goats fed Bauhinia acuminata responded with improved diet digestibility, N retention and growth rate when the Bauhinia acuminata was supplemented with water spinach; (2) However an important negative effect was that the improvement in diet digestibility by supplementation with water spinach led to increases in methane production per unit diet DM digested; (3) Supplementing Bauhinia acuminata foliage with leaves from a bitter variety of cassava reduced the in vitro production of methane when compared with supplementation by leaves from a sweet va...

    pdf145p nguathienthan12 23-05-2021 11 0   Download

  • The present study was carried out in Krishi Vigyan Kendra Badgaon Balaghat under Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwavidyalaya Jabalpur. The time trend analysis area, production, and productivity of gram showed that the area under gram was positively and significantly increasing in black soil of Balaghat, (R = 0.73**), production (R = 73**) and productivity (R = 0. 81***) respectively in district having better moisture content. The growth rate of area, production, and productivity in the first decade (1997-98) and second decade (2007-08 to 2016-17) was positive in districts.

    pdf6p cothumenhmong11 11-05-2021 5 1   Download

  • The study finds a cointegrating relationship between the variables. The study argues that the country is not experiencing the phenomenon of resource curse as oil rents are not negatively impacting economic growth in the long run. Using non linear ARDL method the study reports a higher rate of growth to a positive shock in oil rents as compare to negative shocks in oil rents. This hints at the resilience of the country as the country’s growth rate is less effected with the fall in oil rents. It is also assumed that mere rent seeking economies tend to have poor quality of institutions.

    pdf7p kethamoi7 15-08-2020 7 1   Download

  • Oilseeds constitute a very important group of commercial crops in India and also in Odisha. Due to the economical values of these crops, these are considered as the most important crops all over the country as well as for the state of odisha. The present study aims at analyzing the district level growth and instability of oilseeds during kharif season in the state of Odisha from 1993-94 to 2016-17. The compound growth rate and Coppock’s instability index are used as a measure of growth and instability of area, yield and production of kharif oilseeds.

    pdf8p caygaocaolon6 30-07-2020 8 1   Download

  • Otitis media is a major health problem and occurs with high incidence and prevalence in both developed and developing countries. This study was undertaken to determine etiological agents of the otitis media and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. Ear swabs collected from clinically diagnosed otitis media were subjected to microbiological investigations. Their antibiogram was determined by Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion method. Out of 248 ear swabs processed 198 (81.8%) samples showed growth of various bacteria. 113 (53.3%) gram positive and 99 (46.

    pdf4p nguathienthan5 04-06-2020 12 1   Download

  • This paper examines how initial inequality and poverty rate are related to subsequent economic growth in the provincial level of Vietnam. The results show a robust negative relationship between initial poverty rate and subsequent economic growth.

    pdf8p kelseynguyen 26-05-2020 12 0   Download

  • This study was conducted based on data collected from 73 listed construction companies in Vietnam for the period 2008-2015 with 584 observations and using quantitative methods in combination with the FEM regression model through Hausman test with the help of Stata software 14.0. The research results show that: (1) The age of the company (AGE) and debt ratio (TD) negatively affect the profitability (2) Growth rate (GROW) and asset utilization performance (TURN) have positive impacts on profitability (3) Company size (SIZE) has a positive impact on profitability.

    pdf8p tozontozon 25-04-2020 8 0   Download

  • In modern agriculture there is a pivotal role of pesticides in pest management though, the side effect pesticides on soil biological system is non avoidable. Experimental result shows that imidacloprid recorded 21.42% increased azotobacter population while chlorpyrifos recorded 31.04% less azotobacter in comparison with untreated check. All the treatments showed negative impact on the rhizobium population and rate of growth inhibition was 30.81% to 55.18%; whereas the inhibition rate was ranged 22.08% to 54.37% in case of total bacteria population.

    pdf11p angicungduoc4 26-04-2020 5 0   Download

  • Carbohydrate partitioning and utilization is a key determinant of growth rate and of yield in plants and crops. There are few studies on crops in field conditions. In Arabidopsis, starch accumulation in leaves is a negative indicator of growth rate.

    pdf11p viharuno2711 21-04-2020 14 1   Download

  • In this study, the effects of GDP per capita growth rates, real exchange rates, Standard and Poor’s (S&P) sovereign ratings, the difference between Transition Economies’ (TE) interest rates and USA’s interest rates on TEs’ net portfolio inflows were analyzed. The results showed that GDP per capita growth rates and S&P’s sovereign ratings have positive effects on TEs’ net portfolio inflows. Negative relationship between real exchange rates and TEs’ net portfolio inflows was found.

    pdf10p nguyenminhlong19 21-04-2020 17 1   Download

  • This study examined the impacts of upgrades and downgrades by the three big major rating agencies (Standard and Poor’s, Moody’s and Fitch) on Turkey’s stock market. §The Istanbul Stock Exchange National 100 Index (XU100) was used as stock market indicators. The data set covers the period 1995 and 2011 and quarterly data was used. Control variables were growth rate of GDP per capita and real interest rates. The findings show that rating changes significantly affect the XU100 and vice-versa. GDP growth per capita affects XU100 positively and real interest rates negatively.

    pdf10p 035522894 13-04-2020 14 0   Download

  • The research on the okra was the analysis of growth is usually used to find out the trend analysis of area, production and yields over a period of time. The growth in the area, production and yield of okra crop in Chhattisgarh was estimated using the compound growth rate and production function of the five year data. The area under okra has recorded mild annual increment and growth was negative significant. Most of the districts of Chhattisgarh in case of the cultivation of okra was found negative trend for area, production and yield.

    pdf5p nguaconbaynhay4 22-03-2020 10 1   Download

  • This paper analyzes the impact of economic policy uncertainty on real estate development at the macro level in China. Using the Economic Policy Uncertainty (EPU) Index released by Baker et al. (2016), we find that EPU has a leading and negative effect on real estate development investment. And there is a positive relationship between EPU innovations and the growth rate of real estate development investment.

    pdf18p cothumenhmong4 24-03-2020 36 1   Download

  • The present study initiates and analyzes the growth trends in area, production and productivity of sugarcane crop, measure the variability of sugarcane crop at the district levels in Bihar. The data obtained from secondary sources for the period of 42 years beginning from 1970-71 to 2011-12 and analyze by using simple descriptive statistics, CAGR (compound annual growth rate). Out of 38 districts of Bihar six major sugarcane growing districts have been selected on the basis of percentage area and production of sugarcane.

    pdf10p caygaocaolon3 09-03-2020 7 0   Download

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