Oxidation processes

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  • This study investigated the Photo-Fenton process in textile wastewater treatment by using textile synthesis wastewater made of Symafix Red Dye solution. The aim of the study was to investegate the factors that influent to the photo-Fenton process such as contact time, pH, H2O2 and Fe2+conectrations, and UVexposure in order to research the optimum values of this process.Treatment of textile wastewater was carried out at ambient temperature in a batch reactor.

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  • The experimental results provided that the current intensity, treatment time, pH and initial concentration are the influent parameters on the glyphosate degradation. At the optimal condition, 16.9 mgL−1 of glyphosate decreased up to 0.6 mg L−1 , i.e the removal efficiencies were 95 ± 16 %. This work demonstrates that electrochemical oxidation is a promising process for degradation and mineralization of glyphosate.

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  • The effect of temperature and conversion of glycerol was studied by using cyclic voltammetry technique. The results showed that this reaction occurred following to diffusion mechanism with activation energy approximately of 3.44 (kcal/mol). Moreover, conversion of glycerol by electrolysis using Pt-Pd-Ni/C catalyst also was investigated and compared with the case of using pure Pt. Electrolysis process with electrode Pt-Pd-Ni/GC and pure Pt-was occurred by the first order and this result was well-suit with the previous study about the reaction mechanism of glycerol electro-oxidation process.

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  • The experiment was conducted by using ozone and graphite electrodes to treat wastewater from industrial fried chicken re-processing peocesses with COD value ranges of 1600 - 2000 mgO2/L. A chamber of 20 liters was used in this study.

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  • In addition, the oxidized maize starch film experienced a lower solubility than the film of native starch. It can be explained that the oxidation process, more or less, changed the interaction between amylose molecules as well as the strong intramolecular bonds due to the appearance of carbonyl, carboxyl and thus reducing the water absorbance of oxidized starch films.

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  • UV/Chlorine is an emerging advanced oxidation process which forms several reactive species including •OH, •Cl, •OCl. This study investigated the contribution of three main free radicals: •OH, •Cl, •OCl on Paracetamol degradation under different conditions. Benzoic acid (BA), Nitro benzene (NB) and DMOB were used as probe compounds. The second rate constant of •OH, •Cl, •OCl with PRC were determined: 4.19 (±0.15) ×109 M -1 s -1 ; 3.71 1010 M -1 s -1 ; 3.532×109 M -1 s -1 , respectively. The formation of free radicals depends on pH.

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  • The upper part of ore bodies was weathered and completely oxidized. Difference in geochemical behavior of lead (Pb) and zinc (Zn) in the oxidation process of Pb-Zn ore led to the formation of non-sulfide zinc ore in the Cho Dien deposit. Oxidation of primary Pb-Zn ore minerals such as sphalerite, pyrite and galena creates a low pH environment and transforms zinc from immobile (sphalerite - ZnS) to mobile (Zn2+) and is retained in solution under low(acidic) pH conditions; whereas lead has the tendency to form soluble minerals (anglesite, cerussite).

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  • The current book consists of eighteen chapters divided into three sections. Section I includes nine topics in characterization techniques and evaluation of advanced ceramics dealing with newly developed photothermal, ultrasonic and ion spattering techniques, the neutron irradiation and the properties of ceramics, the existence of a polytypic multi-structured boron carbide, the oxygen isotope exchange between gases and nanoscale oxides and the evaluation of perovskite structures ceramics for sensors and ultrasonic applications....

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  • (a) Substrate covered with silicon dioxide barrier layer (b) Positive photoresist applied to wafer surface (c) Mask in close proximity to surface (d) Substrate following resist exposure and development (e) Substrate after etching of oxide layer (f) Oxide barrier on surface after resist removal (g) View of substrate with silicon dioxide pattern on the surface. • Each mask step requires many individual process steps • Number of masks is a common measure of overall process complexity

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  • For many years, the plates of leadracid batteries have been produced from leady oxide, a mixture of finely divided lead Ž‘free-lead’. and lead monoxide. Although this material is generally satisfactory, it suffers from the disadvantages that it is variable in composition and requires complicated and lengthy processing after pasting to remove the residual free-lead. Plates made from leady oxide also require cycling before they achieve their full performance, and this can result in either depressed initial capacity or additional processing cost. ...

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  • Sorption is a process by which chemicals or organisms become attached to soils and/or the geologic rock material (aquifer solids) and removed from the water. Often the sorption process is reversible and solutes desorb and hence dissolved-solute plumes are retarded, rather than solutes being permanently retained by the solids. Cation exchange is the interchange between cations in solution and cations on the surfaces of clay particles or organic colloids. Filtration is a process that affects particulate contaminants (e.g.

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  • The range of chemical products is enormous and these products contribute greatly to the quality of our lives. The manufacturing processes of chemicals also lead to vast amounts of wastes, and the reduction or elimination of these wastes is now our central issue.

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  • Part 1 Ensuring product safety, quality analysis part 2, part 3 Improving quality in the supply chain,... are the main contents of the in three parts "Ebook Safety and quality issues in fish processing". Each reference peers

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  • Numerous top-down kinetic models have been constructed to describe the cell cycle. These models have typically been constructed, validated and ana-lyzed using model species (molecular intermediates and proteins) and phe-notypic observations, and therefore do not focus on the individual model processes (reaction steps).

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  • Recently statistical knowledge has become an important requirement and occupies a prominent position in the exercise of various professions. In the real world, the processes have a large volume of data and are naturally multivariate and as such, require a proper treatment. For these conditions it is difficult or practically impossible to use methods of univariate statistics. The wide application of multivariate techniques and the need to spread them more fully in the academic and the business justify the creation of this book....

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  • Analysis of the molecular properties of proteins extracted from organisms living under extreme conditions often highlights peculiar features. We investigated by UV-visible spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography the oxidation pro-cess, promoted by air or ferricyanide, of five hemoglobins extracted from Antarctic fishes (Notothenioidei).

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  • Chitosan oligomers were prepared by oxidative degradation of chitosan (with hydrogen peroxide) under microwave irradiation. This is convenient, friendly and effective method to prepare chitosan oligomers. By 1 H-NMR, IR spectrum, the structure of the products was identified and keeps the same as of chitosan. By LC-MS analysis, it proved that chitosan was decomposed to five fractions, the smallest one about D- glucosamine 3 units (at least).

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  • The Biodiplomacy Initiative at UNU-IAS has been carrying out analysis of the opportunities, challenges and options for international governance of cloning. This study builds upon an earlier working paper on governance options for cloning submitted to parties at one of the UN meetings discussing the Declaration and critically examines the international process for development of measures to regulate cloning, from the perspectives of bioethics and national and international law. It is divided into four sections.

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  • Adenine nucleotide translocases (ANTs) are multitask proteins involved in several aspects of cell metabolism, as well as in the regulation of cell death⁄survival processes. We investigated the role played by ANT isoforms 1 and 2 in the growth of a human glioblastoma cell line (ADF cells). The silencing of ANT2 isoform, by small interfering RNA, did not produce sig-nificant changes in ADF cell viability.

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  • Homocysteine (Hcy) is anonprotein-forming sulphur amino acid that plays an important role in remethylation and trans-sulphuration processes. In recent years, it has been suggested that increased levels of plasma Hcy may play a role in the pathogenesis of various diseases, particularly at the cardiovascular level. The pathogenic mechanism of hyperhomocysteinemia, however, has not been clarified.

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