Xem 1-20 trên 25 kết quả Pmtct
  • Implementation of the programmes intended to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV/AIDS (PMTCT) is a major challenge, particularly in developing countries. Despite the controversies about Nevirapine (NVP) resistance, safety and efficacy, it is still widely acclaimed and used in most resource-limited countries because it is affordable, easy-to-use and practical.

    pdf27p chieckhanpieu 19-03-2013 26 2   Download

  • Mother-to-child transmission is by far the largest source of HIV infection in children below the age of 15. This report presents the results of research conducted at a pilot site in the Eastern Cape into the use of resources associated with the implementation of a PMTCT (prevention of mother-to-child transmission) programme.

    pdf0p chieckhanpieu 19-03-2013 16 1   Download

  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về hóa học được đăng trên tạp chí sinh học quốc tế đề tài : Outcome of Different Nevirapine Administration Strategies in Preventin g Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) Programs in Tanzania and Uganda

    pdf8p sting01 15-01-2012 32 5   Download

  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Wertheim cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Health system weaknesses constrain access to PMTCT and maternal HIV services in South Africa: a qualitative enquiry...

    pdf9p toshiba23 18-11-2011 16 1   Download

  • The commitment of the international community and national governments to integrating PMTCT interventions into maternal and child health services and strengthening linkages to other health programmes, including other SRH programmes and HIV care, support, and treatment programmes, was more recently echoed in the Call to Action: Towards an HIV-Free and AIDS-Free Generation.

    pdf65p thankinhphanliet 21-12-2012 32 6   Download

  • Coordination means, at a minimum, that programming within and among U.S. agencies takes advantage of each agency’s strengths, avoids duplication, and increases the efficiency and effectiveness of each dollar spent. Better coor- dination of programs and delivery platforms provides opportunities to strengthen the integration of health services at the point of delivery to meet more of the health care needs of individuals, as well as ensure satisfaction with and increase demand for those services.

    pdf6p le_minh_nha 20-12-2012 26 5   Download

  • This paper examines the integration of family planning (FP) services with HIV and AIDS services (voluntary counselling and testing (VCT), prevention of mother-to-child-transmission (PMTCT) and anti-retroviral therapy (ART)) in Uganda. The paper finds that: FP service integration is more evident in VCT and PMTCT settings where counselling, provision of contraceptive methods other than condoms, and information is available in varying degrees.

    pdf7p ut_hai_can 25-12-2012 35 5   Download

  • This programmatic update is meant to provide a current perspective for countries on the important changes and new considerations arising since publication of WHO’s PMTCT ARV guidelines, 2010 version, especially as a number of countries are now preparing to adopt Option B+. WHO has begun a comprehensive revision of all ARV guidelines, including guidance on ARVs for pregnant women, planned for release in early 2013.

    pdf0p seketnoi 28-04-2013 20 4   Download

  • In light of global and country commitments to elimination of new paediatric infections and the changes outlined in this programmatic update, all countries should examine their own policy, goals and implementation experiences and assess how they can better simplify, optimize and integrate their PMTCT and ART programmes. Countries that are successfully implementing Option A and achieving their targets of decreasing mother-to-child transmission of HIV and treating mothers eligible for ART do not need to plan an immediate change to Option B or B+.

    pdf14p seketnoi 28-04-2013 34 4   Download

  • Bathroom surfaces, such as faucets, handles, and toilet seats should be washed and disinfected several times a day, if possible, but at least once daily or when obviously soiled. The bleach and water solution or chlorine-containing scouring powders or other commercial bathroom surface cleaners/disinfectants can be used in these areas. Surfaces that infants and young toddlers are likely to touch or mouth, such as crib rails, should be washed with soap and water and disinfected with a nontoxic disinfectant, such as bleach solution, at least once daily and more often if visibly soiled.

    pdf40p le_minh_nha 12-12-2012 25 3   Download

  • the prevalence of HiV/aiDS among pregnant women is 0.9% (i.e. low for the region). Whilst 57% and 71% of women and men respectively have ever heard about aiDS, knowledge of prevention of transmission through the use of condoms was very low. there are currently no national guidelines for Prevention of Mother to child transmission (PMtct) or Highly active antiretroviral therapy (Haart). coverage for PMtct is accordingly very low: only 11 pregnant women living with HiV received PMtct services in 2007, an estimated coverage of 1% (11/940 women).

    pdf60p thankinhphanliet 21-12-2012 30 3   Download

  • Attaining and preserving the rights of HIV-positive women and adolescent girls will help en- sure that SRH services are of the appropriate range and quality and that they are accessible to all who need them.

    pdf76p thankinhphanliet 21-12-2012 33 3   Download

  • Some female respondents had accessed PMTCT services when pregnant. Among women not on ART, knowledge of PMTCT and where to obtain services was poorer. Women perceived PMTCT counselling on infant feeding, contraception, and dual protection to be inadequate. Many women not receiving ART knew that antiretroviral drugs were available at the clinics they were attending and knew that they did not yet qualify for the drugs. They knew little of the health effects of the therapy, however.

    pdf12p ut_hai_can 25-12-2012 21 3   Download

  • Indonesia has received GFATM grants since 2003 with 17 grants worth $500 million across the three diseases. Grants have been awarded to the MOH, National AIDS Commission and civil society partners. Grants to the MOH are used to procure all ARVs and many of the ACTs and MDR-TB treatment regimens in Indonesia.

    pdf20p seketnoi 28-04-2013 24 3   Download

  • Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) is a dynamic and rapidly changing field. Current World Health Organization (WHO) PMTCT antiretroviral (ARV) guidelines on treating pregnant women and preventing infection in infants (1), issued in 2010, were a major step towards more efficacious regimens.

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  • The 2010 WHO PMTCT ARV guidelines are based on the need to distinguish between treatment and prophylaxis. Consistent with the 2010 WHO adult ART guidelines (2), they recommend and prioritize starting all women with CD4 counts ≤350 cells/ mm3 or WHO Stage 3 or 4 disease (approximately 40–50% of all HIV-infected pregnant women) on ART for life for their own health as well as for the prevention of infant HIV infection.

    pdf6p seketnoi 28-04-2013 18 3   Download

  • The cost of ARV drugs was a major determinant in countries’ choice of a PMTCT option. In 2009 the average ARV drug cost of Option B was three to five times higher than the cost of Option A (depending on regimen and assuming the provision of both ART and prophylaxis). However, by the end of 2011, this differential had diminished to two times higher. The annual cost of two-pill formulations of TDF/3TC/ EFV has decreased by 30% over the past three years and is now US$150; the newer TDF/3TC/EFV single-pill fixeddose regimen costs approximately US$180 per year (11,12).

    pdf0p seketnoi 28-04-2013 18 3   Download

  • There is an urgent need to assess country experiences and evidence that address the preferences among Options A, B and B+ outlined here. Evidence on the operational advantages of providing triple ARVs to all HIV-infected pregnant women (Options B and B+), on how to best meet the programme requirements of these approaches, and on the acceptability, effectiveness and prevention impact of providing lifelong ART to all HIV-infected pregnant women (Option B+) will help inform upcoming guidelines revision.

    pdf15p seketnoi 28-04-2013 23 3   Download

  • Easier implementation could expand services. Reported difficulties with implementing PMTCT programmes, including the challenge of providing ARV treatment in MCH settings and at the primary care level, highlight the importance of simplifying drug regimens and operational delivery, as exemplified by Options B and B+. Easier implementation should facilitate expansion of services and more effective programmes. This will, however, require strengthened antenatal services, task-shifting, more effective ARV service delivery in MCH settings and direct linkages with ART programmes.

    pdf15p seketnoi 28-04-2013 23 3   Download

  • Recent developments suggest that substantial clinical and programmatic advantages can come from adopting a single, universal regimen both to treat HIV-infected pregnant women and to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV. This streamlining should maximize PMTCT programme performance through better alignment and linkages with antiretroviral therapy (ART) programmes at every level of service delivery. One of WHO’s two currently recommended PMTCT antiretroviral (ARV) programme options, Option B, takes this unified approach....

    pdf24p seketnoi 28-04-2013 22 2   Download


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