Policies determine

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  • The study of public policy, including the methods of policy analysis, has been among the most rapidly developing fi elds in the social sciences over the past several decades. Policy analysis emerged to both better understand the policymaking process and to suppy policy decision makers with reliable policy-relevant knowledge about pressing economic and social problems.

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  • On behalf of its clients, PGGM Investments manages several real estate investment portfolios structured around listed real estate and private real estate. PGGM Investments recognizes the impact real estate has on the environment as well as on societal systems, for instance with regard to CO2 emissions. This document addresses PGGM Investments’ policy on integrating material environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues into our real estate investments. The scope of this policy covers both the listed and the private real estate portfolios.

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  • The availability of crop insurance for a particular crop in a particular region is an administrative decision made by USDA. The decision is made on a crop-by-crop and county-by-county basis, based on farmer demand for coverage and the level of risk associated with the crop in the region, among other factors. In areas where a policy is not available, farmers may request that RMA expand the program to their county. The process usually starts with a pilot program in order for RMA to gain experience and test the program components before it becomes more widely available.

    pdf6p quaivatxanh 29-11-2012 24 4   Download

  • (BQ) Part 1 book "Microeconomics principles, problems, and policies" has contents: The market system and the circular flow, utility maximization, behavioral economics, businesses and the costs of production, pure competition in the short run, pure monopoly, monopolistic competition,...and other contents.

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  • I came to view the process by which a central bank manages the interbank rate in a different light a few years ago in a paper on the zero bound on interest rate policy. 8 Obviously, at the zero bound it is no longer possible for a central bank to operate on the interest opportunity cost spread. The spread is zero. Nevertheless, a central bank still may be said to manage the interbank rate when it is zero. Thus, something other than open market operations and the interest opportunity cost spread must matter for the implementation of interest rate policy. Irving...

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  • The transmission of monetary policy is the center of economic studies, this field was renewed in light of the 2008 global financial crisis with arguments about the effectiveness and the determinants of transmission channels especially in emerging markets such as Vietnam which may have strong bank lending channel while asset price channel and exchange rate channel may be weak.

    pdf310p change08 30-06-2016 23 3   Download

  • (BQ) Part 1 book "Microeconomics principles, problems, and policies" has contents: The market system and the circular flow, utility maximization, behavioral economics, businesses and the costs of production, pure competition in the short run, pure monopoly, monopolistic competition,...and other contents.

    pdf283p bautroibinhyen23 02-04-2017 8 3   Download

  • Chapter 14 introduce to the bank of Canada and monetary policy. In this chapter you will learn: The main functions of the bank of Canada, how the Bank of Canada can expand or contract the money supply, the components of money demand, how the equilibrium interest rate is determined in the money market, the mechanism by which the interest rate affects GDP.

    ppt77p tangtuy04 16-03-2016 10 2   Download

  • The transmission of monetary policy is the center of economic studies, this field was renewed in light of the 2008 global financial crisis with arguments about the effectiveness and the determinants of transmission channels especially in emerging markets such as Vietnam which may have strong bank lending channel while asset price channel and exchange rate channel may be weak.

    pdf34p change08 30-06-2016 15 2   Download

  • Chapter 2 - Managing public issues and stakeholder relationships. In this chapter, students will be able to: Evaluating public issues and their significance to the modern corporation, applying available tools or techniques to scan an organization’s multiple environments, describing the steps in the issue management process and determining how to make the process most effective,...

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  • After reading this chapter, you should be able to: Discuss how the equilibrium interest rate is determined in the market for money, list and explain the goals and tools of monetary policy, describe the Federal funds rate and how the Fed directly influences it, identify the mechanisms by which monetary policy affects GDP and the price level, explain the effectiveness of monetary policy and its shortcomings.

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  • After reading this chapter, you should be able to: Discuss how the equilibrium interest rate is determined in the market for money, list and explain the goals and tools of monetary policy, describe the Federal funds rate and how the Fed directly influences it, identify the mechanisms by which monetary policy affects GDP and the price level, explain the effectiveness of monetary policy and its shortcomings.

    ppt18p hihihaha5 03-01-2017 10 1   Download

  • This research examines the determinants that affect the dividend payout ratio of 156 listed companies in the Vietnamese security market during 2009 and 2014. This study considered the influences of ten independent variables including free cash flow, sales growth, company size, financial leverage, profitability and liquidity.

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  • This paper is aimed to identify the key determinants of commercial banks’ liquidity in Vietnam, testing the hypotheses of trade-off between bank liquidity and profitability. The random effect model (REM) is applied with data of 140 observations from 20 Vietnamese commercial banks in period 2008 to 2014. The key findings are: First, there is no trade-off between liquidity and profitability, as banks have better profitability will pay more attention to keeping liquidity in safe level

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  • Learning objectives of this chapter include: Explain why labor productivity and real hourly compensation track so closely over time, show how wage rates and employment levels are determined in competitive labor markets, demonstrate how monopsony (a market with a single employer) can reduce wages below competitive levels,...

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  • This research aims to examine the determinants of dividend payments of non-financial listed companies in the Ho Chi Minh Stock Exchange (HOSE) in the period 2007 to 2012. Using the Pooled Ordinary Least Square and the Fixed effect model (FEM) for panel data, the authors found that in HOSE, the profitability of firms is statistically significant and negatively related to payout ratio (DPR).

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  • This article presented views or management models of S&T which had been drawn from research findings by organizations and experts worldwide. Discussions and proposals in this article relating to S&T research highlighted the role of basic research in promoting the world knowledge economy and expected that it would create a platform to facilitate the determination of direction and identification of issues need to be considered when making reform of S&T policy in Vietnam, which was found still limited in the context of international integration.

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  • This study provides for the new evidence of factors determining export participation of private manufacturing SMEs in Vietnam. Using a recent national survey in 2011 about private manufacturing SMEs, we find that while more years in business does not affect the probability of firm exporting, firm with smaller scale have a lower likelihood of exporting.

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  • The paper is structured into 6 sections. Section 2 analyzes the main characteristics of the urban poor. Section 3 examines factors determining poverty, income and consumption expenditure in Hanoi and HCM city. Section 4 presents the analysis of dynamic poverty. Income inequality is analyzed in section 5. Finally, section 6 concludes.

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  • At the start of the twenty-first century, international aspects of economics remain as important and controversial as ever.

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