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Pronouns in English

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  • In this paper, a computational approach for resolving zero-pronouns in Spanish texts is proposed. Our approach has been evaluated with partial parsing of the text and the results obtained show that these pronouns can be resolved using similar techniques that those used for pronominal anaphora. Compared to other well-known baselines on pronominal anaphora resolution, the results obtained with our approach have been consistently better than the rest.

    pdf7p bunrieu_1 18-04-2013 25 2   Download

  • Informal and formal (“T/V”) address in dialogue is not distinguished overtly in modern English, e.g. by pronoun choice like in many other languages such as French (“tu”/“vous”). Our study investigates the status of the T/V distinction in English literary texts. Our main findings are: (a) human raters can label monolingual English utterances as T or V fairly well, given sufficient context; (b), a bilingual corpus can be exploited to induce a supervised classifier for T/V without human annotation.

    pdf11p bunthai_1 06-05-2013 45 2   Download

  • Just Enough English Grammar Illustrated requires no formal exposure to English grammar. The book is designed to give learners of English a basic grammar foundation. It may serve other students as a reference or review tool. This book takes a practical approach. It does not focus on rules and definitions. Instead, it studies how words work and what they do in sentences.

    pdf145p yuki_snow_86 22-05-2009 8654 7930   Download

  • In contrast to many languages (like Russian or French), modern English does not distinguish formal and informal (“T/V”) address overtly, for example by pronoun choice. We describe an ongoing study which investigates to what degree the T/V distinction is recoverable in English text, and with what textual features it correlates. Our findings are: (a) human raters can label English utterances as T or V fairly well, given sufficient context; (b), lexical cues can predict T/V almost at human level. ...

    pdf6p hongdo_1 12-04-2013 36 2   Download

  • A constraint is proposed in the Centering approach to pronoun resolution in discourse. This "property-sharing" constraint requires that two pronominal expressions that retain the same Cb across adjacent utterances share a certain common grammatical property. This property is expressed along the dimension of the grammatical function SUBJECT for both Japanese and English discourses, where different pronominal forms are primarily used to realize the Cb. It is the zero pronominal in Japanese, and the (unstressed) overt pronoun in English.

    pdf7p bungio_1 03-05-2013 42 1   Download

  • This article will attempt to look at some issues in using third person singular pronouns He/She in English and Vietnamese through some certain situations so as to help learners and translators understand and use them correctly.

    pdf7p miulovesmile4 19-11-2018 22 0   Download

  • grmmar for usage for better writing is a basic workbook that can provide a foundation for further study in english grammar and usage. it will benefit students who are learning the essentials for the first time sas well as those who wish to review concepts.

    pdf270p kathy201 01-07-2010 710 530   Download

  • You may find that other grammars recognise different word classes from the ones listed here. They may also define the boundaries between the classes in different ways. In some grammars, for instance, pronouns are treated as a separate word class, whereas we treat them as a subclass of nouns. A difference like this should not cause confusion. Instead, it highlights an important principle in grammar, known as GRADIENCE. This refers to the fact that the boundaries between the word classes are not absolutely fixed.

    doc98p thequang 07-07-2009 645 312   Download

  • Chapter 8: Nouns, adjectives and pronouns. Basic English Grammar remains a developmental skills text for students of English as a second or foreign language. Serving as both a reference and a workbook, it inaoduces students to the form, meaning, and usage of basic structures in English. It provides ample opportunities for practice through extensive and varied exercises leading to communicative activities. Although it focuses on grammar, it promotes the development of all language skills. ...

    pdf54p batrinh 28-07-2009 434 270   Download

  • Most traditional approaches to anaphora resolution rely heavily on linguistic and domain knowledge. One of the disadvantages of developing a knowledgebased system, however, is that it is a very labourintensive and time-consuming task. This paper presents a robust, knowledge-poor approach to resolving pronouns in technical manuals, which operates on texts pre-processed by a part-of-speech tagger.

    pdf7p bunrieu_1 18-04-2013 36 2   Download

  • We present an automatic approach to determining whether a pronoun in text refers to a preceding noun phrase or is instead nonreferential. We extract the surrounding textual context of the pronoun and gather, from a large corpus, the distribution of words that occur within that context. We learn to reliably classify these distributions as representing either referential or non-referential pronoun instances. Despite its simplicity, experimental results on classifying the English pronoun it show the system achieves the highest performance yet attained on this important task. i...

    pdf9p hongphan_1 15-04-2013 29 1   Download

  • This paper presents a novel ensemble learning approach to resolving German pronouns. Boosting, the method in question, combines the moderately accurate hypotheses of several classifiers to form a highly accurate one. Experiments show that this approach is superior to a single decision-tree classifier. Furthermore, we present a standalone system that resolves pronouns in unannotated text by using a fully automatic sequence of preprocessing modules that mimics the manual annotation process.

    pdf6p bunbo_1 17-04-2013 30 1   Download

  • Previous approaches to pronominalization have largely been theoretical rather than applied in nature. Frequently, such methods are based on Centering Theory, which deals with the resolution of anaphoric pronouns. But it is not clear that complex theoretical mechanisms, while having satisfying explanatory power, are necessary for the actual generation of pronouns. We first illustrate examples of pronouns from various domains, describe a simple method for generating pronouns in an implemented multi-page generation system, and present an evaluation of its performance. ...

    pdf8p bunmoc_1 20-04-2013 33 1   Download

  • We present an algorithm for pronounanaphora (in English) that uses Expectation Maximization (EM) to learn virtually all of its parameters in an unsupervised fashion. While EM frequently fails to find good models for the tasks to which it is set, in this case it works quite well. We have compared it to several systems available on the web (all we have found so far). Our program significantly outperforms all of them. The algorithm is fast and robust, and has been made publically available for downloading....

    pdf9p bunthai_1 06-05-2013 32 1   Download

  • Most people work in order to earn their living.  They produce goods and services.  Goods are either produced on farms, like maize and milk, or in factories, like cars and paper. Services are provided by such things as schools, hospitals and shops. Some people provide goods; some provide services. Other people provide both goods and services. For example, in the same garage, a man may buy a car, or he may buy some service which helps him to maintain his car. The work which people do is called their economic activity. Economic activities make up the economic system....

    doc56p chonihp 18-09-2009 1735 858   Download

  • Many people who write the trade entrance exam have been out of school for several years. This guide will give you an idea of the kind of questions that will be on the exam so you can see what areas you may need to brush up in ahead of time. If you find you need some help, the following organizations may offer upgrading courses or preemployment programs that can help you prepare to write the entrance exam.

    pdf302p sinhvienmoi 22-04-2010 683 503   Download

  • Prepositions are a class of words that indicate relationships between nouns, pronouns and other words in a sentence. Most often they come before a noun. They never change their form, regardless of the case, gender etc. of the word they are referring to. Each definition of a preposition is followed by one or more patterns, which indicate the word order appropriate for the definition. The verbs in each pattern can be changed to other tenses.

    doc93p mrtapthuyen5 14-11-2009 649 499   Download

  • Round-up Grammar Practice 4 combines games and fun with serious, systemactic grammar practice. it is ideal for student of Enghlish at the early stages of languege learning. Students sê grammar points clearly presented in colouful boxes and table they practise grammar through lively, highly illustrated games and activities.

    pdf190p mrsansing 27-01-2011 982 419   Download

  • Round-up Grammar Practice 2 combines games and fun with serious, systemactic grammar practice. it is ideal for student of Enghlish at the early stages of languege learning. Students sê grammar points clearly presented in colouful boxes and table they practise grammar through lively, highly illustrated games and activities.

    pdf146p mrsansing 27-01-2011 811 400   Download

  • Round-up Grammar Practice 5 combines games and fun with serious, systemactic grammar practice. it is ideal for student of Enghlish at the early stages of languege learning. Students sê grammar points clearly presented in colouful boxes and table they practise grammar through lively, highly illustrated games and activities.

    pdf211p mrsansing 27-01-2011 779 377   Download

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