Regulatory initiatives

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  • All trademarks are trademarks of their respective owners. Rather than put a trademark symbol after every occurrence of a trademarked name, we use names in an editorial fashion only, and to the benefit of the trademark owner, with no intention of infringement of the trademark. Where such designations appear in this book, they have been printed with initial caps.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'risk management and capital adequacy', kinh doanh - tiếp thị, quản trị kinh doanh phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • In working with regulated industries over the past eight years, many EPA regulatory reinvention initiatives have recognized an emerging and very real redefinition of the manufacturing landscape. Largely, this movement has arisen in the context of today’s increasingly competitive “immediate” global market, requiring companies to conceive and deliver products faster, at lower cost, and of better quality than their competitors.

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  • many groups and individuals have been motivated to consider the potential for producing ethanol. Across the country, farmer cooperatives, rural development coalitions, bio-energy advocates and others have gathered to explore the process and prospects for developing ethanol production facilities. In many cases these efforts have resulted in the successful development of ethanol plants.

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  • The Lao People’s Democratic Republic National Growth and Poverty Eradication Strategy (the equivalent of its Poverty Reduction Strategy) marks population issues, including SRH and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), as national priorities, while acknowledging limited success in previous reproductive health initiatives. The current draft for 2011–2015 is targeted towards achieving the MDGs, and priority directions are less explicit in terms of reproductive health (see Box 3).

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  • Investment transactions are accounted for on the trade date. Realized gains (losses) from the sale of investments and unrealized appreciation (depreciation) in the value of investments are calculated with reference to the average cost of the related investments which exclude brokerage commissions and other trading expenses. All net realized gains (losses), unrealized appreciation (depreciation) in value, and transaction costs are attributable to investments and derivative instruments which are deemed held for trading, and are included in the Statement of Operations....

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  • This paper presents the design philosophy and initial design decisions of Herald: a highly scalable global event notification system that is being designed and built at Microsoft Research. Herald is a distributed system designed to transparently scale in all respects, including numbers of subscribers and publishers, numbers of event subscription points, and event delivery rates. Event delivery can occur within a single machine, within a local network or Intranet, and throughout the Internet.

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  • Yet, despite progress in the identification of problems and the development of improved methodologies -- and the possibility of regulatory initiatives that feature mandated environmental accounting -- the field lacks a methodology for evaluating the social and private benefits of improved environmental accounting. Whether regulators continue to motivate EA indirectly via outreach to the private sector, or more directly via incentives such as tax breaks or mandates, private sector resources and regulatory attention should be focused on initiatives that promise the greatest benefit.

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  • This was the period of significant technology advancement such as the first automatic plain-paper copier by Xerox in 1959, and the rapid development of computer technology. Bill Gates and Paul Allen founded Microsoft. This facilitated the emergence of several project management software companies including Oracle in 1977. An example of a project undertaken during this phase is the Apollo project initiated in 1960 with the objective of sending man to the moon.

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  • With a solid understanding of the company, its objectives and inherent risks, the auditor must consider the possible impact of the various risks on the achievement of business objectives and the likelihood of their occurrence. By considering both the impact of key risks and the likelihood of occurrence, a risk profile of the organisation can be developed. The risk profile is presented to management and the audit committee using a colour-coded heat map that identifies high, moderate and low risk areas.

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  • In brief, this dissertation presents four major contributions: (1) Regulatory actors affect strat- egy formation. In particular, and in a situation when a regulator changes from protecting the firm to promoting change, the consistency between resource allocations and the official con- cept of corporate strategy decreases when regulatory involvement increases. (2) Internal alignments are contingent upon the perceived opportunity structure of a regulatory initiative.

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  • Another BSP initiative that addresses the data gap is the Consumer Finance Survey, which aims to generate, measure and analyse data on the wealth, indebtedness, savings and investments of Philippine households. At present, the BSP is completing a pilot consumer finance survey, and it will soon be conducting the full-scale survey in selected regions. This is one of the initiatives that could shed more light on the role of consumer credit in the development of the Philippines and in elevating the well-being of its people....

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  • Most of the attention in the literature has been focused on the initial decentralization. Tsui and Wang (2004) call fiscal decentralization a “handmaiden” to China’s growth. Chen (2004) argues that regional and local governments have better information, and so more control over expenditures, leading to improved efficiency in government spending, and thus led to more growth.

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  • In addition, the survey looked at the use of third-party cookies1 by commercial web sites. Although FTC noted improvement over previous surveys, it nonetheless concluded that the on-line industry’s self-regulatory initiatives were falling short. As a result, a majority of the FTC commissioners, based on a 3 to 2 vote, recommended legislation to require commercial web sites not already covered by the Children's Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA)2 to implement the four fair information principles.

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  • Based on an exploratory, longitudinal, retrospective case study on the German energy utility E.ON, the study examines three related research questions. First, we ask if strategy formation as represented by corporate resource allocations is influenced by regulatory actors. Second, we explore how strategy formation is impacted in terms of internal alignments of corporate strategies and structures. And third, we elaborate on the corporation’s externally directed re- sponse strategies in order to reversely influence its environment.

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  • Mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) phosphorylates proteins such as eukaryotic initiation factor 4E-binding protein 1 (4E-BP1) and the S6 kinases. These substrates contain short sequences, termed TOR signalling (TOS) motifs, which interact with the mTORC1 component rap-tor.

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  • The long uORF-burdened 5¢UTRs of many genes encoding regulatory proteins involved in cell growth and differentiation contain internal ribosomal entry site (IRES) elements. In a previous study we showed that utilization of the weak IRES of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF2) is activated during megakaryocytic differentiation.

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  • Despite expectations born a decade ago, there are only a few successes in stratified medicine up to now and its implementation proves to be challenging in many aspects. Numerous factors are considered in making decisions. Indeed the pharmaceutical sector becomes increasingly aware of the potential benefits of stratified medicine but it seems inhibited by uncertainties.

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  • The CoE approach permits a number of permutations in terms of the level of disclosure and enforcement. For example, a listed company may be requested to disclose whether it is in compliance with individual recommendations of the code or merely with the code globally. In terms of the enforcement, the ability of exchanges or other regulators to pursue companies which do not provide adequate levels of disclosure also varies. In most cases, CoE codes are subject to some form of regulatory enforcement, but they may also be subject to enforcement largely by shareholders (e.g.

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  • The referral system is not functional, and patients often ignore secondary or tertiary care due to the high costs involved. Stock- outs of drugs and supplies and inadequate HRH availability impact service delivery. Lack of financial and human resources adversely impacts regulation and quality control. Many services, including those related to HIV and tuberculosis (TB), are not well integrated into the general health delivery system and continue to be provided vertically.

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