Representative household

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  • This note presents the neoclassical growth model in discrete time. The model is based on microfoundations, which means that the objectives of the economic agents are formulated explicitly, and that their behavior is derived by assuming that they always try to achieve their objectives as well as they can: employment and investment decisions by the firms are derived by assuming that firms maximize profits; consumption and saving decisions by the households are derived by assuming that households maximize their utility....

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  • Openness and trade liberalization are now seen almost universally as key components of the national policy cocktail required for economic growth and aggregate economic well-being. They are believed to have been central to the remarkable growth of industrial countries since the mid-20th century and to the examples of successful economic development since around 1970. The continued existence of widespread and abject poverty, on the other hand, represents perhaps the greatest failure of the contemporary global economy and the greatest challenge it faces as we enter the 21st century.

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  • To improve their influence on SRH legislation, policy and spending decisions at all levels, it is necessary to strengthen the capacity of marginalised people and of other civil society organisations concerned with SRH including women’s groups, health and human rights groups and elected representatives so they can better negotiate for their demands. Civil society groups should collect evidence to support these demands, support marginalised people to express their concerns, and form alliances to strengthen their representation.

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  • Over the last few years, the Internet has had a profound effect on the private and professional lives of European citizens, offering them an increasing number and range of opportunities for accessing information, gaining and exchanging knowledge and realising personal learning goals. The core indicators for Internet take up show that most Europeans are using the Internet. According to Eurostat 2009 data, 65% of EU27 households have Internet access at home, ranging from 30% in Bulgaria to 90% in the Netherlands.

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  • Chapter 3 The Behavior of Households with Markets for Commodities and Credit In this chapter we move from the world in which Robinson Crusoe is alone on his island to a world of many identical households that interact. To begin, we consider one particular representative household. When we add together the behaviors of many households, we get a macroeconomy.

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  • The evidence does suggest that high-income households take tax increases into account in decisions about the timing of income and the form in which they receive income. For example, research on capital gains demonstrates that people may plan when they sell an asset if a pending law change will affect their taxes on income from the sale. Similarly, changes in the difference in tax rates between household and corporate income have been shown to produce shifts in the type of compensation taken by corporate executives and business owners....

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  • This scoping study is relevant to a variety of potential stakeholders. This subject area is a classic case of the possibility that those already working with media might be slow to adopt change preferring “business as usual”, and the new opportunities may be taken up by entrepreneurial community organisations. The target audiences are the networks represented by the collaborators in those countries specified, and a wider global network of organisations working with the collaborators. The direct users of the scoping study will be policy and decision makers and international donors.

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  • Currently, poverty is broadly defined by the lack of public services and the lack of opportunities to generate income, as well as the inability of people to act in their own interests, to express their needs through con- crete proposals, and to organize collectively to implement solutions. Poverty constitutes a challenge to the peaceful coexistence of people and represents ignorance of their social, economic, and political rights. How- ever, creating permanent jobs and implementing productive projects for poverty reduction are not simple tasks....

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  • This paper proposes a simple consumption-based explanation of both the cross-sectional variation in expected stock returns and the countercyclical vari- ation in the equity premium. I use a representative household model, in which intraperiod utility is a constant elasticity of substitution (CES) function of nondurable and durable consumption. The household’s intertemporal utility is Epstein and Zin’s (1991) recursive function, which allows for the separation of the elasticity of intertemporal substitution (EIS) from risk aversion.

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  • In related work, Pakoˇ s (2004) considers a representative household model with nonhomothetic utility in nondurable and durable consumption. He fo- cuses on the Leontief model, in which the elasticity of substitution between the two types of goods is zero. Since the consumption of durables relative to nondurables is procyclical, a low elasticity of substitution between the goods implies procyclical marginal utility.

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  • To maintain and promote the health of young women, mothers, girls, infants and children, GHI Kenya will utilize existing resources and build upon a variety of agency programs to increase health systems strengthening, to integrate health service provision and to create demand for services. The strengthening of these three areas will facilitate the building of effective health systems which will deliver a package of high quality integrated maternal and child health interventions along a continuum of care from household to community to health facility.

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  • Commercially available since the late 1920s. Color TV system began commercial broadcasting on 1953. Plasma TV was invented in 1964 by Donald Bitzer. Web TV was rolled out in 1996. Funding In 2009 the global TV market represented 1,217.2 million TV households with at least one television, and total revenues of 268.9 billion EUR

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  • he 2004-05 Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey is the most recent in a series of national surveys conducted in Tanzania to meas- - ure levels, patterns, and trends in fertility, family planning, and health indicators. he previous surveys were carried out in 1991-92, 1994, 1996, and 1999. he 2004-05 TDHS was conducted by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS). he 2004-05 survey included a nationally representative sample of 10,329 women and 2,635 men from approximately 9,700 households.

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  • Yankelovich Partners conducted an omnibus study on behalf of the Cosmetic, Toiletry, and Fragrance Association and Women Work!. A regionally representative sample of 1,000 Americans age 18 or older were interviewed by telephone using an unrestricted Random Digit Dialing (RDD) technique that significantly reduces serial bias and ensures that respondents with both listed and unlisted numbers are reached. Only one interview was conducted per household.

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  • A representative sample survey of 1273 persons aged 60 and older living in private households was conducted in an area covering over half of Cambodia's population which includes Phnom Penh and the five most populated provinces (Kampong Cham, Kandal, Prey Veng, Battambang, and Takeo). 1 The location of the provinces covered are shown in Figure 1. Sampling procedures are described in detail in Appendix A. Samples were drawn separately for Phnom Penh and the other five provinces taken collectively using somewhat different procedures for the two domains.

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  • The University of Wisconsin Survey Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, the contracted survey laboratory, drew the samples and conducted all interviews for 2008. Trained interviewers called the sampled telephone numbers and conducted the survey using a computer-assisted telephone survey system (CASES). Each telephone number was called at least 10 times before being designated unanswered. The final overall response rate was 46 percent. The questions asked in the FHS were designed in the Wisconsin Office of Health Informatics.

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  • This section describes characteristics of the Wisconsin household population subgroups for whom health statistics are presented in this report. All of the characteristics described here are estimates from the 2008 Family Health Survey weighted data. The Family Health Survey is considered to be representative of all people who live in Wisconsin households. Survey results can be used to describe household residents, keeping in mind that survey estimates will differ from results of a complete count, such as a census.

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  • The Wisconsin Family Health Survey (FHS) collects information about health insurance coverage, health status, health problems and use of health care services among Wisconsin residents. This survey began in 1989 and has been conducted annually since then. This report is based on responses collected in 2008, the same year that the BadgerCare Plus health insurance program was implemented (February 2008). The survey results presented in this report are representative of Wisconsin household residents, who constitute approximately 97 percent of all persons residing in the state.

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  • e California Simulation of Insurance Markets (CalSIM) model is designed to estimate the impact of various elements of the ACA on employer decisions to offer insurance coverage and individual decisions to obtain coverage in California.

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  • The new Foundation for Social Housing (FHS) intends to enable the development of new housing built on land acquired at low cost, to be managed by non-profit organisations oper- ating in accordance with pre-defined rules. The accommodation will be provided at below- market rents and will be allocated to specific target groups (e.g. older people, students, immigrants, single income households etc.). The project involves close collaboration with the public administration, with both the Region of Lombardy and the Local Government Association being represented on the board of FHS.

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