Reproductive rates

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về sinh học được đăng trên tạp chí sinh học Journal of Biology đề tài: Selection on testis size as an indicator of maturity in growing animals. II Correlated responses in reproductive rate

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  • Development times, reproductive rates, and population growth parameters of Tetranychus cinnabarinus Boisd. on 8 strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa Duchesne) varieties were evaluated under laboratory conditions.

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  • Short-term benefits have been noted in studies comparing immediate start of COC with conventional start.14 In a randomised trial, those who were quick started were more likely to start their second pack of pills (OR 1.5; 95% CI 1.0–2.1). However at 3 and 6 months, continuation rates were comparable between the two groups.16 This study involved mainly socially deprived young Latino women and therefore these findings may not translate to other groups of women.

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  • The question is how to translate the theoretical arguments of Keynes and Tirole into a policy that influences (but not rigidly determine) the long-term interest rate. Keynes’s prescription was that the government should gear its issuance policy to defining an upward-sloping floor for the risk-free yield curve. As will be noted below, the specific proposal of Keynes in 1945 was for a tap issue of both 5-year and 10-year bonds at fixed rates. How to do this in present-day terms? To provide the required insulation from inflation shocks, inflation-linked debt would be best.

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  • How market interest rates respond to Federal Reserve actions is a topic of great interest to financial market participants and policymakers alike. Bondholders, naturally, are concerned with the effects of Fed policy on bond prices. And because the first link in the transmission of Federal Reserve policy is from the Fed funds target to other interest rates, the issue is an important one for assessing the likely effectiveness of monetary policy.

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  • Monochamus galloprovincialis (Olivier) is the vector of the pinewood nematode, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (Steiner and Buhrer) Nickle, in Europe and Asia. Reproduction is probably the most important event in the life history of insects and may be affected by a number of factors, such as seasonal changes in larval or adult nutrition.

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  • Contraceptive use accounts for a substantial portion of the variation in observed fertility rates (others include age of marriage, abortion rates, post- partum amenorrhea and abstinence, and occurrence of marital separations). Although there have been dramatic increases in the use of family planning services, unmet need for family planning remains very high in low-prevalence regions.

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  • Reducing Poverty and Improving the Environment and Citizen Health in Brazil Favelas (slums) are a primary feature of urban development in Brazil. These informal settlements often occupy environmentally precarious areas such as steep hillsides and riverbanks, and usually lack key infrastructure, in particular sanitation and sewerage systems. This has resulted in increased rates of disease and mortality. Brazil has, however, made significant steps in addressing the problems which beset the favelas.

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  • Rate review grants and standards: In August 2010, 45 States and the District of Columbia each received $1 million grants to develop or make improvements to their existing rate review and approval practices, strengthening their processes and oversight capacities. States have already used these funds to hire staff, increase data reporting, and enhance their information technology. On December 21, 2010, HHS posted a proposed regulation regarding standards for rate review.

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  • Young women exposed to pregnancy experience greater likelihood of childbirth- related morbidity and mortality, with some countries experiencing mortality rates among women aged 15 - 19 that are as high as twice that of women in their 20s or 30s (WHO, 1989). Physiological under-development increases the likelihood of prolonged or obstructed labor, which may lead to ruptured uterus and death for the mother or fetus (Network, 1994). Negative pregnancy outcomes also result in part from poor prenatal health behavior among young adults, particularly teenage schoolgirls.

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  • The Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology (SART) is an affiliate of ASRM. Its membership includes more than 90% of American fertility clinics. SART has strict membership requirements. As a condition of membership, clinics must report their outcomes to the CDC as well as to SART, have accredited embryology laboratories, adhere to the Ethics and Practice Committee guidelines of ASRM, and have appropriately trained staff. Failure to adhere to these criteria can result in revocation of membership.

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  • The main focus of this book is the presentation of the “inertial” view of population growth. This view provides a rather simple model for complex population dynamics, and is achieved at the level of the single species, without invoking species interactions. An important part of our account is the maternal effect. Investment of mothers in the quality of their daughters makes the rate of reproduction of the current generation depend not only on the current environment but also on the environment experienced by the preceding generation....

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  • All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying or otherwise, without the prior permission of the copyright owner. Applications for such permission, with a statement of the purpose and extent of the reproduction, should be addressed to the Director, Publications Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy...

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  • There has been a steady decrease in the number of women who smoke while pregnant during the last 15 years. This is partly due to an overall decline in smoking rates among all women of childbearing age and partly due to interventions targeting women during the prenatal period. However, while many women quit smoking during pregnancy to protect their unborn children from the effects of tobacco, more than half will resume smoking within a few months of giving birth. 1 The negative health effects caused by smoking and inhaling second hand smoke are well known.

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  • The third reason stems from a different set of empirical findings. Barring sub-Saharan Africa over the past thirty years or so, gross income per head has grown in nearly all poor regions since the end of the Second World War. In addition, growth in world food production since 1960 has exceeded the world’s population growth: by an annual rate of 0.6 percent, approximately.This has been accompanied by improvements in a number of indicators of human welfare, such as the infant survival rate, life expectancy at birth, and literacy.

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  • Does poor reproductive health prevent poor women from escaping poverty? Despite the plethora of survey data showing that poor households tend to be larger and that poor women tend to have higher rates of fer- tility, experts have debated whether these conditions cause poverty or are symptoms of poverty.

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  • Despite a well-articulated policy framework and effective use of the SWAp structure to coordinate donor activities through technical working groups, there are difficulties in achieving translation of SRH policy into decentralised operations at district level. While progress with maternal and neonatal mortality rates is encouraging, they remain unacceptably high, and with life expectancy at birth only 54 years for females and 52 years for males, and HIV prevalence at 12% in young pregnant women, the challenges are great.

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  • To one who has been an eye-witness of the wonderful achievements of American medical science in the conquest of acute communicable and pestilential diseases in those regions of the earth where they were supposed to be impregnably entrenched, there is the strongest possible appeal in the present rapidly growing movement for the improvement of physical efficiency and the conquest of chronic diseases of the vital organs.

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  • “The U.S. Economy grew at an annualized rate of 1.9% in the first quarter of 2003, after expanding 1.4% in the 2002 fourth quarter. First-quarter growth was achieved despite an impending war in Iraq, high oil prices, harsh winter weather in many parts of the country, and heightened security alerts” (Wagle). The possibility of another economic recession has dropped significantly. However, there is concern that the U.S. could possibly fall into a deflationary trap, or declining prices and wages that could result in eroding asset values. “According to the U.S.

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  • Zhang (2004) designed a multi-index model to determine the effect of industry, country and international factors on asset pricing. Byers and Groth (2000) defined the asset pricing process as a function utility (economic factors) and non-economic (psychic) factors. Clerc and Pfister (2001) posit that monetary policy is capable of influencing asset prices in the long run. Any change in interest rates especially unanticipated change affects growth expectations and the rates for discounting investment future cash flows.

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