Soil application

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  • A field experiment entitled “Effect of soil application of silicon on growth and yield attributes of rice (Oryza sativa L.) was conducted in Kharif season 2017-18. Soil application of silixol granules was given at the time of mid-vegetative, mid-reproductive and mid-ripening stages of rice. The experiment was arranged as randomized block design with four treatments which replicated thrice.

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  • An experiment was carried out in Kittur Rani Channamma College of Horticulture, Arabhavi, Belgaum District, Karnataka state to know the response of soil application of diatomaceous earth (DE) as a source of silicon on leaf nutrient status of guava. Leaf sample under different treatment were collected and utilized for analysis of nutrient status. The highest macronutrient viz., Nitrogen (2.13%), Phosphorous (0.32%) and Potassium (0.

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  • The experiment was carried out at Haveli, College of Horticulture, Bagalkot, during the year 2016-2017 to evaluate the effect of quantity of soil application of Zinc, Boron and Iron on growth and yield in papaya cv. Red Lady.

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  • A greenhouse experiment was conducted to study the suppression of Fusarium wilt in suppressive and conducive soils. The soils were rendered suppressive by addition of endophytic bacterial antagonists through seed inoculation. Conducive soil was made by soil-inoculation Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceris (FOC). An average of 64% to 96.4% of plant germinated in all the ten treatments where seed bacterization with endophytic bacteria was done. In case of control (only FOC) only 26% of plants germinated and in normal control (without any treatment) 60% of the plant survived.

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  • The cashew (Anacardium occidentate L.) belongs to the family Anacardiaceae, it has been described as a small to medium sized tree found in Northern part of South America which was originated from Brazil. India is the largest (90%) exporter and producer of cashew kernels in the world. Eventhough, cashew is generally grown as rainfed crop with little or no manure and fertilizer application were followed by the most the farmers but cashew responds well in fertilizer application.

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  • The experiment was conducted during 2015-2017 in kharif and rabi season on Crop Research Station, Nawabganj, C.S. Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur to carried out the on rice and wheat crop of cropping system with seven treatments i,e.

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  • Wilt and root rot diseases of chickpea caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceri and Macrophomina phaseolina are serious biotic constraints for chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) production. These are most important and widespread soil- and seed-borne diseases of chickpea grown where the climate is relatively dry and warm.

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  • The field experiment was conducted during Kharif 2019 at Central Crop Research Farm, Department of Agronomy, SHUATS, Prayagraj (U.P.) with the objective to study the effect of Zinc, Iron and their methods of application on growth and yield of Pearlmillet (Pennisetum glaucum L.) under Randomised block design comprising of 10 treatments of which soil application of zinc (25 kg/ha) and iron (10 kg/ha) at basal and foliar application of 0.5% of Zinc and iron at 35 and 55 days after sowing which are replicated thrice.

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  • Soils in India are declining in fertility status due to higher usage of synthetic fertilizers and mono-cropping practices. To maintain the sustainability of soil and better crop production, it is essential to retain physical, chemical and biological properties of the soil through optimum level of organic matter. This article deals on the literature related to biochar, its production and characterization and its effect on soil application. The biochar application to the soil is a novel technique to improve soil fertility and thereby the soil productivity.

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  • The responses of sludge faecal coliforms, Salmonella, and Ascaris lumbricoides to heat drying, solar dehydration, and inactivation in soil are examined in this study. The presence of Salmonella in raw sludge cake after treatment was low, and absent for most of the cases.

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  • Studies were conducted on Carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L.) to find out the effect of integrated inoculation of potent native isolates of Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AM fungi) and Azotobacter chroocococum with other approaches of management like cultural and biological methods in solarized soil on the incidence of wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. dianthi (Prill. and Del.). Initially, organic amendments, botanicals and bio-control agents were evaluated against wilt to find out the best treatments. Among amendments, neem cake was found most effective with 75.

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  • Trichoderma harzianum parasitism on Meloidogyne incognita eggs and juveniles was examined in-vitro under Assam condition. M. incognita egg masses, their derived eggs and second-stage juveniles (J2) were parasitized by T. harzianum. The conidia of the T. harzianum were found inside of the eggs and attached to the J2s with the gelatinous matrix. The eggs were penetrated and parasitized by the hyphae of T. harzianum, while eggs containing juveniles were also parasitised by T. harzianum. Further, isolate T. harzainum was used for to know the bio-efficacy against M.

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  • A field experiment was conducted at Main Sugarcane Research Station Farm of Navsari Agricultural University, Navsari. Four treatment of insecticides viz. T0 Control, T1 Phorate 10G (1.5 kg a.i./ha), T2 Carbofuran 3G (1 kg a.i./ha), T3 Chloran traniliprole 0.4G (0.1 kg a.i./ha) were taken and applied at 60 days after planting. The soil samples were periodically collected at 1, 10, 30, 60 days after application of phorate and at the time of harvest and analyzed on the same day by serial dilution technique.

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  • Nano-fertilizer technology is designed to deliver nutrients in a regulated pattern in correspondence with the crop demand thereby nutrient use efficiency can be improved without associated ill-effects. The present investigation was conducted to study the effect of soil and foliar application of organic nano NPK formulations on microbial load (bacteria, fungi and fungi) and their role in improving the enzymatic activities (dehydrogenase, acid phosphatase, alkaline phosphatase and urease) of the experimental soil.

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  • The concept of balanced fertilization with proper method at proper time paves the way for optimum profitability of farmers. Since most of the soils in Koshi region of Bihar are sandy clay in their textural class with medium to low in N, P, K and Zn. Due to that farmers of Koshi region applying nutrients unscientifically.

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  • An field experiment was conducted at Instructional Farm, College of Agriculture, Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh during rabi season of 2014-15 to evaluate soil application of potassium and sulphur on nutrient content, uptake, quality and yield parameter of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under south Saurashtra region of Gujarat. The experiment comprising of four levels of potassium viz., 0, 40, 60 and 80 kg K2O ha-1 and sulphur viz., 0, 20, 40, 60 kg S ha-1 and experiment was laid out in Factorial Randomized Block Design and replicated thrice.

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  • Seed biopriming, soil application with enriched FYM and foliar application of talc based formulation of Trichoderma isolates were evaluated under field condition during the Kharif season 2015. Integration of seed biopriming, soil application enriched FYM and foliar application of Trichoderma isolates T3 and T19 was found highly effective in promoting root and shoot length and stem diameter of sorghum. Individually, soil application and biopriming of seed with Trichoderma isolates were effective in growth promotion activity but their effectiveness was greater when applied as a combination.

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  • Field studies were performed during rabi seasons of 2013–14 and 2014–15 at Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi to examine the influence of sowing time and Zn application on productivity and Zn use efficiency of wheat [Triticum aestivum (L.) emend. Fiori & Paol.] varieties. Experiment was carried out in split-plot design and replicated thrice. Two factors sowing times (normal and very late) and wheat varieties (HD 2967, WR 544 and HD 3059) were taken in main-plots whereas third factor i.e. ZnSO4.7H2O application (control, 25 kg/ha soil application, three foliar sprays @ 0.

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  • Field experiment was conducted during early kharif2017 at College of Agriculture, V.C. Farm, Mandya to study the effect of soil and foliar application of micronutrients mixture on growth and yield of blackgram. Experiment was laid out in RCBD with fourteen treatments including control, RDF + FYM, foliar application of MM at 20 DAS (MMF1 and MMF2), 40 DAS (MMF1 and MMF2) along with RDF+FYM, Foliar spray at 20 and 40 DAS along with FYM+RDF and soil application of MMS1, MMS2, MMS3 and MMS4 along with RDF+FYM. These treatments were replicated thrice. Micronutreints mixture comprising Fe(20.

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  • In order to find out the response of soil and foliar application of zinc and iron fertilization on Sunflower (Helianthus Annus L.) yield and economics. A field experiment was conducted during the kharif 2012at Agricultural College Farm, Raichur, the results revealed that, yield and yield components of sunflower were influenced favourably by soil application of ZnSO4@ 10 kg ha-1 + Foliar spray of FeSO4@ 0.5 % along with RDF and FYM @ 8 t ha-1 recorded significantly highest grain yield (2,268 kg ha-1 ), oil yield (937 ha-1 ), oil content (41.3%) and test weight (5.47 g).

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