State policies

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  • The paper analyzes the current state policies on developing S&T potential resources in universities and some additional polices proposed to develop S&T potential resources in universities in the coming period.

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  • Group interest is what to meet the common demands of all members in a certain group of people. In this sense, the group interest is an inevitable social phenomenon. In any society, there are always different groups of people. Each class can be also seen as a group. Each group has its own interest. The relationship between the group interest, individual interest and social interest may suit or contradict each other. Group interest can be found in the State policies, since many policies are advantageous for these groups, but disadvantageous for others.

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  • Optimal fiscal federalismis the question of which activities should take place at which level of government. For example, welfare programs were historically financed at the federal and state level, while education is largely financed at the state and local level.

    pdf54p truongan 13-11-2009 170 87   Download

  • Changes in the use of land reflect a variety of environmental and social factors, necessitating an equally varied suite of data to be used for effective analysis. While remote sensing, both from satellites and air photos, provides a central resource for study, socio-economic surveys, censuses, and map sources also supply a wealth of valid information. Land Use Change: Science, Policy and Management presents spacial theories and methodologies that support an integrated approach to the analysis of land use change.

    pdf207p 951628473 04-05-2012 94 25   Download

  • In the surnmero f 1997, whent he Federal ReserveB anko f Bostons elected the topic for its fortysecond annual economicc onference, manyp undits werea sking: "Is the business cycle dead, or at least permanently dampened?"B y the time the Bank’s conference convenedi n June 1998, the same pundits queried: "What caused the massive recessions in Asia?" and "Can the United States remain ’an oasis of prosperity,’ as Fed Chairman Alan Greenspan termed it, while economiesw orldwidea re under siege from financial crises?" Howq uickly things change! BeyondS hocks:W hatC ausesB usiness Cycles ? t...

    pdf1006p hyperion75 15-01-2013 59 19   Download

  • The past three decades have brought sweeping changes to the i eld of transportation. In the United States and other developed nations, deregulation and greater reliance on markets and the private sector has helped to reconi gure the transport industries. The rise of intermodal goods movements and global commerce has produced efi ciencies of operation and a greater interdependence among transport modes.

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  • Agricultural biotechnologies apply modern knowledge in molecular and cell biology to produce new varieties and similar genetic materials. The use of genetically modified (GM) crop varieties has grown dramatically since they were introduced in 1995, and large portions of the land allocated to corn, soybeans, and cotton are grown with these varieties. The evidence from the United States, Canada, China, India, Brazil, and Argentina suggests that these applications of biotechnology in agriculture increase yield, reduce the use of pesticides, and save production costs. ...

    pdf712p huetay_1 28-02-2013 34 11   Download

  • The aim of this book is to communicate to mainstream public administration students, practitioners, and academicians the growth of the subfield of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender public administrative theory and practice over the past few years. The era from the Stonewall rights revolution to the present involves a transformation from marginalized activity to mainstream public administrative practice not only in the United States and Canada, but also within Australia and the European Community.

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  • The purpose of this book is to examine the experience of a number of countries in grappling with the problems of reconciling the two fields of competition policy and intellectual property rights. The first two parts of the book indicate the variation in legislative models as well as the wide variety of judicial and administrative doctrines that have been used. The jurisdictions selected for study are the three major trading blocks with the longest experience of case law, the EU, the USA and Japan, and three less populous countries with open economies, Australia, Ireland and Singapore.

    pdf586p lyly_5 23-03-2013 35 8   Download

  • The Market for Higher Education: Economic Analyses of College Choice , Returns , and State Aid Policy A thesis Present I find suggestive evidence, however, that her estimates, from a sample of public school students, are upward biased by selection into private schools. Moreover, an investigation of the sampling variability of Hoxby’s estimates leads to the conclusion that her standard errors are understated, and that even her own point estimates of the competitive effect are not significantly different from zero....

    pdf215p mualan_mualan 25-02-2013 37 7   Download

  • This book deals with an Ayyubid-Mamluk Egyptian jurist's attempt to come to terms with the potential conflict between power, represented in the state, and authority, represented in the schools of law, particularly where one school enjoys a privileged status with the state. It deals with the history of the relationship between the schools of law, particularly in Mamluk Egypt, in the context of the running history of Islamic law from the formative period during which ijtihad was the dominant hegemony into the post-formative period during which taqlid came to dominate....

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  • Government size has attracted much scholarly attention. Political economists have considered large public expenditures a product of leftist rule and an ex- pression of a stronger representation of labor interest. Although the size of the government has become the most important policy difference between the left and the right in postwar politics, the formation of the government’s funding base has not been explored. Junko Kato finds that the differentiation of tax rev- enue structure is path-dependent upon the shift to regressive taxation.

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  • The information compiled in this report reflects evidence collected from WHP policies in high-income countries, primarily within the European and North American regions. The scarcity of information and case studies from low- and middle-income countries was highlighted as an important gap in the current knowledge that needs to be addressed. Despite the limits of the available evidence, all stakeholders are encouraged to develop and implement WHP policies and programmes tackling unhealthy diets and physical inactivity....

    pdf65p nhacchovina 22-03-2013 59 6   Download

  • Debates about ‘governance’ both within and outside of the South African state are increasingly turning to the question of ‘co-ordination failure’ – the inability of government to make interventions in key problem areas which require the inputs and actions of several government departments and agencies acting in concert with each other. Too often, the opposite occurs – the silo effect – where government departments work in isolation, unable and in some cases, unwilling to act on the interdependencies that straddle their governance responsibilities....

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  • PHI provides a source of insurance in systems with targeted, non-universal access to health care coverage. It plays a particularly large role in countries with a history of private health coverage and an absence of universal coverage. For example, in the Netherlands, nearly all of the population without access to social insurance purchases PHI (about a third of the population), and the majority of the socially insured rely on PHI for coverage of services not included within social insurance.

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  • An important contribution to the debates surrounding the evolution of the European welfare state model, this volume investigates the role that “ideational leadership” has played in the passing of structural reforms in the change-resistant German welfare state. Based on in-depth case studies of individual reforms in health care, pensions, and unemployment insurance since the early 1990s, Stiller illuminates the ways in which Germany has made the transition from its Bismarckian past to a hybrid welfare state....

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  • This volume reflects the work of the Trans-Tasman Maritime Security Project, which comprises a group of Australian and New Zealand scholars with back- grounds in international law, international relations and maritime security. Our aim has been to identify the issues that particularly affect Australia and New Zealand’s maritime security and to undertake research that evaluates those issues from legal and political perspectives, and propose methods for improving mari- time security in the two countries.

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  • European cooperation and integration has continued to progress forward over the past five decades, with an ever deepening impact on the member states. The first wave of research into these processes concerned European integration, the process of institution building and policy developments at the European Union (EU) level. The second wave, on Europeanization used integration as an explanatory factor in understanding domestic political change and continuity related to the EU.

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  • Although Iraq remains hostile to the United States, Baghdad has repeatedly compromised, and at times caved, in response to U.S. pressure and threats. An analysis of attempts to coerce Iraq since Desert Storm reveals that military strikes and other forms of pressure that threatened Saddam Husayn’s relationship with his power base

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  • The FCC Office of Plans and Policy's Working Paper Series presents staff analysis and research in various states. These papers are intended to stimulate discussion and critical comment within the FCC, as well as outside the agency, on issues in telecommunications policy. Titles may include preliminary work and progress reports, as well as completed research. The analyses and conclusions in the Working Paper Series are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the view of other members of the Office of Plans and Policy, other Commission Staff, or the Commission itself.

    pdf98p bin_pham 05-02-2013 25 3   Download

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