Strategy context

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  • Currently several grammatical formalisms converge towards being declarative and towards utilizing context-free phrase-structure grammar as a backbone, e.g. L F G and PATR-II. Typically the processing of these formalisms is organized within a chart-parsing framework. The declarative character of the formalisms makes it important to decide upon an overall optimal control strategy on the part of the processor. In particular, this brings the ruleinvocation strategy into criticalfocus: to gain maximal processing efficiency, one has to determine the best way of putting the rules to use.

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  • This textbook will be designed for fixed-income securities courses taught on MSc Finance and MBA courses. There is currently no suitable text that offers a 'Hull-type' book for the fixed income student market. This book aims to fill this need. The book will contain numerous worked examples, excel spreadsheets, with a building block approach throughout. A key feature of the book will be coverage of both traditional and alternative investment strategies in the fixed-income market, for example, the book will cover the modern strategies used by fixed-income hedge funds.

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  • Vocabulary in Context was written especially for you. The program was designed to enrich your personal word bank with many hundreds of high-frequency and challenging words. This book presents topic-related readings with key terms in context. Follow-up exercises provide a wide variety of practice activities to help you unlock the meanings of unfamiliar words. These strategies include the study of synonyms and antonyms; grammatical word forms; word roots, prefixes, and suffixes; connotations; and the efficient use of a dictionary and thesaurus.

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  • Distinguish the ways in which firms’ strategies are related to dynamic contexts. Identify, compare, and contrast the various routes to revolutionary strategies. Evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of choosing a first-mover strategy. Recognize when an incumbent is caught off guard by revolutionary strategy and identify defensive tactics to reduce the effects of this competition

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  • A production that values singularity, the symbolic, and that which is intangible: creativity. These are the three pillars of the creative economy. Although this concept has been under wide discussion, dei ning it is still a work in progress because it comprises dif erent cultural, economic, and social contexts.

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  • That rapid globalization is taking place in businesses around the world is beyond dispute. If multinational firms are to prosper now and in the future, their managers must be able to function in a global context—formulating and implementing strategies, inventing and utilizing technologies, and creating and coordinating information. International assignments are the single most powerful means for developing future global leaders.

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  • One morning, long ago, John woke up and decided he wanted to write a book on theories and techniques in counseling and psychotherapy. He thought, “Of all the classes I teach, I love teaching theories and techniques best, so I should write a textbook.” John then began using a cognitive self-instructional problem-solving strategy (see Chapter 8). He identified the problems associated with existing theories and techniques textbooks and formulated possible solutions.

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  • We investigate the use of machine learning in combination with feature engineering techniques to explore human multimodal clarification strategies and the use of those strategies for dialogue systems. We learn from data collected in a Wizardof-Oz study where different wizards could decide whether to ask a clarification request in a multimodal manner or else use speech alone. We show that there is a uniform strategy across wizards which is based on multiple features in the context. These are generic runtime features which can be implemented in dialogue systems. ...

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  • We present new results on the relation between context-free parsing strategies and their probabilistic counter-parts. We provide a necessary condition and a sufficient condition for the probabilistic extension of parsing strategies. These results generalize existing results in the literature that were obtained by considering parsing strategies in isolation.

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  • Problem localization Is the identification of the most slgnlflcant failures i n the AND-OR tree resulting from an unsuocass/ul attempt to achieve a goal, for instance, In planning, b a c k w a r d - c h n i n i n g inference, or top-down parnin~ We examine beurlstics and strategies for problem localization in the context of using a planner to check for pragmatic failures in natural language input to computer systems, such as a cooperative natural language interface to Unix .

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  • The integration of multiword expressions in a parsing procedure has been shown to improve accuracy in an artificial context where such expressions have been perfectly pre-identified. This paper evaluates two empirical strategies to integrate multiword units in a real constituency parsing context and shows that the results are not as promising as has sometimes been suggested.

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  • Social Event Radar is a new social networking-based service platform, that aim to alert as well as monitor any merchandise flaws, food-safety related issues, unexpected eruption of diseases or campaign issues towards to the Government, enterprises of any kind or election parties, through keyword expansion detection module, using bilingual sentiment opinion analysis tool kit to conclude the specific event social dashboard and deliver the outcome helping authorities to plan “risk control” strategy. ...

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  • We study the problem of finding the best headdriven parsing strategy for Linear ContextFree Rewriting System productions. A headdriven strategy must begin with a specified righthand-side nonterminal (the head) and add the remaining nonterminals one at a time in any order. We show that it is NP-hard to find the best head-driven strategy in terms of either the time or space complexity of parsing.

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  • We explore the use of restricted dialogue contexts in reinforcement learning (RL) of effective dialogue strategies for information seeking spoken dialogue systems (e.g. COMMUNICATOR (Walker et al., 2001)). The contexts we use are richer than previous research in this area, e.g. (Levin and Pieraccini, 1997; Scheffler and Young, 2001; Singh et al., 2002; Pietquin, 2004), which use only slot-based information, but are much less complex than the full dialogue “Information States” explored in (Henderson et al., 2005), for which tractabe learning is an issue. ...

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  • The strategy for natural language interpretation presented in this paper implements the dynamics of context change by translating natural language texts into a meaning representation language consisting of (descriptions of) programs, in the spirit of dynamic predicate logic (DPL) [5]. The difference with DPL is that the usual DPL semantics is replaced by an error state semantics [2]. This allows for the treatment of unbound anaphors, as in DPL, but also of presuppositions and presupposition projection. ...

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  • Objectives of the study: Researching the theoretical and practical issues about sustainable tourism development strategy in the present context, from that it’s applied to analyze and evaluate the strategy for sustainable tourism development in Nghe An province some years and propose solutions in order to improve the tourism development strategy of Nghe An province in a sustainable way by 2020, vision 2030.

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  • The purpose of this chapter is to study product in an international context. The discussion focuses on the meaning of product and the necessities of market segmentation and product positioning. Other topics include product development and services. There is also a critical look at the controversial issue of product standardization versus product adaptation, as well as the theory of international product life cycle and that theory’s marketing applications.

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  • This chapter examines pricing decision in an international context.The chapter begins with a discussion of the role of price in general. It proceeds to cover the various factors that can affect price, with special attention given to certain variables that are unique to the international market (e.g., foreign exchange rate, dumping, price control).

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  • Chapter 14 - Global strategies and the multinational corporation. This chapter presents the following content: Implications of international competition for industry analysis, analyzing competitive advantage within an international context, applying the framework, multinational strategies: globalization versus national differentiation, strategy and organization of the multinational corporation.

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  • The effectiveness of presenting and practising esp vocabulary in minimal context: A study at Thuong mai university. The study indicated a range of benefits to students’ language study, pedagogy and strategy in vocabulary instruction or learning.

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