Sulfur bacteria

Xem 1-17 trên 17 kết quả Sulfur bacteria
  • Vi khuẩn lưu huỳnh màu tía (Purple sulfur bacteria): Thuộc nhóm này là các vi khuẩn kỵ khí bắt buộc, có khả năng quang tự dưỡng vô cơ (photolithoautotroph), tế bào có chứa chlorophyll a hoặc b , hệ thống quang hợp chứa các màng hình cầu hay hình phiến (lamellar) gắn với màng sinh chất. Để dùng làm nguồn cho điện tử (electron donors) trong quang hợp thường sử dụng H2, H2S hay S .

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  • The mitochondrial cytochromeb missense mutation, G167E, has been reported inapatientwithcardiomyopathy. The residue G167 is located in an extramembranous helix close to the hinge region of the iron–sulfur protein. In order to characterize the effects of the mutation on the structure and function of thebc1complex, we introducedG167E into the highly similar yeast cytochromeb. The mutation had a severe effect on the respiratory function, with the activity of thebc1complex decreased to a fewper cent of the wild type....

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  • Isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) catalyzes the reversible conversion between isocitrate and 2-oxoglutarate accom-panied by decarboxylation/carboxylation and oxidoreduc-tion of NAD(P) + cofactor.While this enzyme has beenwell studiedas a catabolic enzyme in the tricarboxylicacid (TCA) cycle, here we have characterized NADP-dependent IDH fromChlorobiumlimicola, agreen sulfur bacteriumthat ®xes CO2 through the reductive tricarboxylic acid (RTCA) cycle, focusing on theCO2-®xation ability of the enzyme. ...

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  • Quang hợp là phương thức dinh dưỡng của các sinh vật có khả năng chuyển hóa quang năng thành hóa năng tích trong các chất hữu cơ. Quang hợp không chỉ là phương thức dinh dưỡng đặc trưng cho tảo và thực vật mà còn có ở các vi khuẩn quang hợp như : vi khuẩn lưu huỳnh màu lục(Green sulfure bacteria).Tuy nhiên trong chương trình ta chỉ học quá trình quang hợp ở thực vật

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  • I.Vi sinh vật quang hợp 1.Các vi khuẩn quang quang hợp (Phototrophic bacteria) 1.Vi khuẩn lưu huỳnh màu tía (Purple sulfur bacteria): a-HọChromatiaceae b-HọEctothiorhodospiraceae 2-Vi khuẩn không lưu huỳnh màu tía (Nonsulfure purple bacteria) 3.Vi khuẩn lưu huỳnh màu lục (Green sulfure bacteria) 4.

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  • Thuộc nhóm này là các vi khuẩn kỵ khí bắt buộc, có khả năng quang tự dưỡng vô cơ (photolithoautotroph), tế bào có chứa chlorophyll a cùng với b , c hoặc e, chứa caroten nhóm 5, hệ thống quang hợp liên quan đến các lục thể (chlorosom) và độc lập đối với màng sinh chất. Để dùng làm nguồn cho điện tử (electron donors) trong quang hợp thường sử dụng H2, H2S hay S .

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  • Chromatography was gained more importance initially after discovered in the preparative chromatography using large amount of the sample for the separation all components properly and collect each in their pure forms. Recently analytical chromatography found many application areas. The purpose of preparative Analytical chromatography is done normally with smaller amounts of material and is for measuring the relative proportions of analytes in a mixture after discovered some detectors which need very low amount of the analyte and have proper detection limits....

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  • It is my great honor and pleasure to introduce this comprehensive book to readers who are interested in carbohydrates. This book contains 23 excellent chapters written by experts from the fields of chemistry, glycobiology, microbiology, immunology, botany, zoology, as well as biotechnology. According to the topics, methods and targets, the 23 chapters are further divided into five independent sections. In addition to the basic research, this book also offers much in the way of experiences, tools, and technologies for readers who are interested in different fields of Glycobiology.

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  • An additional benefit of hydrogen peroxide and Fenton's Reagent is the temporary increase of oxygen levels in and around the treatment area. The increased oxygen levels at the fringes of the treatment area can enhance naturally occurring aerobic biodegradation processes that reduce contaminant mass. While there may be concerns about oxidizing hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria in the chemical oxidation treatment area, many studies have shown that soil cannot be readily sterilized by Fenton's Reagent and that microbial populations rapidly rebound following chemical oxidation treatment.

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  • H2 -forming methylenetetrahydromethanopterin dehydro-genase (Hmd) is an unusual hydrogenase present in many methanogenic archaea. The homodimeric enzyme dubbed metal-free hydrogenase does not contain iron–sulfur clus-ters or nickel and thus differs from [Ni-Fe] and [Fe-Fe] hydrogenases, which are all iron–sulfur proteins. Hmd preparations were found to contain up to 1 mol iron per 40 kDa subunit, but the iron was considered to be a con-taminant as none of the catalytic and spectroscopic pro-perties of the enzyme indicated that it was an essential component....

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  • Amongst a wide variety of different biochemical reactions in cellular car-bon metabolism, thiamin diphosphate-dependent enzymes catalyze the oxi-dative decarboxylation of 2-keto acids. This type of reaction typically involves redox coupled acyl transfer to CoA or phosphate and is mediated by additional cofactors, such as flavins, iron-sulfur clusters or lipoamide swinging arms, which transmit the reducing equivalents that arise during keto acid oxidation to a final electron acceptor.

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  • Thioesters are more reactive than oxoesters, and thioester chemistry is important for the reaction mechanisms of many enzymes, including the members of the thiolase superfamily, which play roles in both degradative and biosynthetic pathways. In the reaction mechanism of the biosynthetic thiolase, the thioester moieties of acetyl-CoA and the acetylated catalytic cysteine react with each other, forming the product acetoacetyl-CoA.

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  • We have isolated a minor soluble green-colored heme protein (GHP) from the purple sulfur bacterium, Halochromatium salexigens, which contains a c-type heme. A similar protein has also been observed in the purple bacteriaAllochromatium vinosumandRhodopseudomonas cryptolactis. This protein has wavelength maxima at 355, 420, and 540 nm and remains unchanged upon addition of sodium dithionite or potassium ferricyanide, indicating either an unusually low or high redox potential, respectively.

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  • hydrothermal vents, 1:282–283 methane oxidizing and producing bacteria, 2:378–379 photosynthetic microorganisms, 2:437 sulfur cycle, 2:536 Winogradsky column, 2:601 Chemotaxis, 1:47 See also Bacterial movement Chemotherapy, 1:116–117, 2:416 Chermann, Jean-Claude, 2:400 Chiasmata, 1:105 Chickenpox, 2:572–573, 2:573 Childbed fever, 2:535 Chitin, 1:117–118, 1:232 Chlamydia infection, 2:512 eye infections, 1:213 pneumonia, 1:118 Chlamydia pneumoniae, 1:118 Chlamydia psittaci, 1:118, 2:445 Chlamydia trachomatis, 1:118, 1:123 Chlamydial pneumonia, 1:118 Chlamydomonas, 2:460 Chlamydomona...

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  • Actinomycosis is an indolent, slowly progressive infection caused by anaerobic or microaerophilic bacteria, primarily of the genus Actinomyces, that colonize the mouth, colon, and vagina. Mucosal disruption may lead to infection at virtually any site in the body. In vivo growth of actinomycetes usually results in the formation of characteristic clumps called grains or sulfur granules. The clinical presentations of actinomycosis are myriad. Common in the preantibiotic era, actinomycosis has diminished in incidence, as has its timely recognition. ...

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  • Methioninec-lyase (MGL) (EC, which is present in certain lin-eages of bacteria, plants, and protozoa but missing in mammals, catalyzes the single-step degradation of sulfur-containing amino acids (SAAs) to a-keto acids, ammonia, and thiol compounds.

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  • Targeting of proteins to and translocation across the membranes is a fundamental biological process in all organisms. In bacteria, the twin arginine translocation (Tat) system can transport folded proteins. Here, we demonstrate in vivo that the high potential iron-sulfur protein (HiPIP) from Allochromatium vinosumis trans-located into the periplasmic space by the Tat system of Escherichia coli. In vitro, reconstituted HiPIP precursor (preHoloHiPIP) was targeted to inverted membrane vesicles from E. ...

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