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The economics of taxation

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  • (bq) part 2 book "economics" has book: the demand for resources; wage determination; rent, interest, and profit; natural resource and energy economics; public goods, externalities, and information asymmetries; public choice theory and the economics of taxation; antitrust policy and regulation, economics and policy,...and other contents.

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  • Chapter 17 - Public choice theory and the economics of taxation. Learning objectives of this chapter include: Conveying economic preferences through majority voting; government failure; tax philosophies and the tax burden; tax shifting, tax incidence, and efficiency losses from taxes.

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  • In this chapter you will examine how taxes reduce consumer and producer surplus, learn the meaning and causes of the deadweight loss of a tax, consider why some taxes have larger deadweight losses than others, examine how tax revenue and deadweight loss vary with the size of a tax.

    ppt33p youcanletgo_04 17-01-2016 18 1   Download

  • This book is a somewhat expanded translation of my The ´orie e ´cono- miquedelafiscalite ´, published by Economica in Paris. It originates inacoursetaughtatENSAEandattheUniversityofChicago.I have greatly benefited from the reactions of the students who went through these courses.

    pdf237p layon_5 28-03-2013 42 11   Download

  • (bq) part 1 book "principles of microeconomics" has contents: ten principles of economics, thinking like an economist, the market forces of supply and demand, elasticity and its application, consumers, producers, and the efficiency of markets,...and other contents.

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  • Exploiting a unique data set containing information about the estimated bribe payments of Ugandan firms, the authors study the relationship between bribe payments, taxes, and firm growth in Uganda for the period 1995-97. Using industry-location averages to circumvent the potential problem of endogeneity, and to deal with issues of measurement error, they find that both the rate of taxation, and the rate of bribery are negatively correlated with firm growth.

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  • The produce of the earth—all that is derived from its surface by the united application of labour, machinery, and capital, is divided among three classes of the community; namely, the proprietor of the land, the owner of the stock or capital necessary for its cultivation, and the labourers by whose industry it is cultivated.

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  • The purpose of this book is to offer a unifying conceptual framework for the normative study of taxation and related subjects in public eco- nomics. Such a framework necessarily begins with a statement of the social objective, taken here to be the maximization of a conventional social welfare function, and then asks how various government instru- ments are best orchestrated to achieve it. The structure is built on the foundation provided by the fundamental theorems of welfare econom- ics.

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  • This volume includes eleven papers that were prepared as part of a research project on International Aspects of Taxation by the National Bureau of Economic Research. The papers examine the role of taxation in cross-border flows of capital and goods, the real and financial decisions of multinational corporations, and the implications of growing economic interdependence for a country’s choice of a tax system. These papers were presented at a conference...

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  • This volume contains nine papers that were prepared as part of a research project on the impact of taxation on international capital flows, under- taken by the National Bureau of Economic Research. These papers pres- ent new quantitative findings concerning the effects of taxation on foreign direct investment, international tax avoidance, and international produc- tivity spillovers. This research was presented and discussed in a series of meetings that culminated in a conference held in Cambridge, Massachu- setts, on 14–15 November 1997....

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  • The United States Constitution established the world’s first federal system encompassing an economic union and a political union whose central characteristic is dual sovereignty with Congress possess- ing delegated powers and states possessing reserved or residual powers. A federal system automatically raises questions pertaining to the nature of appropriate relations between the national government and state gov- ernments at the boundary lines of their respective authority and between sister states each possessing equal powers.

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  • In order to answer how much government should tax, we must know the costs and benefits of taxation. The benefits result from the roles of government. The costs of taxation include: The direct cost of the revenue paid to government The loss of consumer and producer surplus caused by the tax The administrative costs of collecting the tax.

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  • From the historical perspective, the two central problems facing most of the developing countries are: Who should bear the burden of the costs of development? and How should these costs be shared between those in the urban and rural sectors? The inevitable conflicts between the two have, in fact, been a long standing theme, reflected in the debates, in Britain over the Corn Laws, in the United States over industrial tariffs, and in Russia over the size of the "scissors." The book provides for the first time a unifying framework within which these questions can be systematically approached.

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  • Abstract Exploiting a unique data set containing information on the estimated bribe payments of Ugandan firms, we study the relationship between bribery payments, taxes and firm growth over the period 1995-97. Using industry-location averages to circumvent the potential problem of endogeneity, and to deal with issues of measurement error, we find that both the rate of taxation and bribery are negatively correlated with firm growth.

    pdf25p ruavanguom 25-09-2012 43 5   Download

  • In 1980, Austin, Texas, and Syracuse, New York, were roughly the same size. The Austin metro area had a population of about 590,000, and the Syracuse metro area had about 643,000 residents. By 2007, Austin’s population had increased by more than 1 million while Syracuse’s population had been stagnant. That same disparity exists when one examines the growth of employment and real per- sonal income. Another disparity between the two areas is the tax burden. State and local taxes accounted for nearly 13 percent of personal income in Syracuse but only about 9 percent in Austin.

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  • The aim of this paper is to investigate the use of sample reweighting, in a behavioural tax microsimulation model, to examine the implications for government taxes and expenditure of population ageing in Australia. Tax microsimulation models are based on large-scale cross-sectional surveys containing substantial information about the characteristics of individuals and house- holds.

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  • I. Economic Truth vs. Political PowerOutlawing Jobs: The Minimum Wage, Once More (Murray N. Rothbard) The Scourge of Unionism (Llewellyn H. Rockwell) Keynesianism Redux (Murray N. Rothbard) The Keynesian Dream (Murray N. Rothbard) The Free-Rider Confusion (Tom Bethell) Property Rights, Taxation, and the Supply-Siders (Tom Bethell) The Regulatory Attack on the Market (Llewellyn H. Rockwell) Are Savings Too Low? (Murray N. Rothbard) The "We" Fallacy (Sheldon L. Richman) U.S. Trade Law: Losing Its Bearings (Alex Taborrok) Statistics: Destroyed from Within? (Murray N.

    pdf394p anhnangmuahe2013 04-03-2013 35 2   Download

  • (bq) part 2 book "economic" has contents: the economics of environmental protection; taxation and public expenditure, trade policy; inflation and disinflation; output and prices in the short run; from the short run to the long run - the adjustment of factor prices,...and other contents.

    pdf560p bautroibinhyen23 02-04-2017 17 2   Download

  • Chapter 7, Taxation and government intervention. After reading this chapter, you should be able to: Show how equilibrium maximizes producer and consumer surplus, demonstrate the burden of taxation to consumers and producers, explain how government intervention is a type of implicit taxation, define rent seeking and show how it is related to elasticity.

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  • In this chapter, the following content will be discussed: Optimal tax theory uses the tools of welfare economics to provide another view of the efficiency and equity considerations of tax design. In general, taxes: Should have horizontal and vertical equity, should be neutral concerning economic incentives, should be administratively easy, should have low compliance costs.

    ppt19p thiendiadaodien_8 24-02-2019 3 0   Download

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