The leprosy

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  • There is perhaps no subject of greater interest, nor one which awakens more sympathy, than that of the Leper; it affords a most curious, though painful topic of enquiry, particularly in the present day, when so much has been said and written, as to the probability and possibility of the loathsome scourge again obtaining a hold in this, our own country. Much confusion and ignorance exists, as to what true Leprosy really is. I do not pretend, nor do I assume, to be in any way an authority on the disease, nor to be at all deeply versed in the matter; my remarks will consist chiefly...

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  • We would like to express our profound gratitude to individuals and institutions for their assistance in the course of undertaking this research. We wish to thank the representatives of the Government of Vietnam, the Provincial Peoples Committee (PPC) of Thua Thien Hue province, Peoples Committee of Phong Dien district and Phong My commune for their interest in our work. Our appreciations are addressed to Tran Huu Nghi, Jinke van Dam, Tu Anh, Nguyen Thi Quynh Thu, from Tropenbos International Vietnam, for their cooperation and for their assistance in organising our surveys.

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  • The Internet has become an important form of communication in modern society, with a forecast of 500 million online globally by the year 2003. 1 Its increased use and accessibility have led to a burgeoning of cyber communities, where people of like minds and common interests transcend geographical barriers and communicate with one another on a range of subjects, some trivial, some controversial, and some intensely private.

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  • With Nokia’s planned move to Windows Phone as its primary smartphone platform, Symbian becomes a franchise platform, leveraging previous investments to harvest additional value. This strategy recognizes the opportunity to retain and transition the installed base of 200 million Symbian owners. Nokia expects to sell approximately 150 million more Symbian devices in the years to come. Under the new strategy, MeeGo becomes an open-source, mobile operating system project.

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  • Universal prevention consists of measures aimed at people that do not have a high risk of disease. Health protection, which falls under this category, is an essential part of prevention that is undervalued and deserves more praise. Universal prevention is not always recognized as such, but it is very important for public health. Innovation is also very important in particular in terms of public information and communication. New digital media will have to be used more than ever in order to reach target groups effectively.

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  • The human body has various defence mechanisms to eliminate these undesirable foreign objects. Two processes are involved: chemical dissolution for soluble particles and physical translocation, i.e., transport from one place to another, for insoluble or low-solubility particles. Soluble ultrafine dusts will act at the solubilization site and will not be discussed here, since the effects are highly variable depending on the dust composition and identical to those of larger dusts which are also solubilized.

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  • Bệnh phong là gì? Bệnh phong là một bệnh nhiễm trùng hệ thống mạn tính do trực khuẩn phong gây ra. Bệnh gây tổn thương chủ yếu ở da và thần kinh ngoại biên. Trong những thể nặng hoặc không được điều trị sớm bệnh có thể gây tổn thương cơ quan khác như mắt, mũi, họng, thanh quản, viêm tinh hoàn, tổn thương xương, khớp. Tình hình bệnh phong hiện nay Bệnh phong là bệnh lây truyền chứ không phải là do di truyền, tuy nhiên không dễ lây.

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  • Phân loại theo vi khuẩn (theo WHO 1988 ) Phân theo vi khuẩn để xác định bệnh nhân sẽ được điều trị theo phác đồ nào. Phân loại này gồm 2 nhóm: Nhóm ít khuẩn (PB – Paucibacllary) Thường là các thể phong bất định, phong củ, phong trung gian gần củ. Tuy nhiên nếu các thể phong này xét nghiệm vi khuẩn dương tính sẽ được điều trị theo phác đồ nhiều khuẩn. Nhóm nhiều khuẩn (MB=multibacllary) Thường là các thể phong trung gian , phong trung gian gần u,phong u.

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  • 1. Đại cương. 1.1. Định nghĩa: là bệnh gây nên do trực khuẩn Hansen, bệnh có tính chất kéo dài và lây, có biểu hiện toàn thân nhưng nổi bật và thường xuyên nhất là triệu chứng da và một số dây thần kinh. 1.2. Danh từ : phong, phung, cùi, hủi, bệnh Hansen nay thống nhất gọi là bệnh phong. 1.3. Tình hình bệnh phong trên thế giới và ở Việt Nam. Bệnh phong có từ lâu đời, cho đến nay theo số liệu của H.

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  • 4.1.2. Phân nhóm theo vi trùng. Để tiện lợi cho việc áp dụng đa hoá trị liệu, chia bệnh phong ra làm 2 nhóm, nhóm ít vi khuẩn (Pauci Bacilary-PB) và nhóm nhiều vi khuẩn (MultiBacilary-MB), mỗi nhóm có một phác đồ điều trị riêng. + Nhóm ít vi khuẩn (PB), ở nhóm này vi khuẩn âm tính, thường là những bệnh nhân thể I, T. + Nhóm nhiều vi khuẩn (MB), từ 1- 6 (+), nhóm này thường là những bệnh nhân thuộc thể B,L. 4.3.

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  • Dựa vào những dấu hiệu nào để chẩn đoán bệnh phong ? Có 3 dấu hiệu chính là: - Mất hoặc giảm cảm giác ở tổn thương da hoặc ở vùng da bị bệnh. - Thần kinh ngoại biên phì đại và nhạy cảm, phối hợp với các dấu hiệu của thương tổn dây thần kinh như liệt, mất cảm giác, teo cơ, loạn dưỡng da. - Tìm thấy trực khuẩn phong ở tổn thương. Tuy nhiên, chẩn đoán xác định dựa vào các dấu hiệu khi khám lâm sàng là chính.

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  • Though alternative methods of controlling insects, rodents, insect pests, pathogens, microbes and weeds have been developed, pesticides could not be replaced. The prosperous role of pesticides in the management of insect pests and diseases is indisputable. However, its nature of non selective toxicity towards other organisms and deposition in the environment warrants the legislation of usage. Pesticide use raises a number of environmental concerns.

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  • I hope that the reader will find these chapters useful to get new perspectives on some of the current topics and issues in membrane trafficking, and to get a sense on the diversity of approaches and experimental systems that are used in this field. Finally, I would like to thank all the people associated with the production of this book. First, the authors themselves for taking the time to prepare their chapters in a timely manner and in a format filled with technical details and novel and exciting concepts. It is not an easy task, and I sincerely thank them for their efforts.

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  • During dry seasons when the surface water disappears and the vegetation dries up, camels have to be watered from subterranean sources such as man made water holes, old wells etc. In highly arid areas as in Eastern Africa, watering camels in dry season is a very time consuming and arduous job since water has to be lifted bucket by bucket from several metres deep wells.

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  • According to the most recent updates, retroviral and lentiviral vectors represent 23% of all the vector types and 33% of the viral vectors used in Gene Therapy clinical trials. Moreover, retroviral vectors are currently the blockbuster vectors for the treatment of monogenic and infectious diseases and gene marking clinical trials (Edelstein 2010). Retroviruses are double stranded RNA enveloped viruses mainly characterized by the ability to “reverse-transcribe” their genome from RNA to DNA.

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  • In addition to family planning services, the WHP offers preventive health screening services. For many women, the periodic family planning visit may be their only point of contact for preventive care and screening. An analysis of patients at family planning centers found that the majority (62%) considered the center their usual source of care and that poor (73%) and uninsured (75%) women were even more likely to depend on the centers as their usual source of care.

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  • The fulfilment of an incentive programme is the travel experience itself, but this is preceded by a motivational campaign, beginning with a launch event. Planning cycles vary depending on the industry sector of the provider. Approximately a third of incentive campaigns start six months before the trip takes place; the remaining two thirds start between six and 18 months ahead. Measurable objectives are set by the incentive providers – usually the company’s sales or marketing director, often working in tandem with a specialist incentive travel agency.

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  • Car-sharing can be seen as an effective measure for reducing the burden of automobile traffic on the environment. The automobiles belonging to Swedish car-sharing organizations are often newer and have more satisfactory environmental and safety characteristics than Swedish cars in general. Studies have also shown that a member of an average car-sharing scheme drives only about two-thirds as much as earlier and that a shared car, through being used more effectively, takes the place of some five privately owned cars and as many parking spaces.

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  • This comfortable arrangement came to an end when the hous- ing market collapse raised concerns about the quality of all asset- backed investments, including securities issued by SIVs.Money market funds soon stopped buying their CP. And then the doomsday sce- nario struck: when SIVs attempted sell a large part of their portfolio holdings to pay off the CP when it matured, they found that they couldn’t. Money market funds had to mark down the prices on any SIV- issued CP that they still owned, in the process threatening to break the buck.

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  • là bệnh gây nên do trực khuẩn Hansen, bệnh có tính chất kéo dài và lây, có biểu hiện toàn thân nhưng nổi bật và thường xuyên nhất là triệu chứng da và một số dây thần kinh. 1.2. Danh từ : phong, phung, cùi, hủi, bệnh Hansen nay thống nhất gọi là bệnh phong. 1.3. Tình hình bệnh phong trên thế giới và ở Việt Nam. Bệnh phong có từ lâu đời, cho đến nay theo số liệu của H.Sansarricq, Scal và Walter trong " Sự phân bố bệnh phong trên thế giới": Tổng số bệnh nhân 10.786.

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