The role of language

Xem 1-20 trên 235 kết quả The role of language
  • This study examined the role of motivation types in predicting the use of language learning strategies by English major students at the University of Languages and International Studies - Vietnam National University, Hanoi (ULIS). A questionnaire was employed to collect information from 123 students.

    pdf21p miulovesmile4 19-11-2018 35 2   Download

  • Research on the discovery of terms from corpora has focused on word sequences whose recurrent occurrence in a corpus is indicative of their terminological status, and has not addressed the issue of discovering terms when data is sparse. This becomes apparent in the case of noun compounding, which is extremely productive: more than half of the candidate compounds extracted from a corpus are attested only once. We show how evidence about established (i.e.

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  • In this p;,perI [ discuss the formal relationship between the process of focussing and interpret;ition of pronominal anaphora. The discussion of focussing extends the work of Grosz [1977]. Foct,ssing is defined algorithmical]y as a process which chooses a focus of attention in a discourse and moves it around as the speaker's focus ch'mges. The paper shows how to use the focussing algorithm by ;m extended example given below. DI-I Alfred a,ld Zohar liked to play baseball. 2 They played it everyday after school before dinner. 3 After their game, the two usually went for ice cream cones. ...

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  • Computational neurolinguistics (CN) is an approach to computational l i n g u i s t i c s which includes neurally-motivated constraints in the design of models of natural language processing. Furthermore, the knowledge representations included in such models must be supported with documented behaviorial e v ~ c e , normal and pathological. This paper w i l l discuss the contribution of CN models to ~the understanding of l i n g u i s t i c "competence" within recent research efforts to adapt HOPE (Gigley 1981; 1982a; 1982b; 1982c; 1983a), an implemented CN...

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  • In this paper we argue that lexicalselection plays a more important role in the generation process than has commonly been assumed. To stress the importance of lexicalsemantic input to generation, we explore the distinction and treatment of generating open and closed cla~s lexical items, and suggest an additional classification of the latter into discourse-oriented and proposition-oriented items. Finally, we discuss how lexical selection is influenced by thematic ([oc~) information in the input. ...

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  • In this paper we examine the pragmatic knowledge an utterance-planning system must have in order to produce certain kinds of definite and indefinite noun phrases. An utterance.planning system, like other planning systems, plans actions to satisfy an agent's goals, but allows some of the actions to consist of the utterance of sentences. This approach to language generation emphasizes the view of language as action, and hence assigns a critical role to pragmatics.

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  • This work is the first systematic investigation of initiative in human-human tutorial dialogue. We studied initiative management in two dialogue strategies: didactic tutoring and Socratic tutoring. We hypothesized that didactic tutoring would be mostly tutor-initiative while Socratic tutoring would be mixedinitiative, and that more student initiative would lead to more learning (i.e., task success for the tutor).

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  • We argue that the machine translation community is overly reliant on the Bleu machine translation evaluation metric. We show that an improved Bleu score is neither necessary nor sufficient for achieving an actual improvement in translation quality, and give two significant counterexamples to Bleu’s correlation with human judgments of quality. This offers new potential for research which was previously deemed unpromising by an inability to improve upon Bleu scores.

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  • The model of learning strategies of O’Malley et al. (cited in O’Malley & Chamot, 1990) seems useful to describe the strategy instruction in the present research. Since the teaching of the concepts of conversational implicature and adjacency pairs proposed in my paper can be the application of unwritten “rules” used commonly in society, the strategy instruction applying these rules may represent deducing or deductive strategy (applying rules to the understanding of language) in the sub-category of cognitive strategies presented in this model (O’Malley & Chamot, 1990).

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  • This paper present an overview of some emerging trends in the application of NLP in the domain of the so-called Digital Humanities and discusses the role and nature of metadata, the annotation layer that is so characteristic of documents that play a role in the scholarly practises of the humanities. It is explained how metadata are the key to the added value of techniques such as text and link mining, and an outline is given of what measures could be taken to increase the chances for a bright future for the old ties between NLP and the humanities. There...

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  • The aim of this paper is to show how large-scale (computational) grammars of natural language benefit from an organization of semantics which is based on Minimal Recursion Semantics (MRS; Copestake et al. (1999)). This we are doing by providing an account of valence alternations in German based on MRS, showing how such an account makes a computational grammar more efficient and less complicated for the grammar writer.

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  • This paper gives an account of the role tense plays in the listener's reconstruction of the events and situations a speaker has chosen to describe. Several new ideas are presented: (a) that tense is better viewed by analogy with definite NPs than with pronouns; (b) that a narrative has a temporal focus that grounds the context-dependency of tense; and (c) that focus management heuristics can be used to track the movement of temporal focus. 1

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  • Foreigners learning Vietnamese often ask the question if there is a Vietnamese word which is equivalent to 'please‘ in English. An analysis of strategies for translating the word 'please‘ in the Vietnamese translations of the two novels The Life of Pi and Slumdog Millionaire shows that there is more than one way to say 'please' in Vietnamese language. This study indicates that the choice of strategies depends on the context and the role of communication of interlocutors.

    pdf10p jangni 13-04-2018 31 1   Download

  • The paper seeks to review on the use of a first language or a mother tongue (L1) in a second or foreign language (L2) classroom. The report examines permissible frequencies, practical purposes and influential factors of the L1 employment in the L2 classrooms. The findings provide that (i) there are mixed results of L1 use among novice and experienced teachers or low-level and high-level students and among different language teaching approaches followed by (ii) three main categorized reasons facilitating the role of L1.

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  • This research is an attempt to highlight how Vietnamese EFL school teachers perceive their roles and what style of teacher they are in this current changing world – the world of Industry 4.0. The study involved a sample of 300 Vietnamese EFL school teachers throughout Vietnam. The instruments employed for the research were three questionnaires intended to explore different aspects of EFL teachers’ perception of their roles. The data collected were analyzed quantitatively and were discussed in some detail.

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  • The research results show that, to strengthen the position and to raise the business awareness of Vietnamese business community in Poland, to strengthen it into a more developed and unified community for the purpose of future sustainable development, Vietnamese embassy in Poland with all of its networks of partnership, Vietnam's foreign trade promotion and trade representative agencies, and the diverse Vietnamese associations in Poland, both for profit and non-profit, need to play an interactive role to support Vietnamese businessmen and entrepreneurs to understand indigenous business pract...

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  • We use a unique data set to examine the return to English knowledge. Our primary focus is on Russian immigrants to Israel, but we study native Israelis as well. Understanding the role of English in this setting is important for at least three reasons.

    pdf28p baohan 17-06-2009 588 177   Download

  • At the beginning of work helping people hone communication skills, I was met with a lot of skepticism. People do not appreciate the initiative to escape from the boredom. But then I receive confidential calls for help from someone who has a good reputation.Communication is an active process of information exchange between the speaker and the listener to achieve a certain purpose. Typically, communication through three states: 1. Exchange information, contact psychology 2. Mutual understanding, 3. Impact and influence each other....

    pdf175p hoanganhquangninh 10-11-2011 203 108   Download

  • What are human languages, such that they can be acquired and used as they are? This class surveys some of the most important and recent approaches to this question, breaking the problem up along traditional lines. In spoken languages, what are the basic speech sounds? How are these sounds articulated and combined? What are the basic units of meaning? How are the basic units of meaning combined into complex phrases? How are these complexes interpreted? These questions are surprisingly hard! This introductory survey can only briefly touch on each one....

    pdf152p chieu_mua 22-08-2012 85 19   Download

  • There is an obvious interest in this analysis for feminists, a beauty in its exact rendering of the frustration experienced under the phallocentric order. It gets us nearer to the roots of our oppression, it brings an articulation of the problem closer, it faces us with the ultimate challenge: how to fight the unconscious structured like a language (formed critically at the moment of arrival of language) while still caught within the language of the patriarchy. There is no way in which we can produce an alternative out of the blue, but we can begin to make a break...

    pdf0p khanhchilam 01-04-2013 79 6   Download



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