Thermal processes

Xem 1-20 trên 107 kết quả Thermal processes
  • Thermal processing of foods in one form or the other has been in place since the 1900s. Although the fundamental principles remain the same, there have been numerous improvements in the control and automation of thermal processes. The various chapters in this book provide an insight into the details of the control and automation processes and details involved for different thermal processes.

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  • Machining processes produce finished products with a high degree of accuracy and surface quality. Conventional machining utilizes cutting tools that must be harder than the workpiece material. The use of difficult-to-cut materials encouraged efforts that led to the introduction of the nonconventional machining processes that are well-established in modern manufacturing industries.

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  • Thermal power plants are one of the most important process industries for engineering professionals. Over the past decades, the power sector is facing a number of critical issues; however, the most fundamental challenge is meeting the growing power demand in sustainable and efficient ways. Practicing power plant engineers not only look after operation and maintenance of the plant, but, also look after range of activities including research and development, starting from power generation to environmental aspects of power plants.

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  • Alciatore/Histand Introduction to Mechatronics and Measurement System Anderson Fundamentals of Aerodynamics Anderson Introduction to Flight Anderson Modern Compressible Flow Barber Intermediate Mechanics of Materials Beer/Johnston Vector Mechanics for Engineers Beer/Johnston Mechanics of Materials Budynas Advanced Strength and Applied Stress Analysis Budynas/Nisbett Shigley’s Mechanical Engineering Design Cengel Heat Transfer: A Practical Approach Cengel Introduction to Thermodynamics & Heat Transfer Cengel/Boles Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach Cengel/Clmbala Fluid Mechanics: Fund...

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  • This book includes contributions from researchers around the world on numerical developments and applications to predict fluid flow and heat transfer, with an emphasis on thermal hydraulics computational fluid dynamics. Our ability to simulate larger problems with greater fidelity has vastly expanded over the past decade. The collection of material presented in this book augments the ever-increasing body of knowledge concerning the important topic of thermal hydraulics.

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  • This book has been written to present elementary practical and efficient applications in saving energy concept, as well as propose a solitary action for this category of topics. The book aims to illustrate various methods in treatment the concept of thermal insulation such as processes and the attempt to build an efficient passive building model.

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  • (BQ) The modelling of ECM and EDM processes requires not one but several models to simulate the different phenomena that occur during machining. This paper reviews the models that have been developed to simulate each of these phenomena, e.g. potential models to calculate the current density distribution in ECM, thermal models for the plasma arc in EDM, moving boundary models to simulate the anodic dissolution in ECM and probabilistic models to determine the discharge location in EDM.

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  • Refinery Process Air Emissions The most significant air emission sources in oil refineries are catalytic or thermal cracking units, catalytic reformer units, sulfur recovery plants, storage vessels, fluid coking units wastewater streams, cooling towers, equipment leaks, blowdown systems, vacuum distillation units, steam boilers, process furnaces, process heaters, compressor engines, barge or ship loading and gasoline loading racks specifically located at petroleum refineries.

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  • (BQ)In this paper a new contribution to the simulation and modelling of the EDM process is presented. Temperature fields within the workpiece generated by the superposition of multiple discharges, as it happens during an actual EDM operation, are numerically calculated using a finite difference schema. The characteristics of the discharge for a given operation, namely energy transferred onto the workpiece, diameter of the discharge channel and material removal efficiency can be estimated using inverse identification from the results of the numerical model.

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  • (BQ) In this study experiments have been performed to study the percentage fraction of energy transferred to the workpiece utilizing heat transfer equations, at different EDM parameters. This study also relates the optimum parameters with the optimum utilization of input discharge energy and hence will help to improve the technological performance of this process.

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  • In this work, we report on the controlled synthesis of ZnS microstructures with high purity on Au-coated silicon substrates by thermal evaporation of ZnS powder in Ar gas ambient at atmospheric pressure. The growth mechanism is confirmed as a typical vapor–liquid–solid (VLS) process. The prepared ZnS microstructures have wurtzite (hexagonal) structures. The catalytically grown ZnS microstructures, including microwires and microbelts, are tens of micrometers in length.

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  • In this work, non-thermal N2/Ar micro-plasma was applied to fibroblast cells and second degree burn in mice to investigate the bio-safety and bioefficiency of micro-plasma device for studying wound healing process. The chosen parameters of the device were the addition of 0.5% N2 in argon plasma and RF supplied power of 17 W and 13 W in vitro and in vivo studies, respectively

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  • Extrusion processing is widely utilized in the food and feed industries for the manufacture of value-added products. Extrusion processing is a versatile technology producing a wide range of products, including confectionery products, pasta, ready-to-eat (RTE) cereals, flat bread, snack products, texturized proteins, and pet foods.

    pdf517p thanhthao567 20-12-2011 58 36   Download

  • Food engineering is usually a difficult discipline for food science students because they are more used to qualitative rather than to quantitative descriptions of food processing operations. Food engineering requires understanding of the basic principles of fluid flow, heat transfer, and mass transfer phenomena and application of these principles to unit operations which are frequently used in food processing, e.g., evaporation, drying, thermal processing, cooling and freezing, etc. The most difficult part of a course in food engineering is often considered the solution of problems.

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  • The Rectisol process uses methanol as wash solvent. The methanol has many benefits, is globally available and is a low-cost washing agent. Furthermore, methanol is chemically and thermally stable and will not change its behavior and structure over a long service life. The Rectisol wash unit operates at temperatures below 0°C. To lower the feed gas temperatures, it is cooled against cold-product streams before entering the absorber tower. At the absorber tower, CO2 and H2S/COS are removed.

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  • Electrical machines are almost entirely used in producing electricity, and there are very few electricity-producing processes where rotating machines are not used. In such processes, at least auxiliary motors are usually needed. In distributed energy systems, new machine types play a considerable role: for instance, the era of permanent magnet machines has now commenced. About half of all electricity produced globally is used in electric motors, and the share of accurately controlled motor drives applications is increasing.

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  • Composite materials often demand a unique combination of properties, including high thermal and oxidative stability, toughness, solvent resistance and low dielectric constant. This book, "Thermoplastic - Composite Materials", is comprised of seven excellent chapters, written for all specialized scientists and engineers dealing with characterization, thermal, mechanical and technical properties, rheological, morphological and microstructure properties and processing design of composite materials.

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  • The use of acoustic energy in food or bioprocessing operations is a relatively new endeavor if compared with other sources of energy, such as mechanical or thermal, which have been utilized for centuries in various applications. There are two important factors that make the current ultrasound-assisted processes possible. One is related with the development in ultrasound generation technology and the other one is the better understanding of interactions between acoustic energy and liquid media, enabling the development of important guidelines for ultrasound-based processes....

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  • Thermal power plants are one of the most important process industries for engineering professionals. Over the past few decades, the power sector has been facing a number of critical issues. However, the most fundamental challenge is meeting the growing power demand in sustainable and efficient ways.

    pdf278p cucdai_1 16-10-2012 64 23   Download

  • The genesis of this book began on the sunny shores of southern France in September 1993. For five days in the delightful Mediterranean coastal town of La Londe Les Maures, a gathering occurred of a group of scientists interested in furthering both the understanding and use of thermal infrared (TIR) remote sensing data for analysis of land surface processes.

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