Towards fewer

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  • Recent DCF analysis highlighted the importance of improved national aid information management systems to better track effective development cooperation targets, including on gender equality and the empowerment of women, and to make a wide range of timely and forward-looking information (on disbursements, forecasts, progress on results, and gender issues) widely available to all stakeholders for accountability purposes.

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  • Media-related commercial marketing aimed at promoting the purchase of products and services by children, and by adults for children, is ubiquitous and has been associated with negative health consequences such as poor nutrition and physical inactivity. But, as Douglas Evans points out, not all marketing in the electronic media is confined to the sale of products.

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  • Surrogacy is an agreement in which a woman becomes pregnant and gives birth to a child for someone else. Surrogacy can be paid or unpaid, and often involves a legal contract in which the surrogate gives up parental rights to the child she births. If the surrogate’s own eggs are used through alternative insemination or IVF, she is known as the “genetic surrogate.” If embryos are created using another woman’s eggs and implanted in the surrogate, she is known as the “gestational surrogate” and has no genetic tie to the child. Hiring a surrogate in the US can...

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  • Recent research suggests that corporate governance reforms in the non- financial sector may not be appropriate for banks and other financial sector firms. 1 This is based on the view that no single corporate governance structure is appropriate for all industry sectors, and that the application of governance models to particular industry sectors should take account of the institutional dynamics of the specific industry.

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  • Both are formative structures, mechanisms not meaning. In themselves they have no signification, they have to be attached to an idealisation. Both pursue aims in indifference to perceptual reality, creating the imagised, eroticised concept of the world that forms the perception of the subject and makes a mockery of empirical objectivity. During its history, the cinema seems to have evolved a particularillusion of reality in which this contradiction between libido and ego has found a beautifully complementary phantasy world.

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  • He discovered that the firm’s fundamental factors exercise the most significant impact on stock prices. The EPS was found to be the most influencing factor over the market. Studying the effects of the Iraq war on US financial markets, Rigobon and Sack (2004) discovered that increases in war risk caused declines in Treasury yields and equity prices, a widening of lower-grade corporate spreads, a fall in the dollar, and a rise in oil prices. A positive correlation exists between the price of oil and war. They argue that war has a significant impact on the oil price.

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  • For middle-aged people, disability is defined in terms of ability to work or do housework. For children, disability is the inability to participate in mainstream education. An important difference between functioning loss and disability is the potential influence of the external environment. Although in practice it may sometimes be difficult to clearly separate the two concepts, functioning loss is defined as a functioning deficit in an individual; disability on the other hand is an inability to perform within the environment.

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  • In its most basic form, Lean Manufacturing is the systematic elimination of waste by focusing on production costs, product quality and delivery, and worker involvement. In the 1950s, Taiichi Ohno, developer of the Toyota “just-in-time” Production System, created the modern intellectual and cultural framework for Lean Manufacturing and waste elimination. Ohno defined waste as “any human activity which absorbs resources but creates no value.

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  • In light of the success of viral videos sponsored by big brand names like Levi's' "Backflip Into Jeans," Gatorade's "Ball Girl,” and Nike's “Kobe Jumps Over Car,” advertisers and agencies are evaluating the value of adding viral video to their online marketing mix. Faced with a tough economic climate, marketers are hurriedly seeking new methods to reach web audiences in the most cost-effective manner. Viral video - which is generally less expensive to produce and market than traditional advertising - is now getting its industry close-up.

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  • This was the formula behind America’s information-technology boom in the last half of the twentieth century. Not only did the country produce many more startups per capita than Europe or Japan did, it consistently produced startups that grew to flagship status: the now-defunct Digital Equipment Corp. in the 1950s, Intel and AMD in the 1960s, Microsoft, Apple and Oracle in the ’70s, Cisco Systems and Dell in the ’80s, and Amazon and Google in the ’90s, for example.

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  • Access to basic services in the community is also likely to influence the health of elders. For instance, having an accessible health care provider will enable elderly persons to obtain needed medical attention more easily (IOM, 2002). Similarly, ready access to a full service grocery store will provide better and more affordable access to food supplies. Proper nutrition is known to contribute to better health in the elderly (IOM, 2000). The presence of religious institutions in the community may provide social supports that have protective effects on health (Krause, 1998). ...

    pdf9p taisaokhongthedung 01-01-2013 33 3   Download

  • In the last 10 years, many advances have been made in the statistical modelling of time series data on air pollution and health. Standard regression methods used initially have been almost fully replaced by semi-parametric approaches (Speckman, 1988; Hastie and Tibshirani, 1990; Green and Silverman, 1994) such as Generalized linear models (GLM) with regression splines (McCullagh and Nelder, 1989), Generalized additive models (GAM) with non-parametric splines (Hastie and Tibshirani, 1990) and GAM with penalized splines (Marx and Eilers, 1998).

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  • This guide provides practical guidelines for policy makers on how best to review the process of policy development and establish strategic plans for micro, small and medium enterprise development. It is a further tool and reference source for all policy makers and actors dealing with small businesses, especially in transition countries seeking to further develop their market economies. Private sector development relies on a partnership between the private and public sectors.

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  • Participants can also be encouraged to select their own anticipated speed for walking the route. This will help you place the faster walkers at the front of the queue and the more leisurely walkers at the back, ensuring everyone has an enjoyable experience. The number of participants released onto the route at one time may need to be managed by stewards - with participants gathering in a small ‘muster’ area. This control measure allows you to manage the number of participants starting at any one time and to allow gaps to form if necessary. ...

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  • Two methods are employed to examine the correlation between the top statutory tax rates and the various measures of economic growth. In both cases, the correlation between two variables is determined; causation, whether changes in one variable cause the other variable to change, is not determined. The top statutory tax rates are marginal tax rates—they indicate the proportion of an additional dollar of income that is paid in federal income tax.

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  • This short design guide on food technology rooms in secondary schools has been produced to help schools plan and deliver these facilities. It is based on Building Bulletin 811 , updating the information relating to food. The guidance is intended mainly for schools, designers and local authorities, particularly those involved in Building Schools for the Future (BSF). It covers all aspects of planning and designing successful food technology rooms to ensure suitable spaces for delivering each school’s requirements.

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  • Data on cancer relative to physical activity have been inconsistent and difficult to interpret because cancer represents not one disease, but many distinct, site-specific diseases. To further complicate the situation, risk factors are specific to each disease. Nevertheless, over the past decade, increasing evidence indicates that physical activity is associated with decreased overall cancer mortality and decreased incidence of specific types of cancers (Sternfeld, 1992; Lee, 1995).

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  • Almost all businesses start small. The U.S. Census Bureau’s Statistics of U.S. Businesses (SUSB) shows that over the last 20 years, about 95 percent of new employer firms started with fewer than 20 employees. Along with start-ups come closures. Firms with fewer than 20 employees also account for 95 percent of closures. This illustrates that business turnover is the domain of small businesses. Establishment turnover follows similar patterns.

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  • For many years, under the definition of Communication for Development, FAO has emphasized the critical role that participatory communication plays in involving communities in rural development. Such a commitment to genuine participation requires openness to the different ways of understanding and resolving problems that emerge from the cultural, economic and agroecological realities of the communities involved.

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  • The conference also adopted the Interlaken Declaration on Animal Genetic Resources, which affirms countries’ commitment to the implementation of the Global Plan of Action and to ensuring that the world’s livestock biodiversity is utilized to promote global food security and remains available to future generations. There is strong commitment from the government of Ethiopia to develop the livestock sector through mechanisms that ensure conservation of the genetic resources and sustainable use....

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