Tropical diseases due

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  • Bananas (Musa spp.) are the most important fruit crops worldwide due to their high nutrition value. Fusarium wilt of banana, caused by fungal pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense tropical race 4 (Foc 4), is considered as the most destructive disease in the world and results in extensive damage leading to productivity loss. The widespread use of plant resistance inducers (PRIs), such as benzothiadiazole (BTH), is a novel strategy to stimulate defense responses in banana plants to protect against pathogens infection.

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  • With more than 300 million potentially infected people every year, and with the expanded habitat of mosquitoes due to climate change, Dengue virus (DENV) cannot be considered anymore only a tropical disease.

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  • Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is the third most important pulse crop of the world grown in semi- arid and tropical climate. It belongs to family Fabaceae. The major losses in chickpea yield are attributed mainly due to soil borne pathogens. Among them the dry root rot (DRR) caused by Rhizoctonia bataticola has become a major threat to chickpea production in recent years.

    pdf8p trinhthamhodang11 27-04-2021 4 1   Download

  • Banana (Musa paradisiaca) is herbaceous plant belonging to the family Musaceae of the genus Musa and is native to the tropical region of South East Asia. Viral diseases have been causing considerable damage to banana production in banana growing areas due to their systemic invasion and common spread through vegetatively propagated planting materials.

    pdf6p trinhthamhodang1218 26-02-2021 3 1   Download

  • Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is aprimitive oilseed crops cultivated in semi-arid Tropics and sub tropics regions in India. Macrophomina phaseolina a soil borne fungus cause root and stem rot in sesame crop and pathogen attacks plant at all growth stages. Due to soil borne nature practically no effective field control and no source of resistant is available. A field experiment was conducted with twenty cultivars of sesame during kharif sesame 2017.

    pdf7p trinhthamhodang1216 19-11-2020 5 0   Download

  • Bovine tuberculosis (BT) is an infectious disease of cattle and one of the biggest challenges facing the colossal economic loss in cattle farms, particularly in developing countries and also causing public health significance. Mortality reported due to pearl’s tuberculosis and sub acute enteritis among adult cattle and young calves at Livestock Research Station, Kattuppakkam, Tamilnadu, India with good farm biosecurity measures and located in the semi-arid tropical region have been analysed. 1(14.3%), 3(42.9%) and 1(14.

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  • Tomato has become one of the most important and remunerative vegetable crop grown in tropical and subtropical regions of the world for fresh market and processing, constituting an important part of our human diet. Like other vegetables, tomato is more prone to insect pests and diseases mainly due to their tenderness and softness compared to other crops.

    pdf9p trinhthamhodang1215 23-09-2020 5 0   Download

  • Fever has become a common presenting complaint in the developing world. The symptoms and differential diagnosis of the most common fevers in the tropics that making an accurate clinical diagnosis was difficult without laboratory confirmation. These fevers also lead to high morbidity and mortality. But the exact burden of each infection varies from region to region. Due to high prevalence of local individual diseases the prioritization of the differential diagnosis of a clinical syndrome of acute undifferentiated febrile illness (AUFI) was needed.

    pdf9p trinhthamhodang7 31-08-2020 4 0   Download

  • Temperature rise due to climate change is expected to change pathogenicity of the pathogen. Temperature has a significant influence on growth and sporulation of rice leaf blast pathogen (M. oryzae). Both growth and sporulation were increased up to a temperature (27°C) and declined further in response to increased or decreased with temperature (32°C and 22°C). Various components of rice blast infection observed maximum at 27°C (optimal temperature) compared to suboptimal (22°C) and supraoptimal (32°C) i.e.

    pdf8p chauchaungayxua6 26-06-2020 8 1   Download

  • India is the largest producer and consumer of the pulses in world. There is a huge shortage of pulses in the country to meet out the domestic demand especially of vegetarian population. The low production and productivity of pulses under Indian condition is mainly due to several biotic and abiotic constraints. In general, the pulses crops are more susceptible to the stresses including weeds as compare to the cereals and oilseeds. It was widely reported that yield losses due to weeds especially in the pulses are more than the loss caused either by insect-pest or diseases.

    pdf13p nguaconbaynhay6 24-06-2020 6 0   Download

  • Papaya is major tropical fruit gaining importance throughout the tropics and subtropics but there is a severe restriction in its production due to the serious disease known as Papaya Ring Spot Virus (PRSV-P). No papaya variety till date was identified as having durable resistance to PRSV-P; whereas several species of Vasconcellea, a close relative of papaya was reported to have heritable resistance to Papaya Ring Spot Virus.

    pdf7p kethamoi5 03-06-2020 11 0   Download

  • Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) is an important cash crop grown in tropical and sub-tropical regions of India but the productivity of sugarcane is low as compare to other cane growing countries of the world due to several biotic and abiotic factors. Among the biotic factors, red rot disease of sugarcane caused by Colletotrichum falcatum is serious fungal disease affecting sugarcane stalks, the most economical part of the sugarcane.

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  • Agriculture and climate change are inextricable. Crop yield, biodiversity, water use, and soil health are directly affected by the impact of climate change. Tropical countries are likely to be more affected compared to temperate countries. The brunt of environmental changes in India is very high due to higher dependence on agriculture. Such a study would contribute towards a better understanding of the intensity and impacts of the climate change. The research study was conducted in Jagatsinghpur district of Odisha taking 120 respondents from Tirtol and Raghunathpur block.

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  • Dengue fever is the one of the rapidly expanding mosquito-borne viral disease in the world, with high mortality and morbidity rates especially in tropical and subtropical regions. The mosquito involved in the transmission of dengue is Aedes. The circulation of dengue disease is influenced by various factors such as, topography, rainfall, temperature and rapid urbanization or globalization. The clinical symptoms range from unapparent to severe forms and fatal outcomes.

    pdf9p nguaconbaynhay3 07-02-2020 14 1   Download

  • Tomato leaf curl virus (ToLCV) has become a major threat of Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) production in the world including tropical and subtropical tomato growing regions due to its the endemic presence. The aim of this study is to develop a forewarning strategy for the farmers. The components included in the experiment were, a susceptible tomato variety “Patharkuchi” planted at 15 days interval starting from16th August to 29th December during both the experimental year 2012-13 and 2013-14 under field condition.

    pdf17p nguathienthan2 19-12-2019 12 1   Download

  • The Terminalia arjuna (Roxb.) Wight & Arn. (Combretaceae) is an important commercial crop in India. It has been utilized as a primary food for rearing of the tropical tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta by the rural and tribal people in India as a livelihood practice. Due to its continuous utilization for rearing of silkworm, majority of the T. arjuna block plantations have been showing sickness and susceptible for variety of pests and diseases.

    pdf8p kethamoi2 14-12-2019 3 0   Download

  • Vigna unguiculata is an important food legume crop in the semiarid tropics. It suffers from a host of agricultural constraints including damage due to diseases and pests. Judicious application of biotechnological methods can lead to considerable improvement in this important crop.

    pdf7p vi4mua 24-02-2019 10 0   Download

  • Gram-negative Serratia marcescens is a potential biological control agent of fungal plant diseases in many tropical regions. Its antifungal activity is due to the production of prodigiosin, protease, chitinase, and other substances that act to weaken the fungal cell wall and cause lysis.

    pdf10p nutifooddau 27-01-2019 24 1   Download

  • Neglected Tropical Diseases and other infectious disease threats: Lymphatic filariasis (LF) and soil transmitted helminthaisis (STH) are endemic throughout Indonesia; Indonesia accounts for 9.3% of the world’s at-risk population, with an estimated 125-200 million people at-risk for LF nationally. STH is a widespread problem affecting child health and development. In 2011, USAID began to provide critical support to the National LF Elimination Plan and national program for control of STH.

    pdf28p seketnoi 28-04-2013 52 3   Download

  • Dystonia has many facets, and among those, this book commences with the increasingly associated genes identified, including a construct on how biology interacts with the dystonia genesis. The clinical phenomenology of dystonia as approached in the book is interesting because, not only were the cervical, oromandibular/lingual/laryngeal, task-specific and secondary dystonias dealt with individually, but that the associated features such as parkinsonism, tremors and spasticity were also separately presented.

    pdf230p wqwqwqwqwq 21-07-2012 76 4   Download


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