Vulnerability and Adaptation

Xem 1-20 trên 37 kết quả Vulnerability and Adaptation
  • Vulnerability and adaptation of coastal livelihoods to the impacts of climate change: A case study in coastal districts of Nam Dinh, Vietnam. Communities in coastal areas tend to be dependent on climate sensitive resources for their livelihoods which make them vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. Livelihood adaptation plays a vital role in mitigating vulnerabilities, increasing resilience, and achieving sustainable income and food security in the long term.

    pdf22p tranminhluanluan 28-05-2018 20 0   Download

  • Improving agricultural water productivity, under rainfed or irrigated conditions, holds significant scope for addressing climate change vulnerability. It also offers adaptation capacity needs as well as water and food security in the southern African region. In this study, evidence for climate change impacts and adaptation s trategies in rainfed agricultural systems is explored through modeling predictions of crop yield, soil moisture and excess water for potential harvesting.

    pdf17p mentospurefresh 29-11-2019 10 0   Download

  • A major task of our time is to ensure adequate food supplies for the world’s current population (now nearing 7 billion) in a sustainable way while protecting the vital functions and biological diversity of the global environment. The task of providing for a growing population is likely to be even more difficult in view of actual and potential changes in climatic conditions due to global warming, and as the population continues to grow. Current projections suggest that the world’s temperatures will rise 1.8–4.

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  • Ouandja Sudanese refugee camp has shown that 32% of children suffer from SAM. In addition, HIV rate prevalence (6.2%) is amongst the highest in the region and with a third of the population completely lacking access to clean water and sanitation facilities; preventable diseases are wreaking havoc amongst CAR’s vulnerable and conflict-affected populations. Only 51% of children get the opportunity to attend primary school, the figure is much lower in CAR’s conflict affected prefectures where the majority of schools are closed due to the ongoing instability.

    pdf5p nhacnenzingme 23-03-2013 32 3   Download

  • Climate change has become an important area of concern to ensure food and nutritional security for growing population. In India, significant negative impacts have been implied with medium-term (2010-2039) climate change, predicted to reduce yields by 4.5 to 9 %, depending on the magnitude and distribution of warming. In the context of climate change and variability, farmers need to adapt quickly to enhance their resilience to increasing threats of climatic variability such as droughts, floods and other extreme climatic events.

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  • This paper assesses the vulnerability due to climate change in Ha Tinh City by the ADB/NDF/ICEM and UNDP/GEF toolkits through investigating the exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity data of Ha Tinh City.

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  • The Mekong delta is the southernmost region of Vietnam, with a population of approximately 20 million and a total area (excluding islands) of about 4 million hectares, of which about 2.60 million hectares are used for developing agriculture and aquaculture. The Mekong delta is particularly important for the overall development of the country. However, in recent years, under the impact of global warming, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has defined the Mekong delta as one of the three most vulnerable plains, due to climate change, sea level rise, and land subsidence.

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  • This work aimed to establish indicators used to assess vulnerability (V) due to inundation on the basis of considering the exposure (E), sensitivity (S) and adaptive capacity (AC) of a system. By literature review, data analysis, and expert methods, 33 indicators for assessing vulnerability due to inundation were established, including 4 E, 11 S (divided into 4 groups: society, economic, environment, and land use), and 18 AC indicators (divided into 4 groups: human, financial, infrastructure, and society).

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  • The term vulnerability has been used in a variety of contexts, including climate change impact assessment. This study aimed to set up and evaluate climate change vulnerability indicators (CCVI) of agricultural zones based on exposure, sensitivity, and adaptation capacity to climate change in Ho Chi Minh city. Data from consultations with 10 experts was collected and analysed by the analysis hierarchy process (AHP).

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  • The study aimed to partition vulnerabilities caused by climate change in suburban districts of Ho Chi Minh City by integrating the use of AHP and GIS. The subjects used data collected from different departments, from surveys in the study area, and consulted with experts in the field of research to assess the weight of factors: Exposure, sensitivity and adaptability.

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  • The study was planned to construct vulnerability index and compare different districts of the delineated area in relation to vulnerability index. For this purpose a composite vulnerability index was developed, emphasizing on the three major components namely, (i) Exposure (ii) Sensitivity and (iii) Adaptive capacity.

    pdf12p chauchaungayxua8 03-10-2020 4 0   Download

  • Global warming and changes in climate have already had observed impacts on natural ecosystems and species. Natural systems such as wetlands, mangroves, coral reefs, cloud forests, Arctic and high latitude ecosystems are especially vulnerable to climate‐induced disturbances. Enhanced protection and management of biological resources and habitats can mitigate impacts and contribute to solutions as nations and communities strive to adapt to climate change. Biodiversity is the foundation and mainstay of agriculture, forests, and fisheries.

    pdf268p yeurauxanh88 01-10-2012 61 6   Download

  • The approach to assessing climate risks and im- pacts consists of the following sequential steps: (1) determining climate variables at the level of the city/watershed through downscaling techniques; (2) estimating impacts and vulnerability through hydrometeorological modeling, scenario analysis, and GIS mapping; and (3) preparing a damage/ loss assessment and identification/prioritization of adaptation options. As a first step, each of the city-level studies considered two IPCC scenarios, a high- and a low- emissions scenario, 4 and estimated climate risks to 2050.

    pdf49p bi_ve_sau 17-01-2013 34 4   Download

  • In recent decades, changes in climate have caused impacts on natural and human systems on all continents and across the oceans. Vietnam generally and the coastal area in Thua Thien Hue province particularly is vulnerable to climate change and some extreme climate events. Adaptation is considered as one of the best long-term strategies to community to better face with local extreme conditions and associated climate change.

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  • This article analyses vulnerability to climate related shocks across five districts in the shire river basin of Malawi. The analysis employs an indicator approach that integrates biophysical and socioeconomic indices. Principal component statistical analysis was used to calculate an index for adaptive capacity, sensitivity and exposure to climate impact for each of the five districts. These indices were aggregated to develop a vulnerability index differentiated also by gender for the surveyed districts.

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  • This work aimed to assess the vulnerability to the climate change (CC) in Vinh Long province till 2020. Inundation, saltwater intrusion (SI), drought, riverbank landslide, storm, temperature and precipitation were taken into consideration. In addition to the socialogical investigation, risk assessment matrix, adaptive capacity assessment methods, etc. the vulnerability to CC was evaluated via index method.

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  • Preterm infants are especially vulnerable to pain. The intensive treatment often necessary for their survival unfortunately includes many painful interventions and procedures. Untreated pain can lead to both shortand long-term negative effects. The challenge of accurately detecting pain has been cited as a major reason for lack of pain management in these non-verbal patients.

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  • This paper identifies possible climate change responses that address agricultural production at the plant, and farm, regional scales. Critical components required for the strategic assessment of adaptation capacity and anticipatory adaptive planning is identified and examples of adaptive strategies for a number of key agricultural sectors are provided.

    pdf13p caygaocaolon3 09-03-2020 3 0   Download

  • Water scarcity and drought are recurrent phenomena in Bihar. The present study was designed to identify and assess the adaptation strategy adopted by the livestock dependents to reduce the impact of drought on their livestock rearing and livelihood security. Adaptation strategies followed by the livestock dependents has recently become a subject of increasing importance in climate change research with an objective to reduce the vulnerability of climate sensitive people.

    pdf13p caygaocaolon4 04-04-2020 5 0   Download

  • The vulnerability of a system is a function of its exposure to change, its sensitivity to such change, and its capacity to adapt to it. Vulnerability is a complex concept having many interacting dimensions (environmental, economic, social, political and geographic). A vulnerability assessment should answer the question “what (or who) is vulnerable to what”. In theory, assessment of vulnerability to climate change should take into account both the evolution of the system and the pressures and risks with which it will be confronted.

    pdf101p nguyenminhlong19 26-04-2020 10 0   Download



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