Biological systems

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  • The past decade has seen the field of proteomics expand from a highly technical endeavor to a widely utilized technique. The objective of this book is to highlight the ways in which proteomics is currently being employed to address issues in the biological sciences. Although there have been significant advances in techniques involving the utilization of proteomics in biology, fundamental approaches involving basic sample visualization and protein identification still represent the principle techniques used by the vast majority of researchers to solve problems in biology.

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  • Computational chemistry and molecular modeling is a fast emerging area which is used for the modeling and simulation of small chemical and biological systems in order to understand and predict their behavior at the molecular level. It has a wide range of applications in various disciplines of engineering sciences, such as materials science, chemical engineering, biomedical engineering, etc.

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  • The explosion of new technologies in the post-genomic era is allowing the study of biological systems on a genome-wide scale, at the main functional genomic levels: (epi)-genome, transcriptome, proteome, endo- and exometabolome, and their interactions. At the same time that these techniques are being applied and refined, the complexity of biological systems is being rediscovered (1) with thousands of components (e.g., genes, transcripts, proteins, metabolites) participating in finely tuned metabolic and regulatory networks.

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  • Lecture Biology - Chapter 17: Genome sequencing, molecular biology, and medicine. The topics discussed in this chapter are: How do defective proteins lead to diseases? What kinds of DNA changes lead to diseases? How does genetic screening detect diseases? What is cancer? How are genetic diseases treated? What have we learned from the human genome project?

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  • Chapter 3 introduce the Thermodynamics of biological systems. The following will be discussed in this chapter: Basic thermodynamic concepts, physical significance of thermodynamic properties, pH and the standard state, the effect of concentration, coupled processes, high-energy biomolecules.

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học quốc tế cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Degeneracy: a link between evolvability, robustness and complexity in biological systems...

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  • After completing this chapter, students will be able to: Know what are the most abundant elements in biological systems; know the structures of the commonly occurring organic compounds, functional groups and linkages found in biochemical compounds; know the monomer, polymer and supramolecular structural relationships of lipids, proteins, nucleic acids, and carbohydrates; know the major differences between a prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell; know the major functions associated with the different organelles and cellular compartments of eukaryotic cells.

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  • Chapter 21 - Systems biology and the future of medicine. In this chapter, the following content will be discussed: What is systems biology? Biology as an informational science, the practice of systems biology, a systems approach to disease.

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  • This lecture introduces you to studying life. In this chapter, we will address the following questions: What is biology? How is all life on earth related? How do biologists investigate life? How does biology influence public policy?

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: MetaReg: a platform for modeling, analysis and visualization of biological systems using large-scale experimental data...

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  • The objectives of this chapter are to the chemistry of life. After studying this chapter you will be able to understand: What are the chemical elements that make up living organisms? How do atoms bond to form molecules? How do atoms change partners in chemical reactions? What properties of water make it so important in biology?

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  • Chapter 5 - The dynamic cell membrane. In this chapter, we will address the following questions: What is the structure of a biological membrane? How is the plasma membrane involved in cell adhesion and recognition? What are the passive processes of membrane transport? How do substances cross membranes against a concentration gradient? How do large molecules enter and leave a cell? What are some other functions of membranes?

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  • Lecture Biology - Chapter 6 provides knowledge of energy, enzymes, and metabolism. In this chapter, students will be able to understand: What physical principles underlie biological energy transformations? What is the role of ATP in biochemical energetics? What are enzymes? How do enzymes work? How do enzymes work?

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  • Lecture Biology - Chapter 7: Pathways that harvest chemical energy. The topics discussed in this chapter are: How does glucose oxidation release chemical energy? What are the aerobic pathways of glucose metabolism? How is energy harvested from glucose in the absence of oxygen? How does the oxidation of glucose form ATP? Why does cellular respiration yield so much more energy than fermentation? How are metabolic pathways interrelated and controlled?

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  • Lecture Biology - Chapter 10: Genetics: Mendel and beyond. In this chapter, students will be able to understand: What are the Mendelian Laws of inheritance? how do alleles interact? How do genes interact? What is the relationship between genes and chromosomes? What are the effects of genes outside the nucleus?

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  • Lecture Biology - Chapter 25: Reconstructing and using phylogenies. In this chapter, we will address the following questions: What is phylogeny? How are phylogenetic trees constructed? How do biologists use phylogenetic trees? How does phylogeny relate to classification?

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  • Lecture Biology - Chapter 1: A view of life. After studying this chapter, you should be able to accomplish the following outcomes: List the four characteristics shared by all living organisms, define emergent property in reference to the levels of organization of living organisms, explain why maintaining homeostasis is critical for living organisms, describe how the process of reproduction leads to the evolution of species,...

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  • Lecture Biology - Chapter 15: Genes and how they work. In this chapter, you will learn to: Differentiate among the three kinds of RNA in terms of structure and function; understand the kind of code present in the nucleotide sequence of DNA; describe the process of transcription, its machinery, and end products; describe the process of translation, its machinery, and end products;...

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  • The Brazilian Symposium on Bioinformatics (BSB) 2008 was held at Santo Andr´e (S˜ao Paulo), Brazil, August 28–30, 2008. BSB 2008 was the third symposium in the BSB series, although BSB was preceded by the Brazilian Workshop on Bioinformatics (WOB). This previous event had three consecutive editions in 2002 (Gramado, Rio Grande do Sul), 2003 (Maca´e, Rio de Janeiro), and 2004 (Bras´ılia, Distrito Federal). The change from workshop to symposium reflects the increasing quality and interest behind this meeting.

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  • Biological Risk Engineering — Infection Control and Decontamination provides a compendium of biological risk management information. Biological risk is of concern to us all. The biological risks we face vary and include biological contamination within our environment and, more personally, biological risk to ourselves through disease or the potential for disease. This book deals with a subset of biological risk agents defined as bacteria, molds, yeasts, viruses, and prions. The term biologicals refers to these agents.

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