Comparative Anatomy

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  • A market-leading dental anatomy textbook for dental, dental hygiene, and dental assisting students, Woelfel's Dental Anatomy focuses on anatomy of the human mouth and teeth, and is designed to help the student understand the relationship of the teeth to one another, and to the bones, muscles, nerves, and vessels associated with the teeth and face. This text does more than simply explain dental anatomy; it links the anatomy to clinical practice, giving readers a stronger and more practical understanding of tooth structure and function, morphology, anatomy, and terminology.

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  •  The purpose of these notes is to give a simple approach to animating a four-footed creature. An animator should feel confident in the character he is animating. If not, his work will lack strength and conviction. He needs to feel "free" to animate and not get bogged down in complex anatomy.

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  • Chapter 3 (part c) provides knowledge of the cytoplasm. This chapter describe the composition of the cytosol; discuss the structure and function of mitochondria; discuss the structure and function of ribosomes, the endoplasmic reticulum, and the Golgi apparatus, including functional interrelationships among these organelles; compare the functions of lysosomes and peroxisomes.

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  • Lecture Human anatomy and physiology - Chapter 6: Bones and skeletal tissues (part a). When you finish this chapter, you should: Describe the functional properties of the three types of cartilage tissue, locate the major cartilages of the adult skeleton, explain how cartilage grows, name the major regions of the skeleton and describe their relative functions, compare and contrast the four bone classes and provide examples of each class,...

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  • Chapter 6: Bones and skeletal tissues (part b) provides knowledge of bone development, bone homeostasis, homeostatic imbalances of bone and developmental aspects of bones. After completing this chapter, students will be able to: Compare and contrast intramembranous ossification and endochondral ossification, describe the process of long bone growth that occurs at the epiphyseal plates,...and other contents.

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  • Chapter 7 - The skeleton (part a) provides knowledge of the skull. After completing this unit, you should be able to: Name, describe, and identify the skull bones. Identify their important markings; compare and contrast the major functions of the cranium and the facial skeleton.

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  • Chapter 8 - Joints (part b) provides knowledge of synovial joints, homeostatic imbalances of joints and developmental aspects of joints. After completing this unit, you should be able to: Describe the structural characteristics of synovial joints, compare the structures and functions of bursae and tendon sheaths, list three natural factors that stabilize synovial joints, name the most common joint injuries and discuss the symptoms and problems associated with each,...and other contents.

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  • Chapter 11 - Fundamentals of the nervous system and nervous tissue (part b). In this chapter, you will learn: Define resting membrane potential and describe its electrochemical basis, compare and contrast graded potentials and action potentials, explain how action potentials are generated and propagated along neurons,...

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  • Chapter 13 (part d) provides knowledge of motor endings and motor activity. In this chapter, students will be able to compare and contrast the motor endings of somatic and autonomic nerve fibers, outline the three levels of the motor hierarchy, compare the roles of the cerebellum and basal nuclei in controlling motor activity.

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  • Chapter 14 provides knowledge of the autonomic nervous system. In this chapter, you will learn to: Define autonomic nervous system and explain its relationship to the peripheral nervous system; compare the somatic and autonomic nervous systems relative to effectors, efferent pathways, and neurotransmitters released; compare and contrast the functions of the parasympathetic and sympathetic divisions;...

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  • In this chapter, students will be able to understand: Describe the events involved in the stimulation of photoreceptors by light, and compare and contrast the roles of rods and cones in vision; compare and contrast light and dark adaptation; trace the visual pathway to the visual cortex, and briefly describe the steps in visual processing.

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  • Chapter 19 - The cardiovascular system: Blood vessels (part a). When you finish this chapter, you should: Describe the three layers that typically form the wall of a blood vessel, and state the function of each; define vasoconstriction and vasodilation; compare and contrast the structure and function of the three types of arteries;...

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  • Endocrinology: Basic and Clinical Principles, Second Edition aims to provide a comprehensive knowledge base for the applied and clinical science of endocrinology. The challenge in its presentation was to produce a volume that was timely, provided integration of basic science with physiologic and clinical principles, and yet was limited to 500 pages. This length makes the volume suitable as a text; and the timeliness we have striven for allows the book to serve as an offthe- shelf reference.

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  • The editors have done an excellent job in compiling a series of contributions on complications after surgery. The contributors are from the UK in addition to a substantial number of contributions from other countries. The book opens with a fascinating chapter on the history of surgical complications. The author concludes by pointing out that complications in surgery today vastly exceed those encountered in the past, but hastens to add that this is because of the complexity and variety of operative procedures performed today compared with the past...

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  • World Health Statistics 2006 presents the most recent statistics since 1997 of 50 health indicators for WHO’s 192 Member States. This second edition of World Health Statistics includes an expanded set of statistics, with a particular focus on equity between and within countries. It also introduces a section with 10 highlights in global health statistics for the past year. World Health Statistics 2006 has been collated from publications and databases of WHO’s technical programmes and regional offices.

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  • Extreme Prematurity: Practices, Bioethics, and the Law examines the controversial issues surrounding the clinical management of this group of neonates through the intervention of modern neonatal intensive care. The forgoing of life-sustaining treatment is of particular importance. The subject matter is very relevant because of the alarming increase in multiple and preterm births, caused by the increase in women undergoing assisted reproductive procedures, and the large increase in premature labor. No recent book covers the subject in such comparable breadth....

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  • Over 90% of pancreatic cancers are ductal adenocarcinomas of the exocrine pancreas. These tumors occur twice as frequently in the pancreatic head compared to the rest of the organ, and tend to be aggressive, often presenting when locally inoperable or after distal metastases have occurred. Patients with pancreatic cancer have a poor prognosis, with a 5-year survival of only 5%. The discussion of pancreatic cancer here will be limited to ductal adenocarcinomas.

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  • Aleksandra Klemba1,2, Magdalena Kowalewska3, Wojciech Kukwa4, Katarzyna Tonska1, Aleksandra Szybinska5, Malgorzata Mossakowska5, Anna Scinska4, Paweł Golik1,6, Kamil Koper1, Jakub Radziszewski7, Andrzej Kukwa4, Anna M Czarnecka1,2*, Ewa Bartnik1,6 Abstract Vulvar squamous cell carcinoma (VSCC) is a rare female genital neoplasm. Although numerous molecular changes have been reported in VSCC, biomarkers of clinical relevance are still lacking. On the other hand, there is emerging evidence on the use of mtDNA as a diagnostic tool in oncology.

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  • Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biology, University of Bari, Italy; 2Department of Zoology, Laboratory of Histology and Comparative Anatomy, University of Bari, Italy; 3Center for the Study of Mitochondria and Energy Metabolism (CNR) Bari, Italy Mitochondrial bioenergetic impairment has been found in the organelles isolated from rat liver during the prereplicative phase of liver regeneration.

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  • l-Dopa has been used for Parkinson’s disease management for a long time. However, its wide variety in the rate and the extent of absorption remained challenge in designing suitable therapeutic regime. We report here a design of using d-phenylglycine to guard l-dopa for better absorption in the intestine via intestinal peptide transporter I (PepT1). Methods: d-Phenylglycine was chemically attached on l-dopa to form d-phenylglycine-l-dopa as a dipeptide prodrug of l-dopa.

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