Ebook Japaneses Elementtary I: Grammar Explanation sẽ giới thiệu đến bạn đọc ngữ pháp tiếng Nhật cơ bản. Các cấu trúc câu, cách sử dụng cú pháp, mẫu câu.... được người soạn giải thích rõ ràng, dễ hiểu. Hi vọng đây sẽ tài liệu học tập thật sự hữu ích cho nhưng ai đang theo học tiếng Nhật.
Cùng tiếp tục học tiếng Nhật qua phần 2 của giáo trình "Japanese elementary - Grammar explanation". Trong phần 2 này các bạn sẽ cùng học các điểm ngữ pháp từ lesson 31 đến lesson 50 (Tiếng Nhật cơ sở 4 và tiếng Nhật cơ sở 5). Hy vọng giáo trình này sẽ giúp bạn củng cố và hoàn thiện khả năng tiếng Nhật của mình, mời các bạn cùng tham khảo.
Giáo trình "Japanese elementary - Grammar explanation" này bao gồm các bài giải thích văn phạm các điểm ngữ pháp tiếng Nhật. Giáo trình gồm có 50 bài học và được chia thành 2 phần. Trong phần 1 sau đây sẽ trình bày từ lesson 1 đến lesson 30. Đặc biệt, các điểm ngữ pháp trong giáo trình có kèm phiên âm tiếng việt, có ví dụ minh họa rất dễ học và tiếp thu. Mời các bạn cùng tham khảo.
In this paper, we discuss the different strategies used in COMET (COordinated Multimedia Explanation Testbed) for selecting words with which the user is familiar. When pictures cannot be used to disambiguate a word or phrase, COMET has four strategies for avoiding unknown words. We give examples for each of these strategies and show how they are implementedin COMET.
This paper presents a method for the automatic extraction of subgrammars to control and speeding-up natural language generation NLG. The method is based on explanation-based learning EBL. The main advantage for the proposed new method for NLG is that the complexity of the grammatical decision making process during NLG can be vastly reduced, because the EBL method supports the adaption of a NLG system to a particular use of a language.
This paper discusses the application of a previously reported theory of explanation rhetoric (Maybury, 1988b) to the task of explaining constraint violations in a hybrid rule/frame based system for resource allocation (Dawson et al, 1987). This research illustrates how discourse strategies of explanation, textual connectives, and additional justification knowledge can be applied to enhance the cohesiveness, structure, and clarity of knowledge based system explanations.
W h e n h u m a n tutors engage in dialogue, they freely exploit all aspects of the mutually known context, including the previous discourse. Utterances that do not draw on previous discourse seem awkward, unnatural, or even incoherent. Previous discourse must be taken into account in order to relate new information effectively to recently conveyed material,and to avoid repeating old material that would distract the student from what is new.
In this paper we present some novel applications of Explanation-Based Learning (EBL) technique to parsing Lexicalized Tree-Adjoining grammars. The novel aspects are (a) immediate generalization of parses in the training set, (b) generalization over recursive structures and (c) representation of generalized parses as Finite State Transducers. A highly impoverished parser called a "stapler" has also been introduced. We present experimental results using EBL for different corpora and architectures to show the effectiveness of our approach. ...
Previous work in generating explanations from advicegiving systems has demonstrated that a cooperative system can and should infer the immediate goals and plans of an utterance (or discourse segment) and formulate a response in light of these goals and plans. The claim of this paper is that a cooperative response may also have to address a user's overall goals, plans, and preferences among those goals and plans. A n algorithm is introduced that generates user-specific responses by reasoning about the goals, plans and preferences hypothesized about a user. ...
This paper presents an approach for achieving conciseness in generating explanations, which is clone by exploiting formal reconstructions of aspects of the Gricean principle of relevance to simulate conversational implicature. By applying contextually motivated inference rules in an anticipation feed-back loop, a set of propositions explicitly representing an explanation's content is reduced to a subset which, in the actual context, can still be considered to convey the message adequately.
The paper discusses some public key algorithms such as DH, RSA, DSA, ECDH and ECDSA and also gives mathematical explanations on the working of these algorithms. The paper also gives a brief introduction to modular arithmetic, which is the core arithmetic of almost all public key algorithms.
Oxford Living Grammar takes a practical approach to grammar. The four-page units provide clear explanations and information on when the grammar is used, followed by extensive practice. Each level includes an interactive CD-ROM.
■Explanations include a ‘Grammar in action’ section which explains when the grammar is typically used.
■Exercises are contextualized so that students practise using the grammar in everyday situations.
■’Word focus’ boxes highlight interesting idiomatic expressions or words students might not be familiar with.
The book is made up of 50 units; a different topic being worked out in each unit.
There are 40 questions about each topic. An illustration and a text about which the
pupils have to make questions and answers as well as give explanations, complete the
unit Couples or groups are made up to discuss, to comment about assertions and to
decide whether some things are true or false.
according to alphabetical order.
Names of scientists and/or family names are in all capital letters. However,
when used adjectively (e.g., Mendelian) or as a unit of measure (e.g.,
Ångström), only the first letter is capitalized.
Explanations to a given term may be more or less extensive. Several definitions
have simply been separated by a semicolon. Terms that are either very
general in nature or self-explanatory have been avoided. Alternate names of
terms have been given within the definition.
Part 1 of ebook with the contents "English grammar for economics and business for students and professors with English as a foreign language" presentation of content: Explanations of conmmon errors in Alphabetical order, confusion between certain words. Invite you to consult.
The Project Gutenberg EBook of Explanation of Terms Used in Entomology, by John. B. Smith This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or re-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License included with this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.org Title: Explanation of Terms Used in Entomology Author: John. B. Smith Release Date: September 23, 2007