At some point, one in five children and adolescents in the UK will suffer
distress or disorganisation of their behaviour sufficient to be considered
‘disordered’ (Office for National Statistics, 2005). Much of this ‘disorder’
will be dealt with informally and resolve or persist at a low level,
accumulating over time to present at a later stage. Some children and
adolescents will be dealt with by various professionals in various capacities
– teachers, school nurses, general practitioners (GPs), social workers – and
never come to the attention of ‘specialists’.
But there is another potential impact for the
environment and nature conservation which
is a much more positive one. The 1999
structural fund regulations for the first time
recognised that the funds could be used
for the protection and improvement of the
environment (emphasis added). This change
in wording was extremely significant – for
the first time the doors were open to local
and regional authorities and national governments
to start putting forward environmental
and nature programme proposals which
meet the European Union’s cohesion policy
objectives set out in the Treaty.
Maxim, an extreme xeric semi-shrub of Tamaricaceae, is a
constructive and dominant species of desert shrub vegetation (Liu et al. 1982; Wang et al.,
2011; Bai et al., 2008). It is distributed widely on a large area of sand wasteland (Fig. 1a) and
saline land (Fig. 1b) in arid and semiarid regions of central Asia from the western Erdos,
Alaskans, Hexi Corridor, Qaidam Basin to Tarim Basin and Jungar Basin (from the east to
the west) and forms the vast and distinctive landscape of the salt desert (Liu and Liu, 1996).
The distribution of R.
Why the workforce is important
In this first decade of the 21st century, immense
advances in human well-being coexist with
extreme deprivation. In global health we are witnessing
the benefits of new medicines and technologies.
But there are unprecedented reversals.
Life expectancies have collapsed in some of the
poorest countries to half the level of the richest –
attributable to the ravages of HIV/AIDS in parts of sub-Saharan Africa and to
more than a dozen “failed states”.
The Netherlands may be an extreme case in this respect, but strong incentive effects have also been
found for other countries. With respect to Disability application behaviour in other countries like the United
States, Germany and Sweden, it has been argued that labour supply (and labour demand) considerations may
have taken place in the decision to apply for benefits. To quote Bound and Burkhauser (1999): “the
prevalence of disability transfer recipients per worker has increased at all working ages over the last quarter
of the century...
As game developers a few years from now, we may look back at current generation AI with
astonishment and possibly with a hint of nostalgia. We will notice the extreme simplicity of
the systems and behaviours we created, asking ourselves whether it was in fact by design
or more by necessity. More importantly, we will be surprised by the amount of time taken
to prototype such AI.
The low completion rate can be explained by the high level of complexity of the
questionnaire. The reduced completion rate with respect to the pilot phase is a possible
outcome during this type of surveys.
First, it should be kept in mind that there are important behavioural differences not only
between countries, but between panel members in individual countries.