Fruit body

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  • The chitin contents of pileus and stipes of fruit bodies of Agaricus bisporus, Pleurotus ostreatus and Lentinula edodes (shii take) were determined and compared. The fruit bodies of different, common varieties of the cultivated mushroom species were taken from Hungarian and German large-scale farming. The analytical procedure was carried out on the powder of cleaned, dried and milled pileus and stipes. The pileus of A. bisporus variety ‘K-23’ showed a significant decrease (p

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  • Dr. Walker explains how the lack or deficiency of certain elements, such as vital organic minerals and salts, and consequently of vitamins, from our customary diet is the primary cause of nearly every sickness and disease. Following his recommendations to consume fresh vegetable and fruit juices, we can furnish our bodies with the enzymes needed for optimal health.

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  • . Phân lớp của nấm bất toàn: 2.1. Hyphomycetes (1700 chi, 11000 loài) - Các dạng hệ sợi nấm mang các bào tử trên sợi riêng rẽ hoặc trên cụm sợi nấm (như các đệm nấm, các bó giá), nhưng không ở trong các conidiomata (fruit body) riêng biệt. Coelomycetes (700 chi, 9000 spp) riêng rẽ - Bào tử trần sinh ra trong các túi giá, đĩa giá, túi giá dạng cốc hoặc đệm giá. 1. Bào tử trần, 2. Tế bào sinh bào tử trần, 3. Cuống sinh bào tử trần, 4. Sợi nấm Cơ quan sinh sản vô tính...

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  • The mushroom is the fruiting body of the macrofungi. Approximately 14,000 described species of fungi produce fruiting bodies that are large enough to be considered mushrooms using our definition, which states that “the mushroom is a macrofungus with a distinctive fruiting body that can be either epigeous (aboveground) or hypogeous (underground) and large enough to be seen with the naked eye and to be picked by hand.” According to this definition, in contrast to other definitions, mushrooms can be Ascomycetes, grow underground, have a nonfleshy texture, and need not be edible.

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  • Basidiomycetes constitute a natural source of biologically active metabolites. Many basidiomycetes have been classified by the National Cancer Institute of the United States as antitumor agents exhibiting an immunomodulatory activity.1 The therapeutic activity is mainly related to polysaccharides or protein-bound polysaccharides, such as glucans, heterogalactans, and glucanproteins, which are present either in the mycelium or in the fruit body.2–6 Among these polysaccharides are b-D-glucans, which are of particular interest because of their pharmacological properties.

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  • A water soluble glucan isolated from hot aqueous extract of fruit bodies of an edible hybrid mushroom Pfle1r of Pleurotus florida and Lentinula edodes showed macrophages, splenocytes, and thymocytes activation. The glucan consists of terminal, (1→3,6)-linked, and (1→6)-linked β-D-glucopyranosyl moieties in a molar ratio of nearly 1:1:3. On the basis of acid hydrolysis, methylation, periodate oxidation study, and NMR studies (1H, 13C, DEPT-135, TOCSY, DQF-COSY, NOESY, ROESY, HSQC, and HMBC), the structure of the repeating unit of the glucan was established as:...

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  • The objective of the present study was to assess anti-obesity and body weight reducing effect of Docynia indica (W.) Decne fruit extract fractions base on experimentally obese mice model. Male mice (Mus musculus, Swiss strain of 4 weeks of age, weighed at 14-15g) purchased from National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology (NIHE) were housed in a

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  • Most research on physical activity and colon cancer has focused on occupational physical activity in men. Clearly, men with sedentary jobs have increased risk of colon cancer (Sternfeld, 1992). One of the most comprehensive studies that included women was a case- control study of Utah residents that took into account differences in dietary patterns and body weight, confounding factors not usually controlled (Slattery et al., 1988).

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  • Aprofession is characterized by skill based on a unique body of knowledge, a code of ethics, and a social contract with society or government that grants it a certain degree of autonomy in exchange for self-regulation. The responsibilities of self-regulation in the medical profession are complex and involve many levels of oversight aimed at guaranteeing the continuing competence of practicing physicians. Today, professional associations in the United States play a significant role in upholding the ethical, educational, scientific, and practice standards of the medical profession.

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  • Drapery in sculpture and art has a function. It acts as clothing: as a way of both seeing and yet obscuring the figure. It draws attention to the body while covering it. It often lies next to a nude as fallen clothing. It plays a part in the narratives of sculpted story telling. It indicates how the female form should be seen and what parts of the body should be made visible through the draped veiling. Drapery has been an influential artistic conceit in the Western world since early antiquity and artists have revisited the form and function of drapery...

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  • A major physiological adaptation of the camel is its ability to allow its body temperature to fluctuate. The normal diurnal variation in a fully hydrated camel does not exceed 2°C and is in the range of about 36 to 38°C. In a 500 kg animal the heat stored as a result of diurnal variation of this order would be about 4.2 x 106 (joules). In dehydrated camels, when considerations of energy and water conservation become more important, temperature variation can be as much as 8°C in the range of 34 to 42°C, but a more normal range is 6°C...

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  • Lentinula edodes, known as ‘‘shiitake’’ is one of the widely used medicinal mushrooms in the Orient. Antitumour activity of extracts of this mushroom has been widely demonstrated in animals and humans. However, this activity was shown to be host mediated and not by direct cytotoxic activity to cancer cells. This study demonstrates cytotoxic and cell growth inhibitory (cytostatic) effect of aqueous extracts of the mushroom on MCF-7 human breast adenocarcinoma cell line using an MTT cytotoxicity assay.

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  • To answer the first question, dietary intake data from the National Diet and Nutrition Survey (NDNS) for adults aged 19-64 years (2000/01) was compared with nutrient recommendations for health and the Eatwell plate. This confirmed the fact that the UK diet is too high in saturated fat, sugar and salt, and low in fibre compared with dietary recommendations. Furthermore, a shift to more fruit, vegetables and starch-based food and to fewer high fat and/or sugar types of food and high protein-based food (particularly meat) is needed.

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  • A new highly cytotoxic protein, toxophallin, was recently isolated from the fruit body of the death cap Amanita phalloidesmushroom [Stasyket al. (2008) Studia Biologica2, 21–32]. The physico-chemical, chemical and bio-logical characteristics of toxophallin differ distinctly from those of another death cap toxic protein, namely phallolysin.

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  • Ostreolysin is a 16-kDa cytolytic protein specifically expressed in primordia and fruiting bodies of the edible mushroomPleurotus ostreatus.Tounderstand its interaction with lipid membranes,we compared its effects on mamma-lian cells,on vesicles preparedwith either pure lipids or total lipid extracts,and on dispersions of lysophospholipids or fatty acids.

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  • According to Pérez López (1993), these models regard the organisation as “a social body with specific values that must permeate its entire activity” (page 28). The different contributions made in this line of research share the organisation’s anthropological and social viewpoint as well as the different cultural properties, meanings, values and beliefs seen in organisations, which are nourished by myths, legends and stories and carry out celebrations through rituals, rites and ceremonies (Allaire and Firsirotu, 1984). As Berry el al.

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  • This review is part of a wider enquiry conducted on behalf of Play England and the British Toy & Hobby Association (BTHA) for the 2011 Make Time to Play Campaign. It examines the importance of providing good-quality play opportunities to children, their families and their communities. This body of research informs a campaign around the concept of ‘A World Without Play’. Play is fundamental to children’s happiness and well-being, and the evidence shows that it is also influential in their health and future life chances.

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  • EXERCISE 1 : Name things that belong to each category. Make a list. Compare your list with your classmates' lists. AU of the words you use in this exercise are called "nouns." 1. Name clothing you see in this room. (shirt) 2. Name kinds of fruit. (apple) 3. Name things you drink. (coffee) 4. Name parts of the body. (head) 5. Name kinds of animals. (horse) 6. Name cities in the United States and Canada. (new York, Montreal. . . )...

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  • Nearly two-thirds of American women are overweight and unhealthy! Why? Because they eat too much processed sugars, empty calories, and saturated fats, and not enough fresh fruits and vegetables. In other words, their pH balance is totally out of wack. World renowned physician and author of the popular "Lark Letter" newsletter, Dr. Lark's latest book Eat Papayas Naked provides an easy plan for women to bring their bodies into proper pH balance.

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  • OVER THE PAST DECADE, alternative medical therapies have played an increasingly prominent role in American health care. In the nation’s grocery stores, homeopathic treatments and over-thecounter herbal remedies crowd aisles that were once largely devoted to analgesics, sore throat lozenges, and fruit-flavored, animal-shaped children’s vitamins. Eager to fill their beds and their coffers, hospitals advertise—even celebrate—the inclusion of nontraditional medical practices.

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