Chirality is a phenomenon that is manifested throughout the natural world, ranging
from fundamental particles through the realm of molecules and biological organisms
to spiral galaxies. Thus, chirality is of interest to physicists, chemists, biologists, and
astronomers. Chiroptical spectroscopy utilizes the differential response of chiral objects
to circularly polarized electromagnetic radiation. Applications of chiroptical spectroscopy
are widespread in chemistry, biochemistry, biology, and physics. It is indispensable for
stereochemical elucidation of organic and inorganic molecules.
In this chapter, we study the three-dimensional structures of molecules to understand their stereochemical relationships. We compare the various types of stereoisomers and study ways to differentiate among stereoisomers. In future chapters, we will see how stereochemistry plays a major role in the properties and reactions of organic compounds.
Chapter 3 - Structure and stereochemistryof alkanes. In this chapter you will learn: Draw and name the isomers of alkanes, and explain the trends in their physical properties; draw alkane conformations, compare their energies, and predict the most stable conformations; draw and name the isomers of cycloalkanes, and explain ring strain; draw the conformations of cycloalkanes, compare their energies, and predict the most stable conformations.
Chapter 8 - Reactions of Alkenes. This chapter include objectives: Explain why electrophilic additions are among the most common reactions of alkenes; Predict the products of the reactions of alkenes, including the orientation of the reaction (regiochemistry) and the stereochemistry; propose mechanisms to explain the observed products of alkene reactions; use retrosynthetic analysis to solve multistep synthesis problems with alkenes as reagents, intermediates, or products.
Chapter 9 introduce to Alkynes. In this chapter, students will be able to: Draw and name alkynes, cycloalkynes, and their derivatives; show how to synthesize alkynes by eliminations from alkyl halides and by the additions and substitutions of acetylide ions; predict the products of the reactions of alkynes, including the orientation of the reaction (regiochemistry) and the stereochemistry;...
(BQ) Part 1 book "Study guide and solutions manual to accompany organic chemistry" presents the following contents: The basics-bonding and molecular structure; families of carbon compounds-functional groups, intermolecular forces, and infrared (IR) spectroscopy; acids and bases-an introduction to organic reactions and their mechanisms; stereochemistry-chiral molecules,...